Quirinus-Gymnasium Neuss

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Quirinus High School
Catholic journeyman's house Neuss 2.JPG
The former Catholic journeyman's house, in which part of the school is housed. The bridge connects both school buildings with each other.
type of school Humanistic high school
School number 165130
founding 1302/1616

Sternstrasse 49
41460 Neuss

place Neuss
country North Rhine-Westphalia
Country Germany
Coordinates 51 ° 11 '49 "  N , 6 ° 40' 59"  E Coordinates: 51 ° 11 '49 "  N , 6 ° 40' 59"  E
carrier City of Neuss
student 1060 (as of: school year 2014/2015)
Teachers 85 (as of: school year 2014/2015)
management Ulrich Dauben
Website quirinusgymnasium.de

The Quirinus-Gymnasium Neuss is a Neuss- Gymnasium whose namesake is the Roman tribune and martyr Quirinus von Neuss . The school with a humanistic profile has its roots in the municipal Neuss Latin School , which was first mentioned in 1302, and the Jesuit grammar school founded in 1616 . It is one of the oldest in the German-speaking area .


An exact founding date of the school is not known. The school was first mentioned in a document on October 4, 1302 as the Neuss Latin School under the leadership of Magister Johannes. Under the rector Heinrich Schirmer, the Latin school was expanded to four classes in 1562 and thus received the status of a humanistic grammar school according to the standards of the time . On November 14, 1616, the Jesuits began teaching in three classes in the Neuss Jesuit monastery between Oberstrasse and Mühlenstrasse. The headmaster at the time was Goswinus Nickel , who later became the general of the Jesuits. The Jesuit monastery in which the school was housed no longer exists today. The only remnant of the monastery is the Neuss Jesuit tower at the Jesuitenhof. The Latin school continued as a one-year preparatory school for the grammar school. In 1619 the school was completed with five classes. The number of initially 20 students rose rapidly and in 1666 reached the highest level of 258 students.

In 1772, after the abolition of the Jesuit order, teaching was initially continued by ex-Jesuits and secular clergy. The Observants, a sub-group of the Franciscans , took over the school in 1783. The school building was the Observant Monastery at Freithof, located next to the Neuss armory and in the immediate vicinity of the Quirinus Minster . In the first years of the beginning of the French occupation of the Rhineland, the Franziskaner-Gymnasium remained in existence in 1794. In the course of secularization , the Observant Monastery was also dissolved in 1802. The school passed into municipal sponsorship and became école secondaire and collège based on the French model in 1803 after it was merged with the Latin school and the German school. From 1810, classes were held in six classes. In 1814, after the French left, the school remained in the ownership of the city. The "Collegium Novesiense" was only a Progymnasium according to the standard of the Prussian school system. About 100 students are taught during this time. In connection with the establishment of a boys' seminar in Neuss ( Collegium Marianum ), the school was expanded in 1852 to a full high school with nine years of instruction and a high school diploma. The number of students rose to 359 in the school year 1869/70.

In 1875 the school was taken over by the state of Prussia as the Royal High School . On January 7, 1889, the new school building on Breite Straße (today Neuss District Court ) was inaugurated. At that time the headmaster was Karl Tücking. By the First World War the number of students increased to 420. The end of the First World War brought with it the abolition of the German monarchies and the renaming of the “Royal” to a “State High School”. The number of students peaked at 573 in 1929, but fell again in the 1930s. For the inauguration of an extension on Kanalstrasse on November 10, 1930, the name "Quirinus-Gymnasium" was ministerially approved. The name "Quirinus-Gymnasium", which was abolished again under the National Socialists, was reintroduced by decree of September 7, 1956.

At the beginning of 1974 the city of Neuss took over the school administration again. On January 29, 1979, the new building on the former premises of the Collegium Marianum and the journeyman's house on Breite Strasse and Sternstrasse was occupied and inaugurated on September 8 by the Archbishop of Cologne, Cardinal Joseph Höffner . The new building had become necessary due to the sharp increase in the number of students in the 1970s (peak 1140 in the school year 1981/82). One can safely assume that Cardinal Joseph Frings , who resigned as Archbishop of Cologne but is still very active, campaigned in the mid-1970s for the sale of the site for the construction of the new domicile of his old school. In 1984 the Quirinus-Gymnasium took part in the official ceremony “2000 Years of Neuss” in the town hall of Neuss with the historical slapstick “The Romans are coming”. In 1991, at the request of the school conference, the City Council of Neuss decided to introduce coeducation at the Quirinus Gymnasium. In 1995 the graduation ceremony of the federal Latin competition for the state of North Rhine-Westphalia took place as part of a large school festival at the Quirinus-Gymnasium. In 1997 the first class instrumental lessons (string and brass groups in sixth and fifth) took place in cooperation with the music school in Neuss. The Quirinus-Gymnasium participated in the Quirinus year 2000 with numerous works of art, including a large-format glass window. The "Quirinusical", a musical comedy about the beginning of the Quirinus worship in Neuss, brought it to numerous performances in the anniversary year. In 2008 the number of pupils reached a new high with 1280 pupils. On February 27, 2010, the Mathematics Olympiad of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia was held at the Quirinus Gymnasium. On July 1st, 2016 the Quirinus-Gymnasium celebrated its 400 years with invited guests and former students; The keynote speaker at the ceremony, which was also attended by Federal Health Minister Hermann Gröhe and the North Rhine-Westphalian School Minister and Deputy Prime Minister Sylvia Löhrmann , was FAZ editor Jürgen Kaube . In 2017, the high school graduates of the year brought the school to the nationwide media with a failed Abistreich.

The Neuss District Court is currently located in the former building of the Quirinus Gymnasium. The entrance portal of the building is characterized, among other things, by columns, shell niches and lion heads.

Linguistic offer

The Quirinus Gymnasium is known for offering a wide range of languages ​​to its students. It ranges from Latin and English (both from grade 5) to French (from grade 6) to ancient Greek (from grade 8). There is also a choice of billingual specialist courses (e.g. in geography) and study groups in Spanish and Italian. Due to the more than 700-year history of the school, great importance is attached to modern foreign languages as well as ancient languages , which is reflected in the possible acquisition of Latinum and Graecum . Latin, English and French can be taken as advanced courses in the upper level and ancient Greek is also possible as an Abitur subject in the basic course. In French, DELF and DALF exams can be taken regularly . In the upper level, a course in business English can still be taken in addition to English lessons. It is also possible for the students to take the Cambridge Proficiency Certificate .


The library of the Quirinus Gymnasium contains around 1130 titles from the period up to 1900. 11 titles come from the 16th century, 32 titles from the 17th century and 126 titles from the 18th century. Around 940 titles can be assigned to editions of the 19th century. There is no exact release date for the remaining titles. The school's oldest book is a Latin edition of the works of Flavius ​​Josephus , published in 1514 . Two complete sheets of parchment from a medical manuscript from the 14th century are used in its cover. Most of the works in the library deal with antiquity and German history , as well as classical philology . Around half of the entire collection is therefore written in Latin and ancient Greek. Further works in the library are divided into various thematic individual groups, the most valuable books of which include three botanical works from the "Old Library".

List of school principals

  • ~ 1302: Magister Johannes
  • 1562–1585: Heinrich Schirmer
  • 1616-1620: Goswinus Nickel
  • 1806–1825: Theodor Glasmacher
  • 1852–1871: Carl Menn
  • 1873–1896: Karl Tücking
  • 1898–1911: Johannes Zenses
  • 1914–1923: Paul Fischer
  • 1923–1934: Prelate Lambert Heuken
  • 1934–1944: Heinrich Klemmer
  • 1945–1956: Ferdinand Krüppel
  • 1956–1963: Josef Hasbach
  • 1964–1971: Eugen Söhngen
  • 1971–1990: Ulrich Schwarz
  • 1990–2012: Johannes Hamacher
  • Since 2012: Ulrich Dauben

Known students

Sources and literature

  • Collegium zu Neuss (Ed.): Invitation to the public examination of the students of the Collegium zu Neuss . Neuss 1832–1845 ( digital copy born 1832–1833; 1840–1845)
  • Collegium zu Neuss (Ed.): For the public examination of the students of the Collegium zu Neuss . Neuss 1846 ( digitized version )
  • Progymnasium and Realschule zu Neuss (ed.): Program with which the students of the Progymnasium and Realschule zu Neuss ... devotedly invite to public exams and speech exercises . Neuss 1847-1851 ( digitized version )
  • Gymnasium and Realschule zu Neuss (Hrsg.): Annual report on the Gymnasium and Realschule zu Neuss . Neuss 1852-1859 ( digitized version )
  • Gymnasium zu Neuss (ed.): Annual report . Schwann, Neuss 1860–1874 ( digitized version )
  • Royal Gymnasium and the Real-Department in Neuss associated with it (Ed.): Program of the Royal Gymnasium and the Real-Department in Neuss associated with it . Neuss 1876–1884 ( digitized version )
  • Königliches Gymnasium zu Neuss (ed.): Annual report on the Königl. High school in Neuss . Neuss 1885–1915 ( digitized version )

Web links

Commons : Quirinus Gymnasium Neuss  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. management. Retrieved January 28, 2014 .
  2. ^ Neuss: A journey through time in the history of the Quirinus-Gymnasium , rp-online.de , September 15, 2016
  3. Unsuccessful Abistreich in Neuss After a tasteless penis joke: School cuts program for Abifeier , focus.de, May 17, 2017
  4. Fabian Handbook of the Historical Book Holdings: Teacher's Library of the Quirinus-Gymnasium
  5. School history. Retrieved January 28, 2014 .
  6. ^ Former directors. Retrieved January 28, 2014 .
  7. Hamacher leaves "Quirinus" , article in the Neuss-Grevenbroicher newspaper from January 31, 2012