Schleinitz (noble family)
Schleinitz is a Meißnisches nobility family , from which (according to Balbins sources not proven information) the royal Bohemian cupbearer Ulrich von Slynicz is said to have belonged to the Bohemian gentry as early as 1184. The main seat that gave it its name was the Schleinitz moated castle in the municipality of Leuben-Schleinitz near Meißen .
The family first appears in a document on January 28, 1255 with Johannes de Zlinicz and the reliable line of tribe begins around 1290 with Hermann von Schleinitz .
In 1465 Haubold (Hugold or Haugold) the Elder von Schleinitz (* around 1425, † 1490) appears, from 1481 on at Tollenstein Castle near Warnsdorf and on Schluckenau in northern Bohemia . His two sons are Heinrich, at Hohnstein Castle (* around 1450; † 14 February 1518), Obermarschall in Meißen and Hugold (the younger), at Schleinitz Castle (* around 1455; † around 1512). The Schleinitz headquarters remained in the family's possession until 1594, when Abraham von Schleinitz bequeathed it to his daughter Maria and her husband Christoph von Loß (1574–1620) .
The von Schleinitz were among others in the places Altoschatz , Bedra , Blankenburg , Bornitz , Canitz , Schloss Dahlen , Eisenberg , Gnandstein , Grödel , Grub (e) nitz , Hedersleben , Hof , Jahnishausen , Mautitz , Merseburg , Mosen , Mückenberg , Neschwitz , Neudeck , Niederjahna , Ochsensaal , Ottersitz , Ragewitz , Rumburk , Saathain , Schieritz Castle , Seerhausen , Stauchitz , Steinbach, Tautenburg , Treben , Wendischbora , Zöschau resident. The Meissen line died out in 1891 with the death of Hermann Otto von Schleinitz. Another line existed in Prussia.
Old castle in courtyard
Nobility elevations or confirmations of nobility
- Bohemian baron status confirmation with the name "Baron zu Tollenstein and Schluckenau" on May 1, 1532 in Regensburg for the brothers Ernst and Georg von Schleinitz and their cousins Hans and Simon Juda von Schleinitz with a diploma from Emperor Karl V.
- Confirmation of the status of a baron with the name “auf Tolnstein und Schluckenau” on October 20, 1560 in Vienna for the brothers and cousins Georg , Hans and Christoph von Schleunitz .
- Imperial count status in Prague on September 27, 1562 for Georg Freiherr von Schleinitz , landlord of Tolenstein and Schluckenau in Bohemia.
- Bohemian inkolat in 1570 for Christopher (the elder), Hans Hugold and Abraham on Hainspach in the Leitmeritz district
- Herbländisch-Austrian baron on August 30, 1590 for the imperial councilor Christoph von Schleinitz .
- Confirmation of the status of baron in Braunschweig on December 20, 1853 in Braunschweig for the Minister of State of Braunschweig, Wilhelm Freiherr von Schleinitz .
- Prussian count ad personam on June 15, 1879 in Berlin for Wilhelm's brother Alexander Freiherr von Schleinitz , royal Prussian state minister and minister of the royal house.
coat of arms
- The family coat of arms (oldest seal from 1350) shows in the split shield on the right a red rose in silver, on the left in red two silver roses by stake. On the helmet with red and silver covers a silver and a red buffalo horn .
- The coat of arms from 1879 has the same shield. On the helmet with red and silver covers a red rose between a silver and a red buffalo horn. Shield holders are two resisting, royal crowned, gold-armored and red-tongued black eagles , the wings each covered with golden clover stems , the chest with a shield embroidered in silver and black. Motto: Be ready .
Known family members
- Hugold III. von Schleinitz (on Schleinitz and Kriebstein ) († 1490), Obermarschall of the Electors Ernst and Albrecht of Saxony and chairman of the court court "under the red tower of Meißen"
- Johann II von Schleinitz († November 30, 1434), Bishop of Naumburg (1422–1434)
- Peter von Schleinitz († August 26, 1463), Bishop of Naumburg (1434–1463)
- Heinrich von Schleinitz († 1515), electoral Saxon chief marshal , lord of the "Schleinitzer Ländchen" in the border area of Northern Bohemia / Upper Lusatia, today Schluckenauer Zipfel or Bohemian Netherlands
- Heinrich von Schleinitz († 1526), abbot of the Benedictine monastery of Chemnitz (1483–1522)
- Ernst von Schleinitz († 1548), cathedral propst to Meissen and Prague, Lord of Tollenstein and Schluckenau in Northern Bohemia, Bohemian baron , opponent of the Reformation
- Vincenz von Schleinitz-Eulau († March 21, 1535), from 1505 canon and cantor, bishop of Merseburg (1526–1535)
- Georg von Schleinitz († 1565), Bohemian baron, landlord of the Schleinitzer Ländchen in Schluckenauer Zipfel, opponent of the Reformation
- Johann VII von Schleinitz († October 13, 1537), from 1499 cathedral cantor of Meißen and canon of Naumburg, since 1518 as Johann VII. Bishop of Meißen , was a bitter opponent of Martin Luther
- Hans Georg von Schleinitz (1599–1666), German administrative officer and occasional poet
- Maximilian Rudolf von Schleinitz (1606–1675), first bishop of Leitmeritz (1655–1675)
- Andreas Dietrich von Schleinitz (1738–1808), Prussian major general
- Karl von Schleinitz (1751–1807), President of the Supreme Court
- Wilhelm Karl Ferdinand von Schleinitz (1756–1837), Braunschweig Minister of State
- Ludwig von Schleinitz (1763–1825), Prussian district administrator
- Gustav von Schleinitz (1785–1858), Prussian major general
- Wilhelm von Schleinitz (1794–1856), Minister of the Interior, Justice and Foreign Affairs in the Duchy of Braunschweig
- Johann Eduard von Schleinitz (1798–1869), Prussian administrative officer, High President of the Province of Silesia (1848–1869)
- Emil von Schleinitz (1800–1885), Prussian major general
- Julius von Schleinitz (1806–1865), Prussian civil servant and politician
- Alexander von Schleinitz (1807–1885), Prussian Minister of State, Minister for Foreign Affairs 1858–1861, from the end of 1861 Minister of the Royal House, brother of the previous one
- Marie Countess von Schleinitz-Wolkenstein (1842–1912), Berlin Salonière, wife of the previous one
- Adalbert von Schleinitz (1822–1896), Prussian lieutenant general
- Georg von Schleinitz (1834–1910), German Vice Admiral, circumnavigator, South Sea explorer, first governor of German New Guinea
- Leo von Schleinitz (1841–1915), Prussian lieutenant general
- Werner von Schleinitz (1842–1905), district administrator and member of the German Reichstag
- Kurt von Schleinitz (1859–1928), Prussian major general and colonial officer
- Hans Joachim von Schleinitz (1892–1942), German lieutenant general in World War II
- Siegmund von Schleinitz (1890–1968), German lieutenant general in World War II
- Wolf-Dietrich von Schleinitz (1899–1963), German major general in the Wehrmacht, later brigadier general in the Bundeswehr
- Julian von Schleinitz (* 1991), German luge rider
- Kilian von Schleinitz (* 1994), German skeleton pilot
- Gothaic genealogical paperbacks. baronial houses. Schleinitz (Meißen) 1858, 1864, 1914 and 1940; Schleinitz (1893), 1929, 1933.
- Hermann Knothe: History of the Schleinitzer Ländchen. In: New Lusatian Magazine. XXXIX, 1862.
- Ernst Heinrich Kneschke : New general German nobility lexicon . Volume 8. Friedrich Voigt'sche Buchhandlung, Leipzig 1868, page 195 ( books.google.de )
- Emil Freiherr von Schleinitz: History of the Schleinitz family. of "a member of the sex". Verlag R. Eisenschmidt, Berlin 1897, urn: nbn: de: bsz: 14-db-id4021084261
- Otto Eduard Schmidt: The Lommatzscher care and the gender of those von Schleinitz. 1906.
- Procházka novel : Genealogical handbook of extinct Bohemian gentry families. Supplementary volume, edited by the board of the Collegium Carolinum (Institute) . R. Oldenbourg, Munich 1990, lineage Schleinitz (Ssleynicz) in Böhmen, pp. 121–123; further text passages to the von Schleinitz in the register on page 204, ISBN 3-486-54051-3 .
- Genealogical manual of the nobility . Nobility Lexicon. Volume XII, p. 466, Volume 125 of the complete series. CA Starke Verlag, Limburg (Lahn) 2001, ISBN 3-7980-0825-6 .
- Franz Menges: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 23, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2007, ISBN 978-3-428-11204-3 , p. 57 f. ( ). In:
- Hans-Jürgen Pohl: From the history of the von Schleinitz family. Publishing, Advertising and Philaservice Robert Schmidt, Oschatz 2010.
- Coat of arms of the v. Schleinitz in Siebmacher's coat of arms book from 1605
- Coat of arms of the v. Schleinitz in the Book of Arms of the Holy Roman Empire, Nuremberg around 1554–1568
- Coat of arms of the v. Schleinitz in the register of coats of arms especially of German families, Augsburg 1515
- The von Schleinitz family in the Wildenfels Castle Archives
- Saxon Main Archives Dresden