|Area :||150.48 km²|
|Residents:||5478 (Jan. 1, 2019)|
|Population density:||36 inhabitants per km²|
|Post Code:||4760 (Büllingen, Manderfeld)
Local government address :
Büllingen ( Bullange in French ) is the largest municipality in the German-speaking Community (DG) in Belgium and the easternmost municipality in the country. The population is 5478 (as of January 1, 2019).
The municipality of Büllingen borders on the Belgian municipalities of Bütgenbach , Amel and St. Vith as well as the German association municipality Prüm , Eifelkreis Bitburg-Prüm in Rhineland-Palatinate , the municipality Hellenthal , district Euskirchen and Monschau , city region Aachen in North Rhine-Westphalia . In the municipality, Losheimergraben at 677.5 m is also the highest village and the second highest point in Belgium, the White Stone at 692 m.
Around 46.5 percent of the municipality's area is forested. These forests cover the entire north and north-east of Büllingen, and an extensive forest belt extends from north-east to south-west right through the middle of the larger municipality. This divides the community into two main settlement areas: On the one hand the area around the main town Büllingen in the northwest of the large community, where the settlement structure is determined by medium-sized and larger villages. On the other hand, the Manderfelder Land in the southeast, this is characterized by numerous small and tiny villages.
The northern municipality borders on the Elsenborn military training area .
A total of 27 localities belong to the large municipality of Büllingen.
Büllingen was first mentioned in 850 AD as the royal court of Bulinge .
The current municipality of Büllingen was newly formed in 1977 as part of the Belgian municipality merger from the following (old) municipalities:
- Büllingen with Honsfeld , Hünningen and Mürringen
- Manderfeld with Afst, Allmuthen, Berterath , Buchholz, Hasenvenn, Hergersberg , Holzheim , Hüllscheid, Igelmonderhof, Igelmondermühle, Kehr , Krewinkel , Lanzerath , Losheimergraben , Merlscheid and Weckerath
- Rocherath with Krinkelt and Wirtzfeld
- A small part of Schönberg , consisting of Andlermühle, Eimerscheid and Medendorf
In the winter of 1944/45, the current municipal area was the scene of the so-called Ardennes offensive (company "Wacht am Rhein") and numerous localities (especially the twin localities of Rocherath-Krinkelt) were almost completely destroyed.
Economy and land use
- Forestry and forestry
- Furniture industry
- Fahrzeugbau Faymonville AG , manufacturer of trailers for special and heavy haulage.
- Building trade and building trade
- Agriculture: especially dairy farming
- The small Büllingen airfield is located northeast of the town center.
The total area of the municipality of Büllingen of 150.48 km² is divided into the following uses:
- 67.29 km² forest area
- 74.33 km² meadows, arable land and wasteland
- 8.64 km² of arable land
- 0.22 km² industrial area
The railway line of the former Vennquerbahn was expanded into a hiking and cycling route ( RAVeL network line 45a Waimes-Jünkerath ), with a connection both in Weywertz to the Vennbahn line and in Jünkerath to the German cycle path network.
- Berni Collas (1954–2010), politician
- Robert Nelles (* 1958), politician
- Bernd Rauw (* 1980), soccer player
- Louis Siquet (* 1946), politician
- Old country at work. The Königshof Büllingen in the rearview mirror of the time . St. Vith 1990.
- Arnold Ortmanns: The Franconian royal court Büllingen, publisher: Gustav Schmidt , Aachen 1904.
- Vom Weißwein im Bocksvenn: Municipality of Büllingen , in: Zs. Ostbelgische Chronik, No. 5, 1962, pp. 69–73.
- Archive link ( Memento of the original from December 28, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- DGStat: Natur und Wald , accessed on March 22, 2014
- Arnold Ortmanns: The Franconian royal court Büllingen . Gustav Schmidt, pp. 18/21, Aachen 1904.
- Cycle easily over 28 bridges , Kölnische Rundschau, accessed on June 6, 2011