Albert Fert

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Albert Fert in January 2009

Albert Louis François Fert (born March 7, 1938 in Carcassonne , Aude ) is a French physicist and winner of the 2007 Nobel Prize in Physics .

life and work

Albert Fert was born as the son of the physicist Charles Fert and the teacher Irmine Fert born. Signoles born. His brother André, who is one year younger, is also a physicist.

After attending the Pierre-de-Fermat high school in Toulouse , he studied mathematics and physics at the École Normale Supérieure (Rue d'Ulm) in Paris from 1957 to 1962 . From 1962 to 1964 he was an assistant at the University of Grenoble and completed his thesis Résonance magnétique nucléaire de l'hydrogène absorbé par le palladium ( nuclear magnetic resonance of hydrogen absorbed on palladium ). From 1964 to 1965 he did military service and then went to the University of Paris-South as a senior assistant . There he received his doctorate in 1970 with a thesis on the transport properties of iron and nickel and took over the leadership of a research group. Since 1976 he has been teaching there as a professor. Since 1995 he has also been the scientific director of the joint laboratory of his university, which he co-founded, and the Center national de la recherche scientifique .

In 1988, Fert's group discovered the GMR effect in thin layers of iron and chromium. A little later, Peter Grünberg's group published similar test results based on independent research. This effect allowed the construction of extremely sensitive read heads, which are used in almost all hard drives today. This enabled the storage density to be increased considerably. For these discoveries, he and Peter Grünberg received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2007 . In addition, Fert made important contributions to spintronics .

On July 20, 1967, he married Marie-Josée Ortega, with whom he has two children. His hobbies are jazz, photography and cinema, as well as rugby, tennis and windsurfing.


Albert Fert published over 300 articles in scientific journals. He also published:

  • Propriétés de transport electrique dans le nickel et le fer . Dissertation, Paris 1970
  • with IA Campbell: Transport properties of ferromagnets . in: Erich Peter Wohlfarth (Ed.): Ferromagnetic Materials . Volume 3, North Holland, Amsterdam [u. a.] 1982, ISBN 0-444-86378-8
  • with P. Bruno: Interlayer coupling and magnetoresistances in multilayers . In: J. Anthony C. Bland (Ed.): Ultrathin Magnetic Structures . Volume 2, Springer, Berlin 1994, ISBN 3-540-57687-8
  • with A. Barthélémy and F. Petroff: Giant Magnetoresistance of Magnetic Multilayers . In: Kurt Heinz Jürgen Buschow (Ed.): Handbook of Magnetic Materials . Volume 12, North Holland, Amsterdam [u. a.] 1999, ISBN 0-444-50249-1




  1. Information from the Nobel Foundation on the 2007 award ceremony for Albert Fert (English)
  2. For more information on his father see: Hubert Coudanne and Paul Pastour: Hommage à Charles Fert . In: Bulletin de L'Association des anciens élèves et des élèves . No. 223, June 2004, p. 28f., Pdf ( Memento from September 30, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
  3. Baibich et al .: Giant Magnetoresistance of (001) Fe / (001) Cr Magnetic Superlattices . In: Physical Review Letters . Volume 61, 1988, pp. 2472-2475
  4. Binasch et al .: Enhanced magnetoresistance in layered magnetic structures with antiferromagnetic interlayer exchange . In: Physical Review . Volume B 39, 1989, pp. 4828-4830
  5. Awards and honors from the Technical University of Kaiserslautern. Retrieved July 1, 2019 .
  6. Doctorate honoris causa draw en 2013 at the University of Montreal (; accessed on January 31, 2014


Web links

Commons : Albert Fert  - collection of images, videos and audio files