Les Abymes

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Les Abymes
Zabim or Zabym
Location of the commune of Les Abymes in the Guadeloupe department
region Guadeloupe
Department Guadeloupe
Arrondissement Pointe-à-Pitre
Canton Les Abymes-1 ,
Les Abymes-2 ,
Les Abymes-3
Community association Cap Excellence
Coordinates 16 ° 16 ′  N , 61 ° 30 ′  W Coordinates: 16 ° 16 ′  N , 61 ° 30 ′  W
height 0-120 m
surface 81.25 km 2
Residents 53,491 (January 1, 2017)
Population density 658 inhabitants / km 2
Post Code 97139 and 97142
INSEE code
Website www.ville-abymes.fr

Town hall ( Mairie ) of Les Abymes

Les Abymes ( Guadeloupe Creole : Zabim or Zabym ) is a municipality with 53,491 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017) in the French overseas department of Guadeloupe .


Les Abymes, church

Les Abymes is located on the island of Grande-Terre in the Guadeloupe archipelago in the Caribbean Sea . The coast in the north borders the Grand Cul-de-sac marin bay .

Neighboring municipalities are (clockwise from the north): Morne-à-l'Eau , Le Moule , Le Gosier , Sainte-Anne and Pointe-à-Pitre and Baie-Mahault on the neighboring island of Basse-Terre , separated by the Rivière Salée strait .


It was first mentioned in 1696 when the missionary Jean-Baptiste Labat , known as Père Labat , visited Guadeloupe. He gave the settlement, which was initially made up of just a few houses, its name. The cultivation of sugar cane , which relied on the labor of slaves, played an important role in the development of the community . In 1846, 4,300 out of 4,400 residents were slaves. In 1852 the settlement was relocated to better meet the needs of sugar growing.

1930–1931, the new church Immaculée-Conception (Immaculate Conception) was built from concrete according to plans by the architect Ali Tur , replacing a previous church from 1846.

Since the 1950s, the community in the neighborhood of Pointe-à-Pitre grew very rapidly. From 1950 to 1990 the population quadrupled.

Population development
year 1961 1967 1974 1982 1990 1999 2006 2011
Residents 30,791 39,911 53,605 56,165 62,605 63,054 60,053 59,311

Economy and Infrastructure

Pointe-à-Pitre Airport is located on the municipality's premises . There is also the seat of the airline Air Caraïbes .

The former main branches of industry, the cultivation and processing of sugar cane , cocoa and coffee, have lost their importance, partly because the land consumption due to strong population growth and traffic construction allows little agricultural use. Due to the proximity to Pointe-à-Pitre, industry and trade play an increasing role.

Town twinning

Les Abymes' partner municipalities are Boucherville in the Canadian province of Québec (since 1999) and Créteil in the banlieue of the French capital Paris (since 1981).

sons and daughters of the town

Web links

Commons : Les Abymes  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. www.guadeloupe-guadeloupe.fr
  2. Les Abymes website: Jumelage