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City of Roth
Coordinates: 49 ° 12 ′ 51 ″  N , 11 ° 3 ′ 32 ″  E
Height : 339–374 m above sea level NHN
Residents : 270  (Feb. 1, 2018)
Incorporation : May 1, 1978
Postal code : 91154
Area code : 09171
Unterheckenhofen (Bavaria)

Location of Unterheckenhofen in Bavaria

Place view
Place view

Unterheckenhofen is a district of the district town of Roth in the district of Roth in Middle Franconia .


The village is 4.5 km southwest of Roth an der Rednitz and the Rittersbach, which flows into the Rednitz as a left tributary. It consists of the old town south-east of the Treuchtlingen – Nuremberg railway line and a settlement area called “Unterheckenhofen-Siedlung” north-west of it, which began in the 1970s. Both parts are only connected by a pedestrian tunnel. The forest area "Im Oppel" borders in the west. A community road leads to Rittersbach to state road 2224 (2.7 km west) or to Barnsdorf to district road RH 6 (0.3 km east). Another communal road leads to Oberheckenhofen to the district road RH 6 (1.8 km southwest). The Nuremberg – Augsburg railway crosses the town and has a stop there .


The place was first mentioned in 1289 as "Hegenhoven". Up until the 18th century, this meant Unterheckenhofen and Oberheckenhofen , about 1.5 kilometers away , which is also to the left of the Rednitz. The place name means "umhegter Hof" (from "hegga", Old High German for hedge).

Originally the cathedral chapter of Eichstätt was the landlord of the place, later the Nuremberg patrician families Coler and Oelhafen and then the Welser , the Klarakloster in Nuremberg , the Heilig-Geist-Spital of Nuremberg and the Seligenporten monastery . During the Thirty Years' War the place was burned down and was uninhabited for a long time. Reconstruction only began eleven years after the end of the war.

Towards the end of the 18th century there were four properties and a community shepherd's house in Unterheckenhofen. The high court exercised the Brandenburg-Ansbach Oberamt Roth . The village and township government had the imperial city of Nuremberg held. The landlords were the Electoral Palatinate Bavarian monastery office Seligenporten (1 Ganzhof), the imperial city of Nuremberg ( St. Klara Monastery Office : 1 Ganzhof; St. Katharina Monastery Office: 1 Ganzhof) and the Nuremberg owner von Welser (1 Ganzhof).

As part of the community edict, Unterheckenhofen was assigned to the Rittersbach tax district formed in 1808 . It also belonged to the rural community Rittersbach founded in 1811 .

On May 1, 1978 Unterheckenhofen was incorporated into Roth as part of the regional reform in Bavaria .

Architectural monuments

  • Venetianerstr. 20: ground floor warehouse
  • Venetianerstr. 22: farmhouse
  • viaduct

Population development

year 001818 001840 001861 001871 001885 001900 001925 001950 001961 001970 001987 002013 002018
Residents 44 51 54 57 50 51 58 84 127 153 269 262 270
Houses 9 8th 11 10 10 10 19th 75


The residents of the Evangelical-Lutheran denomination are parish according to To Our Lady (Roth) , those with Roman-Catholics according to Mary's Assumption in Heaven in Roth.


Web links

Commons : Unterheckenhofen  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b c www.stadt-roth.de
  2. Unterheckenhofen in the Bavaria Atlas
  3. W. Ulsamer (Ed.), P. 455.
  4. F. Eigler, p. 427.
  5. F. Eigler, p. 482.
  6. Only inhabited houses are given. In 1818 these were designated as fireplaces , in 1840 as houses and from 1885 to 1987 as residential buildings.
  7. Alphabetical index of all the localities contained in the Rezatkkreis according to its constitution by the newest organization: with indication of a. the tax districts, b. Judicial Districts, c. Rent offices in which they are located, then several other statistical notes . Ansbach 1818, p. 94 ( digitized version ).
  8. Eduard Vetter (Ed.): Statistical handbook and address book of Middle Franconia in the Kingdom of Bavaria . Self-published, Ansbach 1846, p. 218 ( digitized version ).
  9. ^ Joseph Heyberger, Chr. Schmitt, v. Wachter: Topographical-statistical manual of the Kingdom of Bavaria with an alphabetical local dictionary . In: K. Bayer. Statistical Bureau (Ed.): Bavaria. Regional and folklore of the Kingdom of Bavaria . tape 5 . Literary and artistic establishment of the JG Cotta'schen Buchhandlung, Munich 1867, Sp. 1090 , urn : nbn: de: bvb: 12-bsb10374496-4 ( digitized ).
  10. Kgl. Statistical Bureau (ed.): Complete list of localities of the Kingdom of Bavaria. According to districts, administrative districts, court districts and municipalities, including parish, school and post office affiliation ... with an alphabetical general register containing the population according to the results of the census of December 1, 1875 . Adolf Ackermann, Munich 1877, 2nd section (population figures from 1871, cattle figures from 1873), Sp. 1257 , urn : nbn: de: bvb: 12-bsb00052489-4 ( digital copy ).
  11. K. Bayer. Statistical Bureau (Ed.): Localities directory of the Kingdom of Bavaria. According to government districts, administrative districts, ... then with an alphabetical register of locations, including the property and the responsible administrative district for each location. LIV. Issue of the contributions to the statistics of the Kingdom of Bavaria. Munich 1888, Section III, Sp. 1192 ( digitized version ).
  12. K. Bayer. Statistical Bureau (Ed.): Directory of localities of the Kingdom of Bavaria, with alphabetical register of places . LXV. Issue of the contributions to the statistics of the Kingdom of Bavaria. Munich 1904, Section II, Sp. 1265 ( digitized version ).
  13. Bavarian State Statistical Office (ed.): Localities directory for the Free State of Bavaria according to the census of June 16, 1925 and the territorial status of January 1, 1928 . Issue 109 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1928, Section II, Sp. 1302 ( digitized version ).
  14. Bavarian State Statistical Office (ed.): Official place directory for Bavaria - edited on the basis of the census of September 13, 1950 . Issue 169 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1952, DNB  453660975 , Section II, Sp. 1127 ( digitized version ).
  15. Bavarian State Statistical Office (ed.): Official city directory for Bavaria, territorial status on October 1, 1964 with statistical information from the 1961 census . Issue 260 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1964, DNB  453660959 , Section II, Sp. 826 ( digitized version ).
  16. ^ Bavarian State Statistical Office (ed.): Official place directory for Bavaria . Issue 335 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1973, DNB  740801384 , p. 180 ( digitized version ).
  17. Bavarian State Office for Statistics and Data Processing (Ed.): Official local directory for Bavaria, territorial status: May 25, 1987 . Issue 450 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich November 1991, DNB  94240937X , p. 349 ( digitized version ).