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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the community of Unterwellenborn
Map of Germany, position of the municipality Unterwellenborn highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 40 ′  N , 11 ° 27 ′  E

Basic data
State : Thuringia
County : Saalfeld-Rudolstadt
Height : 265 m above sea level NHN
Area : 63.05 km 2
Residents: 8453 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 134 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 07333
Primaries : 03647, 03671, 036732
License plate : SLF, RU
Community key : 16 0 73 111
Community structure: 13 districts
Address of the
municipal administration:
Ernst-Thälmann-Str. 19
07333 Unterwellenborn
Website : www.unterwellenborn.de
Mayoress : Andrea Wende
Location of the community Unterwellenborn in the district of Saalfeld-Rudolstadt
Allendorf Altenbeuthen Bad Blankenburg Bechstedt Cursdorf Deesbach Döschnitz Drognitz Gräfenthal Hohenwarte Katzhütte Kaulsdorf (Saale) Königsee Lehesten Leutenberg Meura Probstzella Rohrbach Rudolstadt Saalfeld/Saale Schwarzatal Schwarzburg Sitzendorf Uhlstädt-Kirchhasel Unterweißbach Unterwellenborn Thüringenmap
About this picture

Unterwellenborn is a municipality in the Saalfeld-Rudolstadt district in Thuringia . Unterwellenborn is best known for the Maxhütte steelworks .


Neighboring communities are Hohenwarte , Kaulsdorf (Saale) , Saalfeld / Saale , Rudolstadt and Uhlstädt-Kirchhasel in the Saalfeld-Rudolstadt district and Krölpa in the Saale-Orla district .


Finds of flint tools near Unterwellenborn have shown that the area was already settled in the Paleolithic about 10,000 years ago.

In 1125 Unterwellenborn was first mentioned in a document as "Wellinginborn".

During the GDR era, the VEB Gardinenwerk Eisleben built a company holiday camp for the children of its employees below the huts of the steelworks , which was abandoned to decay after 1990.


On April 9, 1994, the communities of Dorfkulm , Langenschade with Reichenbach and Oberwellenborn were incorporated into Unterwellenborn.

Today's community was created on February 1, 2006 by amalgamating the previously independent communities of Birkigt , Goßwitz with Bucha , Könitz , Lausnitz near Pößneck and Unterwellenborn with the Röblitz district . The five municipalities had formed the Unterwellenborn administrative community, which was dissolved at the same time.

On July 6, 2018, the community of Kamsdorf (consisting of the districts Großkamsdorf and Kleinkamsdorf ) was incorporated.

Population development

Development of the population before the merger in 2006 (December 31) :

  • 1994: 29160
  • 1995: 2895
  • 1996: 3005
  • 1997: 3063
  • 1998: 3067
  • 1999: 3082
  • 2000: 30650
  • 2001: 3040
  • 2002: 3011
  • 2003: 3007
  • 2004: 2983

Development of the population after the merger in 2006 (December 31) :

  • 2006: 66110
  • 2007: 6540
  • 2008: 6467
  • 2009: 6414
  • 2010: 6371
  • 2011: 6186
  • 2012: 61230
  • 2013: 6043
  • 2014: 6084
  • 2015: 6069
  • 2016: 5928
  • 2017: 5906
  • 2018: 8513 1
1 from here with the incorporation of Kamsdorf
Data source: Thuringian State Office for Statistics


City council election 2019
Turnout: 62.9%
(2014: 54.0%)
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
+ 6.3  % p
-1.4  % p
-4.9  % p

Municipal council

The municipal council election on May 26, 2019 led to the following result for the composition of the municipal council, which has not changed compared to 2014 :

Party / list Seats
FWV 11
CDU 7th
left 2


Andrea Wende was once again confirmed in office as mayor on April 15, 2018. With a turnout of 52.5%, she received 87.0% of the valid votes for an opposing candidate.

coat of arms

Coat of arms of the community of Unterwellenborn

The coat of arms was approved on March 8, 2007 by the Thuringian State Administration Office.

Coat of arms of the village of Unterwellenborn

Blazon : “Divided and half-split; above in silver from a green bar, which is covered with a silver wave bar, growing three green conifers, below right in red a silver serration , below left in silver two red diamonds. "

In 1994 the municipality of Unterwellenborn, consisting of the districts Unterwellenborn and Röblitz, was expanded to include the previously individually managed municipalities of Oberwellenborn, Langenschade-Reichenbach and Dorfkulm. Since February 1, 2006, four more villages - Könitz, Goßwitz, Birkigt and Lausnitz - form a unitary community with Unterwellenborn. This means that sustainable and efficient administrative structures are in place for this large community with more than 6000 inhabitants from today's Thuringian state perspective, and Unterwellenborn is one of the four largest communities in the Saalfeld-Rudolstadt district. With the merger, a new coat of arms was also commissioned. The aim of the design was to create heraldically correct symbols in which all districts can be found. - The green conifers in the upper part stand for the wooded districts in the Heide landscape region - The silver wave bar is an indication of the important drinking water catchment area in the area around Langenschade and also stands for the local recreation area at Hohenwartestausee. - At the bottom right there is the mining symbol iron and mallet for the centuries of mining and iron ore smelting in the Maxhütte. - The lower left part of the shield with the two red diamonds is reminiscent of the noble family of the von Könitz who once lived in Koenitz.

As already after the change that took place in the 1990s, the graphic artist Manfred Fischer, based in Goßwitz, took on the design and design of this emblem.

Culture and sights


Palace of Culture

The oldest building in the village is the Church of St. Nikolai , the choir of which dates back to the 12th century.

The 1955 opened after three years of construction Palace of Culture " Johannes R. Becher " VEB Maxhütte (often with community center called) is one of the built in monumental, pseudoklassizistischem style early cultural centers of the GDR. The building ensemble contains a theater hall (700 seats), a "small hall" with 200 seats, a "foyer" for dance events and conferences with 200 seats as well as a dance rehearsal room, lecture rooms, a library, several meeting rooms and a restaurant ("Bierschwemme “) And a café. After 1990 the building was partially used by the choir of the former Maxhüttenensemble , and a few dance events were held. The house, now largely deprived of its interior, is in a relatively good structural condition. In 2013, an association was founded that, in cooperation with the current owner, has made it possible to reuse the house as a cultural and artistic center of the region. Currently (January 2020) the condition of the building is alarming, the roof threatens to collapse.

Historical monuments

In the Pfaffengrund , an obelisk erected in 1966 commemorates the more than a thousand prisoners of war as well as women and men from the countries occupied by Germany who had to do the heaviest forced labor in the Maxhütte and other places. Where the obelisk stands, 26 forced laborers (including four girls) who were tied up and shot in the neck were found and reburied in the cemetery in Saalfeld. Until 1989 a wooden memorial plaque commemorated 15 murdered slave laborers who were found in a mass grave in a sand pit near the road from Birkigt to Friedebach in 1945 . Since 1985, a stele erected on the B 281 has commemorated the victims of the death march of the prisoners of the Buchenwald concentration camp .


Sports club: SV Stahl Unterwellenborn

Economy and Infrastructure


The station building in Könitz is now used as a youth club

Unterwellenborn is on the Leipzig – Gera – Saalfeld railway line . In the municipality are the stations Unterwellenborn and Könitz (Thür), at which the regional train line EB22 of the Erfurt Railway (under the brand name Elster-Saale-Bahn ) stops every two hours . In 2010, this company was awarded the contract for local passenger transport in the diesel network East Thuringia award area. On June 10, 2012, operations were taken over by DB Regio. The express line EBx12, which is also operated every two hours, runs through Unterwellenborn and Könitz without stopping. Vehicles from the 650 series are used (Stadler Regio-Shuttle RS1).

In the nearby Saalfeld (Saale) train station, you can change trains to Erfurt , Jena , Bad Lobenstein and Nuremberg .

The community is located on the federal highway 281 Eisfeld - Triptis . You can use it to reach the district town of Saalfeld / Saale, about six kilometers to the west, and the Triptis junction of federal motorway 9, about 33 kilometers to the east .

Established businesses

Unterwellenborn's recent history is closely interwoven with the Maxhütte steel and rolling mill located there from 1872 to 1996 . It was put into operation in 1872 as a branch of the Maximilianshütte in Sulzbach-Rosenberg in Upper Palatinate . From 1921 to 1946 the plant was part of the Flick group . From 1936, the plant was completely converted to armaments production for the preparation and implementation of the Second World War .

On June 5, 1946, the plant was expropriated and initially operated as a SAG company , from July 1, 1948 as a state-owned company (VEB). In the winter months of 1948/49, thousands of young people responded to the FDJ's appeal with the title Max needs water! to build a 6 km long long-distance water pipeline to the plant. At its peak, the Maxhütte had over 6,000 employees. After the reunification in the GDR , on July 1, 1990 the VEB became a GmbH owned by the Treuhandanstalt . After a portion of the site with the only in 1985 put into operation the combined section mill (mill) on 17 March 1992 to the Luxembourg Arbed had been sold group, the last was on 10 July 1992 blast furnace - racking made, which 120 years History of pig iron production was ended.

On November 11, 1995, the new electric steelworks went into operation, which together with the rolling mill form Stahlwerk Thüringen GmbH , in which 700 employees work. Since the merger of several steel manufacturers in 2001, the plant has belonged to the Arcelor Group. The Maxhütte Unterwellenborn itself was deleted from the commercial register in the summer of 1996. The factory was spun off from the Arcelor Mittal Group in 2007 and taken over by the Spanish Grupo Alfonso Gallardo . The plant has belonged to the Brazilian steel group Companhia Siderúrgica Nacional (CSN) since February 2012 .


Sons and daughters of the place

Other personalities

  • Friedrich Franz (1889–1969), metallurgist at the Maxhütte
  • Kurt Säuberlich (1904–1971), metallurgist at the Maxhütte
  • Karl Ebert (1916–1974), Catholic theologian, temporarily pastor in Unterwellenborn
  • Jo Winter (1944–2006), pastor in Langenschade, GDR opposition member

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Population of the municipalities from the Thuringian State Office for Statistics  ( help on this ).
  2. Gottlieb Ernst Jacob: The place names of the Duchy of Meiningen . Kesselring, Hildburghausen 1894, p. 92.
  3. Facebook entry
  4. ^ Federal Statistical Office: Municipalities 1994 and their changes since 01.01.1948 in the new federal states . Metzler-Poeschel, Stuttgart 1995, ISBN 3-8246-0321-7 .
  5. StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2006
  6. Thuringian Law and Ordinance Gazette No. 7 2018 of July 5, 2018 , accessed on July 6, 2018
  7. Local council election Unterwellenborn 2019. wahlen.thueringen.de, accessed on August 1, 2019 .
  8. Local council election Unterwellenborn 2014. wahlen.thueringen.de, accessed on August 1, 2019 .
  9. Official Journal of the Municipality No. 7/2007 (PDF; 1.7 MB).
  10. ^ Bettina Vaupel: St. Nikolai in Unterwellenborn . In: Monuments. Magazine for Monument Culture in Germany , Vol. 27 (2017), Issue 3, pp. 40–44.
  11. ^ Bärbel Weihrauch, Hubert Müller: 50 Years of the Maxhütte Culture House Unterwellenborn. In: Rudolstädter Heimathefte. Vol. 52, 2006, Issue 5/6, 2006, ISSN  0485-5884 , pp. 150-155.
  12. ^ Website of the association
  13. Kulturpalast Unterwellenborn: Friends' association fears roof collapse
  14. Kulturpalast Unterwellenborn: Owner is bricking against association
  15. Thuringian Association of the Persecuted of the Nazi Regime - Association of Antifascists and Study Group of German Resistance 1933–1945 (Ed.): Local history guide to sites of resistance and persecution 1933–1945. Volume 8: Thuringia. VAS - Verlag für Akademische Schriften, Frankfurt am Main 2003, ISBN 3-88864-343-0 , p. 232.

Web links

Commons : Unterwellenborn  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files