The Pragfriedhof in Stuttgart-Nord is the third largest cemetery in Stuttgart with an area of 21 hectares and the largest in Stuttgart with 29,000 grave sites. It consists of a general part for all religions and an Israelite part .
The burial site below the Pragsattel was outside the city at the time of planning and when it was opened in 1873. The facility, which is now around 20 hectares in size and located on a slope, is divided by a main avenue and a cross avenue, which allow a view of the celebration hall, the only crematorium in Stuttgart. This Art Nouveau building was built between 1905 and 1907 according to the plans of the architect Wilhelm Scholter . Other buildings on the grounds of the cemetery are the administration building at Friedhofstrasse 44, the chapel at Friedhofstrasse 46 and the former morgue at Friedhofstrasse 48, which was later converted into an office and residential building and is now surrounded by a sample exhibition of grave design. These buildings date from the years 1873 to 1876 and were created by August Beyer . Historically, they fall back on Gothic forms. As a whole, the cemetery is considered a cultural monument.
In 1874 the cemetery on the east side was expanded to include members of the Jewish faith after the Jewish part of the Hoppenlauf cemetery could no longer be used. Between 1881 and 1883 it was enclosed and a gate in neo-Gothic style according to the plans of the architect Adolf Wolff . In 1925 a memorial was erected there for the Jewish soldiers who died in Stuttgart during the First World War . In 1944 the cemetery hall was destroyed by the effects of the war. The Jewish part of the Prague Cemetery was repaired after the Nazi era and in 1947 a memorial for the victims of National Socialism was added. Today there are hardly any burials in this part of the cemetery; Instead, the Jewish part of the central cemetery in Steinhaldenfeld, which was laid out between 1937 and 1938, is used. There are over 2,300 gravestones and memorial stones in the Jewish part of the Prague cemetery. This part of the Prague cemetery is separated from the rest of the complex by a fence and is not accessible to the general public.
In 1953 the first anonymous urn community was created.
In 2003 a burial place for miscarried children was inaugurated. Another special feature for Stuttgart is the option of burial urns in the columbarium .
The Russian Orthodox Church of St. Alexander Nevsky is located on the site of the Prague Cemetery.
Russian Orthodox Church, on the left the grave of Georg von Morlok
The Israelite part of the Prague Cemetery is on the eastern side of the general part, i.e. on the right as seen from the main entrance on Friedhofstrasse. The damaged in a bombing raid in 1944 neo-Gothic entrance is also on the road and cemetery was restored in the 1960s, but the Dachbekrönung the two became pillars pinnacles with crabs and finial not restored.
The area of the Israelite part extends in a long narrow strip from Friedhofstrasse to Eckartstrasse near the Martinskirche. The cemetery is divided into 22 sections, which lie in pairs to the right and left of the middle path up to section 18 and then form rectangular or trapezoidal fields over the entire width of the cemetery.
The numbering begins on Friedhofstrasse with section 1 and ends with section 22 at Martinskirche. The boundary stones of the departments bear the corresponding Roman numerals I – XXII. The official numbering of the graves consists of the department number, the row number and the grave number. The rows are parallel to the fence and are counted upwards from west to east, i.e. from the fence of the general cemetery to the fence of the Israelite cemetery. The grave with the number II-V-882 is for example in Division II, Row V and has the consecutive grave number 882. The urn grove is on the eastern edge of the divisions 19-22, seen from the main entrance on the right edge. Unlike the other graves, the rows are counted from the outer fence.
The cemetery and its graves are described in a monograph by Pastor Joachim Hahn ( #Hahn 1992 ). It contains an outline of the history of the cemetery, an alphabetical allocation list, an allocation plan and photos of selected gravestones. Extensive information is also provided by Alemannia Judaica , the working group for research into the history of Jews in southern Germany and the surrounding area.
Visiting modalities : To visit the cemetery you have to collect the gate key from the administration. This is located in the building to the right of the main entrance at Friedhofstrasse 44 and is open Monday to Friday from 7:30 am to 3:30 pm. The main gate of the Israelite Cemetery is at the right end of the cemetery wall in Friedhofstrasse.
Memorial to the 2498 Jews from Wuerttemberg murdered during the Nazi era
|→ Column legend and sorting|
Meaning of the circled digits:
1 Emil von Rümelin (1846–1899), 1893–1899 Lord Mayor of Stuttgart
2 Eduard von Pfeiffer (1835–1921), banker and social reformer
3 Wilhelm Blos (1849–1927), first president of the republican Württemberg
4 Eduard Mörike (1804–1875), Swabian poet
5 Heinrich von Sick (1822–1881), Lord Mayor of Stuttgart and Interior Minister of Württemberg
6 Josef Hirn (1898–1971), First Mayor of Stuttgart
7 Ferdinand von Zeppelin (1838–1917), inventor des Zeppelin
8 Karl von Gerok (1815–1890), Protestant prelate and poet
|image||#||P||K||dig||*||†||Artist / object|
|23||K||Louis Andreas||1840||1908||C. Clappier, crypt|
|03||P||K||Otto Baisch , writer||1840||1892||Bronze relief with portrait, sandstone relief with lyre|
|?||P||Wilhelm Bazille , President of the State of Württemberg||1874||1934|
|02||P||Willi Baumeister , painter||1889||1955|
|04||P||Egon Reichsgraf von Beroldingen , pilot, airport manager and sports official||1885||1933|
|07||K||Karl Blankenhorn, architect||1869||1943||Kurt Fanghänel , sculpture of a mother with her son|
|07||K||Ludwig Blankenhorn, master builder||1843||1901||Kurt Fanghänel , sculpture of a mother with her son|
|04||P||K||Wilhelm Blos , President of the State of Württemberg||1849||1927||Bronze relief with portrait|
|39||P||K||Eugen Bolz , politician and resistance fighter against National Socialism||1881||1945||High relief of a Pietà in a niche|
|?||K||Adolf Brommer, doctor||1873||1941||Sculpture of a reclining mourner|
|?||P||K||Friedrich Graf von Degenfeld-Schonburg , Dragoon Major||1878||1969||Bronze relief with coat of arms and inscription|
|?||P||K||Rudolf Dietelbach , sculptor||1847||1917||Rudolf Dietelbach, bronze relief with the portrait of Dietelbach's first wife Sara Gaby|
|29||P||Christian von Dillmann , educator and school reformer||1829||1899|
|14th||P||Axel Dünnwald-Metzler , long-time president of the Stuttgarter Kickers||1939||2004|
|01||P||K||Joseph von Egle , architect||1818||1899||Funerary monument with column and cross|
|(Western wall)||P||Hermann Ehmann , senior building officer.||1844||1905|
|04||P||K||Emil Engelmann , sparkling wine manufacturer and writer||1837||1900||Tomb with bronze relief|
|04||P||K||Friedrich Engelmann, President of the Finance Court||1879||1962||Tomb with bronze relief|
|08||P||Karl Etzel , railway engineer and architect||1812||1865|
|13||P||Wilhelm Emil Fein , inventor of the electric hand drill||1842||1898||Tomb with bronze relief|
|17th||P||Caesar Flaischlen , writer||1864||1920|
|55||P||Kurt Floericke , explorer||1869||1934|
|09||P||K||Christiane Fritz born Strobel, wife of the station attendant, "first corpse of this cemetery"||1817||1873|
|44||K||Nicolas Gaucher family||1846||1911||Georg Rheineck , life-size figure of the daughter of the Gaucher family who died in 1895 at the age of 21|
|01||P||K||Karl von Gerok , theologian and poet||1815||1890||Stone cross and stone relief medallion|
|18th||P||Albrecht Goes , writer and theologian||1908||2000|
|09||P||Carl Grüneisen , Protestant theologian||1802||1878|
|03||P||K||Friedrich Wilhelm Hackländer , writer||1816||1877||Obelisk with a bronze medallion in relief|
|08||P||K||Eduard von Hallberger , publisher||1822||1880||Adolf Gnauth , mausoleum, 1875/1876|
|08||P||K||Ludwig Hallberger , publisher||1796||1879||Adolf Gnauth , mausoleum, 1875/1876|
|?||P||Käte Hamburger , literary historian||1896||1992|
|19th||K||Albert Hangleiter, master builder, royal master craftsman||1846||1916||Daniel Stocker , sculpture of a seated mourner|
|02||K||Auguste Haug||Karl Kopp , sculpture of a seated mourner|
|33||P||Philipp Held, horticultural inspector||1856||1906||Bronze bust|
|?||P||Karl Hengerer , architect||1863||1943|
|20th||P||K||Theodor Heuglin , explorer||1824||1876||Joseph head , bronze medallion with the bust of Theodore Heuglin on a 2-meter-high slate - Findling from Bad Waldsee , 1879|
|05||P||K||Julius Hoelder , politician||1819||1887||Grave stele with bust|
|08||P||K||Ludwig von Hofer , sculptor||1801||1887||Theodor Bausch , grave stele with bust|
|?||P||Albert Kappis , painter and lithographer||1836||1914|
|02||K||Eduard B. Kaupe, photo before 1904||1812||1898||Eisenlohr & Weigle , classical grave monument with marble amphora and bronze railing, after 1897|
|02||K||Eduard B. Kaupe.||1812||1898||Eisenlohr & Weigle , classical grave monument, after 1897, marble amphora and bronze railings are missing today.|
|?||P||Julius Keck , politician||1869||1924|
|02||P||Emil Keßler , engineer (grave formerly on the Hoppenlauf cemetery)||1813||1867|
|?||P||K||Christian von Knapp , Württemberg Minister of Finance||1800||1861||Grave monument with bronze relief|
|01||P||K||Rudolf Knosp , chemical entrepreneur||1820||1897||Grave monument with ornamental reliefs and angel heads|
|16||K||The Köchele family||Theodor Bausch , relief of a seated mourners|
|?||P||Wilhelm Kohlhammer , publisher||1839||1893|
|32 (fence)||P||Alfred Kröner , publisher and bookseller||1861||1922|
|?||P||Theodor Kroner , city rabbi (1893–1922) and scholar||1845||1923|
|13||P||Theodor von Landauer , architect||1816||1894|
|01||P||K||Christian Friedrich von Leins , architect||1814||1892||Funerary monument with bust|
|15th||P||Louis Leitz , inventor of the Leitz folder||1846||1918|
|?||P||Otto Lueger , engineer, construction officer and university professor||1843||1911|
|?||P||K||Otto von Marchtaler , Colonel General of Württemberg||1854||1920||Tomb with bronze relief|
|?||P||Marquardt family , hoteliers|
|?||P||Karl Mauch , Africa explorer||1837||1875|
|?||K||Emil Möhrlin||1853||1900||Heinrich and Hermann Macholt, sculpture of a standing mourner|
|?||P||Ruth Mönch , actress and presenter, wife of Willy Seiler||1926||2000|
|10||P||K||Eduard Mörike , writer||1804||1875||Grave monument with bust and ornamental reliefs|
|04||P||K||Georg von Morlok , architect.||1815||1896||Grave monument with bronze bust.|
|04||P||K||Eduard Otto Moser , chocolate manufacturer||1818||1879||Theodor Bausch , classical grave monument with bronze door and angel statue|
|25th||P||K||Otto Müller , writer||1816||1894||Theodor Bausch , tomb with a bronze portrait relief and a reclining female figure made of bronze, 1901|
|29||K||Müller-Luz family||Daniel Stocker , sculpture of a kneeling mourner|
|?||P||Ernst Moritz Mungenast , writer and journalist||1898||1964|
|?||P||Bernhard von Neher , painter||1806||1886|
|?||P||Hans Nibel , technical director of Daimler-Benz AG||1880||1934|
|16||P||K||Adolf Nill , veterinarian and owner of Nills Zoo in Stuttgart, son of Johannes Nill||1861||1945||Black artificial stone obelisk|
|16||P||K||Hans Nill, architect, son of Adolf Nill||1905||1965||Black artificial stone obelisk|
|16||P||K||Johannes Nill , founder of Nills Tiergarten||1825||1894||Black artificial stone obelisk|
|08||P||Roland Ostertag , architect||1931||2018|
|Western wall||P||Eduard Pfeiffer , banker and social reformer||1835||1921|
|?||P||Gustav Pfizer , writer.||1807||1890|
|?||P||K||Karl Christian Planck , philosopher||1819||1880||Grave stele with relief medallion|
|?||P||Hermann Ploucquet , taxidermist||1816||1878|
|05||P||K||Dionys Pruckner, pianist and music teacher||1834||1896||Karl Donndorf , bronze medallion with portrait relief, 1893|
|?||P||K||Von Reitzenstein family||1846||1899||Partly raw marble block with bronze fittings|
|03||P||K||Robert Roemer , legal scholar and politician.||1823||1879||Obelisk with relief medallion.|
|16||P||K||Emil von Rümelin , Lord Mayor of Stuttgart||1846||1899||Grave monument with relief medallion and coat of arms relief of Stuttgart|
|01||P||K||Families Sauters and Entress-Fürsteneck||Adolf Gnauth , mausoleum, 1872|
|?||P||Karl Sautter , postal worker and State Secretary||1872||1960|
|?||P||K||Albert Schäffle, Imperial and Royal Austrian Minister||1831||1903||Grave monument with stone cross and laurel wreath|
|?||P||Käte Schaller-Härlin , painter||1877||1973|
|22nd||P||K||Rudolf von Scharpff, President of the Court Chamber||1862||1914||architectural tomb of Theodor Fischer|
|32 (fence)||K||Hans Schiedmayer||1897||1979||Gustav Adolf Bredow , sculpture of a mother with her grieving son|
|07||P||K||Johannes von Schlayer , Minister of State of Württemberg||1792||1860||Sculpture of a trumpet angel|
|?||P||Rudolf von Schmid , theologian||1828||1907|
|02||P||K||Georg Schöttle , building contractor, furniture manufacturer and initiator of the Stuttgart horse-drawn railway||1823||1897||Obelisk with portrait medallion in bronze|
|02||P||Tony Schumacher , children's author||1848||1931|
|27||P||Willy Seiler , actor and presenter, husband of Ruth Mönch||1930||1988|
|05||P||Ernst Eberhard Friedrich von Seyffer , head of the royal Württemberg building and gardening department||1781||1856||Wall epitaph on the wall facing Friedhofstrasse|
|05||P||Otto Ernst Julius Seyffer , physicist||1823||1890||Wall epitaph on the wall facing Friedhofstrasse|
|16||P||K||Heinrich von Sick , Lord Mayor of Stuttgart||1822||1881||Relief with wreath and vegetable ornaments|
|24 (fence)||K||Robert Sick||1854||1913||Adolf Fremd , sculpture of a woman, calling the sky|
|14th||P||Ernst von Sieglin , soap manufacturer, antique researcher, art patron||1848||1927||Angel statue, bronze enclosure|
|?||P||Heinrich Sontheim , "Emperor of the Tenors"||1820||1912|
|01||P||K||Hans Speidel , General||1897||1984||Reliefs of a woman and a man (?)|
|08||P||Hans Spemann , biologist||1869||1941|
||||18th||K||Hermann Staigmüller||1857||1908||Angel under the arch by Jakob Brüllmann based on a design by Theodor Fischer|
|26th||P||Franz Seraph Stirnbrand , Württemberg court painter||1788||1882|
|12||P||K||Albert Stotz , pioneer in foundry technology||1815||1893||Bronze high relief with two figures and angel heads|
|17th||P||Wilhelm Strienz , German singer (bass)||1900||1987|
|07||P||Karl Friedrich Stroheker , ancient historian||1914||1988|
|41||P||K||Anna Sutter , opera singer.||1871||1910||Statue of a naked mourner with a wreath|
|03||K||Hans Joachim Uerz||1930||2006|
|?||K||The Vischer family, photo before 1899||Eisenlohr & Weigle , architectural grave monument, executed by Hofwerkmeister Hermann Vischer|
|08||K||Paul Voeth||1844||1912||Daniel Stocker , sculpture of a standing mourner|
|02||P||Karl Gustav Vollmoeller , poet and aircraft designer||1878||1948|
|-||P||Claire Waldoff , cabaret artist and singer (Urn: Columbarium 23-38594)||1884||1957|
|?||P||Else Wallach b. Weil, model of the Stuttgardia at Stuttgart City Hall (→ image )||1884||1955|
|?||P||Josef Warscher , managing director of the Israelite religious community in Württemberg||1908||2001|
|61||K||The Weidle family , commissioned by Karl Otto Weidle , general agent of the Stuttgart life insurance bank||1888||Bronze angel with wreath, 1928|
|?||P||K||Carl Weitbrecht , deacon, writer and rector of the Technical University of Stuttgart||1847||1904||Column with bronze relief and stone vase|
|37||P||Karl von Weizsäcker , Prime Minister of Württemberg||1853||1926|
|24 (fence)||P||K||Konrad Wittwer , publisher and politician||1903||1973||classical grave monument|
|15th||P||Eduard Zeller , theologian and philosopher||1814||1908|
|08||P||K||Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin , aviation pioneer||1838||1917||Stone cross|
|23||K||Zweigart family||Ludwig Habich , sculpture of a standing mourner|
|image||#||P||K||dig||*||†||Artist / object|
|01||K||Sigmund Benzinger, factory director.||1844||1933||classical grave monument with amphora.|
|P||Sigismund Frank , banker, father of the Stuttgart writer Bruno Frank .||1848||1930|
|02||P||K||Albert Güldenstein , sculptor.||1822||1891||Bronze plaque with two coats of arms and plant ornaments.|
|03||K||Joseph Kaufmann, factory owner.||1799||1861||Moorish (new Islamic) style elements.|
|01||K||Eduard Pfeiffer, engineer.||1819||1883||Moorish (new Islamic) style elements.|
|05||K||Leopold Rosenheim, businessman.||1846||1879||broken column.|
The Pragfriedhof is one of the most important green spaces in the Stuttgart area and is included in the planning of the Stuttgart 21 project . Its dense tree population prevents a significant night-time cooling, as occurs in parks that are more openly planted.
The Prague cemetery was repeatedly the scene of the event from 2000 emotions be- that the teatro piccolo organized together with the northern community. It is a nocturnal walk through the cemetery with several stations on the subject of transience and eternity.
Connection to local public transport
From 1885 there was a bus route between the Pragfriedhof and Schwabstrasse. A year later there was a tram line operated by the new Stuttgart tram company Lipken und Cie . Nowadays the Pragfriedhof can be reached via the stops Pragfriedhof with the tram lines U5, U6, U7 and U15 and Budapester Platz with the U12 that runs there.
- Albert Glück (editor): State capital Stuttgart, buildings 1970/85. Munich 1984, p. 75.
- Joachim Hahn : Friedhöfe in Stuttgart , Volume 3: Pragfriedhof, Israelite part . Stuttgart 1992.
- Israelitisches Kirchenvorsteheramt Stuttgart (Ed.): Festschrift for the 50th anniversary of the synagogue in Stuttgart . Stuttgart 1911, pages 96-97 (history of the Israelite part of the Prague cemetery).
- Werner Koch; Christopher Koch: Stuttgart cemetery guide. A guide to the graves of well-known personalities. Tübingen 2012, pp. 42–71.
- Karl Klöpping: Historic cemeteries of old Stuttgart, Volume 2: The Central Cemetery on the Prague. A contribution to the city's history with a guide to the graves of well-known personalities . Stuttgart 1996.
- Jörg Kurz: Northern history (s). About the dwelling and life of the people in the north of Stuttgart. 2nd edition, Stuttgart 2005, pp. 157-160.
- R. Linck-Pelargus: 60 years of the Stuttgart Prague cemetery. A memorial with a description of 700 graves of important personalities in Stuttgart. Stuttgart 1933. Reprinted: # Klöpping 1996 , pp. 127-169.
- Ulrike Plate: In memory of the First World War. Two memorials in Stuttgart for fallen Jewish soldiers. In: monuments in Baden-Wuerttemberg Volume 43, 2014, pp 137-139 (memorial and memorial cemetery for the fallen Jewish soldiers of World War I), online: .
- Mammut-Verlag (publisher and editor): Stuttgart, Der Friedhofswegweiser. Stuttgart 2011, pp. 28–30 (available free of charge, including at the information desk in the town hall).
- Chronology and pictures
- Website Alemannia Judaica (Israelite part of the cemetery)
- Minutes of the consecration of the memorial at the Jewish cemetery in Prague on November 9, 1947 (search for "MAHN MAL WEIHE")
- Stuttgart in the picture, Pragfriedhof ( Memento from May 23, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
- Inken Gaukel: Pragfriedhof , published on April 19, 2018 in: Stadtarchiv Stuttgart: Stadtlexikon Stuttgart.
- #Hahn 1992 , page 18, 23rd
- website .
- As of July 2014.
- Biography of Theodor Heuglin on the website of the Theodor Heuglin School .
- Heinrich Graetz, Reuven Michael (Ed.): Diary and letters. Tübingen 1977, page 296.
- The grave on the cemetery wall on Heilbronner Strasse
- The engineer of the same name Eduard Pfeiffer (1819–1883) is buried in section 3 of the Israelite part of the Prague cemetery.
- # Klöpping 1996 , pages 272-273.
- alemannia-judaica.de .
- The banker and social reformer of the same name Eduard Pfeiffer (1835-1921) is buried in section 3 of the general part of the Prague cemetery.