Wolffish (family name)

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Steinbeiß (er) is a family name from the southern German-speaking area.

Meaning and origin

The name allows for several interpretations, including as follows from a derivation from a place name, a nickname, from a job title, from the Scandinavian language or the Cimbrian language:

Place name


  • Derived from a nickname (no patronymic , name of origin , home name or professional name , but e.g. from body, mind, character traits or from the life history and the like of a person or tribe) and especially with metaphorical reference to an animal: each after in singular or plural and taking into account the regional diversity of dialects in the southern German language area (see variants and distribution) known as the Steinbeiss ( Steinpeiss ) / the Steinbeissen ( Steinpeissen ), the Steinbeiß ( Steinpeiß ) / the Steinbeisser ( Steinpeisser ) based on the zoological species of the loach (family) (loaches, thorn gobies), z. B. to be found as an animal symbol of heraldry in the coat of arms of the Viennese medicine professor Martinus Steinpeiss (Steinbeiss) in his book (see below) in the 16th century

Job name

  • Derived from a profession: stonemason , the craftsman for the more geometric processing of stone into building parts; Stone sculptor who creates plastic free natural stone works; Steinhauer , a common name for historical sculptor and masons, which in the strict sense but quarry workers (derived from Steinbiß , quarry is'), the there the workpieces degrades and dresseth for Steinmetz or sculptor

Scandinavian language or Cimbrian language

  • Derivation from a translation of the Cimbrian word Frisún 'Steinbeisser' 'frisone': The immigration of the Jutes , the presumed Cimbres , from northern Jutland ( Denmark , Scandinavia) to the Styrian area indicates that the name comes from the Cimbrian language.
  • Derivation from Old Scandinavian (e.g. the Jutes): stone and peis (or peiss or peiser or peisser ) from the word peis , 'outdoor fireplace' and ker 'rock', 'cliff' means 'fireplace on the rock or' Stone fireplace '. Even today, the word pisker from pis + ker can be found in the Slovenian language of the originally Solvendian people from northern Jutland . It has been slightly changed and still has the meaning of 'large pot in which you cooked on the fireplace for the whole family'. The name probably came about due to a formative cultural habit and origin of the bearers of the name, who settled as Cimbri in southern Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Italy, Slovenia and the surrounding area. The word Steinpeis means stone fireplace in Norwegian , made of stone 'stone' + Peis 'fireplace'.

First name bearers

The name is first used in Alsace in 1248 as a landscape in what is now eastern France with a citizen named "Heinricus Steinbiss" and later also as "Heinrich Steinbiss" in connection with the acquisition of properties in the Heimbachtal in Esslingen from Margrave Heinrich II of Burgau († 1293 / 94) from the Berg-Burgau house mentioned in a document (1280).

At the same time, the name "Steinpeiss" appears in 1412 in connection with the change of ownership of the "Steinpeisshaus" of the same name in Hartberg and Aichberg Castle (both in today's Austria) as the headquarters and, via its descendants, with many other castles in Austria and Bavaria. "Seyfried Steinpeiß" from a former servant family (based in Anger near Weiz ) of the Stubenberg aristocratic family takes over this property in Styria. The Steinpeiss (er) (female also Steinpeissin ) from Styria founded together with other noble families of Styria (e.g. von Stubenberg, von Dietrichstein , von Herberstein , von Kuefstein , von Wildenstein etc.) for many centuries villages and Markets in their related territories.

The names of the localities of the same name (e.g. Aichdorf or Eichdorf Bavaria based on Aichberg or Eichberg as the family seat of the Lords of Steinpeiss in Styria) or localities of the same name of the namesake and their related families (e.g. Steinbeißen, Steinbeisserberg, Stubenberg ), can later be found outside Styria in a similar way in Bavaria , Baden-Württemberg and Central Germany, more or less changed. It is still a matter of dispute whether the name originally came from the nobility from Styria , Lower Bavaria or from today's Baden-Württemberg, as people with these names and their variants can be documented in all three regions up to the Middle Ages.

Variants and Distribution

The variations of the name are to be understood depending on the language area . For example, for the simple s a ß or sz (eg in Steinbîs, Steinbiss, Steinbiss and Steinbisz;. Steinbeis, Steinbeiss, Steinbeiß and Steinbeisz; at Steinbeiser, wolffish, loach and Steinbeiszer) from the unvoiced b a voiced p (Steinbeiss, Steinpeiss; Steinbeisser, Steinbeisser) or from the long î an ai or ei (e.g. possibly Steinbîs, Steinbais, Steinbeis). Such linguistic adaptations can be found in Cimbrian (see phonology), a Bavarian dialect .

The language area in which the variations of the name appear is reflected in the specific use of the letters (e.g. voiced consonants p, d, g versus unvoiced consonants p, t, k ). The ss is mainly used in Switzerland and Austria, the ß in Germany and the sz in Hungary (Steinbeisser, Steinbeißer, Steinbeiszer). The b is used in Germany and the p mainly in Austria or Switzerland (Steinbeisser, Steinpeisser; Steinbeis, Steinpeis). Overall, however, overlays can be observed, which most likely came about through the historical, close affiliation of the neighboring regions in the southern German- speaking area and the possessions of their namesake (sometimes knightly, counts or ecclesiastical nobles). The name is after the mass emigration of the name bearers after economic crises and wars and the like. a. also found in the United States of America. In addition to the forms presented (e.g. Steinbeisser in the US state of Montana ), the names often appear in identical (e.g. Steinbus , Steinbuser ) or translated form due to the translation from German into English .

  • Steinbeisser / Steinbeisser with a focus on Bavaria (Munich and Landau an der Isar and the surrounding area) and a few other namesake in Switzerland and Austria as well as Lower Saxony, but also sporadically in Baden-Württemberg
  • Steinpeißer / Steinpeisser or Steinpeiss, Steinpeis with a focus on Austria, z. Sometimes also individual namesake in Lower Bavaria and Switzerland
  • Steinpeiszer / Steinbeiszer / Steinbeisz / Steinpeisz / Steinbisz in particular with namesake e.g. B. in Budapest (Hungary)
  • Steinbeiss / Steinbeiß / Steinbis / Steinbeiss with name bearer u. a. in Lower Bavaria, but with a focus on Baden-Württemberg (around Vaihingen an der Enz or Stuttgart)

Well-known namesake

  • Martin Steinpeiss (also Martinus Stainpeiss, or Martin Stainpeis), professor of medicine at the University of Vienna in the 16th century, a. a. known from his book Liber de modo studendi seu legendi in medicina (1521)
  • Georg Christoph von Steinpeiss (see Aichberg Castle (Styria) ) † 1679, son of Johann Christoph and Anna Margareta von Fürnberg , married to Eva Eleonore von Mörsberg (Mörsburg), a woman from the same noble family as Adalbert von Mörsberg
  • Johann von Steinpeiss, married to Margareta von Herberstein
  • Johann Christoph von Steinpeiss, son of Johann von Steinpeiss and Margareta von Herberstein , married to Maria Christina von Kuenburg
  • Johann Christoph, son of Johann Christoph and Maria Christina von Kuenburg , married to Benigna Martha von Eibiswald
  • Johann Georg, son of Johann von Steinpeiss and Margareta von Herberstein , married to Judith von Rindschaid from the von Rindschaid family (Styrian noble family)
  • Johann Otto Graf von Steinpeiss, Count from the Styrian noble house of Steinpeiss (* 1667, † 1703), father of Maria Cäcilia Countess von Steinpeiss and spouse of Eva Rosina Countess Hilleprant von und zu Prandegg , from the list of members of the Kuefstein family
  • Margareta von Steinpeiss, daughter of Johann Georg von Steinpeiss and Judith von Rindschaid, married to Georg Siegmund von Wildenstein (Styrian noble family)
  • Maria Cäcilia Countess von Steinpeiss (born February 5, 1701 - † January 13, 1758 in Vienna ), Countess from Styria and the family list of Kuefstein , daughter of Johann Otto Graf von Steinpeiss and Maria Eva Rosina Hilleprant von und zu Prandegg, married to Johann Ernst von Kuefstein
  • Maria Eleonora von Steinpeiss (* 1654; †?), Daughter of Johann Christoph and Benigna Martha von Eibiswald, married to Siegmund Rudolf von Schrattenbach
  • Maria Felicitas von Steinpeiss (* 1676; † 1699), daughter of Georg Christoph and Eva Eleonore von Mörsberg, married to Johann Christoph von Wildenstein
  • Josef Wolfgang Steinbeißer (1894–1980), German actor and playwright
  • Manfred Steinbeißer (* 1976), German volleyball trainer
  • Ferdinand von Steinbeis (born May 5, 1807 in Ölbronn , † February 7, 1893 in Leipzig ), economic politician from Württemberg and important promoter of industrialization in Württemberg
  • Otto von Steinbeis (born October 7, 1839 in Bachzimmer ; † December 27, 1920 in Brannenburg am Inn), German entrepreneur and industrial pioneer
  • Maximilian Steinbeis (born September 7, 1970 in Munich ), German journalist and writer
  • Albert Steinbeißer (born December 16, 1910 in Augsburg, † July 11, 1991 in Rosenheim ), judge, Lord Mayor and honorary citizen of Rosenheim
  • Donald Steinbeisser (born April 15, 1935), US Senator from Sidney , Montana
  • Kajetan Steinbeißer (born June 20, 1953), Catholic clergyman and dean of the Freyung-Grafenau dean's office
  • Herbert Steinbeisser (born March 13, 1958 in Mannheim ; † May 10, 2014 in Mannheim), successful scientist in biology (zoology) and professor at the Developmental Genetics section at the Institute for Human Genetics at Heidelberg University Hospital
  • Herbert Steinbeißer (born January 8, 1938 in Ruhpolding ), cross-country skier and two-time Olympic participant in Innsbruck 1964 (Germany) and Grenoble 1968 (Federal Republic of Germany)
  • Katja Nagel , b. Steinbeisser (born December 4, 1963 in Munich), German textbook author, university lecturer and communications manager
  • Irene Steinbeisser (* Munich), actress and character dancer of the Bavarian State Opera, a. a. known for the pieces Die Fledermaus (1986) and Das Schlangenei (1977)
  • Markus Steinbeisser, co-founder (co-owner) and head of the internationally active Westhouse Group (Garching, Munich)
  • Wolf Steinpeiß (17th to 18th century), builder of the listed and later refurbished property Herrenchiemsee 5 on the Herrenchiemsee Island ( Herreninsel ) on the Chiemsee between the years 1737–1740
  • Nikolaus Steinbeis, psychologist at the Max Planck Institute for Cognitive and Neurosciences, known a. a. for investigation under the aspect of egoism
  • Herman Steinbeis, co-founder of the German predecessor company ( Zweckform Schreibwaren und Bürobedarfs GmbH , 1946, Oberlainders) from Avery Zweckform
  • Viktoria Steinbiß , b. Klarhorst (born August 19, 1892 in Bielefeld; † February 11, 1971 ibid.) , German politician (CDU)
  • Florian Walter Steinbiß (born April 19, 1957 in Bonn ), German film director and writer
  • Olaf Steinbiß (born November 7, 1966 in Hamburg ), German politician ( SPD ), member of the Hamburg Parliament
  • Alexander Steinbeis (* 1974 in Munich), German orchestra director at the Deutsches Symphonie-Orchester Berlin with the start of the 2007/08 season


  • Josef Karlmann Brechenmacher : Etymological dictionary of German family names. Volume 2: K – Z, CA Starke Verlag, Limburg, 1960–1963.
  • Hans Bahlow : German name dictionary. Family and first names explained according to their origin and meaning. Licensed edition, Gondrom-Verlag, Bindlach 1990, ISBN 3-8112-0294-4 .
  • Helmuth Rücker: The human companion. In: Passauer Neue Presse, July 10, 2009, p. 21.
  • Wilderich Weick: Annals for history and politics. Volume I, J. Scheible's Verlag Expedition, Stuttgart / Leipzig, 1833.
  • Franz Seraphin Metelko: Educational building of the Slovene language in the kingdom of Illyria and in the neighboring provinces. Leopold Eger (Gubernialbuchdrucker), Laibach, 1825.
  • Johann Andreas Schmeller, Josef Bergmann: So-called Cimbrian dictionary. Imperial-Royal Hof- u. Staatsdruckerei, 1855, 212 pages.

Individual evidence

  1. Geogen. In: geogen.stoepel.net. Retrieved October 17, 2015 (de / en).
  2. ^ A b Albrecht Kirchhoff: Contributions to the history of the German book trade . JC Hinrichs, 1851 ( limited preview in Google book search).
  3. Johann Andreas Schmeller: So-called Cimbrian dictionary. Imperial-Royal Hof- u. Staatsdruckerei, 1855, p. 122 ( limited preview in Google book search).
  4. Franz Seraphin Metelko: Teaching Building of the Slovenian language in the kingdom of Illyria and in the neighboring provinces (etc.). Eger, 1825, p. 188 ( limited preview in the Google book search).
  5. Steinbiss family - Steinbiss lastname origin - Heraldry and family Steinbiss history with coat of arms. In: heraldrysinstitute.com. Retrieved October 17, 2015 .
  6. ^ Landesarchiv Baden-Württemberg: Württembergisches Urkundenbuch Online. Volume VIII., No. 2951; As of April 18, 2013. In: wubonline.de. January 17, 2016, accessed April 24, 2018 .
  7. a b http://www.schloesserstrasse.com/
  8. Wilderich Weick: Annals for history and politics. Scheible, 1833, p. 61 ( limited preview in Google book search).
  9. Steinbeiss - Siebmachers Wappenbuch - Ancestry.de. In: search.ancestry.de. 2011, accessed October 17, 2015 .
  10. ^ Johann Andreas Schmeller (1837)
  11. Martin Stainpeis, personal data in Vienna History Wiki of the city of Vienna
  12. Kienreich: A true picture of the Duchy of Styria as a memorial of grateful memories of ... Archduke Johann. Kienreich, 1860, p. 452 ( limited preview in Google book search).
  13. J. Siebmacher's large Wappenbuch, Volume 26; The coats of arms of the nobility in Lower Austria Part 2, S - Z, reprint edition of the arrangement by Johann Baptist Witting (Nuremberg 1918), Verlag Bauer und Raspe, owner Gerhard Geßner, Neustadt an der Aisch, 1983, p. 24.
  14. First or Lord Mayor of the City of Rosenheim at the City Archives Rosenheim (with illustration), as of November 18, 2014
  15. Montana Legislature: Donald Steinbeisser (R) ( Memento of the original from May 15, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / leg.mt.gov
  16. Helmuth Rücker: The human companion. (JPG) (No longer available online.) In: Passauer Neue Presse. July 10, 2009, p. 21 , archived from the original on May 18, 2015 ; accessed on June 11, 2015 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / regiowiki.pnp.de
  17. Christof Niehrs, Eddy M. De Robertis: Herbert Steinbeisser: a life with the Xenopus embryo . In: International Journal of Developmental Biology . tape 58 , no. 5 , September 30, 2014, ISSN  0214-6282 , p. 299–302 , doi : 10.1387 / ijdb.140117ed , PMID 25354448 ( ehu.es [accessed February 3, 2019]).
  18. Prof. Dr. Steinbeisser, as of May 18, 2015
  19. List of Olympic athletes Herbert Steinbeißer
  20. ^ Bavarian State Opera: Irene Steinbeisser. Retrieved June 11, 2015 .
  21. Westhouse Group: About us - your personnel service provider Westhouse Group. In: Westhouse-Group.com. Westhouse Group GmbH, accessed April 13, 2018 .
  22. Charlotte Grosse Wiesmann, Angela D. Friederici, Denisse Disla, Nikolaus Steinbeis, Tania Singer: Longitudinal evidence for 4-year-olds 'but not 2- and 3-year-olds' false belief-related action anticipation . In: Cognitive Development (=  Understanding theory of mind in infancy and toddlerhood ). tape 46 , April 1, 2018, ISSN  0885-2014 , p. 58–68 , doi : 10.1016 / j.cogdev.2017.08.007 ( sciencedirect.com [accessed January 29, 2019]).
  23. ^ Deutsches Symphonie-Orchester Berlin: Management - DSO Berlin. Retrieved January 29, 2019 .