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coat of arms
coat of arms
Federal district Siberia
Oblast Irkutsk
Rajon Nizhneudinsk
Founded 1648
City since 1783
surface 98  km²
population 36,999 inhabitants
(as of Oct. 14, 2010)
Population density 378 inhabitants / km²
Height of the center 420  m
Time zone UTC + 8
Telephone code (+7) 39517
Post Code 665100-665106
License Plate 38, 85, 138
OKATO 25 424
Geographical location
Coordinates 54 ° 54 '  N , 99 ° 1'  E Coordinates: 54 ° 54 '0 "  N , 99 ° 1' 0"  E
Nizhneudinsk (Russia)
Red pog.svg
Situation in Russia
Nizhneudinsk (Irkutsk Oblast)
Red pog.svg
Location in Irkutsk Oblast
List of cities in Russia

Nizhneudinsk ( Russian Нижнеудинск ) is a city in the Irkutsk Oblast ( Russia ) with 36,999 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010).


The city is located in the northern foreland of the Eastern Sayan , about 500 km northwest of the oblast capital Irkutsk , on the Uda River , the right source river of the Cupyeva in the Angara basin .

The city of Nizhneudinsk is administratively directly subordinate to the Oblast and at the same time the administrative center of the raion of the same name . The city of Alsamai, about 75 kilometers to the northwest, is also subordinate to the administration.

Nizhneudinsk is on the Trans-Siberian Railway (4678 km from Moscow ) and the M53 Novosibirsk –Irkutsk – Listvyanka road .


The place was founded in 1648 by Cossacks under the name Pokrowski Gorodok . In 1649 a small, then in 1664 a new, larger ostrog was built . In 1783 city charter was granted under its current name. The name refers to the Uda River; Nischne- means lower , to differentiate it from Verkhneudinsk , which lies further above in the Angara basin on the Uda river of the same name, which flows into the Selenga ; Werchne- means upper- .

For a long time Nizhneudinsk was an important regional trading point for gold and products from hunting and cattle breeding.

Population development

year Residents
1897 5,752
1926 10,400
1939 27,721
1959 38,761
1970 39,743
1979 41,399
1989 43,759
2002 39,624
2010 36,999

Note: census data (1926 rounded)

Culture and sights

Various buildings from the 19th century have been preserved in Nizhneudinsk, including the Church of St. Nicholas ( Никольская церковь / Nikolskaja zerkow).

There are various natural attractions along the Uda, such as the 20-meter-high Ukowski waterfall about 20 km downstream and the Nizhneudinsk caves 75 km upstream . The difficult to access high mountain area in the upper reaches of the Uda, on the territory of the Nizhneudinsk Rajon, is called Tofalaria . One of the smallest ethnic groups in Russia, the Tofalars, lives here .

There has been a local history museum in the city since 1972.


Nizhneudinsk is the center of the timber industry. There are also rail transport companies, construction and food industries, and agriculture in the area (mainly technical crops and vegetables, livestock farming).

sons and daughters of the town

Web links

Commons : Nizhneudinsk  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service of State Statistics of the Russian Federation); Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 g. po Irkutskoj oblasti (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010 for Irkutsk Oblast). on-line