|Area :||28.00 km²|
|Residents :||13,834 (2011)|
|Population density :||494 inhabitants per km²|
|Telephone code :||(+385) 021|
|Postal code :||21 300|
|License plate :||MA|
|Boat registration :||MA|
|Structure and administration
(status: 2013, cf. )
|Community type :||city|
|Mayor :||Tonći Bilić ( SDP )|
|Postal address :||Obala kralja Tomislava 1
21 300 Makarska
|Patron saint :||Sv. Klement|
The city is located in the historical region of Dalmatia , on the Croatian Adriatic Sea in the center of the Makarska Riviera . It is also the second seat of the Catholic Archdiocese of Split-Makarska .
Makarska has 13,834 inhabitants, 95.43% of whom are Croatians (2011 census).
According to tradition, the ancient settlement, probably Muccurum , was destroyed in 548 by the Ostrogothic king Totila. Later Makarska became one of the main bases of the Neretljani ( Narentani ) tribe (cf. Pagania ). Up to the 14th century the city recognized the sovereignty of the Croatian dynasties and the Hungarian-Croatian kings. From 1324 to 1463 it was under the rule of the Bosnian Kotromanić dynasty . From 1499–1646 the city belonged to the Ottoman Empire , 1646–1797 to Venice and 1815–1918 to Austria . During the Second World War Makarska belonged to the fascist Independent State of Croatia , then to Yugoslavia .
More recently, Makarska became known for the international tennis tournaments (Makarska International Championships) of the WTA , e.g. B. in April 1998 and 2003.
In the vicinity of Makarska a miniature ox skin bar was found in a Bronze Age depot , which probably dates from the 13th / 12th centuries. Century BC And its inventory is in the Ashmolean Museum Oxford. Whether this copper bar was produced in Cyprus , like most ox main bars , is debatable.
coat of arms
On the bank you can see the baroque church of St. Philipp Neri and the building of the former oratorian monastery , which has retained its original appearance. At the western end of the Obala kralja Zvonimira embankment , a coastal promenade begins, on which you can bypass the Sveti Petar headland (lighthouse, foundation walls of St. Peter's Church from the 15th century and St. Peter's Church, which was renovated in 1993).
The Marineta embankment stretches east of the pier with an avenue that extends to the wooded Osejava Cape. Not far from there is the Franciscan monastery with a cloister from 1400 (renovated in 1540, in its current form since 1614). In the old single-nave monastery church with a baroque bell tower from 1715 there is now an art gallery (Assumption of Mary by Pietro de Coster , 1760). In the cloister of the monastery you can admire a malacological collection .
Steps lead from the pier to Kačić Square ( Kačićev trg ) in the historic center , where a memorial commemorates the poet Andrija Kačić Miošić (a work by Ivan Rendić , 1889); on the northern side of the square is the baroque parish church of St. Marko (built 1700–1776), which was also the Episcopal church until 1828 . Inside you can admire the silver-covered altar of the Madonna of the Rosary (from 1818) and the main altar made of encrusted marble (a Venetian work from the 18th century). In front of the south side of the building there is a baroque fountain from 1775.
Daughters and Sons of the City:
- Giuseppe Addobbati (1909–1986), Italian actor
- Alen Bokšić (* 1970), Croatian football player
- Stipe Drviš , pseudonym: Stipe Drews (* 1973), Croatian basketball player, professional boxer (WBA)
- Mario Carević (* 1982), Croatian football player
- Viktor Đerek (* 2000), Croatian photographer
People who worked in the city:
- Lovro Šitović (1682–1729), Croatian writer and epic poet
- Ante Jurić (1922–2012), Archbishop Emeritus of Split-Makarska
Kačićev trg ( Kačić Square)
Statue of Andrija Kačić Miošić in front of the co-cathedral in the city center
- Veljko Barbieri: The Makarska Coast . Motovun-Verlag, 1990, ISBN 86-7255-052-8 .
- Serena Sabatini: Revisiting Late Bronze Age oxhide ingots. Meanings, questions and perspectives. In: Ole Christian Aslaksen (Ed.): Local and global perspectives on mobility in the Eastern Mediterranaean (= Papers and Monographs from the Norwegian Institute at Athens, Volume 5). The Norwegian Institute at Athens, Athens 2016, p. 43.