Víctor Andrés Belaúnde

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Víctor Andrés Belaúnde (1920)

Víctor Andrés Belaúnde (Diez Canseco) (born December 15, 1883 in Arequipa , Peru , † December 14, 1966 in New York City ) was a Peruvian diplomat, writer and historian. In 1959/60 he was President of the United Nations General Assembly .


He was born as the son of the Peruvian finance minister Mariano A. Belaúnde into a politically influential family. His brother Rafael Belaúnde Diez Canseco was Prime Minister of Peru 1945/46, his son Fernando Belaúnde Terry twice Peruvian President (1963–1968 and 1980–1985).

Belaúnde completed studies at the Universidad Nacional de San Agustín de Arequipa in Arequipa and in Lima in law (1903), literature (1911) and political science (1908) successfully.

During his studies he worked in the archives of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Peru, and after graduating in law and political science as a lecturer at the University of San Marcos . Until 1918 he was sent several times as a diplomat to the missions of his country in Spain, Germany and Argentina.

From 1921 to 1930 he was in political exile in the United States , during which time he taught Hispanic-American culture at various universities, including Columbia University , Miami, Chicago and New York .

After his return to Peru he was reinstated in the diplomatic service; he was sent to Colombia and Switzerland as consul and headed the Peruvian delegation to the San Francisco Conference in 1945, which led to the founding of the United Nations . Belaúnde signed the Charter of the United Nations for Peru .

In September 1959 he was elected President of the UN General Assembly; he chaired the 14th regular and fourth emergency meetings.

In 1965, shortly before his death, he became rector of the Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú .


In 1944 Belaúnde was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences .


  • La filosofía del Derecho y el método positivo (1904)
  • El Perú antiguo y los métodos sociológicos (1908)
  • Ensayos de psicología nacional (1912)
  • La crisis presente (1914)
  • Meditaciones peruanas (1917)
  • La realidad nacional (1931)
  • El Cristo de la Fe y los Cristos literarios (1936)
  • Peruvian (1942)
  • La síntesis viviente (1950)
  • Inquietud, serenidad, plenitud (1951)
  • El planteamiento del problema nacional (1962)
  • Veinte años de Naciones Unidas (1966)

Web links

Commons : Víctor Andrés Belaúnde  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Members of the American Academy. Listed by election year, 1900-1949 ( PDF ). Retrieved October 8, 2015