Coordinates: 4 ° 27 ′ N , 75 ° 14 ′ W
Ibagué on the map of Colombia
Location of the municipality of Ibagué on the map of Tolima
|City foundation||October 14, 1550|
|surface||1439 km 2|
|Population density||399 inhabitants / km 2|
|City structure||13 boroughs|
|Time zone||UTC -5|
|City Presidency||Andrés Hurtado (2020-2023)|
Ibagué is the capital and a municipality (municipio) in the Colombian department of Tolima . The city is located in the center of the country, 190 km west of Bogotá , on the Cordillera Central of the Colombian Andes. The city of Ibagué is divided into 13 urban districts (comunas) and the rural area includes 17 corregimientos . It is the main center for political, economic, administrative, business, artistic, cultural and tourist activities in the region.
Ibagué was founded in 1550 by Andrés López de Galarza and named after the Kaziken Ibagué as Villa de San Bonifacio de Ibagué del Valle de las Lanzas . This makes Ibagué one of the oldest cities in America . In 1887 it became the capital of the Department of Huila and only became its capital in 1910 after the establishment of the Department of Tolima.
The Tolima Conservatory is considered one of the most important music schools in the country. Since 1959, the city has hosted the Colombian Folklore Festival (Festival Folclórico Colombiano) in June , one of the most important cultural events in Colombia. Monuments alluding to music are scattered across the city. With countless events, concerts and theater performances, the city has become known as the “musical capital” of Colombia. The main public institutions for study and research are the private Universidad de Ibagué , the Universidad del Tolima, the Conservatory and the National Open University (UNAD).
The municipality of Ibagué is located on the eastern slope of the Cordillera Central of the Colombian Andes, at the foot of a wide valley formed by the Coello River and its tributary Combeima. The rivers get their water from the snow-capped peaks of the Nevado del Tolima , which is part of the Los Nevados National Park , which is largely in the territory of the Ibagué municipality. Since the region is located near the equator , the seasons have no thermal characteristics. Nevertheless, the area has different climates that vary greatly depending on the altitude. These range from snow-capped peaks such as the Nevado del Tolima at 5300 m above sea level. M., which reach temperatures below zero, to hot areas in valleys below 800 m above sea level. M. near the Rio Magdalena , the temperatures reach over 30 ° C.
The municipality is bordered by Anzoátegui and Alvarado in the north, Piedras and Coello in the east, San Luis and Rovira in the south and Cajamarca and Salento in the Quindío department in the west .
The municipality of Ibagué has 574,568 inhabitants, of which 543,555 live in the urban part (cabecera municipal) (as of 2019).
Ibagué was founded on October 14, 1550 by the Spaniard Andrés López de Galarza as Villa de San Bonifacio de Ibagué del Valle de las Lanzas (City of St. Boniface of Ibagué in the "Valley of the Spears") in a nearby location that is now the urban area of the the neighboring municipality of Cajamarca about 42 km west of the current city of Ibagué. The indigenous Pijaos, led by the cacik Ibagué, were not enthusiastic about the Spaniards who colonized the area, so the city was re-established in its current location on February 7, 1551. From April to December 1854, Ibagué was briefly the capital of New Granada after a coup by José María Melo, a general and politician from Chaparral , Tolima . In 1908, when the Tolima Department was founded, Ibagué became its capital. Tolima University was founded in 1945 and made a state university in 1954. The city is also home to the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Ibagué .
Ibagué's economic importance lies in the cultivation of rice and coffee as well as animal husbandry. The industry consists mainly of textile industry, leather processing and breweries . Another economic factor is tourism around the Cañon de Combeima . The national park with three volcanoes, the peaks of which are covered with snow and ice, is attractive for mountaineers.
Ibagué is home to the Deportes Tolima football club , which has been Colombian champion once and runner-up four times. International player James Rodriguez grew up here after moving from Cúcuta with his mother as a child .
sons and daughters of the town
- Gabriel París Gordillo (1910–2008), politician and military man, President of Colombia
- Cristina Umaña (* 1974), actress
- Yineth Varón (* 1982), soccer player
- Nadya Ortiz (* 1986), chess player
- Jaminton Campaz (* 2000), soccer player
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Ibagué
- Alcaldía de Ibagué - Tolima. Alcaldía del Municipio de Ibagué - Tolima, accessed on April 23, 2019 (Spanish, website of the municipality).
- Ibagué Chamber of Commerce website (Spanish)
- ↑ El Patrono de Ibagué El Tiempo . Retrieved September 24, 2018 (Spanish)
- ↑ Localización. Alcaldía del Municipio de Ibagué - Tolima, accessed on April 23, 2019 (Spanish, information on the location of the municipality).
- ↑ ESTIMACIONES DE POBLACIÓN 1985 - 2005 Y PROYECCIONES DE POBLACIÓN 2005 - 2020 TOTAL DEPARTAMENTAL POR ÁREA. (Excel; 1.72 MB) DANE, May 11, 2011, accessed on April 23, 2019 (Spanish, extrapolation of the population of Colombia).
- ↑ Historia. Alcaldía del Municipio de Ibagué - Tolima, accessed April 23, 2019 (Spanish, information on the history of the municipality).