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City of Euskirchen
Coordinates: 50 ° 39 ′ 2 "  N , 6 ° 49 ′ 41"  E
Height : 170 m above sea level NHN
Area : 5.54 km²
Residents : 3462  (Dec. 31, 2017)
Population density : 625 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : 1st July 1969
Postal code : 53881
Area code : 02251
Location of Kuchenheim in Euskirchen
Kuchenheim from the southwest
Kuchenheim from the southwest

Kuchenheim ( vernacular : Kuchem ; formerly: Cuchenheim and before that Cukinheim named after the Lord of Cukin) is a district of Euskirchen and is located in the east of the city. With its approx. 3462 inhabitants (as of 12/2017), Kuchenheim is the second largest independent district of Euskirchen.


The place name is probably Franconian and means: home of the Kuko. Kuko is derived from a name formed with Kun. Dittmaier considers the earlier assumption that in Roman times a Romanized Teuton Kuko or Kukin called his estate Cucinacum and venerated the Matronae Cucinehae , whose name has been handed down on a matron stone found near Zülpich, to be unlikely. In Franconian times, Cucinacum became Kukinheim (Kuchenheim).

Grave fields document a settlement in the Frankish and Carolingian times. Kuchenheim is first mentioned in 1197 as Kukinheim .

The place developed from two town centers. The northern part (Unteres Kuchenheim) with the Church of St. Lambertus had been under the Dukes of Jülich since 1355 , the southern part (Upper Kuchenheim) around the later Church of St. Nikolaus was under the Archbishops of Cologne. It was different with the two castles. The lower castle was built by the archbishop's cupbearer Hermann von Are. He gave it to the Archbishop of Cologne Konrad von Hochstaden in 1259 as a fiefdom and open house , and the upper castle belonged to the counts and dukes of Jülich.

The nearby Hardt Castle was donated to the Archbishopric in 1246 by Hochstadensche. In 1341 Archbishop Walram transferred the Hardtburg to his kitchen master Arnold, Vogt von Bornheim and his chamberlain Dietrich Pythane von Nörvenich, the buildings of which were in danger of falling into disrepair. They undertook to rebuild the castle with their own funds.

Hardt Castle became the center of the Hardt Office. There the meetings of the residents of the office took place. a. the wisdom was read aloud. The oldest surviving wisdom is that of 1378.

In 1900 the Waldbreitbach Franciscan Sisters came to Kuchenheim and founded a monastery here in a former farm on Buschstrasse with a “preservation school” (= kindergarten ), a sewing school and outpatient nursing. In 1915 they moved into a larger new building on Kuchenheimer Strasse, where the kindergarten took up a lot of space. In 1964 a nurses' house (St. Joseph-Stift) with a chapel , designed by Egino Weinert , was built on the opposite side of the street , and a kindergarten was built behind it.

The coat of arms of the parish of Kuchenheim (design for lead glazing by Konrad Schaefer ) reminds of the sovereignty of the Electorate of Cologne with the black bar cross and the sovereignty of the Duchy of Jülich with the black lion ; the figure of St. Nicholas refers to the patronage of the parish church.

On July 1, 1969, Kuchenheim was incorporated into Euskirchen.

Still helmet

Still helmet

While backfilling the moat at the castle, a strange device was found, which was completely preserved. It was a still helmet, also known as an alambic , which, together with a cooking vessel (cucurbit), formed a still. This device arrangement was previously used in a laboratory. But it could also be used to produce alcohol. The helmet is in the LVR Landesmuseum Bonn.

Culture and sights


Kuchenheim - cloth factory Müller

The LVR industrial museum, cloth factory Müller is located in Kuchenheim . Next to the museum guest house "Mottenburg", built from bricks ( field fire bricks ) from the former Jacob Koenen cloth factory, there are fragments of the medieval Upper Castle , which Jacob Koenen bought from the heirs of Fingerhuth in 1851, and in their extensive premises, which until then had been used for paper manufacture, set up his business, which was founded in 1808 and is now flourishing - with more than 30 "spinners" and "weavers" - for the production of Koenentuchen. Under the management of Carl Koenen , son of Jakob Koenen, the number of employees at the Jakob Koenen cloth factory rose to 330 by 1939 and later to 1,024 (1958). The Erftmühlenbach flows between the Jakob Koenen cloth factory and the Müller cloth factory, from which both factories withdrew water - primarily for their dye works, although an agreement on the timing and amount of water withdrawn by Kurt Müller has proven difficult.

Together with the managing director of the Association of Rhenish Sheep Breeders and Shearers, Dr. Christian Brüne, the then museum director Dr. Gerd König opened the first “wool market” in Kuchenheim in 1991, which since then - on the first Sunday in June - has become a tradition.



Im Dönkes, probably in the 15./16. Built on the market square in the 18th century and renovated in the 18th century, a mayor or a lay judge appointed by the Duke of Jülich did his job until the French era (1794). Thereafter, the baroque one-room building was used in various ways until the building was privately owned in 2006. The name "Dönkes" or Dinghaus is derived from the Germanic Thing , since this building served as a courtroom as well as an office .


On the south side of the village, on a small hill (called Schießberg, because the Sebastianus riflemen fired three shots in honor of the Trinity when the processional cross had been blessed), a cross made of gray sandstone by the fiefdom had stood on a small hill since 1467 the upper castle, Johann von Kinzweiler, built. In 1806, at the instigation of the French administration, the cross had to be removed. But two months later the Sebastianus-Schützen put up a new cross (Bäcker-Janns-Kreuz) at the same location, which the baker Franz Anton Schlaeger (1786-1851), son of Johann Schlaeger, called Bäckerhannes, modeled on the removed cross carved out of wood. This cross was erected at the rifle house in 1990. At the same time, Steinmetz Marx from Euskirchen made a sandstone copy that has been standing at the northern beginning of the woodland since 2015.

St. Lambertus

The St. Lambertus Chapel, probably the oldest church in Kuchenheim, stood in the northern part of the village on today's cemetery. The division of the village into two parishes corresponded to the dual power of Kuchenheim. The northern part belonged to the Counts of Monschau until 1433 and then to the Duchy of Jülich (with the parish of St. Lambertus), the southern part to Kurköln (with the parish of St. Nikolaus). The St. Lambertuskirche - with churchyard and monastery (nunnery until 1470) - probably already existed in the 8th / 9th centuries. Century, first mentioned in a document in the 13th century, it was rebuilt in the 16th century.

In 1550, the Lambertus Church is named as a "free chapel " (libera capella), ie as a parish church with restricted rights. This church, facing east, was a rectangular hall (approx. 7 m × 23 m) with a semicircular apse and stood not far from today's cemetery cross. In 1794 the parish of St. Lambertus was dissolved. However, since the parish church of St. Nicholas burned down in 1798, with the exception of the tower, the service was temporarily held in the St. Lambertus Church, although it was partially dilapidated and sold for demolition during the Napoleonic period.

In 1822 the St. Lambertus Church was demolished after the "reconstruction" of the Church of St. Nicholas was completed. The Bonn university master builder Friedrich Waesemann, the father of the architect Hermann Friedrich Waesemann , designed a classicist nave with a semicircular apse while retaining the tower and executed it from 1818–1822.

In 1909 the apse was demolished due to the growing number of parishioners and in the following years an extension - transept and choir - was built in neo-Gothic style according to plans by cathedral builder Franz Statz .

The “new” cemetery chapel, planned and built by the city of Euskirchen in the years 1979–1981, was named Lambertus Chapel in October 2014 in order to preserve the historical identity and thus the local cultural heritage.

St. Nicholas

Today, in the middle of the village, the Romanesque church tower of St. Nikolaus , which is built over a moth , is adjoined to the east by a classical nave with a neo-Gothic transept and choir.

The basement of the tower, where there is a memorial plaque for the resistance fighters against National Socialism, Willi Graf and Heinrich Ruster , who were baptized here , has been permanently set up as a "baptistery" since 1972. In the window designed by Konrad Schaefer , the "baptismal secret" is the theme. This artist, well known as a heraldist in the Rhineland, also designed the coat of arms of Kuchenheim.

In the niches of the churchyard wall, the stations of the “Ur” Way of the Cross have been located since 2010 as seven footfalls , which were created in bronze by CP Joist under the theme “Hands speak from the Way of the Cross of Jesus Christ”.

More Attractions


Kuchenheim - sports facilities and schools, aerial view from SW direction

Kuchenheim became known nationwide through the handball teams of TV 1906 Kuchenheim e. V. (KTV). The KTV played in the 1960 / 1970s at times in the league , which was the second highest division from 1969 to 1981. The best-known players were national player Günter Behr, youth national player Toni Lingscheidt and field handball players Hans Hackhausen, Karl-Heinz Schlaeger and Peter Weber, who is also the namesake for the Kuchenheim multi-purpose hall. The handball department of KTV now plays in the HSG Euskirchen syndicate.

The home sports facility of the youth sports community (JSG) Erft 01 has been located on the school grounds in Euskirchen-Kuchenheim since 2014. In addition to an artificial turf pitch, the club also has its own small turf field. JSG Erft 01 is a football club in the Euskirchen district that was founded in 2001.

In the south of the village is the Peter-Weber-Halle, which can hold around 500 spectators and is the home ground of the KTV handball teams. The hall was completely renovated in April 2010 and reopened in January 2011.

Economy and Infrastructure


The Eierhof Hennes is known nationwide as the largest egg dyeing company in Europe . Euskirchen's main energy supplier, the "e-regio", is also based there. Many other companies are also located in the two business parks “Grondahlsmühle” and “Sonnenhof”. The biggest employers in Kuchenheim are the NEW Nordeifelwerkstätten , which offer people with handicaps (with mental disabilities) adequate jobs and qualification opportunities, i. H. in industrial assembly, packaging, printing, wood processing, etc. a.

Public facilities

The voluntary fire brigade in Euskirchen operates the Kuchenheim fire fighting group, which is responsible for an area of ​​4,040 km² and, as part of the fire engine 4, together with the fire fighting groups Billig-Kreuzweingarten-Rheder and Stotzheim for 21,197 km².


In Kuchenheim there is a community elementary school as well as the secondary school named in 1984 after the Catholic clergyman, resistance fighter and Jewish savior Joseph Emonds (1898–1975), which was closed in 2014. The main school building was taken over in 2014 by the Matthias Hagen School, a special needs school in the Euskirchen district, named after Matthias Hagen (1801–1852), the head of the Sunday School for the Poor in Euskirchen.



Train station - demolished at the end of 2013

Kuchenheim station is on the Voreifelbahn ( KBS 475 ) Bonn - Euskirchen , on which RegionalBahn 23 runs in the local rail passenger transport (SPNV) .

Local rail passenger transport is carried out by DB Regio NRW , which uses the Alstom Coradia LINT 54 and 81 diesel multiple units (under the name “vareo”) for speeds of up to 140 km / h for the Voreifelbahn .

The tariff of the Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Sieg (VRS) applies to public local rail passenger transport and the NRW tariff applies to all tariff areas .


The federal highways 56 and 266 as well as the district road 1 run through Kuchenheim . To the east, state road 210 also passes the village.

The B 51 is to be relocated to the north and thus serve as a bypass around Euskirchen and Kuchenheim and at the same time enable more favorable transport links from the IPAS industrial area to the A 1 .

Because the street names in Euskirchen are themed, many streets in Kuchenheim have been named after famous composers since 1969 .

Sons of the place

Kuchenheim - plaque where Willi Graf was born
  • Jacob Koenen (1820–1896), cloth manufacturer, brought the cloth factory founded by Anton Koenen in 1808 to bloom
  • Franz Joseph Schorn (1834–1905), organ builder
  • Carl Koenen (1872–1959), cloth manufacturer, honorary citizen of the city of Euskirchen
  • Heinrich Ruster (1884–1942), writer and resistance fighter
  • Willi Graf (1918–1943), member of the "White Rose" resistance group
  • Gerd Bosbach (* 1953), mathematician and statistician


  • Clemens Frhr. v. Fürstenberg: 150 years of the Jacob Koenen cloth factory in Kuchenheim . In: Local calendar of the Euskirchen district 1961 . Euskirchen 1960, p. 167–169 ( online [accessed January 6, 2016]).
  • Johannes Krudewig: History of the mayor's office in Cuchenheim . 2 volumes. Gebr. Doepgen, Euskirchen 1921, DNB  560651635 .
  • Gerd G. Koenig (arrangement): Cuchenheim. 1084-1984 . 3 volumes. Ed .: History Association d. District of Euskirchen. Euskirchen 1984, DNB  551080434 .
  • Andreas Dix: Industrialization and water use - a historical-geographical environmental history of the Ludwig Müller cloth factory in Kuchenheim . Rheinland-Verlag, Cologne 1997, ISBN 3-7927-1600-3 .
  • B.Bell, CP Joist: Together in churches . Ed .: Pastoral office Erftmühlenbach. Euskirchen 2015.

Web links

Commons : Kuchenheim  - Collection of pictures and videos

Individual evidence

  1. Population figures for districts. (PDF) City of Euskirchen, December 31, 2017, accessed on July 7, 2018 (main residences).
  2. ^ Heinrich Dittmaier: The place names on the left bank of the Rhine on -dorf and -heim. Röhrscheid Verlag, Bonn 1979, p. 84.
  3. ^ Gerhard Mürkens: The place names of the district of Euskirchen. Euskirchen 1958, pp. 40-41.
  4. ^ A b F. Bartsch and H. Wiskirchen: St. Nikolaus in Euskirchen Kuchenheim . In: Rheinische Kunststätten . Issue 488, pp. 3 .
  5. ^ Theodor Joseph Lacomblet : Document book for the history of the Lower Rhine. Volume I No. 389.
  6. ^ Gunter Amtmann, Peter Schemainda : Air prospection of early medieval grave fields in the Cologne Bay. In: Special print from Bonner Jahrbücher 1900–1990. 2002, accessed January 3, 2019 .
  7. Richard Knipping: The Regests of the Archbishops of Cologne in the Middle Ages. Third volume. Bonn 1909. No. 2086.
  8. Richard Kinipping: The Regesten the archbishops of Cologne in the Middle Ages. Third volume. No. 1229.
  9. ^ Wilhelm Janssen: Regest of the Archbishops of Cologne. Volume V. Cologne-Bonn 1973. No. 793.
  10. Martin Bünermann: The communities of the first reorganization program in North Rhine-Westphalia . Deutscher Gemeindeverlag, Cologne 1970, p. 86 .
  11. Cloth factory Jacob Koenen in Kuchenheim - history (PDF)
  12. Bäcker-Janns-Kreuz 1806 (PDF)
  13. Bäcker-Janns-Kreuz in Kuchenheim - History (PDF)
  14. St. Nikolaus Kuchenheim
  15. ^ Lambertus Chapel in Kuchenheim
  16. Lambertus Chapel in Kuchenheim - History (PDF)
  17. ^ Conrad-Peter Joist: Building history of the parish church of St. Nicholas. In: Cuchenheim 1084-1984. Vol. II. Euskirchen 1984. pp. 365-384.
  18. Seven footfalls in Kuchenheim.
  19. ↑ Cake home station