Sitzendorf (Thuringia)

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the municipality of Sitzendorf
Sitzendorf (Thuringia)
Map of Germany, position of the municipality Sitzendorf highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 38 '  N , 11 ° 10'  E

Basic data
State : Thuringia
County : Saalfeld-Rudolstadt
Management Community : Schwarzatal
Height : 305 m above sea level NHN
Area : 2.52 km 2
Residents: 783 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 311 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 07429
Area code : 036730
License plate : SLF, RU
Community key : 16 0 73 084
Address of the
municipal administration:
Main street 40
07429 Sitzendorf
Website :
Mayor : Martin Friedrich ( CDU )
Location of the municipality Sitzendorf in the district of Saalfeld-Rudolstadt
Allendorf Altenbeuthen Bad Blankenburg Bechstedt Cursdorf Deesbach Döschnitz Drognitz Gräfenthal Hohenwarte Katzhütte Kaulsdorf (Saale) Königsee Lehesten Leutenberg Meura Probstzella Rohrbach Rudolstadt Saalfeld/Saale Schwarzatal Schwarzburg Sitzendorf Uhlstädt-Kirchhasel Unterweißbach Unterwellenborn Thüringenmap
About this picture

Sitzendorf is a municipality in the Saalfeld-Rudolstadt district in Thuringia , located on the Thuringian Porcelain Route.


Sitzendorf is a two-kilometer long street village in the Schwarza valley on the northern edge of the Thuringian Slate Mountains . The village is about 300  m above sea level. NHN height, the slopes of the Schwarzatal rise extremely steeply on both sides (hence the legend of the hill chicken ). The north slope reaches a height of about 500  m above sea level at Sitzendorf . NHN , the southern slope rises to 600  m above sea level. NHN . In Sitzendorf the Hädderbach (Oberhainer Dorfbach) and the Blambach (Unterhainer Dorfbach) and the Sorbitz from the south flow into the Schwarza .

Neighboring communities

Clockwise, starting in the north: Allendorf - Schwarzburg - Döschnitz - Unterweißbach - Königsee

Community structure

Sitzendorf is divided into an upper and a lower village. The upper village is the smaller part, it is to the right of the Schwarza and includes not only the town's train station but also the Blechhammer district. The lower part of the village is the larger part, it is to the left of the Schwarza on the main street of the village. There are also the local administration and the church.


On November 19, 1370, the place was first mentioned in a certificate of inheritance as Syczedorff . The place name probably goes back to a Count Sizzo von Kevernburg , who lived in the 11th century and who is considered to be the progenitor of the Schwarzburg counts. From 1370 until today, the spelling of the name has changed only slightly: in 1370 wrote one Syczedorff , 1465 Sictzendorff , 1740 Sizzendorf and since 1850 Sitzendorf .

The most important branch of business in the village was ore mining, which was already predominant in the Middle Ages, and saltpeter boiling as well as pitch and smelting works were operated. Cobalt was also processed from 1727 to 1826 . In 1760, Georg Heinrich Macheleid in Sitzendorf was the first to succeed in producing porcelain after Böttger, but his factory was relocated to Volkstedt as early as 1762, so that porcelain production in Sitzendorf only gained importance after the establishment of a new factory in 1850. The beginning of tourism in Sitzendorf dates back to the second half of the 19th century, which increased after the construction of the Schwarzatalbahn . Until 1918 the place belonged to the sovereignty of the Principality of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt .

During the Second World War , women and men from the occupied countries as well as military internees from Italy and France had to do forced labor : on a construction site of the Leuna-Werke , in the porcelain factory , in agriculture, in the Albert Erhardt glass factory , in the Hermann Heunemann gardening center and at Construction of the marine home . The grave monument of a Polish slave laborer in the cemetery is the only reminder of this part of history.

During the GDR era, Sitzendorf was particularly the location for porcelain and tool production. A children's holiday camp in the form of a tent city was also maintained here.


The parish Sitzendorf belongs to the parish Döschnitz with the parishes Döschnitz, Meura, Sitzendorf and Unterweißbach.


Sitzendorf with the places Allendorf , Bechstedt , Döschnitz , Dröbischau , Mellenbach-Glasbach , Meura , Oberhain , Rohrbach , Schwarzburg and Unterweißbach belongs to the administrative community Schwarzatal , which has its administrative headquarters in the city of Schwarzatal . Wittgendorf was incorporated into Saalfeld / Saale on July 6, 2018.

Municipal council

The council of the municipality of Sitzendorf consists of 8 council women and councilors.

  • Traditional association 2 seats
  • CDU 1 seat
  • Fire Brigade Association 5 seats

(Status: 2014 local elections)


The honorary mayor Martin Friedrich was elected on June 5, 2016.

Culture and sights

MAN steam engine


  • The farmer's museum in Sitzendorf: ancient vehicles , machines , tractors and devices on an area of ​​800 m². The collection is constantly expanding, for example with vehicles from the GDR era.
  • The regional museum was located on the premises of the Sitzendorfer porcelain factory . Among other things, it showed a unique steam engine from MAN with a single-piston suction pump. It was closed in November 2013
  • The Porzellanmanufaktur Sitzendorf demonstration street is open and clearly shows the production of figurative porcelain.
Part of the geotope near Sitzendorf

Natural monuments

The geotope near Sitzendorf, at the entrance to the Sorbitztal : The "rock geotope" near Sitzendorf was created 480 million years ago in the Ordovician through marine deposits. In the Carboniferous , about 340 million years ago, it was tilted and folded during the Variscan mountain formation. The geotope ( 360  m ) gives an insight into the tectonics and stratigraphy of the Schwarzburg saddle with its gold-bearing quartz veins in the Schwarza. Today it shows a very clear stair and kink fold.

Other sights can be hiked on the Heinrich Cotta nature trail .

Regular events

Easter market at the Farm Museum

The fair , which takes place annually on the 3rd weekend in September, is just as much a traditional highlight as the bathing festival in June.

Under the leadership of the Sitzendorfer Carnevals Verein and the fire brigade association, other local associations also participate in the preparation and implementation of the events. A culinary highlight is the Lawerworschtkongreß (liver sausage congress ), which takes place at the beginning of October , at which the Lawerworschtkönig is crowned.


Economy and Transport

As in many other places in the region, Sitzendorf has a traditional porcelain factory with a demonstration street. Furthermore, in Sitzendorf (as in all other places in the Schwarzatal) there used to be various hammer mills in which mining products were processed. In the 1950s, the charcoal burning on the Pocherbrücke was given up.

Gold mining

The location of the gold stage from August 5, 1800

Sitzendorf has always been closely associated with ore mining in the Schwarzatal. It is no longer known exactly when mining of the gold deposits began. In 1530, 20 unions in the Schwarzatal were entrusted with soap factories. A large number of reports from the end of the Thirty Years' War to our times prove that even in later times there were repeated efforts to revive the once extensive medieval gold panning in the area of ​​the Schwarzatal. Of interest is the discovery of a richer gold specimen in the rock near the Pocher bridge between Schwarzburg and Sitzendorf on August 5, 1800.


Nostalgia and modern times

Sitzendorf has road connections to Bad Blankenburg and Katzhütte through the Schwarzatal as well as roads via Rohrbach to Saalfeld and via Unterweißbach to Neuhaus .

Since 1900 the place has had a rail connection to the Schwarzatalbahn Katzhütte - Rottenbach .


Personalities who have worked on site


  • Ekkehardt Kraemer (ed.): Saxon-Thuringian manufactory porcelain. Glass ceramic. Publicly owned foreign trade company of the German Democratic Republic, Berlin 1985. 3rd expanded edition 1987: Literature on Aelteste Volkstedter Porzellanmanufaktur, pages 32–37.

Web links

Commons : Sitzendorf  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Population of the municipalities from the Thuringian State Office for Statistics  ( help on this ).
  2. Thuringian Association of the Persecuted of the Nazi Regime - Association of Antifascists and Study Group of German Resistance 1933–1945 (Ed.): Local history guide to sites of resistance and persecution 1933–1945. Volume 8: Thuringia. VAS - Verlag für Akademische Schriften, Frankfurt am Main 2003, ISBN 3-88864-343-0 , p. 244.
  3. Facebook entry
  4. ^ Bismarck tower Sitzendorf on