|coat of arms||Germany map|
|County :||Eifel district Bitburg-Prüm|
|Association municipality :||Prüm|
|Height :||555 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||16.26 km 2|
|Residents:||299 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||18 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||54608|
|Area code :||06555|
|License plate :||BIT, PRÜ|
|Community key :||07 2 32 207|
|Association administration address:||Tiergartenstrasse 54
|Local Mayor :||Helmut Neuerburg|
|Location of the local community Brandscheid in the Eifelkreis Bitburg-Prüm|
Brandscheid is located at the southwest end of the Schneifel ridge in the North Eifel Nature Park .
The community also includes the residential areas Bongert, Brandscheiderhof, Feriendorf Schnee-Eifel, Forsthaus Bleialf, Forsthaus Brandscheid, Hamburg and Schneifel. Neighboring communities are Bleialf , Sellerich , Watzerath and Buchet .
A forest Brandscheit and with it the place name was mentioned for the first time in a contract from the year 1286 between the abbot Walther von Prüm and Heinrich and Gerhard von Schönecken . The place name refers to medieval slash and burn .
Heinrich and Wirich von Brantscheid are mentioned in a Prüm document from 1273 (Goerz, Mrh. Reg. III, no. 2853). Wirich is also named as the dean of the monastery “Our Lady” at Prüm. His “stomach” - probably a relative - bought the Aspe bush from him, which is located near Bleialf. The name of Brandscheid (t) is often mentioned in many documents and documents for more than 300 years, for example Heinrich, called "Freymann" von Brandscheid, and Gobelin von Brandscheid in 1304. In 1343 and 1357 a Johann von Brandscheid is mentioned as a Burgmann in Schönecken. As early as 1336, Hartrad von Schönecken enfeoffed him with Seffer Weich as a castle fiefdom.
Brandscheid belonged to the Electoral Trier district of Prüm until the end of the 18th century and was assigned to the Bleialf mayor's office. The village of Brandscheid in the prudish mayor's shop Alf had 25 fireplaces or households in 1684, a document from 1756 names 56 names, and in 1787 there were 124 inhabitants.
In 1794 French revolutionary troops occupied the left bank of the Rhine . From 1798 to 1814 Brandscheid was under the French canton of Schönberg in the Saardepartement . When the church was reorganized, Brandscheid became a succursal parish (auxiliary parish) in 1803 with the branches Sellerich , Hontheim , Herscheid and Buchet .
Due to the resolutions passed at the Congress of Vienna , the region became part of the Kingdom of Prussia in 1815 . Under the Prussian administration, Brandscheid belonged to the Bleialf mayor in the newly formed district of Prüm in the Trier administrative district . In 1843 Brandscheid had 57 houses in which 341 people lived, all of whom were Catholic . At the time, the community also included the individual houses in Mühlenberg, Unterbrandscheid and Wilhelmsau.
- Population development
The development of the population of Brandscheid, the values from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:
The local council in Brandscheid consists of eight council members, who were elected by a majority vote in the local elections on May 26, 2019 , and the honorary local mayor as chairman. Until 2014, the council had six council members.
Culture and sights
- Church of St. Kornelius, a late Gothic building from around 1500. Except for the exterior, it was destroyed in the Second World War and largely restored from 1949 to the original.
- About the municipality several are roadside crosses distributed
- Annual fair or parish fair is celebrated on the Sunday after September 16 (Cornelius)
- Traditional rattling or rattling on Good Friday and Holy Saturday
- Castle burning on the first weekend after Ash Wednesday (so-called Scheef Sunday)
- Corpus Christi is celebrated on the Thursday after the Holy Trinity, the second Thursday after Pentecost
- Hiking routes in and around Brandscheid
Economy and Infrastructure
There is a farm and several providers of holiday apartments. The largest employer in the village is the Sohns company, which constructs precast concrete parts and prefabricated halls.
- Ernst Wackenroder (edit.): The art monuments of the Prüm district (= Paul Clemen [Hrsg.]: The art monuments of the Rhine province . Volume 12 / II ). Trier 1983, ISBN 3-88915-006-3 , p. 43 (222 p., With 9 plates and 185 ills. In the text. Reprinted by the Schwann edition, Düsseldorf 1927).
- Local community Brandscheid on the website of the Association of Prüm
- In the Marstall in Brandscheid
- To search for cultural assets of the local community Brandscheid (Eifel) in the database of cultural assets in the Trier region .
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate (ed.): Official directory of the municipalities and parts of the municipality. Status: January 2019 [ Version 2020 is available. ] . S. 101 (PDF; 3 MB).
- Peter Oster: History of the parishes of the deaneries Prüm-Waxweiler. Paulinus-Druckerei, Trier 1927, p. 870 ff ( dilibri Rhineland-Palatinate ).
- Georg Bärsch : Description of the government district of Trier. Volume 2, Lintz, Trier 1846, p. 60 ( Google Books ).
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate: My village, my city. Retrieved October 15, 2019 .
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, city and municipal council elections.
- Hüttenbrennen in the Eifel. Retrieved May 1, 2016 .
- Hut Sunday in the Eifel. Retrieved August 10, 2017 .
- Hiking trails in and around Brandscheid. Retrieved December 29, 2017 .
- Company Son halls. Retrieved December 29, 2017 .