National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
|Εθνικό και Καποδιστριακό Πανεπιστήμιο Αθηνών|
|Students||about 104,000 (2014)|
|Networks||BAUNAS , IAU|
The National and Kapodistrian University of Athens ( Greek Εθνικό και Καποδιστριακό Πανεπιστήμιο Αθηνών , Ethniko ke Kapodistriako Panepistimio Athinon ) is the oldest of the modern universities in the eastern Mediterranean and had 2014 enrolled 104,000 students, the largest presence university in Europe.
On May 3, 1837, the Ottonian University was founded by Otto I. and later named after Ioannis Kapodistrias . When it was founded, it was the first university in the Eastern Mediterranean and the Balkans and consisted of the four faculties of theology , law , medicine and art (the latter also included the faculties of applied science and mathematics ). In line with the prevailing currents at the time, the organizers of the university, Georg Ludwig von Maurer and Joseph von Armansperg, oriented themselves towards the German educational ideas of Fichte and Humboldt . In the first year the university had 28 professors, a quarter of them were German scholars who came to Greece as Philhellenes during the Greek War of Independence or who accompanied King Otto in 1833. In November 1841 the university moved into the new main building. Theodor von Heldreich , director of the botanical garden, took over the post of curator of the university's natural history museum from 1858 to 1883 . In 1864 the Ionian Academy was closed and the university was enriched by many important professors.
In 1904 the university was split into two largely self-sufficient areas (arts and natural sciences). This was later withdrawn with the establishment of new departments. Between 1895 and 1911 the number of students was about 1,000 a year, while the number of those students who devoted themselves to law between 1837 and 1975 remained relatively constant at 43%. Also, no new faculty was founded during that period: dentistry was merely split off from medicine, just as mathematics was split off from philosophy. There were 5 students per professor in 1837, this number changed until 1975 and was finally 1 in 132. Since 1954 there have been admission restrictions at the university. From 1960 the move to the new Ilissia campus took place. Some of the old buildings are still in use, such as the main building designed by Theophil Hansen and the library.
Faculties and Institutes
Faculty of Theology (Greek Orthodox)
- Institute for Theology
- Institute for Social Theology
- Philosophical Faculty
- Institute for Philology
- Institute for History and Archeology
- Institute for Philosophy , Education and Psychology
- Chair of Philosophy
- Chair of Education
- Department of Psychology
- Institute for English Studies
- Institute for German Studies
- Chair of Linguistics
- Chair of Literature
- Institute for French Linguistics
- Chair of French Language - Language Teaching
- French Literature Chair
- Chair of French History and Culture
- Institute for Italian and Spanish Linguistics
- Focus on Italian
- Focus on Spanish
- Institute for Theater Studies
- Institute for Musicology
- Institute for Turkish and Asian Linguistics
- Faculty of Health Sciences
- Faculty of Law , Economics and Political Science
- Natural Sciences Faculty
- Independent institutes
- Heinrich Aloisiusreiber (1796–1882), medic
- Carl Fraas (1810–1875), 19th century botanist
- Spiridon Miliarakis (1852-1919), botanist
- Constantin Carathéodory (1873–1950), mathematician
- Konstantinos Demertzis (1876–1936), legal scholar and Prime Minister
- Georg Joachimoglu (1887–1979), physician
- Nikiforos Diamandouros (* 1942), European Ombudsman between 2003 and 2013
- Hagen Fleischer (* 1944), historian
- Anastasios Orlandos (1887–1979), architect, building researcher and archaeologist
- Walter Puchner (* 1947), theater scholar
- Eleftherios Venizelos (1864–1936), politician
- Vladimir Nikolajewitsch Beneschewitsch (1874–1938), historian
- George Nicolas Papanicolaou (1883–1962), physician and inventor of the Pap test
- Ioannis Kakridis (1901–1992), classical philologist
- Konstantinos Karamanlis (1907–1998), politician
- Panagiotis Zepos (1908–1985), legal scholar and politician
- Odysseas Elytis (1911-1996), writer
- Erica-Irene Daes (1925-2017), diplomat
- Andreas Papandreou (1919–1996), politician
- Emilianos (Vafidis) (1934–2019), abbot and founder of several monasteries in Greece and France.
- John S. Romanides (1927-2001), Orthodox theologian
- Theo Angelopoulos (1935–2012), film director
- Sophia of Greece (* 1938), Queen of Spain
- Constantine II (* 1940), King of Greece
- Georgios Merikas , medic
- Georgios Metallinos (1940-2019), Orthodox theologian
- Gerasimos Danilatos , inventor of the scanning electron microscope ESEM
- Katerina Batzeli (* 1958), economist and minister
- Myra Spiliopoulou , mathematician and computer scientist
- Vagias Karavas (* 1975), legal sociologist
- Christina Poulitsi (* 1983), Greek opera singer
- Rector and Vice-Rectors. Retrieved August 7, 2019 .
- Members. In: www.baunas.org. Balkan Universities Association, 2019, accessed September 8, 2019 .
- List of IAU Members. In: iau-aiu.net. International Association of Universities, accessed July 28, 2019 .
- National Kapodistrias University Athens DATA. Retrieved January 1, 2014 .
- Alexis Dimaras: Tertiary Education and Research . In: Klaus-Detlev Grothusen (Ed.): Südosteuropa-Handbuch Volume III. Greece . Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht, Göttingen 1980, ISBN 3-525-36202-1 , p. 473 .