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Coat of arms of Chotusice
Chotusice (Czech Republic)
Paris plan pointer b jms.svg
Basic data
State : Czech RepublicCzech Republic Czech Republic
Region : Středočeský kraj
District : Kutná Hora
Area : 696.7647 ha
Geographic location : 49 ° 57 '  N , 15 ° 24'  E Coordinates: 49 ° 56 '57 "  N , 15 ° 23' 39"  E
Height: 224  m nm
Residents : 736 (Jan. 1, 2019)
Postal code : 285 76 - 286 01
License plate : S.
Street: Čáslav - Žehušice
Status: local community
Districts: 2
Mayor : Ludmila Zimová Lehetová (as of 2017)
Address: Chotusice 61
285 76 Chotusice
Municipality number: 534102
Website :
Church of St. Wenceslaus
Village square in Chotusice
Aerial view of the airfield and Chotusice
Memorial stone to the battle of Chotusitz

Chotusice (German Chotusitz ) is a municipality in Okres Kutná Hora , Czech Republic . It is located 4.5 kilometers north of Čáslav .


Chotusice is located on the left side of the Brslenka brook in the Čáslavská kotlina ( Czaslau basin ). The Čáslav military airfield (LKCV) extends to the west of the village, and the Žehušická obora game reserve is to the northeast. The road II / 338 runs east between Čáslav and Chvaletice . In the north-west rise the Červený kopec (231 m nm), the pavilion height (239 m nm) and the Kamajka (231 m nm), southwest the Hořejší kupa (252 m nm).

Neighboring towns are Rohozec and Žehušice in the north, Horka I , Svobodná Ves and Bojmany in the northeast, Druhanice and Vlačice in the east, Vrcha, Horní Bučice , Koudelov and Filipov in the southeast, Čáslav and Budín in the south, Kalabousek, Klejnary, Lochy and Třebešice in the south-west , Vrabcov, Netřeba, Církvice and Jakub in the west and Ovčáry, Nové Dvory and Svatý Mikuláš in the northwest.


The first written mention of Chotovice was in 1142 in the founding deed of the Sedlec Monastery , which only later became the owner of the village. In 1316, Heinrich II. Pykna von Lichtenburg confirmed the donation of the village to the Sedlec monastery made by his late father Ulmann. Since the middle of the 14th century, the village was called Chotussice ( Chotušice ). The Sedlec Cistercians built a parish church in Chotusice and founded the provost of St. Prokop. After the outbreak of the Hussite Wars , a rebel army under Jan Želivský invaded Chotusice and devastated the village; the provost's office was destroyed. In the following time secular lords took possession of the property of the burnt down Sedlec monastery.

In 1436 King Sigismund signed the village of Chotusice over to the owner of the Žehušice estate , Jan Chotouň Žehušický von Nestajov, to whom he had pledged it in 1430. At the request of Adam the Elder of Waldstein , who had acquired the rule of Žehušice in 1598, Chotusice was raised to the status of a town by Emperor Rudolf II in 1601 and was given the right to carry a coat of arms and to be sealed with green wax as well as the privilege of a fair and a weekly market ; at the same time, the emperor withdrew all privileges of the town of Žehušice. In 1661 Michael Oswald von Thun and Hohenstein acquired the Žehušice rule from the heirs of Burian Ladislaw von Waldstein. In 1671 he made the rule Žehušice a majorate and bequeathed it to his brother Maximilian. In the years 1679, 1680, 1704 and 1713 the plague broke out in Chotusice, and at the beginning of the 18th century a city fire caused great damage. Johann Joseph Anton von Thun and Hohenstein, who had inherited the rule of Žehušice as the only son from his father Franz, tightened the robot obligations of the Chotusice citizens. Since they had hoped for moderation after the fire instead, a rebellion and leadership of the farmer Ciner broke out.

During the First Silesian War , the Prussian and Austrian armies clashed west of Chotusice on May 17, 1742. In the battle of Chotusitz the 23,500 Prussians under Frederick II defeated 28,000 Austrians under Prince Karl of Lorraine . The town went up in flames. After the battle, Frederick II had the Prussian coat of arms affixed above the church gate, and the soldiers of the bravest detachments were awarded a skull badge. The Prussian king bought the Na království field north of Chotusice and buried the Prussian fallen. The southern crest of the Kamajka on the battlefield was named Červený kopec after the battle . The soldiers brought cholera into the Czaslau area; 120 people died of the disease in Chotusice alone.

In 1783, 690 people lived in the town's 123 houses. At the end of the 18th century, Johann Joseph Anton von Thun and Hohenstein transferred the Fideikommissherrschaft Sehuschitz to his son Franz, who transferred the administration to his wife Wilhelmine von Ulfeldt. Rudolph Chotek von Chotkow auf Neuhof had the pleasure palace Wilhelminens Hügel built in honor of Countess Wilhelmine on the Kamajka hill on the border between the two rulers , the completion of which Wilhelmine von Thun did not live to see . In 1799, Emperor Franz II granted the town the privilege of holding two cattle markets. In 1810 Joseph Mathias von Thun and Hohenstein inherited the rule. He had two stately public buildings erected in the town; The new school was inaugurated in 1823 and the parish in 1825. In 1832 Chotusitz had grown to 166 houses and had 1,096 inhabitants.

In 1840 the market Chotusitz or Chotusyce consisted of 166 houses in which 1158 people lived. Most of the residents lived from farming, and there were 41 traders. The parish church of St. Wenceslas and the school were under the patronage. The Counts of Thun and Hohenstein ran a farm in the village, and on the hill west of Chotusitz there was a large shed with a hunter's house. Chotusitz was the pastor for Rohosetz , Franzdorf , Horkau , Josephsdorf , Sulowitz ( Sulovice ), Boiman , Wlatschitz , Druhanitz , Ober-Butschitz and Unter-Butschitz .

After the abolition of patrimonial Chotusice formed with the district Druhanice a market town in the judicial district of Časlau . In 1857 1364 people lived in the 167 houses of Chotusice. Cholera was brought to Bohemia by Prussian troops and 12 people died in Chotusice in 1866. From 1868 the place belonged to the Časlau district . An annex was added to the school in 1880. In the same year the market reached the highest population in its history with 1563 inhabitants. In 1890 the municipality cadastre had an area of ​​11.3 km². In the years 1913-1914 Chotusice was electrified. In 1921 the peasant sugar factory Ovčáry was built, and the mayor of Chotusice, Bohumil Horký, was one of the founders of the company. In this context, the road to Ovčáry was also built, on which the farmers transported their beets for processing. The Meierhof of Count Thun was parceled out in 1922. In the same year Chotusice received a post office. The new school was built between 1937 and 1938. Between 1952 and 1958, the Čáslav military airfield was built on the fields west of Chotusice - the battlefield of 1742. The municipality had to cede the western part of its cadastre with the airfield and barracks to the town of Čáslav. In the course of the territorial reform of 1960, the Okres Čáslav was repealed; Chotusice was assigned to the Okres Kutná Hora. The 21st Air Force Tactical Base ( 21. základna taktického letectva ) - Čáslav of the Air Force of the Czech Republic has been stationed on the military site since 2003 .

Community structure

The community Chotusice consists of the districts Chotusice ( Chotusitz ) and Druhanice ( Druhanitz ). The basic settlement unit is Chotusice. The Kamajka desert ( Wilhelmshöhe ) also belongs to Chotusice .

The municipality forms the Chotusice cadastral district.


  • Church of St. Wenceslas, it was built in the 14th century by the Sedlec monastery and was mentioned in the papal tithe register as a parish church in 1352
  • Rectory, also known as the deanery, built 1823–1825 in Empire style
  • Chapel of St. George on the road to Žehušice, consecrated in 1694
  • Linden at the chapel of St. Georg, it was planted to commemorate the battle of Chotusitz
  • Statue of St. Donatius, north of the church on the market square, the figure created in 1735 stood in front of the Žehušice Castle until 1826
  • Statue of the Madonna and Baby Jesus on Červený Kopec on the road to Ovčáry, erected to commemorate the battle of 1742
  • Statue of St. Florian
  • former school, built between 1822 and 1823, today it serves as the seat of the municipal office

Sons and daughters of the church

Web links

Commons : Chotusice  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  2. Český statistický úřad - The population of the Czech municipalities as of January 1, 2019 (PDF; 7.4 MiB)
  3. ^ Johann Gottfried Sommer : The Kingdom of Bohemia; Represented statistically and topographically. Volume 11: Caslauer Kreis. Ehrlich, Prague 1843, pp. 319-320 .