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Hohenstoffeln 05.jpg
height 841.8  m above sea level NHN
location Baden-Wuerttemberg , Germany
Mountains Hegau # Hegauer_Kegelbergland
Coordinates 47 ° 47 '47 "  N , 8 ° 44' 59"  E Coordinates: 47 ° 47 '47 "  N , 8 ° 44' 59"  E
Hohenstoffeln (Baden-Württemberg)
Type Kegelberg
rock basalt
Hohenstoffeln 01.jpg
Template: Infobox Berg / Maintenance / BILD1
hegau;  Hohenstoffeln;  binningen
View of the west side of the Hohenstoffeln

The Hohenstoffeln (also Hohenstoffel or colloquially Stoffel , from ahd. Stophil , small rock ) is a mountain of volcanic origin in the Hegau between Binningen and Weiterdingen . It belongs to the basalt group of the Hegaus. The mountain has been a nature reserve since 1941.


The Hohenstoffeln is the only Hegauberg to have a double peak . The mountain originally had three peaks, but the northernmost one was eroded by basalt mining. The southern peak has a height of 832  m above sea level. NHN , the northern (formerly middle) a height of 841.8  m above sea level. NHN .

At the north summit with the cross there is a refuge with a summit book .


Castle ruins

The Hohenstoffeln was the location of three castles. Hinterstoffeln Castle was on the north summit, Vorderstoffeln Castle on the south summit and Mittelstoffeln Castle in the saddle of the mountain.

Further below the summit are some farms: the Stofflerhof on the west side towards Binningen , the Sennhof and Hombollhof on the east side near Weiterdingen and the Pfaffwieser Höfe on the south side towards Hilzingen .

Basalt mining

hegau;  Hohenstoffeln;  suedkollektiv
Quarry routes under the summit of the Hohenstoffeln

The geomorphological and geological structure of the Hohenstoffeln consists of Deckentuffen with vorbasaltischen Tuffmassen. In addition to basalt, there is also bentonite (Swiss type). At the summit, thick, vertical basalt columns are visible.

Since the beginning of the 20th century, basalt has been mined for road construction at the northern summit, as the rock is tough and hard and has no preferred cleavage direction so that it does not weather quickly. The broken rock was transported to the gravel works in Mühlhausen via a four-kilometer cable car.

The local poet Ludwig Finckh advocated the stop of basalt mining, in fact it was stopped from 1939. The former quarry can still be recognized by the mining terraces.

Nature reserve

Already in 1904 the basalt mining was criticized by the conservationists. After years of confrontation, inspections and disputes, the summit of the Hohenstoffeln was declared a nature reserve in a letter dated August 24, 1935 - the 750 m height line was the limit :

"Regardless of its mining use within the above-mentioned limits and careful forestry use ( plenter operation ), the Hohenstoffeln is classified as a." According to Sections 12 (2), 13 (2), 15 and 24 of the Reich Nature Conservation Act of June 26, 1935 (...) Nature reserve entered in the Reich Nature Conservation Book. "

- Letter from the Reich Forestry Office, represented by General Forester Walter von Keudell .

On December 23, 1938, a telegram from the Konstanz district office reached the Süddeutsche Basaltwerke, operator of the basalt quarry on Hohenstoffeln:

"Quarry operations closed on the instructions of the highest nature conservation authority on December 31, 38. Infringements come under threat of punishment under Section 21 of the Reich Nature Conservation Act. Due to other accommodation of the workers and processing of the material already obtained and because of the necessary clean-up work, further disposal is reserved. "

"Reichsforstmeister Generalfeldmarschall Göring has decided that the most stately of all Hegau mountains, the two-peaked Hohenstoffeln in the western Lake Constance area, will be placed under nature protection with the cessation of any further basalt mining and will be entered into the Reich Nature Conservation Book as a protected area."

- Press release from the German News Office, January 6, 1939.

In May 1941, the mountain was registered as a nature reserve in the Reich Nature Conservation Book. The importance of the mountain for the landscape, geological , plant sociological and ornithological reasons were particularly emphasized in the entry.

See also

Panorama from the north summit


  • Volker Ludwig: The emergence of the "Hohenstoffeln" nature reserve in "Hegau - magazine for history, folklore and natural history of the area between the Rhine, Danube and Lake Constance", volume 54/55 (1997/98), pages 153-188 . Self-published by the Hegau history association Singen e. V., Singen (Hohentwiel) January 1999.
  • Kurt Oesterle : Doctor Faust defeats Shylock. How Ludwig Finckh saved the Hohenstoffeln and how the Reichsführer SS Heinrich Himmler helped him as his Mephisto. In: Hegau. Vol. 54/55 (1997/98), pp. 191-208.

Web links

Commons : Hohenstoffeln  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Baden-Württemberg. Land survey office: Gottmadingen. In: Topographic Map. 1994, accessed April 12, 2020 .
  2. Pinatubo.net: Der Hegau ( Memento from March 27, 2017 in the Internet Archive )
  3. Volker Ludwig: The emergence of the "Hohenstoffeln" nature reserve in "Hegau - magazine for history, folklore and natural history of the area between the Rhine, Danube and Lake Constance" , Volume 54/55 (1997/98), Chapter 4.4 The unexpected success - (24.8 .1935-6.1.1939) , pages 175-179