Nature reserve "Waltere Moor"
|location||Hohenfels in the district of Konstanz and Sauldorf in the district of Sigmaringen , Baden-Württemberg , Germany|
|surface||96.3 hectares in total
72.5 hectares ( KN )
23.8 hectares ( SIG )
|Identifier||3.157 ( KN )
4.133 ( SIG )
|Sea level||from 626 m to 634 m ( ø 630 m)|
|Setup date||April 22, 1986|
|administration||Regional Council Freiburg and Regional Council Tübingen|
The Waltere Moor area is a nature reserve designated by ordinance of April 22, 1986 (NSG numbers 3.157 ( KN ) and 4.133 ( SIG )) in the Baden-Württemberg districts of Konstanz and Sigmaringen in Germany .
The total of 96.3 hectares large nature reserve Waltere Moor is one natural area to the Danube Ablach plates . The westernmost of the Upper Swabian transition Moore is on the border of Upper Swabian hills , between Messkirch and Stockach , the districts Mindersdorf the town of Hohenfels and Sauldorf the community Sauldorf , about three and a half kilometers southwest of the Sauldorfer center immediately southwest of the hamlet of Roth.
At the beginning of the 19th century, the Waltere was a typical raised bog with a thickness of up to seven and a half meters before peeling.
After the Prince of Sigmaringen had granted permission, peat mining began in the Waltere in 1812 . In addition to ironing coal and house fires, the peat was used by the St. Gallen railway administration and the ironworks in Lautertal and Thiergarten. The annual, still manual extraction rate in 1860 was 2.2 million peat bricks. Ten years later, the mining, which continued until 1925, was mechanized. Until 1950 the area abandoned by the peat cutting was used as a litter meadow .
The main protection purpose is the preservation of the Waltere Moors as a moor landscape of special character and beauty. The high level of protection is particularly due to
- the location of the diversely structured wetland on the climatically-related north-western border of Upper Swabian high moor deposits
- the great diversity of biotopes, which includes raised and transitional bog areas with bog forests and scrub forests, wet, humid and poor meadows
- the occurrence of numerous rare animal and plant species, some of which are threatened with extinction.
Partner protected areas
The Waltere Moor borders in the west on the nature reserve Schwackenreuter Baggerseen-Rübelisbach (4,314), in the north on the nature park Obere Donau and is part of the FFH area " Ablach, Baggerseen und Waltere Moor " (8020341).
Flora and fauna
The following rare and partly threatened species (selection) are described in the Waltere Moor nature reserve :
- Bush birch ( Betula humilis ), also called "low birch"
- List of nature reserves in the district of Konstanz
- List of nature reserves in the district of Sigmaringen
- List of nature reserves in Baden-Württemberg
- District Office for Nature Conservation and Landscape Management Freiburg: Nature reserves in the administrative district of Freiburg . Ed .: Regional Council Freiburg. 2nd Edition. Thorbecke, Ostfildern 2004, ISBN 978-3-7995-5174-8 . Pp. 400-402
- Gottfried Briemle: The “Waltere Moor” at Sattelöse . Project work at the Institute for Landscape Management and Nature Conservation at the Technical University of Hanover . Self-published, Hanover , 1976.
- District of Konstanz: Ordinance, data evaluation sheet and map in the profile of the nature reserve in the LUBW's list of protected areas
- District of Sigmaringen: Ordinance, data evaluation sheet and map in the profile of the nature reserve in the protected area directory of the LUBW
- Top25 Viewer [Top. Map 1: 25000 Baden-Württemberg (South)]
- Konrad Bauer: The Waltere moor near Sattelöse (Hohenfels) . In: Hegau - magazine for history, folklore and natural history of the area between the Rhine, Danube and Lake Constance , Volume 34, 1977. P. 235f.
- District of Konstanz: Profile of the nature reserve in the LUBW's list of protected areas , section " Protection purpose"
- Sigmaringen district: Profile of the nature reserve in the LUBW's list of protected areas , section " Protection purpose"
- Gottfried Briemle: The "Waltere-Moor" at Sattelöse. 1976