|Community association||Albret Community|
|surface||21.00 km 2|
|Residents||747 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||36 inhabitants / km 2|
Aerial view of Francescas
Francesca is a French commune in the department of Lot-et-Garonne in the region Nouvelle-Aquitaine and Canton L'Albret . The small town with 747 inhabitants (January 1, 2017) is located on one of the French sections of the Camino de Santiago to Santiago de Compostela .
Francescas is located in the historic Armagnac region in the heart of Gascony , which is best known for the Armagnac brandy it produces . The typical small town of Gascony is close to the Baïse , a tributary of the Garonne .
In the 11th century, Francescas belonged to the Cistercian Abbey of Gourdon in the Midi-Pyrénées region of France. La Hire, a companion of Jeanne d'Arc , had one of his residences here for a time. The construction of the small town dates before that of the city of Agen, most places and towns only date from the 12th and 13th centuries. In 1369, King Charles V gave the fortress of Francescas to the Comte d'Armagnac. In 1264 Francescas also became the seat of a bailiwick , which lasted until the revolution. The church and the city are listed with the goods of the Condom Abbey in 1161 , reports Fr. Simon, which resulted in the Condom Monastery taking over this place. The bailiwick was besieged in 1264. The Abbot of Condom and the King agree in 1285 to conclude a "pareage", according to feodal law, the assumption of the rights and duties for the town charter , which at that time had 4 consuls. In 1286 a field camp is mentioned which was led by the Abbot of Condom and the King of France. The village has formed around the church, from the abbot's residence to the central square; a long development with the emergence of different parcels as usual in the Middle Ages.
The Bishop of Condom's share was auctioned in 1576 and bought in 1582 by the Lord of Lasserre, Jean-Paul's Esparbes Lussan. His home was near the Porte de Larque, probably a continuation of the old episcopal house. The settlement was enclosed by fortifications with four gates opening to Bordeaux , Puits, Larque and Ligardes. A citadel was mentioned at the end of the 16th century . In 1590 two houses were demolished to ensure the safety of the residents. From the middle of the 16th century to 1621, Francescas was burdened by the wars of religion , the walls had to be renewed after many battles. The Tor de Larque was rebuilt at the beginning of the 17th century. In the middle of the 17th century the city council decided to pave the streets.
Around 1660 the gate of Bordeaux was destroyed and from 1770 to 1780 all city walls, which were no longer used, were torn down. Some houses were rebuilt in the second half of the 18th century and the city expanded along the arteries, especially to the north and east.
Today only the houses in the town center bear witness to the past centuries. In spite of all this, Francescas managed to get the shape of an oval bastide .
The main branches of the economy are the service sector (30%) and tourism in particular. Agriculture, the most important part of the activities, is still around 60% of the population. A large part of industrial employment is in the food industry. The following agricultural products are produced: grain, fruit and wine. Ducks, geese and cattle are kept in the livestock area. Furthermore, the brandy to be Armagnac and foie gras ( foie gras ) is generated.
The nearest major city is Agen ; you can reach it in a north-easterly direction via the D931 after about 27 kilometers of road. The nearest major French cities are Toulouse (117 km) in the southeast and Bordeaux (124 km) in the northwest.
The nearest international airport is Toulouse Blagnac International Airport and the nearest train station is in Agen on the Paris - Toulouse TGV route . Francescas is connected to the French trunk road network via the A62 Toulouse-Nord - Bordeaux car route and exits 7 (Périgueux) and 8 (Valence-d'Agen).
- Francescas in the database of the Patrimoine de France ( Memento of the original of June 22, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed on April 17, 2010. - No longer available since 2012