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Coat of arms of Oberbipp
State : SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland
Canton : Canton BernCanton Bern Bern (BE)
Administrative district : Oberaargauw
BFS no. : 0983i1 f3 f4
Postal code : 4538
Coordinates : 616 693  /  234552 coordinates: 47 ° 15 '42 "  N , 7 ° 39' 33"  O ; CH1903:  six hundred sixteen thousand six hundred and ninety-three  /  234552
Height : 500  m above sea level M.
Height range : 432–666 m above sea level M.
Area : 8.45  km²
Residents: 1767 (December 31, 2018)
Population density : 209 inhabitants per km²
Website: www.oberbipp.ch
Bipp Castle

Bipp Castle

Location of the municipality
Burgäschisee Inkwilersee Kanton Aargau Kanton Luzern Kanton Solothurn Kanton Solothurn Verwaltungskreis Emmental Verwaltungskreis Seeland Aarwangen Attiswil Auswil Bannwil Berken Bettenhausen BE Bleienbach Busswil bei Melchnau Eriswil Farnern Gondiswil Graben BE Heimenhausen Herzogenbuchsee Huttwil Inkwil Langenthal Lotzwil Madiswil Melchnau Niederbipp Niederönz Oberbipp Obersteckholz Ochlenberg Oeschenbach Reisiswil Roggwil BE Rohrbach BE Rohrbachgraben BE Rumisberg Rütschelen Schwarzhäusern Seeberg BE Thörigen Thunstetten BE Ursenbach BE Walliswil bei Niederbipp Walliswil bei Wangen Walterswil BE Wangen an der Aare Wangenried Wiedlisbach Wynau WyssachenMap of Oberbipp
About this picture

Oberbipp is a municipality in the Oberaargau administrative district in the canton of Bern in Switzerland .


Oberbipp is 500  m above sea level. M. , 12 km northeast of Solothurn (linear distance). The village extends on the flat alluvial cone that the village stream at the southern foot of the Jura has formed over time, on the gently undulating surface of the Bipperamt at the foot of the Höllchöpfli , in Oberaargau .

The area of ​​the 8.5 km² municipal area covers a section of the northern Bernese Mittelland . The main part of the area is taken up by the gently undulating landscape of the Bipperamt. During the high stage of the Würm Ice Age , the Rhone Glacier reached into the area of Wangen on the Aare and accumulated a lot of moraine material in front of its tongue . A large part of this former terminal moraine is now covered by the longitudinal forest, which is in the Chällerrain on the edge of the Aare valley at 510  m above sea level. M. reaches its highest point. To the north of the Längwald there is a gravel plain , of which only a small portion of the wood between Oberbipp and Niederbipp belongs to the municipality. Also in the moraine landscape south of the village is the Erlimoos , a nature reserve with a pond.

To the northwest, the community soil extends into the headwaters of the Dorfbach and over several hillside terraces (Stierenweid, Brächbüel) to the edge of the stepped area of ​​Wolfisberg, where at 660  m above sea level. M. the highest point of Oberbipp is reached. The geomorphology of the southern slope of the Jura near Oberbipp is the product of a huge landslide that occurred at the end of the crack ice age, when the ice age's stabilizing effect ceased to exist with the retreat of the ice age Rhone glacier. Therefore, the southern leg of the anticline of the first Jura chain slipped and left behind a large landslide zone, also recognizable from the foothills at Bipp Castle . In 1997, 12% of the municipal area was in settlements, 38% in forests and woodlands, 49% in agriculture and a little less than 1% was unproductive land.

Various individual farms belong to Oberbipp. Neighboring communities of Oberbipp are Niederbipp , Bannwil , Walliswil bei Niederbipp , Wiedlisbach and Rumisberg .


Population development
year Residents
1757 414
1798 492
1850 801
1860 786
1910 913
1950 981
1960 989
1970 999
1980 1066
1990 1314
2000 1437
2010 1575
2015 1650

With 1767 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018) Oberbipp is one of the smaller communities in the canton of Bern. 91.9% of the residents speak German, 1.9% speak Albanian and 1.5% speak Serbo-Croatian (as of 2000). The population of Oberbipp was 801 in both 1850 and 1900. In the course of the 20th century, the population increased slightly to 999 people by 1970. Since then, the population has increased significantly.

Economy and Infrastructure

Until well into the 20th century, Oberbipp was predominantly an agricultural village. Even today, thanks to the fertile soil, as well as animal husbandry and forestry, agriculture has a certain place in the income structure of the population.

Numerous other jobs are available in the commercial and service sectors. Especially on the eastern edge of the village, a larger industrial and commercial zone has formed since the 1970s. Companies from packaging technology, metal construction, the building trade, logistics, food production, the electrical industry, information technology, the tank farm of Wartmann Holding AG, carpenters and mechanical workshops are represented in Oberbipp today .

In the last few decades the village has developed into a residential community thanks to its attractive location. New residential quarters were built on the slope above the village center. Many employed people are therefore commuters who mainly work in the larger towns along the southern foot of the Jura between Solothurn and Olten .

Aerial view of Oberbipp


In 1913/14 the cheese cooperative initiated the construction of a modern cheese factory. In 1980 a very modern and modern cheese dairy facility was installed. In 1997 the roof was re-covered and an exterior renovation was carried out. The amalgamation of goods has led to the construction of seven new agricultural settlements. Today ten suppliers still deliver around 1 million liters of milk per year (in 1934 63 suppliers milked the same amount of milk). The last three Emmentaler cheese wheels were produced at the end of April 2003. Afterwards, various soft cheeses, yoghurts, pasta milk and milk drinks were made with around half of the delivered milk. The remaining amount of milk was collected. In 2018 the dairy was sold and production stopped.

Water supply

1971 to 1973 an important step for a modern water supply was taken with the construction of the current water reservoir “Würzen” and the pumping station “Boll”. The first community water supply was created in 1890. With the construction of the regional water pumping station in 2001 in the "Hasenrain", the last gap in the Bipperamt ("Wabi") water network was closed in terms of both quantity and quality.


Today all apartments and industrial and commercial buildings are in fact connected to the ARA of the Wangen-Wiedlisbach municipal association in Wangen adAare.


The community is very well developed in terms of transport. It is located on the main road 5 from Solothurn to Olten . The next connection to the A1 motorway (Bern-Zurich), which crosses the municipality, is around 3 km from the town center. On January 9, 1918, the narrow-gauge line of the Solothurn-Niederbipp-Bahn was put into operation with a station in Oberbipp. Today the route is operated by the Aare Seeland .


The first mention of a school in Oberbipp can be found as early as 1673. The lessons were given by the local pastor. The classroom was on the 1st floor of the "Buchistöcklis", which was rebuilt in 1823 after a major fire. In 1823, today's parish hall was the first schoolhouse to be built, even before it was divided into a community of citizens and residents. In 1935, two more classrooms were added with two bay extensions.

On the initiative of the women's association, a kindergarten was built from 1971 to 1972. In 1992 this was expanded and covered and new apartments were built.

From 1971 to 1973 the community built a new primary school facility with a multi-purpose hall and sports field. The school house was expanded and completely restored in 1994 and 1995.

The secondary school of the overall parish of Oberbipp has been in Wiedlisbach since it was founded in 1860. From 1860 to 1900 the secondary school students of the parishes of Wangen an der Aare and Niederbipp were also taught in Wiedlisbach. The founding of the secondary school Wiedlisbach is thanks to the pastors of the three parishes at the time.


Oberbipp Church
Aerial photo (1947)

The municipality of Oberbipp was inhabited very early, which was proven by the excavation of the remains of a Roman settlement. The first written mention of the place in the form of Pipinensis comes from the year 866; of 968 Pippa has been handed down. Bipp goes back to the Germanic personal name Bippo or Pippin and therefore means property of Bippo / Pippin . The differentiation as Oberbipp has only been known since the beginning of the 14th century : Bipo superioris (1302), Bippa supra (1318), Obern Bipp (1327), Obernbippa (1388) and Obern Bypp (1411).

Since the Middle Ages, Oberbipp has been under the Landgraviate of Buchsgau , which has been administered by the Counts of Frohburg since the 11th century . It belonged to the Bipp dominion , the western part of which came to the Counts of Neuchâtel-Nidau in 1297 . Even later, Oberbipp shared the fate of the Bipp rule. With this rule in 1413 the village came under the joint administration of Bern and Solothurn. After the division of Buchsgau, Oberbipp came under the sole sovereignty of the city of Bern in 1463, which organized the area in the Bipp bailiff. The bailiff resided at Bipp Castle above the village until 1798. After the last Vogt had to leave his seat as a result of the French invasion, the villagers plundered the castle and set it on fire.

In Helvetic , Oberbipp belonged to the district of Wangen and in mediation from 1803 to the Oberamt Wangen, which received the status of an official district with the new cantonal constitution of 1831.

Until 1829 there was a general community in Oberbipp, the administration of which was carried out by the Säckelmeister . The new Tellenreglement and the Bernese municipal law of December 20, 1833 made the separation between the civic community and the resident community inevitable. The elimination treaty of 1837 is still in force today, with minor changes. On July 19, 1832, Jakob Mägli was elected as the first mayor at the first community meeting, which was very well attended by 52 voters. Today, Thomas Beer is the 31st town councilor in one person. On April 1st, 2014 the 13th parish clerk Adrian Obi took up his post. Rudolf Felber was elected first clerk in 1832, at that time still in a part-time position.

coat of arms

The oldest and heraldically most valuable municipal coat of arms is in the choir of the village church, in a church window on the left, dating from 1659. It shows three fir trees on a green three-mountain.

On the occasion of the municipal coat of arms in the canton of Bern in 1947, the municipality received the current coat of arms: Three linden trees on a green Dreiberg reflect the topographical location. A view from the south towards the village shows the municipality's coat of arms in real life: the village center, nestled between two Jura terraces; on the one hand the Talackern with the "Schlossberg" to the west, on the other hand the Räben and the two bull pastures to the east show the green Dreiberg. One of these three heraldic linden trees is located on the Lindenplatz in the center of the village as well as on a knoll in front of Bipp Castle and at the Schützenhaus on the Untere Stierenweid. In the summer of 1976 three linden trees were planted as a symbolic coat of arms near the new school building.


Dolmen of Oberbipp

The Oberbipp dolmen was discovered in 2011 when a large granite slab in a pasture turned out to be the ceiling slab of a Neolithic collective grave. The Oberbipp dolmen is a type of grave rarely preserved in Switzerland. The excavations have been completed and the dolmen has found a new resting place between the cemetery and the church.

According to excavations, the village church goes back to a Carolingian church, which was later replaced by a Romanesque basilica. In the course of extensive excavations starting in 1959, the foundations of the previous buildings and the remains of a Roman villa from the 2nd century AD, which are now open to the public, were uncovered under the church. The current building of the church was built in 1686 according to plans by Abraham Dünz , while the front tower still comes from the previous building from around 1487.

The rectory was built from 1629 to 1630.

In the old village center, characteristic farm and town houses as well as storage buildings from the 17th to 19th centuries have been preserved. Since 1988 the town center has been listed in the inventory of places worth protecting in Switzerland as a settlement group of national importance.

On a hill above the village is Bipp Castle , the center of the former Bipp rule and then the Bipp bailiff. The castle, which was founded in the 13th century and later changed several times, was burned down in 1798 and has since gradually fallen into ruin. In 1852 the area became the property of a Basel family who built the manor house on the site of the former granary in 1855. The ruins and curtain walls of the old castle have been restored. The castle area is privately owned and is not freely accessible.

See also

Web links

Commons : Oberbipp  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Permanent resident population from STAT-TAB of the BfS , municipalities see also regional portraits 2020 on bfs.admin.ch, accessed on May 29, 2020
  2. ^ BZ Langenthaler Tagblatt: Step by step to the senior center. Retrieved January 27, 2020 .