Roland Matthes in Leipzig (1967)
|Nation:||German Democratic Republic|
|Swimming style (s) :||Freestyle, layers, back, butterfly|
|Birthday:||17th November 1950|
|Place of birth:||Poessneck|
|Date of death:||20th December 2019|
|Place of death:||Wertheim|
Roland Matthes is still the most successful back swimmer of all time. For seven years - from April 1967 to August 1974 - he emerged as the winner of all competitions on the back distance. He won four European championships and three world championships in succession and swam a total of 19 world and 29 European records between 1967 and 1973. During this time he dominated the world elite in backstroke swimming so much that his versatility as a world class swimmer is often forgotten. For a long time he was the European record holder for 100 meters freestyle , 200 meters medley and 100 meters butterfly . With Roland Matthes, SC Turbine Erfurt dominated the GDR swimming competitions for men in these three positions for years. He trained with Marlies Grohe .
As an Olympian in 1968 , 1972 and 1976 he won a total of eight medals (4 × gold, 2 × silver, 2 × bronze). He managed to swim the gold medals over 100 meters and 200 meters back at the Olympic Games in 1968 and 1972. In 1976 he also won the bronze medal over 100 meters back. The successes were rounded off by the relay silver medals in 1968 and 1972 over 4 × 100 meter medley and a bronze medal in 4 × 100 meters freestyle.
At the swimming world championships in 1973 in Belgrade , he became the first world champion both over 100 meters and over 200 meters back. He was also able to win the silver medal with the 4 × 100 meter layer relay and the bronze medal with the 4 × 100 meter freestyle relay.
At the European Championships in Barcelona in 1970 and 1974 in Vienna , he dominated the back competition and won all four European championships in this swimming style at these two championships. In Barcelona he also became European champion with the GDR's 4 × 100 meter relay, vice European champion in the 100 meter freestyle and bronze medalist with the 4 × 100 meter and 4 × 200 meter freestyle relay. 1974 in Vienna he was also runner-up in the European championship in the 100 meter butterfly and third in the 4 × 100 meter freestyle relay.
Roland Matthes was one of the great Olympic sports stars of the GDR . From 1967 to 1971, 1973 and 1975 he was elected GDR Sportsman of the Year seven times . In 1981 he was inducted into the international swimming pool 's hall of fame . In 2006 he was appointed to the Hall of Fame of German Sports as the first and, until then, only former GDR athlete .
From 1978 to 1982 he was married to the Olympic swimming champion Kornelia Ender .
On April 6, 2011, the Erfurt south swimming pool was renamed “Roland-Matthes-swimming pool” in his presence.
Roland Matthes died in December 2019 at the age of 69 after a short, serious illness.
- 1968 and 1970: Patriotic Order of Merit in silver
- 1972: Patriotic Order of Merit in Gold
- 1976: Gold medal for the Patriotic Order of Merit
- 2006: Induction into the Hall of Fame of German Sports
- seven times athlete of the year in the GDR (1967–1971, 1973, 1975)
- Short biography for: Who was who in the GDR? 5th edition. Volume 2. Ch. Links, Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-86153-561-4 . . In:
- Portrait, dates and biography of Roland Matthes in the Hall of Fame of German Sports
- Roland Matthes in the International Swimming Hall of Fame (English)
- Roland Matthes in the database of Swimrankings.net (English)
- Roland Matthes in the database of Sports-Reference (English; archived from the original )
- GDR swimmer legend Roland Matthes is dead. In: Spiegel Online . Retrieved December 21, 2019 .
- The great Olympia Lexicon. In: Sport-Bild , June 19, 1996, p. 43.
- Erfurt "Südschwimmhalle" is now called "Roland Matthes swimming hall". In: Thueringer-Allgemeine.de . April 6, 2011, accessed April 27, 2011 .
- Roland Matthes died at the age of 69. In: Morgenpost.de . December 21, 2019, accessed December 21, 2019 .
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German swimmer, world record holder and four-time Olympic champion|
|DATE OF BIRTH||17th November 1950|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Poessneck|
|DATE OF DEATH||20th December 2019|
|Place of death||Wertheim|