|Area :||85.07 km²|
|Residents:||7169 (Jan 1, 2019)|
|Population density:||84 inhabitants per km²|
|Mayor:||Thierry de Bournonville ( MR- LB)|
Local government address :
Place Saint Remacle, 32
Stavelot is one of the oldest places in Belgium. The foundation of the Stablo monastery by Saint Remaclus on behalf of the house master Grimoald goes back to the year 648; the monastery was from the Merovingian Frankish king Sigibert III. endowed with property and belonged to the diocese of Liège . Together with the Malmedy Monastery ( Diocese of Cologne ) founded in 650 in the late Middle Ages , Stablo formed an imperial territory ( Imperial Abbey Stablo-Malmedy ) with a seat and vote in the Imperial Council of the Holy Roman Empire ; the head of the monastery held the title of prince abbot. The city was best known for the unique Meuse metal and goldsmith art.
The autonomy of the principality ended during the French Revolution in 1794. The Congress of Vienna finally separated Stavelot from the sister city and Abbey of Malmedy, which were annexed to Prussia . Stavelot was added to the United Kingdom of the Netherlands and joined newly established Belgium in 1830.
In the spring and summer of 1948 a trial against former members of the 1st SS Panzer Division "Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler" took place in Liège , which took place during the Battle of the Bulge on 18./19. December 1944 under the leadership of Joachim Peiper , who was also responsible for the Malmedy massacre , had committed war crimes against Belgian civilians. The trial was based on documentation from the Ministry of Justice in Brussels from May 1945. At the time, Stavelot was fiercely contested over a bridge there. The war crime is well documented thanks to the 1945 investigation.
coat of arms
In the upper part a bust of St. Remaclus, at the bottom a wolf leading stones in two baskets. Legend has it that the animal helped build the abbey.
- The old abbey (Ancienne Abbaye) was renovated in 2002 and houses three museums:
- A museum presents the history of the imperial abbey, with a detailed presentation of the important abbot Wibald von Stablo .
- A museum is dedicated to the French poet Guillaume Apollinaire , who in the summer of 1899 spent three months in Stavelot that were important for his work.
- There is also a museum dedicated to the Circuit of Spa-Francorchamps, with an exhibition of numerous racing cars and motorcycles, as well as documents and photos on the development of the circuit and the racing highlights.
- The foundation walls of the abbey date from the 11th century. The individual buildings of the monastery are connected by glass corridors. The abbey is on the list of 159 cultural heritage sites in Wallonia.
- Special exhibitions take place at regular intervals, e.g. B. 2016/2017 The Knights Templar . Between myth and reality .
- The so-called “Rest” of Stavelot is located around the Place Saint-Remacle . There are picturesque half-timbered houses in small alleys and a platform from 1769.
- The ruins of the Saint-Remaklus abbey church in the run-up to the abbey. The church was demolished by two citizens of Stavelot from 1795 after they bought the church from the revolutionary government.
- Saint Sébastien church with the Remaklus shrine, which is a testimony to the high-quality Maasland goldsmithing. The bones of the saint have been in the church since 1268.
- Racetrack Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps , where the Belgian Grand Prix takes place.
- High Fens nature reserve
- The carnival at Laetare with the Blancs-Moussis 1449 got Stablo a new abbot, this forbade the monks the Mitfastentreiben. As a sign of protest, the citizens put on white hooded robes, hid their faces behind masks with long red noses and waved pig bladders through the streets. Originally the festival of mid-fast took place in the week before Laetare, in the 20th century it was moved to the days from Friday to Monday around Laetare.
- The theater and music festival takes place annually in May and July.
sons and daughters of the town
- François Prume (1816–1849), violinist and composer
- Albert Counson (1880–1933), Romance studies
- Raymond Micha (1910-2006), musician and composer (honorary citizen)
- Lionel Syne (* 1976), racing cyclist
Associated with Stavelot
- Master of the Stavelot portable altar , early medieval goldsmith
In 1986 there was an accident with a coach that left eight dead. After that, the dangerous and steep descent was closed to vehicles over seven tons.
On June 29, 1998, a truck loaded with combustible paint drove down the steep Haute Levée descent (13% gradient) at the same place, although the road is closed to vehicles weighing more than seven tons. There was a brake failure and a collision with the built-up area. A major fire developed in which around 20 historic houses were badly damaged.
- Bruno Kartheuser (Ed.): War Crimes Stavelot, December 1944. Documentation - Crimes de guerre Stavelot, decembre 1944. Krautgarten, St. Vith 1994.
- Bruno Kartheuser (Ed.): War Crimes Stavelot, December 1944. Documentation - Crimes de guerre Stavelot, December 1944. Krautgarten, St. Vith 1994
- The Knights Templar. Between myth and reality abbayedestavelot.be, accessed on July 5, 2016
- Between myth and reality: Exhibition in Stavelot about the Knights Templar brf.be from June 16, 2016, accessed on July 5, 2016
- Exhibition about the Knights Templar in Belgium nwzonline.de from May 24, 2016, accessed on July 5, 2016
- Preface: Arthur Haulot. Brief report from the Liège Trial in 1948. Fully bilingual. The book reproduces the investigation report published in 1946 by the commission of the Belgian Ministry of Justice on the murders of the civilian population committed by the SS in Stavelot and the surrounding area, here also in German. With a commemorative contribution by René Roussaux “Memorial stones and afterlife”, whose parents were among the murdered. A short article reports on the trial that brought ten subordinate members of the "Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler" to a court in Liège as defendants. Nine were convicted and one acquitted.