|coat of arms||Germany map|
|County :||Eifel district Bitburg-Prüm|
|Association municipality :||Arzfeld|
|Height :||500 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||4.78 km 2|
|Residents:||197 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||41 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||54619|
|Area code :||06559|
|License plate :||BIT, PRÜ|
|Community key :||07 2 32 220|
|Association administration address:||Luxemburger Strasse 6
|Local Mayor :||Peter Marx|
|Location of the local community Eschfeld in the Eifelkreis Bitburg-Prüm|
Eschfeld is located in the South Eifel nature park . Parts of the hamlets Banzenhof and Wässerchen belong to the community . Both localities also belong proportionally to the neighboring municipality of Reiff .
Eschfeld's beginnings as a Celtic settlement date back to 400 BC. BC, which is concluded by finds of bone fragments and broken vessels from 1948.
The first documentary mention comes from the year 1330, when Eschfeld belonged to the Archdiocese of Trier . Until the end of the 18th century , Eschfeld was the capital of one of the three dairies (administrative and judicial districts) that belonged to the Dasburg rule in the Luxembourg county of Vianden . The Eschfeld dairy included 13 villages.
Information on the extent of the population in Eschfeld was given in 1611, when ten "hearths" (houses) were recorded in the place. The decline in population caused by the plague that broke out in Eschfeld in 1656 was not caught up again until about 100 years later. Like large parts of the Rhineland , Eschfeld was occupied by the French in 1794 and received its own mayor's office ( Mairie ). Four citizens of Eschfeld died in the lace war against the occupation and were executed in Luxembourg . During the French administration, Eschfeld belonged to the French diocese of Metz from 1802 . Through the Congress of Vienna in 1815, Eschfeld also became part of Prussia and from 1818 belonged again to the diocese of Trier.
In 1884 a loan association was founded, in 1887 a rural advanced training school was set up, and in 1889 a fruit growing association was founded. Eschfeld has been connected to the electricity grid since 1928. The Second World War caused great damage in Eschfeld, around 60% of the place was destroyed. On February 22, 1945, the place went under the occupation of American troops.
In 1969 a school was built in Eschfeld, which existed until the 1980s. The building was converted into a village community center in 1993.
The development of the population of Eschfeld, the values from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:
Eschfeld's church with the associated cemetery was located in today's Unterdorf until 1867. Today's parish church of St. Luzia was built in 1869 and decorated with ceiling and wall paintings from 1906 to 1921 by Pastor Christoph März . The former elementary school was built next to the parish church in 1912.
See also: List of cultural monuments in Eschfeld
- Local community Eschfeld on the webpage of the Verbandsgemeinde Arzfeld
- To search for cultural assets of the local community Eschfeld in the database of cultural assets in the Trier region .
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate (ed.): Official directory of the municipalities and parts of the municipality. Status: January 2018 [ Version 2020 is available. ] . S. 60 f . (PDF; 2.2 MB).
- Clomes: attempt at a statistical-geographic description of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg , Schmit-Bruck, 1840, p 9 ( Google Books )
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate - regional data
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, city and municipal council elections
- The works of the pastor Chr. March in the parish church of St. Luzia in Eschfeld