|Canton||L'Albret (main town)|
|Community association||Albret Community|
|surface||62.68 km 2|
|Residents||6,827 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||109 inhabitants / km 2|
The Nérac castle
Nerac is a French municipality with 6827 inhabitants (at January 1, 2017) in the department of Lot-et-Garonne in the region Nouvelle-Aquitaine . The city is the administrative center of the eponymous arrondissement Nerac and is the capital of the canton of L'Albret .
- The height of the city lies in the 16th century, when the d'Albret family, who settled here in the 11th century, became kings of Navarre in 1484 as a result of the marriage of John of Albret to Catherine of Navarre .
- In 1527 her son Heinrich II married the sister of Francis I , Margaret of Navarra , one of the first women writers in the French language ( Heptaméron ). It attracted many humanists and writers to Nérac .
- His daughter, Johanna III. , married Antoine de Bourbon in 1548 and converted to the Protestant religion . Joan III, Queen of Navarre (Protestant), and Catherine de Medici , Queen of France (Catholic), marry their children in 1572: Heinrich III. of Navarre and Margaret of Valois (Queen Margot). Johanna died shortly before, and is no longer present at this “blood wedding”: Katharina takes advantage of the arrival of the Protestant leaders in Paris and orders the massacre on St. Bartholomew's Night . She keeps her son-in-law prisoner in the Louvre until 1576. After his release, he returned to Nérac and led 1578-1579 negotiations with Catherine de Medici, from which the Edict of Nérac , an early forerunner of the Edict of Nantes (1598), which regulated freedom of religion, emerged. Later Heinrich III. of Navarra-Bourbon-Albret King of France under the name of Henry IV , after Henry III. of France died without offspring (1589). One knows the saying of the person concerned: "Paris is worth a fair!"
- In the 17th century, the city leaned under Louis XIII. and was taken by Henri de Lorraine, duc de Mayenne , in 1621 and its fortifications razed.
- Museum of the d'Albret family in the Nérac castle
- Old bridge over the Baïse
- Quayside facilities on the Baïse
- Jacques de Romas (1713–1776), French physicist
- Zulma Bouffar (1841–1909), French soubrette
- François Darlan (1881–1942), French admiral and politician
- Jean Couzy (1923-1958), French mountaineer
- Françoise Levie (* 1940), film producer, director and author
- Michel Polnareff (* 1944), French pop musician
- Clément Armand Fallières , mayor of Nerac from 1871 and later French president from 1906 to 1913.