World Heritage in South Korea

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The world heritage in South Korea (as of 2016) includes 14 UNESCO world heritage sites , including twelve world cultural heritage sites and one world natural heritage site. The East Asian state of South Korea joined the World Heritage Convention in 1988, and the first three World Heritage sites were added to the World Heritage List in 1995. The neo-Confucian Academies Seowon were registered as the last World Heritage Site in South Korea to date .

World heritage sites

The following table lists the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in South Korea in chronological order according to the year of their inclusion on the World Heritage List (K - cultural heritage, N - natural heritage, K / N - mixed, (R) - on the Red List of World Heritage in Danger ).

f1Georeferencing Map with all coordinates of World Heritage Sites: OSM

image designation year Type Ref. description
Seokguram Cave Temple and Bulguksa Temple 1995 K 736 The Seokguram Grotto ( Lage ) with its Buddha statue and the Bulguksa Temple ( Lage ) with its wooden architecture and stone terraces in Gyeongju , the capital of the Silla Empire, are outstanding examples of Buddhist religious architecture as a material expression of Buddhist belief.
Haeinsa Temple, Janggyeong Panjeon, repository of the Tripitaka Koreana tablets
( location )
1995 K 737 The Janggyeong Panjeon in Haeinsa Temple is the repository of around 80,000 wooden tablets from the Tripitaka Koreana , which were used to print Buddhist scriptures. They form the most complete and accurate collection of Buddhist teaching texts in the world. The storage buildings are specially designed to provide natural ventilation and adjust temperature and humidity to keep the wooden panels from deteriorating.
Jongmyo Shrine
( location )
1995 K 738 Jongmyo Shrine is a Confucian ancestral shrine in Seoul . It serves to commemorate the ancestors of the rulers from the Joseon dynasty . The shrine was built in 1394 under King Taejo , the first king of the dynasty, and has been expanded several times since then. After its destruction in the Imjin War , it was rebuilt in 1601. The traditional rituals of ancestor worship, accompanied by music and dance, are practiced annually as Jongmyo jerye , they are part of the intangible cultural heritage of South Korea.
Changdeokgung Palace 1997 K 816 The Changdeokgung Palace is one of five remaining royal palaces from the Joseon Dynasty in Seoul . It was built between 1405 and 1412 by King Taejong as the second palace next to Gyeongbokgung, the actual main residence of the Joseon dynasty. The palace is an exceptional example of Far Eastern palace architecture and design, in which public and residential buildings have been integrated into and harmonized with their natural surroundings.
Hwaseong Fortress
( location )
1997 K 817 Hwaseong Fortress in Suwon was built at the end of the 18th century on the orders of King Jeongjo . It consists of 44 individual structures surrounded by a 5.7 km long and up to 7 m high wall. Four buildings with gates enabled access from all four directions. The fortress represents the pinnacle of 18th century military architecture and shows important developments in construction and in the use of materials that reflect the exchange of scientific and technical achievements between East and West.
Historic sites of Gyeongju
Cheomseongdae Observatory
(more pictures)
Historic Sites of Gyeongju
( Lage )
2000 K 976 Outstanding examples of Korean Buddhist art in the form of sculptures, reliefs, pagodas and the remains of temples and palaces in Gyeongju , the capital of the Silla Empire, especially from the 7th and 10th centuries, including u. a .: Mount Namsan with Buddhist temples, stone statues, pagodas and stone lanterns, the Banwolseong Palace, the Donggung Palace with the Wolji Pond, the Cheomseongdae Observatory, the Forest of Gyerim , the groups of tumuli Daereungwon , Noseori , Nodongri and Oreong , Bunhwangsa Temple and the ruins of Hwangnyongsa Temple and the mountain fortress of Myeonghwal .
Gochang, Hwasun and Ganghwa dolmen sites 2000 K 977 The dolmen sites of Gochang ( Lage ), Hwasun ( Lage ) and Ganghwa ( Lage ) encompass several areas where dolmens from prehistoric times were found in the most varied of variations and in a particularly high density, which are exceptional in Korea and in the world. They bear witness to the global prehistoric technological and social phenomenon that occurred in the 2nd and 3rd millennium BC. Led to the appearance of grave and ritual monuments, which are built from large stones ("megalithic culture").
Jeju volcanic island and lava tunnel
( location )
2007 N 1264 Three natural objects on the volcanic island of Jejudo , which, in addition to their outstanding aesthetic beauty, also bear witness to the history of the planet and contribute to the understanding of global volcanism: the Hallasan shield volcano in the center of the island, the Geomunoreum lava tube system in the northeast and the one off the east coast in Sea lying tuff cones Seongsan Ilchulbong .
Tombs of the Kings of the Joseon Dynasty 2009 K 1319 The royal tombs of the Joseon Dynasty are shaped by the principles of Pungsu and provide an outstanding example of a type of ensemble of architecture and landscape that represents a significant stage in the development of burial mounds in connection with Korean and East Asian tombs. 40 tombs of kings and queens from the Joseon period are located in 18 areas, most of them in the outskirts of Seoul .
Historic villages of Hahoe and Yangdong 2010 K 1324 The historic villages of Hahoe ( Lage ) and Yangdong ( Lage ) were built in the 14th – 15th centuries. Founded in the 18th century and expanded to its present size and composition by the late 18th and 19th centuries. They are considered to be the two most representative representatives of historical clan villages from the early Joseon dynasty .
Namhansanseong Fortress 2014 K 1439 Namhansanseong Mountain Fortress, designed in the 17th century as an emergency capital for the Joseon Dynasty , is 15 kilometers southeast of Seoul . It is a prime example of a fortified city and contains evidence of various types of military, civil and religious buildings within its fortified walls.
Historic sites of Baekje
Gongsanseong Fortress
(further pictures)
Historic sites of Baekje 2015 K 1477 Eight cultural sites from the late period of the Baekje Kingdom (475 to 660 AD) in or near former capitals of the kingdom: Ungjin, (today Gongju ), Sabi (today Buyeo-eup ) and Iksan bear witness to the cultural exchange between the ancients Kingdoms in Korea, China and Japan as well as for the spread of Buddhism in East Asia. Specifically, these are the fortress Gongsanseong , the royal tombs of Songsan-ri , the archaeological site of Gwanbuk-ri with the fortress Busosanseong , the temple complex Jeongnimsa , the royal tombs of Neungsan-ri , the city ​​wall of Naseong , the archaeological site of Wanggung-ri and the Mireuksa temple complex .
Sansa, Buddhist mountain monasteries in Korea
Sansa, Buddhist mountain monasteries in Korea 2018 K 1562 Seven traditional temples: Beopjusa , Bongjeongsa , Buseoksa , Daeheungsa , Magoksa , Seonamsa and Tongdosa
Seowon, Korean Neo-Confucian Academies
Seowon, Korean Neo-Confucian Academies 2019 K 1498 includes nine Seowon , i.e. H. Confucian Academies. Three more Seowon are already part of the 2010 World Heritage List of Historic Villages of Hahoe and Yangdong .

Tentative list

The sites that are intended for nomination for inclusion in the World Heritage List are entered in the tentative list . As of 2019, 13 sites are entered in the tentative list of South Korea, the last entry was made in 2019. The following table lists the sites in chronological order according to the year of their inclusion in the tentative list.

f1Georeferencing Map with all coordinates of current World Heritage candidates: OSM

image designation year Type Ref. description
Kangjingun Distilleries
Kangjingun Distilleries 1994 K 385 188 sites
Seoraksan National Park
Seoraksan National Park 1994 N 386 The Seoraksan National Park is a retreat for the long-tailed goral . In the Cheonbuldong Valley is the 19 m high statue of the Buddha of Reunification
Sites of fossilized dinousaurs on the south coast
Sites of fossilized dinousaurs on the south coast 2002 N 1640
Wadden Sea of ​​the southwest coast
Wadden Sea of ​​the southwest coast 2010 N 5482
Salt pans
Salt pans 2010 K 5484 Sinan and Yeonggwang-gun salt flats
Petroglyphs at the Daegokcheon
Petroglyphs at the Daegokcheon 2010 K 5486 Bangudae and Cheonjeon petroglyphs on the rock walls of the Daegokcheon River
Ancient mountain fortresses in Central Korea
Ancient mountain fortresses in Central Korea 2010 K 5488 includes seven mountain fortresses in Central Korea: Samnyeon Sanseong (nominated as early as 1994), Sangdang Sanseong , Mireuk Sanseong , Chungju Sanseong , Jangmi Sanseong , Deokju Sanseong and Ondal Sanseong
Upo wetland
Upo wetland 2010 N 5576
City fortress and Naganeupseong town
City fortress and Naganeupseong site
( location )
2011 K 5598 Nagan-myeon ( 낙안면 ), Suncheon-si ( 순천시 ), Jeollanam-do Province ( 전라남도 )
The village of Oeam
The village of Oeam 2011 K 5599 Rural community of Songak-myeon ( 송악면 ), Chungcheongnam-do Province ( 충청남도 ), south of downtown Asan ( 아산시 )
Seoul City Walls
Seoul City Walls 2012 K 5781 includes part of the city ​​wall of Seoul with gates, towers and signal mounds

Stone Buddhas and pagodas of the Hwasun Unjusa Temple
Stone Buddhas and pagodas of the Hwasun Unjusa Temple 2017 K 6171 22 stone pagodas and 101 stone Buddha statues of the Unjusa temple in Hwasun

Gaya tumuli
Burial mounds in Changnyeong
(further pictures)
Gaya tumuli 2019 K 6371 The proposal includes 7 clusters of burial mounds from the time of the Gaya Confederation : Daeseong-dong tumuli in Gimhae , Marisan tumuli in Haman- gun, Okjeon tumuli in Hapcheon- gun, Jisan-dong tumuli in Goryeong- gun, Songhak- dong tumuli in Goseong- gun, Gyo-dong and Songhyeon-dong tumuli in Changnyeong -gun, Yugok-ri and Durak-ri tumuli in Namwon

The Jisandong barrows and the barrows in Gimhae and Haman have been on the tentative list since 2013.

See also

Web links

Commons : World Heritage Sites in South Korea  - Collection of Images, Videos and Audio Files
  • South Korea on the UNESCO World Heritage Center website.

Individual evidence

  1. South Korea. In: UNESCO World Heritage Center, accessed June 7, 2017 .
  2. ^ Tentative list of South Korea. In: UNESCO World Heritage Center, accessed June 7, 2017 .