Corps Palatia Munich
|coat of arms||Circle|
|Place of foundation:||Landshut|
|Corporation association :||Kösener Seniors Convent Association|
|Cap:||red flat cap|
|Type of Confederation:||Men's association|
|Position to the scale :||mandatory|
|Motto:||"Fortuna virtutis comes!" (Latin. Luck favors the brave / the able)|
|Gun motto:||"Ensis sit noster vindex!" (Latin. The sword is our avenger!)|
The Corps Palatia Munich is a student association in the Munich Senior Citizens' Convention . The corps is a member of the Kösener Seniors Convents Association and is responsible for the scale and color . It brings together students and alumni from Munich universities. The corps members are called Munich Palatinate.
Colors and circles
Palatia has the colors crimson-royal blue-silver-white with silver percussion. A red cap is worn for this. The foxes wear a fox ribbon in crimson-royal blue.
Their circular saying is: "Circulus fratrum Palatiae vivat" (Latin. The circle of the Palatinate Brothers live) or "Vivat, crescat, floreat" (Latin. He live, grow, prosper). The motto is "Fortuna virtutis comes!" (Lat. Luck favors the brave / the able), the weapon slogan "Ensis sit noster vindex!" (Lat. The sword be our avenger!).
On June 20, 1813, students from the Upper Palatinate founded a Palatinate Landsmannschaft at what was then the University of Landshut , the state university in the Kingdom of Bavaria . To mark their origins, they chose crimson for Regensburg , the capital of the Upper Palatinate, royal blue and silver-white for Bavaria. After temporary suppression by the university authorities, it was reconstituted in the winter semester of 1816/17 and formed a senior citizens' convent with Swabia and Bavaria . In the fall of 1826, the State University was moved from Landshut to Munich and reopened on November 15, 1826. The four corps at that time also moved to Munich and were officially recognized by a royal rescript of July 31, 1827.
The Lola Montez affair
In 1847 the Palatia got caught up in the scandal surrounding Lola Montez , the concubine of King Ludwig I of Bavaria . Montez began a sexual relationship with Elias Peißner, then senior citizen of the Palatinate, in 1847 and was able to get him and some of his corps brothers to join her as bodyguards under the new corps name Alemannia. When those involved were excluded from the Palatia because of this, the royal request followed to reverse this. Since the Palatia refused to do this and all the other Munich corps were also hostile to the Alemannia, there were unrest in the university and protests by the Munich population. Among other things, Karl von Schrenck von Notzing , Bavarian Minister of Justice and old man of the Palatia, signed a memorandum against Lola Montez and in February 1847 resigned from the civil service with all other ministers.
On February 9, 1848, Ludwig ordered the immediate closure of the University of Munich until the winter semester 1848/49 and ordered all students to leave the city within three days. On February 10, 1848, students and other citizens moved in front of the residence and riots broke out in the city. Due to public pressure, the university reopened the next day and the king decided to exile his beloved, who fled to Switzerland on February 11th. The unrest surrounding the March Revolution spread to the storming of the Munich armory on March 4, 1848. On March 16, 1848, there was renewed unrest because Montez had come back to Munich after his exile. Ludwig had to have the police searched for her on March 17th. Finally, King Ludwig I had to abdicate on March 20, 1848 in favor of his son Maximilian II .
The corps in the Kösener SC association
In 1862, the Munich Corps, including Palatia, became a member of the Kösener Senior Citizens 'Convents Association, which has united the senior citizens' conventions of several universities since 1848. In the 1870s Palatia established relationships with corps in other university towns , for example with Suevia Freiburg in 1877 , and cultivated a lively exchange of members. On May 18, 1877, the conversion from the life corps to the weapons corps was formally completed. In 1882, the corps principle was laid down again in the statutes, which forbade the Palatine from membership in other corps. At the same time, the official relationship with Suevia Freiburg was ended. In 1901/02, the company built its own corp house on Reitmorstrasse in Munich-Lehel . Corps operations were restricted during the First World War. An entertainment home for the wounded was housed on the corp house from 1915 to 1917 .
Due to increasing repression by the Nazi regime, Palatia officially ceased operations on May 18, 1936. Scale lengths were struck up until 1937. In 1938 the old rulers took over the care of the Nazi comradeship Friedrich Friesen , who found their domicile in the Palatinate House . Around 70% of the old men also belonged to the comradeship, which increasingly assumed corporate features. She placed herself in the tradition of the corps, but did not fight any qualifying degrees.
Corps operations from 1948
On January 20, 1948, the Corps was reconstituted. In 1953 the new house in Koeniginstrasse was ready to move into. Multiple memberships with other corps have been permitted again since 1969.
As an independent corps, Palatia maintains friendship relationships with Saxonia Vienna (since 1920) and Teutonia Graz (since 1993). After 1990, a relationship with Visigothia Rostock arose, which was also upgraded to a friendship relationship in July 2012.
Today's corp house at Koeniginstrasse 49 was opened on December 6, 1958. It replaced the old corp house in Reitmorstrasse, which was built by Eugen Drollinger and destroyed in the Second World War. On the property acquired in 1948, a one-storey building with a bar, dining and convent room, paukkeller, kitchen and caretaker's apartment was built in a first construction phase in 1953. The four-story extension took place from spring to November 1958. The new building also comprised two floors with ten activity rooms, making Palatia one of the first corps to have its own living area for active people.
In alphabetic order
- Adolf Ammon (1874–1958), industrialist
- Robert von Benda (1816–1899), MdR
- Anton Besold (1904–1991), politician (Bavarian Party, CSU)
- Gerhard Ludwig Binz (1895–1963), lawyer
- Gottfried Brem (* 1953), veterinarian, university lecturer in Munich and Vienna
- Friedrich du Prel (1798–1891), Bavarian government official
- Alois von Erhardt (1831–1888), First Mayor of Munich
- Ludwig Freiherr von Godin (1814–1898), Princely Hohenzollern Court Chamber President
- Max Grasmann (1875–1942), surgeon
- Franz von Greßer (1807–1880), Minister of Culture of Bavaria
- Eugen Gura (1869–1944), actor
- Oskar Haberstumpf (1886–1958), director of Mittlere Isar AG
- Aloys Hafenbrädl (1817–1883), Richter, MdR
- Georg Haindl (1881–1958), paper manufacturer and economic politician
- Georg Haindl (1914–1970), entrepreneur, President of the Augsburg Chamber of Commerce and Industry
- Josef Heldmann (1835–1910), mayor and honorary citizen of Amberg
- Georg Herzog (1884–1962), pathologist
- Anton Holzhey (1875–1945), paper manufacturer
- Otto Löscher (1910–1970), federal judge at the BGH
- Adolf von Neuffer (1845–1924), District President of the Palatinate
- Ludwig August von Müller (1846–1895), Bavarian Minister of Culture
- Max von Pausch (1842–1934), ministerial official in Bavaria's financial administration
- Friedrich von Podewils (1804–1863), district president
- Wilhelm Riedner (1877–1954), library director of the TH Munich
- Franz Ruland (1901–1964), Member of the Bundestag
- Gregor von Scherr (1804–1877), Archbishop of Munich and Freising
- Karl von Schrenck (1806–1884), member of the Frankfurt National Assembly, Bavarian State Minister, MdR
- Franz von Seitz (1811–1892), pharmacologist, rector of the University of Munich
- Ferdinand von Soyer (1810–1868), customs officer in the Palatinate, MdR
- Georg Sparrer (1877–1936), pharmacist, MdR
- Wolf Steininger (1907–1999), Lord Mayor of Amberg
- Kaspar von Steinsdorf (1797–1879), First Mayor of Munich
- Ludwig Vanino (1861–1944), chemist
- Klemens von Waldkirch (1806-1858), diplomat and statesman
- Franz Jacob Wigard (1807–1885), member of the Frankfurt National Assembly, MdR
- Heinrich Zapf (1871–1949), judge at the Reichsfinanzhof
Holder of the Klinggräff Medal
- Alexander Sollee (2012)
- Michael Heilmann (2020)
In alphabetic order
- Eduard Pohl'sche Buchdruck (publisher): Bundes-Fest-Lieder for the 70th anniversary celebration of the Corps Palatia zu Landshut on June 23, 24 and 25, 1883 . Amberg 1883.
- Paulgerhard Gladen (Ed.): Palatia Munich , in: Die Kösener and Weinheimer Corps , Hilden 2007, pp. 124–125.
- JF Rietsch'sche Buchdruck (publisher): The seventieth federal festival of the Corps "Palatia" celebrated in Landshut in the days of June 23rd to 25th, 1883. (A memorial sheet) , Landshut 1883
- Keppler's Buchdruckerei (publisher): Directory of the Philistines of the Student Corps Palatia from its establishment in Landshut on June 20, 1813 as a lifelong relationship until its conversion into an armed forces corps in Munich on May 18, 1877. In addition to reports on the directory , Passau 1877 ( Digitized )
- Joachim Kuhn: History of the Corps Palatia in Munich. 1813 to 1987 , ed. from the Bund Alter Münchner Pfälzer e. V. (Horst Ecker, Günter Besser and Carsten-Peter Kaerlein). Munich 1987.
- Wilhelm Fabricius: The German Corps. A historical representation of the development of the student liaison system in Germany up to 1813, the corps up to the present . 2nd Edition. Frankfurt am Main 1926, p. 278.
- Josef Schmidt: The Landsmannschaften in Landshut 1806 to 1814 . In: then and now. Yearbook of the Association for Corporate Student History Research 18 (1973), p. 67.
- Wilhelm Fabricius: The German Corps. A historical representation of the development of the student liaison system in Germany up to 1813, the corps up to the present . 2nd Edition. Frankfurt am Main 1926, p. 413.
- Cf. inter alia: Bruce Seymour: Lola Montez. A biography . Düsseldorf / Zurich 1998.
- Gerhard Saul: Courage before royal thrones. Lola Montez and the Munich Corps. In: then and now. Yearbook of the Association for Corporate Student History Research 19 (1974), pp. 98-103.
- Directory of the Philistines of the Student Corps Palatia from its establishment in Landshut on June 20, 1813 as a lifelong relationship until its conversion into an armed forces corps in Munich on May 18, 1877. Along with reports on the directory , Passau 1877.
- Erich Bauer: The comradeships in the area of the Kösener SC in the years 1937-1945 . In: then and now. Yearbook of the Association for Corporate Student History Research, Vol. 1 (1956), p. 30.
- Ernst Hans Eberhard : Handbook of the student liaison system. Leipzig, 1924/25, p. 96.
- house of the Munich Palatinate . In: Deutsche Corpszeitung 60 (1959), pp. 126–127.