Cali on the map of Colombia
Location of the municipality of Cali on the map of Valle del Cauca
|Department||Valle del Cauca|
|- in the metropolitan area||3,151,710|
|surface||560 km 2|
|Population density||4,412 inhabitants / km 2|
|City structure||22 urban districts (comunas)
15 rural districts (corregimientos)
|Time zone||UTC -5|
|City Presidency||Jorge Iván Ospina (2020-2023)|
Cali (officially: Santiago de Cali ) is the capital and a municipality ( Municipio ) of the Colombian Department of Valle del Cauca and the third largest city in the country by population. Cali is the economic, industrial and agricultural center in southwest Colombia. Founded in 1536, Cali is one of the oldest cities in America. It is also called the capital of salsa or sucursal del cielo (roughly translated: heavenly settlement ).
Cali is about 1000 m above sea level in the west of the country at the confluence of the Río Cauca with the Río Cali. Average temperature is 26.8 ° C, there are no large seasonal fluctuations due to the proximity to the equator .
In the surrounding area there are iron and carbonaceous hills, whose rust-red color, together with the lush green equatorial vegetation, characterize the area.
Cali is bordered to the north by the municipalities of Yumbo and La Cumbre , on the east by Palmira and Candelaria and in Puerto Tejada in Departamento del Cauca , in the south Jamundí and on the west by Buenaventura and Dagua .
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Cali
The municipality of Cali has 2,470,852 inhabitants, of which 2,434,211 live in the urban part (cabecera municipal) of the municipality. The metropolitan region has 3,151,710 inhabitants (as of 2019).
Cali was founded on July 25, 1536 by the Spanish officer Sebastián de Belalcázar , who belonged to the conquering army of Francisco Pizarro , under the name of Santiago de Cali . In August 1956, the city, which had around 120,000 inhabitants at the time, was hit by a serious explosion during road construction work , killing over 1,300 people.
The city is the center of the Cauca Valley, a region of intensive agriculture. The focus is on the production of cane sugar . Economically, the region around Cali is dominated by a few families.
The city also became known through the Cali cartel , which was one of the most important and powerful drug cartels in the world in the cocaine trade, alongside the Medellín cartel. Drug trafficking and drug-related violent crime still play a major role in Cali despite the collapse of the cartel.
The doctor Rodrigo Guerrero, who became mayor of the city in 1992 and after several years of hiatus again in 2011, saw the murder rate, which in the early 1990s was a quarter higher than in the capital Bogota (there: 80 per 100,000 inhabitants). Using statistics, he recognized the risk of murder as the single largest cause of death and, according to WHO recommendations, fought it like a disease. Since murders - in the 1990s - were mainly related to alcohol and bars, a ban on serving alcohol was successfully implemented in pubs from 1 a.m., on weekends from 2 a.m. and on weekends a ban on weapons. In early October 2014, Guerrero received the first $ 100,000 Roux Prize , awarded by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington, in recognition of combating disease with the help of statistical data.
In the city itself there are several invasiones , hut settlements in which people displaced from other parts of the country live. The problem areas include Aguablanca , a corrugated iron town in the damp river plains of the Río Cauca , and Siloé on the mountain slopes to the west.
Culture and sights
Cali offers a variety of parks, churches, monuments, museums and plazas as a tourist attraction. The nightlife is concentrated in the bars, grilles and rumbeaderos of Avenida Sexta and the salsa discos in Juanchito, Zona Rosa and Barrio Granada. In December the famous Feria de Cali , u. a. in the Salsódromo .
The Casa Pro Artes offers changing art exhibitions, nearby the Centro Cultural, FES and the Museo de Arte Moderno la Tertulia . The latter is a modern exhibition building, which u. a. has a cinemateca ready. National artists from all branches of the visual arts are exhibited here. The young art scene can be found in the lugar a dudas . The Künstlerhaus, founded by Documenta participant Oscar Muñoz , shows changing exhibitions and organizes the residency program for foreign and domestic artists with international films.
The theater is the Teatro Municipal Enrique Buenaventura in the style of Creole classicism.
- Cerro de las Tres Cruces: The Tres Cruces monument is at 1,480 m and is located in the northwestern part of the city. The main cross in the middle is the largest, 26 m high and 11 m wide. The two crosses next to the main cross are 22 m high and 8 m wide.
- Cristo Rey: A religious monument on top of a hill that offers the best views of the city. The monument is 31 m high.
- El Gato del Río: A park by the river, with cat sculptures by Hernando Tejada.
- Plaza de Caicedo: The city's main square located in downtown Cali. The square is named after Cali's hero Joaquín de Caicedo y Cuero.
- Orquideorama Enrique Pérez Arbeláez: This wooded park, at AV 2 N # 48-10, is the scene of a large orchid show that is organized every autumn by the Asociación Vallecaucana de Orquideología . It's also a good place for bird watching.
Cali is home to the sports clubs América de Cali and Deportivo Cali , two of the most successful football clubs in Colombia. Both are currently (as of 2019) on six finals in the Copa Libertadores - but without winning a single time. The Velódromo Alcides Nieto Patiño , planned by the German architect Herbert Schürmann and built in 1970, was the site of numerous international track cycling competitions, including several World Cup races .
Cali is also a frequently chosen venue for major sporting events of all kinds. The sixth Pan American Games took place there in 1971 and the second World Swimming Championships in 1975 . Furthermore, in 1995 and 2015 that were underwater rugby world cup , 2007, inline speed skating World Championships , 2013 World Games and 2015 IAAF World Junior Championships held in the city.
According to a study by the organization El Consejo Ciudadano para la Seguridad Pública y la Justicia Penal ( German "Citizens' Council for Public Security and Criminal Law" ), Cali is the most dangerous city in Colombia, and in the 26th place worldwide in 2019. A total of 1,176 murder cases in one Population of 2,599,468 corresponds to a homicide rate of 45.24 per 100,000 inhabitants (2019).
sons and daughters of the town
- Jorge Isaacs (1837–1895), writer and politician
- Antonio María Valencia (1902–1952), composer
- Rodrigo Lloreda Caicedo (1942-2000), politician
- Orlando Roa Barbosa (* 1958), Roman Catholic clergyman, Archbishop of Ibagué
- Óscar Córdoba (* 1970), football player
- Lucio España (1971-2005), football player
- Faryd Mondragón (* 1971), football player
- Franky Oviedo (* 1973), football player
- Orlando Duque (* 1974), extreme athlete
- Mario Yepes (* 1976), football player
- Andrés Parra (* 1977), theater, film and television actor
- Carlos Ibáñez (* 1981), racing cyclist
- Pontus Carlsson (* 1982), Swedish chess grandmaster
- Alejandro Falla (* 1983), tennis player
- Jaime Alfonso Ruiz (* 1984), football player
- Jon Henrik Fjällgren (* 1987), Swedish-Sami singer
- Edwin Ávila (* 1989), racing cyclist
- Víctor Ibarbo (* 1990), football player
- Viviana Serna (* 1990), actress
- Alejandro Gómez (* 1991), tennis player
- Gustavo Yacamán (* 1991), racing car driver
- Johan Mojica (* 1992), football player
- Fabián Castillo (* 1992), football player
- Yimmi Chará (* 1992), soccer player
- Daniel Rengifo (1993-2020), actor
- Santiago Ramírez Morales (* 1994), track cyclist
- Jhon Lucumí (* 1998), football player
- Alcaldia de Santiago de Cali. Alcaldía de Cali - Valle del Cauca, accessed on May 2, 2019 (Spanish, website of the municipality of Cali).
- Künstlerhaus lugar a dudas (English and Spanish)
- Municipal Theater
- Photos from Cali 2003 (German, English and Spanish)
- Festival de Performance de Cali (Spanish)
- Jorge Iván Ospina se posesiona como Alcalde de Cali for the period 2020-2023. In: www.elpais.com.co. El País, January 1, 2020, accessed April 8, 2020 (Spanish).
- Datos de Cali y el Valle del Cauca. Alcaldía de Cali - Valle del Cauca, accessed on May 2, 2019 (Spanish, information on the geography of the municipality).
- ESTIMACIONES DE POBLACIÓN 1985 - 2005 Y PROYECCIONES DE POBLACIÓN 2005 - 2020 TOTAL DEPARTAMENTAL POR ÁREA. (Excel; 1.72 MB) DANE, May 11, 2011, accessed on May 2, 2019 (Spanish, extrapolation of the population of Colombia).
- La explosión de Cali: Agosto 7 de 1956 . banrepcultural.org (Spanish). Retrieved June 4, 2017
- Doctor seeks medicine against wave of murders - Awarded medicine prize . ORF.at, October 6, 2014
- copamundopistacali.com ( Memento of the original from August 26, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (English)
- The 50 cities with the highest murder rate worldwide travelbook.de, accessed on September 27, 2019
- Seguridad, Justicia y Paz: Metodología del ranking (2019) de las 50 ciudades más violentas del mundo. Retrieved July 8, 2020 (European Spanish).