Fire Department Hamburg

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Fire Department Hamburg
Coat of arms of Hamburg Office of the City of Hamburg
Fire and rescue station 11
Fire and rescue station 11
Professional fire brigade
Founding year: November 12, 1872
Locations: 55
Employee: 2,867 (as of 2018)
Volunteer firefighter
Founding year: 1809
Departments: 86
Active members: 2,614 (as of 2018)
Youth fire brigade
Groups: 62
Members: 999
Children's fire brigade
Founding year: January 1, 2013
Groups: 8th
Members: 115

The Hamburg Fire Brigade is part of the Interior and Sports Authority of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg .


The Hamburg fire brigade is divided into

The tasks include fire fighting , technical assistance , emergency rescue including the transport of emergency patients ( rescue service ) and participation in disaster control . The transport of non-emergency patients was abandoned in the early 1990s.

Head of the Hamburg fire brigade has been Chief Fire Director Christian Schwarz since October 2018 , who replaced Chief Fire Director Klaus Maurer , who was appointed in October 2006 . Maurer replaced the previous head of office Dieter Farrenkopf . Harald Burghart, who replaced his predecessor André Wronski , has been the regional head of the FF Hamburg since July 2019 . This replaced the LBF Herman Jonas in 2010 . Herman Jonas was head of the volunteer fire fighters in Hamburg for 16 years. For his services, he was honored on December 7, 2010 by the First Mayor of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg Christoph Ahlhaus with the Federal Cross of Merit on ribbon .

In 2018, the Hamburg fire brigade was alerted a total of 287,743 times. The alarms are broken down as follows:

  • 12,257 alarms in the area of ​​fire fighting,
  • 22,318 alerts in the area of ​​technical assistance and
  • 253,168 alarms in the rescue service.


The beginnings in 1625

In the Middle Ages, fire fighting was organized by Hamburg's parishes , which obliged each of its citizens to cooperate. From 1625 to monitored constantly two each Thürmers and Tüters on the 5 church towers of the parishes. At night the fire watchmen had to blow their horns every quarter of an hour in all four directions so that every citizen could see for themselves that they were keeping watch.

1750 to 1925

Adolf Repsold
around 1870

In 1750, Hamburg was the first city in Germany to set up additional permanent fire stations. Every night two guards and 25 gunmen did the guard duty. The overseers received 24 shillings per night, the gunmen eight to ten shillings. If the men, equipped with fire hats , white linen smocks and leather extinguishing buckets, discovered a fire, if the fire was successfully extinguished, they were paid two bonuses, otherwise a Reichstaler bonus. However, if you were the last to appear at the scene of the fire in the event of a fire alarm, you were fined 20 crowns. A water carrier who was not seen at all at the source of the fire had to pay a fine of two gulden. The regulations also thought of gawkers: they should be kept from the scene of the fire if they were threatened with deprivation of their top clothes and paid for with beating . At that time, the Hanseatic city had 25 fire engines, 25 feed pumps and six ship syringes.

In 1809 Johann Georg Repsold was elected chief syringe master for all fire extinguishing in Hamburg. Repsold died in a fire on January 14, 1830 from a falling gable. His son Adolf Repsold took over the office of syringe master. Repsold was in charge of the fire service during the Hamburg fire in 1842. In 1856 Adolf Repsold became senior syringe master. In 1858 he set up the Central Bureau des Löschwesens in his house. After his death in 1871, fire director Friedrich Wilhelm Kipping from Danzig took his place. In 1872 he was commissioned to set up a professional fire brigade for the city of Hamburg, until then there was only one night watch in the syringe houses. Kipping began to set up and train a professional fire brigade with some of the chief fire chiefs brought with him from his hometown of Gdansk. A total of 3 fire stations with 6 chief fire fighters, 6 machinists and 36 fire fighters were planned for this.

On November 12, 1872 at 12 noon, the professional fire brigade commissioned the main fire station 1 at Schweinemarkt, fire station 2 in temporary extensions at the Catharinenkirche and fire station 3 on Davidstrasse. The three shifts each had 48 hours of duty and then 24 hours off. Horse-drawn alarm vehicles, team cars, hand-operated sprayer with hose cart, water truck and steam syringe were available in every fire station. The professional fire brigade was further expanded in the course of the year.

On February 12, 1909, the 11th fire station was put into service in Admiralitätsstrasse. The first motorized fire engine was put into service in it. It consisted of a gas syringe, a steam syringe, a crew car and a turntable ladder with a climbing height of 25 meters. All vehicles were built on chassis from Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft (DMG) and powered by batteries. Horses continued to play an important role in the fire brigade in Hamburg, and it was not until December 17, 1925 that the last two horse-drawn fire fighting trains for guards 3 (Millerntor) and 4 (Sedanstrasse) were replaced by vehicles with petrol engines.

Nazi era

A 1941 police Tannengrün delivered Magirus - Automotive Head

After Hitler and the NSDAP came to power at the end of January 1933, the first Fire Extinguishing Act (FLG) was passed, which came into force on January 1, 1934. Although this name did not officially exist, the term "fire police" was already used there. With the " Law on Fire Extinguishing " enacted in November 1938 , the name was officially changed to Fire Police . Equipping the wagons with blue lights , the uniform Storz couplings for the hoses and hydrants and the central alarm system via sirens were also regulated by the law. The implementing ordinance for this law issued in October 1938 by the Reich and Prussian Minister of the Interior Wilhelm Frick finally deprived the states of comprehensive responsibility for fire services. Although the municipalities still had to bear all costs for personnel, equipment, buildings, etc., the supervision and thus the right to issue instructions were transferred to the Reich . All fire brigades, including the factory and volunteer fire brigades , were now subordinate to the local offices of the Ordnungspolizei of the " Reichsführer SS " and chief of the German police Heinrich Himmler . In order to indicate this externally, the emergency vehicles delivered from 1940 on were painted in the fir green ( RAL 6009) of the police.

The aerial warfare in World War II , especially the heavy attacks during Operation Gomorrah in July / August 1943, claimed many victims among the fire departments in Hamburg and the surrounding communities. At the end of the war , the majority of Hamburg's fire stations and emergency vehicles were destroyed. The acquisition of new special fire fighting vehicles and equipment was difficult or even impossible in the post-war period and it was necessary to improvise.

Professional fire brigade

Fire and rescue stations (FuRw)

The Hamburg professional fire brigade operates 21 fire stations spread across the city (including 2 fireboat stations, 3 Elbe tunnel outposts and 17 fire and rescue stations), a technology and environmental station and 34 rescue stations.

In the course of the expansion of the A7, a new location was created first, the Othmarschen fire and rescue station. In November 2016 the foundation stone was laid for the combined FuRW, into which the police will also move. It replaces the old tunnel guard in Othmarschen and is intended to significantly improve intervention times on the A7 due to its location directly at the Othmarschen junction. At the Volkspark junction, the second of a total of three tunnel and motorway guards was built in 2019. Like the guard in Othmarschen, it houses a special fire engine tunnel and a pre-equipment tunnel (Iveco Daily with tow glasses). In the coming years, the third and last guard to secure the A7 and its cover is to be built in the Schnelsen district . Unlike the other two, the Schnelsen station will be a full fire and rescue station, which will also be responsible for the Schnelsen and Niendorf districts.

The numerical designation of the guards (F11-F16, F21-F26, F31-F36) goes back to the earlier division into the three fire departments West, East and South. However, each guard also has a location name that describes the location or, in the case of the F32, a name that describes the function.

Fire-fighting trains and protection goal

The former standard fire engine in Hamburg consisted of a fire fighting vehicle (LF), a tank fire engine (TLF) and a turntable ladder (DL) , as in the past with most professional fire brigades .

Early 2014 was AGBF introduced -Schutzziel (see also auxiliary time ). Since then, every fire and rescue station (17) has had at least 10 functions. The 10 functions are divided into 2 man small fire engine ( ELW / KLF ), 6 man Hamburg fire engine (short: HLF; see below), 2 man aerial rescue vehicle (turntable ladder [DL] or telescopic mast vehicle [TMF]).

The protection goal is based on the critical apartment fire scenario . This resulted in two deadlines which have to be observed in 85% of a "standard fire" (fire in buildings). The time of the assistance period starts from 1.5 minutes after the emergency call has been received and the forces have been alerted from this point in time.

Aid period 1: 8 minutes after the alarm, 10 functions must have arrived on site; according to AGBF the so-called basic protection unit.

Aid period 2: After another 5 minutes, 6 more functions must arrive at the place of use; the so-called supplementary unit. According to the AGBF protection goal, this is usually done by the volunteer fire brigade, which in this case is alerted at the same time to compensate for the longer release time.

This means that 14.5 minutes after the emergency call is received, 16 functions with a KLF / ELW, a HLF, a DL and another HLF or a volunteer fire brigade must be on site (see also fire engine ).

In peripheral areas where the professional fire brigade cannot be on site in 8 minutes, two volunteer fire brigades are alerted at the same time. All volunteer fire brigades must each have a strength of 6 men, at least one of them under respiratory protection.

In the event that due to illness or the like. the 10 functions cannot be filled, an HLF or a volunteer fire brigade will also be alerted to ensure a strength of at least 16 men.

The 16 functions do not have to be fulfilled for technical assistance (e.g. traffic accident with trapped person). There are also fire brigade units with z. B. only 8 functions and as a supplement, the 2nd HLF or a volunteer fire brigade may be alerted.

Other (important) changes in the protection goal:
Every fire and rescue station has an equipment trolley (GW) with 2 so-called jumper functions. The crew of the GW also manned the "Rettungswagen Kaufmann" (RTWK) to help out in the rescue service at peak times. The guards Stellingen (F-15), Barmbek (F-23), Billstedt (F-25) also have a second HLF (6 functions) on duty. The Harburg Guard (F-31) always has a 2nd HLF (6 functions) on duty when trainees from the Academy for Rescue Service and Danger Defense reinforce the guard.

A fire brigade's own study from 2010 came to the result that the professional fire brigade only deployed 50% (on weekends) to 89% (during the week) of the required number of staff.

Hamburg fire truck (HLF)

The standard fire engines of the Hamburg fire brigade are called Hamburg fire engines . The abbreviation HLF is the same as that of an emergency fire fighting group vehicle , which often leads to confusion. Hamburg fire-fighting vehicles existed before the standard of the emergency fire-fighting group vehicle - and even before this standard was introduced, the Hamburg fire-fighting vehicles were equipped with an emergency service kit (hydraulic rescue kit). Hamburg fire-fighting vehicles are equipped in a similar way to emergency fire-fighting group vehicles, but, like most other fire brigades in Germany, they are not completely identical to the norm, but have been procured with a few deviations. That is the reason why the Hamburg fire brigade still clings to its original name Hamburg fire engine instead of calling it, like the other fire brigades, a rescue group vehicle . So all of this has traditional or nostalgic reasons. Hamburg fire engines have z. B. not via a cable winch, but even in the standard for emergency fire fighting vehicles, the cable winch is not always installed on an HLF, but only at the request of the customer . Hamburg fire engines have some additional equipment that is not provided for in a standard HLF, such as a water cannon to replace the TLF that is missing in the fire engine today, or an emergency backpack with extended medical equipment, as most professional fire fighters in Hamburg are trained as paramedics , but at least have to go to the paramedic . In addition, the jumping cushion (SP 16) was exchanged at the Hamburg HLF in favor of a fast and self-inflating rubber dinghy, which can also be filled with a compressed air cylinder, to rescue people from the waters that occur everywhere in Hamburg. Instead, the SP 16 of a fire engine is carried by default on the aerial rescue vehicles. The idea behind this is that an aerial rescue vehicle is included in the alarm sequence for every operation in which people could be at risk of falling or jumping. A fire truck from Hamburg is nothing more than an emergency fire fighting group vehicle with a few special requests from the buyer - in order to adapt it as efficiently as possible to local requirements, as is common with other fire departments.

generation introduction chassis Body builder number
1st generation 1994 Mercedes-Benz 1224 AF FGL 7th
2nd generation 1995 Mercedes-Benz 1224 AF Ziegler 12
3rd generation 1997 Iveco EuroFire FF135 E24W Magirus 8th
4th generation 1999 MAN 14.264 LA-LF Magirus 12
5th generation 2003 MAN 15.285 LA-LF Magirus 2
6th generation 2009 Mercedes-Benz Atego 1629 AF Ziegler 21st
7th generation 2013/2016 Mercedes-Benz Atego 1629 AF Magirus 19th

Various special vehicles (e.g. GW armor 2 , telescopic mast vehicle TMF 53 , large-capacity rescue vehicle GRTW as well as swap-loader vehicles with roll-off containers ) are available from the professional fire brigade at the so-called pool guards F12, F25 and F36 and are deployed from there depending on the situation .

Fire and rescue stations
guard Location Stationed vehicles Guard district
F11 downtown Admiralitätstr. 54,

20459 Hamburg

Inner city area, Hafencity
F12 Altona Mörkenstrasse 36,

22767 Hamburg

Altona, St. Pauli, Ottensen, Bahrenfeld
F13 Rotherbaum Sedanstrasse 30,

20146 Hamburg

Rotherbaum, Eppendorf, Harvestehude, Hoheluft, Eimsbüttel, Altona, Pöseldorf
F14 Osdorf Harderweg 10,

22549 Hamburg

Rissen, Sülldorf, Blankenese, Nienstedten, Klein-Flottbek, Groß-Flottbek, Osdorf, Lurup, Iserbrook, Othmarschen, Bahrenfeld

Additionally for the rescue service: Schenefeld

F14 Othmarschen branch Walderseestrasse 15, 22605 Sections on the A7 motorway:

Bahrenfeld to Quickborn and A23 (north-west triangle) to Halstenbek

F14 Waltershof branch Altenwerder dam,

21129 Hamburg

Sections on the A7 motorway:

Othmarschen to Heimfeld

F15 Stellingen Basselweg 71,

22527 Hamburg

Stellingen, Eidelstedt, Lokstedt, Eimsbüttel, Langenfelde, Niendorf and parts of Lurup, Hoheluft, Altona, Eppendorf
F16 Alsterdorf Alsterkrugchaussee 288,

22297 Hamburg

Alsterdorf, Groß Borstel, Klein Borstel, Fuhlsbüttel, Langenhorn, Hummelsbüttel. In addition, in parts of Wellingsbüttel, Poppenbüttel, Winterhude, Eimsbüttel and Ohlsdorf
F21 Wandsbek Stein-Hardenberg-Strasse 2,

22045 Hamburg

Wandsbek, Tonndorf, Jenfeld, Rahlstedt, Farmsen-Berne, Marienthal
F22 Berlin Gate Westphalensweg 1,

20099 Hamburg

St. Georg, Hohenfelde, Uhlenhorst, Borgfelde, Hammerbrook, Hamm (north, middle, south), Eilbek, Marienthal
F23 Barmbek Maurienstrasse 7–9,

22305 Hamburg

Barmbek, Bramfeld, Winterhude, Ohlsdorf, Alsterdorf, Steilshoop, Dulsberg, Uhlenhorst, Winterhude
F24 Sasel Saseler Camp 2,

22393 Hamburg

Sasel, Volksdorf, Lemsahl-Mellingstedt, Poppenbüttel, Bergstedt, Duvenstedt, Wohldorf-Ohlstedt, Wellingsbüttel and parts of: Berne, Bramfeld, Meiendorf, Hummelsbüttel
F25 Billstedt Wöhlerstr. 28,

22113 Hamburg

Horn, Billstedt, Rothenburgsort, Billbrook, Moorfleet, Tatenberg, Spadenland, Ochsenwerder
F26 Bergedorf Sander Dam 2,

21031 Hamburg

Bergedorf, Neu-Allermöhe, Vier- und Marschlande, Lohbrügge, Mümmelmannsberg and parts of Billstedt
F31 Harburg Großmoorbogen 8,

21079 Hamburg

Harburg, Eißendorf, Neuland, Marmstorf, Sinstorf, Rönneburg, Wilstorf, Heimfeld, Langenbek, Gut Moor, Lürade
F32 Technology and the Environment Neuhöfer Brückenstr. 2,

21107 Hamburg

Entire urban area and a 200 km radius around Hamburg (ATF)
F33 Veddel At the customs port 11-13,

20539 Hamburg

Veddel, Georgswerder, Rothenburgsort, Kirchdorf, port area from the wholesale market to the old Elbe tunnel
F34 Wilhelmsburg Rothenhäuserstr. 73,

21107 Hamburg

Elbe island Wilhelmsburg and Kirchdorf
F35 Finkenwerder Benittstrasse 15,

21129 Hamburg

Finkenwerder, Waltershof, Altenwerder, Neuenfelde, Cranz
F36 Southern Elbe Waltershofer Str. 1,

21147 Hamburg

Neugraben-Fischbek, Neuwiedenthal, Hausbruch, Eißendorf, Heimfeld, Bostelbek, Moorburg, Francop

Outside Hamburg: Neu-Wulmstorf, Rosengarten, Vahrendorf, Ehestorf

Education and career

All fire brigade officers of the middle service acquire the qualification as group leader in their one and a half year training. They are also trained to be paramedics . The further qualification to become a paramedic takes place after two years of service at a fire and rescue station.

The previously valid career path model in middle service, which provided for promotion after service time (9 or 6 years), was changed in 2011 in accordance with legal requirements. Advancement is only possible after prior application and participation in a selection process for a certain percentage of civil servants of a grade. This is done according to suitability, performance and ability.

The officers at the technology and environmental watch receive special training.

Courtyard side with exercise tower
Barmbek fire station
Public fire alarm until the early 1960s
The technical center of the Hamburg fire brigade in Großmannstrasse


MOBAS stands for MOBile breathing protection exercise route. It is set up on an Iveco Eurofire semi-trailer for training on breathing apparatus . So that the officers no longer have to leave the guards for their regular respiratory protection exercises and thus incur additional working hours, the training in this vehicle takes place directly at the fire station.

The technology and environmental protection watch

The technology and environmental protection watch (F32) has a special position. This is located close to the port in Neuhof. 109 men and one woman work there. There material for technical assistance and operations with dangerous substances is kept. These include operations with leaking chemical substances, accidents with radioactive materials, leaks in gas pipes or the recovery of overturned trucks using a crane. A crane truck with a lifting capacity of 40 tons is stationed there. Most of the equipment is loaded onto 21 roll-off containers, which are transported by six swap bodies. Of the 121 chemical protective suits in use throughout Hamburg, 82 are stored at the technology and environmental watch; they are brought to the respective locations in a rendezvous process. The technical equipment also includes an infrared spectrometer for determining pollutants. In addition to other devices, the device is part of the analytical task force (ATF) , which can also be requested by fire brigades outside Hamburg in order to carry out analytical measurements on a larger scale.


Since March 2013, the Hamburg fire brigade has been practicing a 24-hour duty roster model in three watch departments for the fire protection service's operations department. The regular average weekly working time is 48 hours. The shift plan model could be chosen by all colleagues from several suggestions, which sometimes also provided for duty in 2 guard departments.

Ambulance service

The rescue service in Hamburg is regulated by the Hamburg Rescue Service Act (HmbRDG) of June 9, 1992. In the planned version, too, the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Sports and thus the Hamburg Fire Brigade are named as the responsible body for both the rescue service and the integrated control center, which is staffed by around 15 dispatchers.

In 2018 there were 253,168 ambulance services, of which 151,667 emergency transports took place. The planning factor is a travel time of five minutes for the ambulance and twelve minutes for the emergency doctor.

Life-saving appliances organization number
Ambulance BF Hamburg at 34 rescue stations, 124 vehicles 67
Ambulance Workers Samaritan Association

German Red Cross

Johanniter International Assistance : RTW 23S, 23R, 26R

Maltese emergency service : RTW 24R, 24S, 24T, 24U

Ambulance Non-profit ambulance and rescue service 8th
Ambulance peak demand BF Hamburg 21st
Ambulance vehicle BF Hamburg, 17 vehicles 9
Ambulance vehicle Bundeswehr : NEF 23C, NEF 33C 2
emergency Arbeiter-Samariter-Bund, German Red Cross 3
emergency Bundeswehr: NAW 23A, NAW 23B, ITW 23D 1
Intensive care transport helicopter ADAC air rescue : Christoph Hansa 1
Rescue helicopter Federal Ministry of the Interior : Christoph 29 1

Furthermore, a heavy-duty ambulance , a baby ambulance , two infection ambulances , two large-capacity ambulances , three equipment trolley treatment stations and six equipment trolleys MANV (which each move out together with a Hamburg fire engine) are available for special situations . In addition, 18 volunteer fire brigades can deploy for first aid.

Medical Task Force 5 and 56 are stationed in Hamburg . In the event of larger evacuations, the patient transport train can be alerted, which is manned by the aid organizations on a voluntary basis.

Voluntary fire brigades


The regional association of the volunteer fire brigades in Hamburg consists of 86 volunteer fire brigades in 12 areas. Supervision is carried out by the professional fire brigade. The tasks of the volunteer fire brigade include, in addition to normal operations, the support of the professional fire brigade, the rescue service (as part of the first aid for emergency patients ) and water rescue. In addition, the volunteer forces in civil protection , in particular in the dyke defense with.

Cooperation with the professional fire brigade

The volunteer fire departments are under Hamburg at the site next to their fire company leader of the operational command of the fire brigade. When working alone, however, you work independently. As a rule, a dispatcher at the operations center from the professional fire brigade determines the use of the volunteer fire brigade depending on the type of damage and the deployment and deployment order.

The vast majority of the volunteer fire brigades are involved in the so-called 1st alarm sequence . You will be alerted to the professional fire brigade at the same time as any damage event in your area. Various fire brigades with special tasks, such as water supply, telecommunications service or supply, are assigned to special damaging events (e.g. aircraft accident) or alarm levels ( e.g. FEU 3 , alarm level 3: fire).

Special tasks

There are four fire brigades with the special task of water supply , four fire brigades with the special component supply (these fire brigades are equipped with a field stove, two with a supply vehicle), six fire brigades with the special task of telecommunications (for cooperation with the command vehicle of the professional fire brigade, one for reinforcement the FEZ / iRLSt, one for the overall management of operations in the event of damage at Hamburg Airport Fuhlsbüttel), two fire brigades with the special task of rescue and lighting . 7 fire brigades have the special task of decontamination and cleaning and seven fire brigades have the special task of “sensing and measuring” with the corresponding vehicles. In addition, 17 fire brigades act as first responders in the preclinical primary care of emergency patients until the rescue equipment of the professional fire brigade arrives in the outskirts. With the introduction of the protection goal according to AGBF, the special component treatment station was transferred as a further special component from the professional to the volunteer fire brigade Hamburg. Since February 2014, three fire departments have been entrusted with this special component.

Youth work

For youth work and recruiting, a total of 60 (as of 03/2017) fire brigades currently have a youth fire brigade .

Ranks and job descriptions

In total, the Hamburg volunteer fire brigade distinguishes between thirteen ranks in three rank groups. While the ranks of firefighters and fire supervisors are based on acquired qualifications, the rank badges of fire inspectors are function-related. The voluntary fire brigade in Hamburg sometimes has ranks that differ significantly from other federal states in Germany. So the rank group of fire-fighting masters in Hamburg is completely eliminated. The representation of the ranks on the shoulder boards are also different to those of the Hamburg professional fire brigade.

Rank group Firefighters / firefighters Fire chiefs
flap jacket service suit
1 fma 50px.png 2 fm 50px.png 3 ofm 50px.png 4 hfm 50px.png 5 bm 50px.png 6 obm 50px.png 7 hbm 50px.png
Rank Firefighter
Firefighter /
Fire chief Chief Fire Officer Chief fire chief
abbreviation FFA / FMA FF / FM OFF / OFM HFF / HFM BM OBM HBM
requirement - Passed basic training and complete admission Squad leader and at least three years of service Squad leader with a special function and at least four years of service Group leader and at least five years of service Group leader, equipment manager and / or area trainer in the deployed service
Rank group Head of the volunteer fire brigade and youth fire brigade
flap jacket service suit
8 to 50px.png 9 wf 50px.png 10 stvberf 50px.png 11 berf 50px.png 12 stltr 50px.png 13 lbf 50px.png
or importance
Fire inspector

Deputy Military Leader
Former Command Services
Deputy State Youth Fire Brigade Warden

Wehrführer / in state
youth fire department warden
Head of Department
Area manager Head of Staff /
Deputy Regional Area Leader
Regional area leader
abbreviation BI or LJFW / V WF or LJFW BERF / V BERF LBF / V LBF
requirement Platoon leader and leadership courses as well as elected deputy military leader and / or deputy state youth fire officer as well as former managers Platoon leader and leadership courses, elected military leader and / or state youth fire officer active military leader, elected as deputy area leader Completion of internships in various departments , elected area manager Briefing course in staff work, elected deputy regional area leader Briefing course in staff work, elected regional area leader


The Fire Brigade Academy Hamburg in Billbrook

The training within Hamburg is the same in all areas of the volunteer fire brigade.

Basic training : After the firefighter candidates have been accepted and dressed, a basic training course Part 1 begins in each area, which comprises at least 80 hours of theoretical and practical instruction. The basic concepts of fire fighting technology, vehicle and equipment knowledge, technical assistance, medical service and the basics of working in fire services and disaster control are taught. This is done on a continuous basis for all volunteer fire brigades in the area by the area trainers and group leaders. The individual fire brigades support each other due to the different types of vehicle available and the individual special components related to the defense. The basic training part 1 is completed with an acceptance test.

After a training period of around one year within the own fire brigade, part 2 of the basic training (at least 50 hours) takes place again at the department level (i.e. in cooperation with the neighboring fire brigades). The end of the entire basic training is the troop man examination, which is taken before an examination committee from the professional fire brigade and volunteer fire brigade at the fire brigade academy in Hamburg-Billbrook and leads to the appointment as a firefighter.

Specialized training : The firefighter is then continuously trained in his own fire department, not only in the content already imparted in the basic training, but also in the technical components that individual fire departments perceive - e.g. B. Water supply, first responders, AC service, communication (radio and telephone training) or boat training or dike defense.

The fire brigade members can take part in advanced courses at the Fire Brigade Academy Hamburg training as a squad leader, group leader, platoon leader, military leader (leadership training) or as a class C driver, respirator, boat operator, area trainer , NBC helper, paramedic of the volunteer fire brigade and at the management level of the volunteer fire brigade for Complete radiotelephony.

Further training : In order to stay in training or to keep the members of the volunteer fire brigades always up to date, they are regularly subjected to further training measures. Some of the courses acquired require regular checks, so every person wearing respiratory protective equipment undergoes an annual visit to the mobile respiratory protection training course (MOBAS) of the Hamburg fire department. Training in the fire acclimatization facility at the fire brigade academy also helps consolidate what has been learned.

The training within the entire volunteer fire brigade is carried out by volunteer trainers who have been trained in methodology and didactics by the fire brigade academy.

Distribution and weir numbers

You can tell which fire brigade a member of the fire brigade belongs to by the military numbers that are stuck on the front of the helmet. These military numbers have four digits. Since there used to be three divisions, the weir numbers begin west of the Alster with 19, east of the Alster with 29 and south of the Elbe with 39. The following number stands for the respective area. The fire departments are numbered in the areas.

For example, the number F-1956 means the following:

1 = West Direction
9 = Voluntary Fire Brigade
5 = Code number of the area within the Direction (in this case North Area)
6 = 6th fire department in this area (in this case Langenhorn Volunteer Fire Department)

The professional fire brigade only has two-digit military numbers (e.g. F-16 1st area = Directorate West, 6th fire brigade = Alsterdorf professional fire brigade)

Oberbaurat Schmidt

Fire brigades with special components

There are various special components that require special vehicles. There is a RW 1 in almost every area of ​​the volunteer fire brigade , fire brigades in whose operational area there is a body of water have a corresponding boat (non-motorized inflatable boat to aluminum boat with 75 HP outboard engine for use on the Elbe). The volunteer fire brigade on the North Sea island of Neuwerk, which belongs to Hamburg, has a special position . It is the only volunteer fire brigade in Hamburg with an ambulance .

Special component first aid

In the areas where the rescue workers of the professional fire brigade would take too long, the respective volunteer fire brigades have the special component first aid. They have more extensive medical equipment on their first fire truck and, of course, appropriately trained personnel. 18 fire brigades are currently commissioned with this special component. These include: FF-Altengamme, FF-Cranz, FF-Curslack, FF-Duvenstedt, FF-Fünfhausen, FF-Hohendeich, FF-Kirchwerder-Nord, FF-Kirchwerder-Süd, FF-Krauel, FF-Neudorf, FF-Neuenfelde -Nord, FF-Neuenfelde-Süd, FF-Neuengamme, FF-Neuwerk, FF-Reitbrook, FF-Spadenland, FF-Ohlstedt, FF-Wohldorf

Special component sensing and measuring

There are seven volunteer fire brigades in Hamburg that have special material for tracking down dangerous atomic and chemical substances. For this they are equipped with a CBRN ErkW . At the moment, however, there are only five CBRN-ErkW on Fiat Ducato-Maxi 2.8 i TD and one reconnaissance vehicle for detection and measurement (ErkKW) on Volkswagen T4.

Special component supply

Four volunteer fire brigades have the special supply component. For this purpose, these fire brigades have a supply vehicle and a field cooker at their disposal (FF Ottensen-Bahrenfeld and FF Eißendorf ). Two more field cookers are at the FF Krauel and the FF Lemsahl-Mellingstedt.

Special component decontamination

Seven of the 86 fire departments are responsible for the decontamination special component. You have GW Dekon-P or GW Dekon-P2. These vehicles are stationed at the Alsterdorf (GW Dekon-P2), Bramfeld, Curslack, Langenhorn-Nord, Hausbruch and Pöseldorf volunteer fire brigades (one GW Dekon-P each). Another vehicle serves as a tactical reserve for the state area and is not used in the emergency service.

Special component rescue and lighting

The Eppendorf and Warwisch fire brigades, as Technical Trains (TZ), are responsible for the special components of rescue and lighting. As the first vehicle, the fleet includes an all-terrain LF 20-TH (KatS), an all-terrain and foraging equipment vehicle armor 3, a GKW1 (special version of the Hamburg fire service) as well as an all-terrain light pole trailer with a total light output of 7000 watts and an integrated 20 kW power generator. The equipment vehicle 1 and the equipment vehicle armor 3 have a mechanical pulling device (cable winch).

The main task of the two TCs is the support function of the emergency services of the professional fire brigade or the other volunteer fire brigades in special situations with certain special equipment and the corresponding technical know-how, which, depending on the situation, is supplied and operated by individual vehicles or up to the entire technical train at any emergency locations .

A specialty is u. a. the rescue set for rail accidents in the DB AG network. Here the Eppendorf and Warwisch fire brigades are primarily responsible for the Hamburg city area, but also around Hamburg. In the aftermath of the serious train accident in Eschede (June 3, 1998), both fire departments were equipped with the appropriate equipment by the DB AG. Both TZ u. a. five grinding basket stretchers and a rescue scaffold are available.

Special component water supply

The four fire departments Barmbek, Fünfhausen, Francop and Lokstedt are responsible for setting up and operating a water supply over long distances in an emergency. The four fire brigades each have a SW KatS of different series (Iveco-Magirus FF 96E18 W from 1995, Mercedes-Benz Atego 1326 from 2013, and MAN TGM 13.250).

Telecommunication service special component

former GW-FM of
FF Eimsbüttel

Six fire brigades had an equipment vehicle for telecommunications equipment (GW-FM) on the Mercedes-Benz DB L 407 D-KA chassis (4.0 tons, 68 hp, built in 1982). In addition to a telecommunications workstation with a 4-meter band radio and relay unit, these vehicles had field telephone cables and field telephones in order to be able to set up an independent telephone network, as well as corresponding connection material to the public telephone network. A 13 kVA generator and a 6.5 meter pneumatic mast were also part of the equipment of these vehicles.

GW-FM of
FF Eimsbüttel
GW-FM of
FF Eimsbüttel

New vehicles were procured as replacement vehicles for the aging GW-FM. On July 25, 2008, the vehicles were picked up from the manufacturer EMPL Fahrzeugwerk GmbH and handed over to the technical department of the Hamburg Fire Brigade (F03) for final work. In September 2008 the ordered 7 GW-FM were handed over to the fire brigades by the technical department of the Hamburg fire brigade. Six of these vehicles went to the volunteer fire brigades (including the FF Eimsbüttel). The 7th vehicle in the series went to the fire brigade academy for training purposes and as a reserve vehicle.

The previous generation vehicles, which were up to 26 years old, were decommissioned and some of the material was moved to the new vehicles.

The new GW-FM have the following key data:
- MAN TGL 12.240 (diesel engine with 240 HP, 5.20 m wheelbase and 8.10 m length)
- 3 seats (including machinist ) in the driver's cab
- 5 workstations in the body, including 3 against the direction of travel with seat belts
- analog radio ( BOS radio ) (2 m and 4 m band)
- TETRA radio
- GSM - ISDN gateway
- various antennas and material for various access technologies
- a team tent SG30 in high design
- material for lighting equipment
- 13 kVA power generator

The following fire brigades have this special component :
FF Altona, occupation of the command vehicle / TEL dyke defense;
FF Berliner Tor, occupation FEZ (in operating status "exception") / FEL / ZKD / ZAM;
FF Bille, occupation of the command vehicle / TEL dike defense;
FF Eimsbüttel, occupation of the command vehicle / reporting head airport / TEL dike defense;
FF Harburg, occupation of the command car;
FF Wandsbek-Marienthal, occupation of the command car.

Special component oil weir

Until the end of 2016, the Fünfhausen and Warwisch fire brigades were responsible for cleaning up oil-polluted waters in the entire north of Germany. The two fire brigades jointly operated an oil separation system of the SepCon 01 type for this purpose. It comprised the SEPCON 01 system (the separation system), the tandem axle trailer (accessories and collecting container with a 130 m³ capacity), a low-loader trailer with a 3-ton forklift (with All-wheel drive), as well as hose material and other equipment.

The towing vehicles were a GW crane from FF Warwisch for the SEPCON 01, a GKW 1 from FF Warwisch for the low-loader and an equipment vehicle arm 3 from FF Warwisch for the tandem axle. Additional equipment was loaded onto wire mesh boxes and roll containers that were stored in the Warwisch / Fünfhausen fire station and could be loaded onto the Dekon-P truck of the Warwisch fire department in the event of an emergency. The other emergency vehicles included the LF 16/12 and the SW-2000 of FF Fünfhausen for the water supply, as well as the Dekon-P truck of FF Fünfhausen with a lounge and shower tent. An ELW serves as the lead vehicle.

The system was handed over by the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg. In the event of damage, the city now uses systems from the surrounding federal states.

Special component treatment station

Since February 2014 the volunteer fire brigade has taken over the special component "treatment station" from the professional fire brigade. Since then, the volunteer fire brigades in Osdorf, Groß Borstel and Rönneburg have each had one GW rescue service (Mercedes-Benz Vario 815D, Ludewig body with a tail lift from dhollandia ), which are currently housed at the fire and rescue stations in Osdorf, Stellingen and Harburg. A fourth vehicle is at the fire brigade academy. These vehicles are equipped with all the equipment necessary to set up a treatment center, which is designed for a capacity of 50 patients per hour. The equipment includes, among other things, four rapid deployment tents (one of which can be inflated with compressed air bottles), folding and grinding basket stretchers, medical oxygen, and roll containers with medical and rescue service materials for each tent. The vehicles are currently not included in a tactical concept, but can be alerted on special request.

Vehicles of the volunteer fire brigade Hamburg

All fire brigades (except Eppendorf, Warwisch and Neuwerk) are the first to have an LF 16/12 with a body from Ziegler on four-wheel chassis from Mercedes-Benz (series 1994 to 1997) or MAN (year of construction 1998 in low height, 1999 to 2001 , 2003). The Eppendorf and Warwisch fire brigades (focus on rescue and lighting) are the first vehicles to have an LF-KatS (Bund) and are supported by their various special components such as B. the GW armor 3 (equipment trolley armor 3) reinforced. Plans for a replacement of the LF 16/12 of the first series (years of construction from 1994 to 1997 on a Mercedes-Benz 1224AF / Ziegler) began at the end of 2014. In 2016 the first HLF 20 (Scania / Magirus) for the oldest LF16 / 12 were delivered.

The volunteer fire brigades (with the exception of the Eppendorf, Warwisch, Berliner Tor and Neuwerk fire brigades) each have an LF-KatS as a second fire engine. These were procured in a total of three tranches and differ in the choice of chassis and body, as well as the equipment selected. 52 of the 87 fire brigades have an LF 16-KatS (Mercedes-Benz Atego 1428 AF / Ziegler), which has been delivered since 2005. Like the newer series of the LF 16/12 , this vehicle corresponds to the standard for LF 20/16 . At the end of 2010, 25 LF-KatS, built by Lentner on a MAN chassis, were handed over by the federal government to the city of Hamburg. The last remaining LF 16 Mercedes-Benz 1019AF and 1222AF (so-called "HANSA" -LF) LF 16-TS on Mercedes-Benz LAF 1113b and LF 24-TH on Iveco Magirus 120-25 AW were December 2014, nine LF 20-KatS procured by the city replaced. This series is particularly intended for the fire brigades in the Hanseatic city, which have a fire station with a very low headroom. The last vehicle series procured was based on Mercedes-Benz Atego 1529AF (FF Oldenfelde) or Mercedes-Benz 1629AF. The crew cabin and the equipment case were designed by the Magirus-Lohr company and assembled in the Ulm plant.

Neuwerk volunteer fire brigade

There is also a volunteer fire brigade (F 3936) on the North Sea island of Neuwerk , which belongs to Hamburg . It is the only volunteer fire brigade in Hamburg that has an ambulance.


Service areas

  • F01 Central administration and control (HR and recruiting office)
  • F02 Operations Department (rescue control center - FEL - coordination)
  • F03 Technology and logistics (vehicle and equipment workshops, telecommunications technology, technical procurement, used clothing store)
  • F04 Preventive fire protection (fire safety checks) and danger and ordnance clearance service
  • F05 Fire Brigade Academy
  • F06 information management


  1. Fire on the upper floor of a residential building with a smoky (impassable) stairwell and human life in danger

Web links

Commons : Fire Brigade Hamburg  - Album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b Annual Report 2018 In:, accessed on November 30, 2019.
  2. Chief Fire Director Dipl.-Ing. Klaus Maurer. Retrieved January 13, 2018 .
  3. Chief Fire Director Dr. Christian Schwarz becomes the new boss. Retrieved November 26, 2018 .
  4. Chief Fire Director Dipl.-Ing. Dieter Farrenkopf. Retrieved June 5, 2018 .
  5. Election of the regional leader. May 29, 2019, accessed April 7, 2020 (German).
  6. LBF André Wronski is re-elected - Hamburg volunteer fire brigade . In: Hamburg volunteer fire department . November 9, 2016 ( [accessed January 13, 2018]).
  7. Hermann Jonas changes to the honorary department - Hamburg volunteer fire brigade . In: Hamburg volunteer fire department . August 20, 2011 ( [accessed January 13, 2018]).
  8. a b c Annual Report 2018. Hamburg Fire Brigade, accessed on July 27, 2019 .
  9. Hans Georg Prager: Florian 14: Eighth alarm. The fire department's book . C. Bertelsmann Verlag, Gütersloh 1965, p. 49ff. ISBN 978-3-86680-899-7
  10. ^ J. Schramm: Stars over Hamburg - The history of astronomy in Hamburg . 2nd Edition. Culture & History Office, Hamburg 2010, ISBN 978-3-9811271-8-8 , Die Repsoldschen Werkstätten.
  11.  ( page no longer available , search in web archives )@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /
  12. Reich Law on Fire Extinguishing , Reichsgesetzblatt, year 1938, Part I, page 1662 ff., Accessed from the Austrian National Library
  13. mlo: Hamburg: Three new fire stations for the A7 cover | . In: shz . ( [accessed on July 21, 2017]).
  14. New watch for fire brigade and police. Retrieved July 21, 2017 .
  15. Hamburg Fire Brigade is preparing for the future. Retrieved April 9, 2020 .
  16. ^ NDR: location for fire station found in Schnelsen. Retrieved April 9, 2020 .
  17. Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg: Structure of the Hamburg fire brigade when the AGBF protection goal was introduced
  18. Strategy paper 2010 of the Hamburg Fire Brigade (PDF), accessed on May 19, 2017.
  19. Strategy paper of the Hamburg Fire Brigade (pdf) p.665 accessed on December 8, 2013
  20. ^ "List of HLF of the Hamburg Fire Brigade" . - The emergency vehicle community on the net. Last accessed: October 21, 2015
  21. Guard profiles BF Hamburg. Retrieved April 7, 2020 .
  22. Office overview - Hamburg volunteer fire brigade. Retrieved June 16, 2017 .
  23. Hamburg Fire - Team Media and Communication: youth work. Hamburg volunteer fire brigade, accessed on September 12, 2018 .
  24. ^ Ranks of the Hamburg Volunteer Fire Brigade ( memento from January 26, 2016 in the Internet Archive ). Website of the Hamburg volunteer fire brigade. As of October 21, 2015
  25. a b ranks and markings - Hamburg volunteer fire brigade . In: Hamburg volunteer fire department . ( [accessed on March 18, 2017]).
  26. ^ F 045 ordnance disposal service. Retrieved February 14, 2017 .