Corps Bavaria Würzburg

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Corps Bavaria Würzburg

coat of arms Circle
Coat of arms of the Corps Bavaria Bavaria Würzburg (circle) .jpg
Basic data
University / s: Julius Maximilians University of Würzburg
Place of foundation: Wurzburg
Foundation date: March 1, 1815
Corporation association : KSCV
Colours: Dark blue-white-light blue
Type of Confederation: Men's association
Position to the scale : beating
Motto: Pro patria atque amicitia!

The Corps Bavaria Würzburg is a corps ( student association ) in the Kösener Seniors Convents Association (KSCV), the second oldest association of German student associations. The corps is obligatory and colored . It basically unites students and former students from the Julius Maximilians University of Würzburg and the University of Applied Sciences Würzburg-Schweinfurt . The corps members are called "Würzburger Bayern". The student union is based in a listed garden villa on Rottendorfer Straße in Würzburg-Frauenland.

Corp building of Bavaria Würzburg, Rottendorfer Str. 20
Corphaus, seen from the garden
Former corp house in Veitshöchheimer Str. 8


The student union has the colors "dark blue-white-light blue" with silver percussion . A dark blue flat cap with white and light blue colored stripes made of silk ribbon is worn. The foxes wear a fox ribbon in "dark blue and white" and a corresponding colored stripe on their hat.

The motto is “Pro patria atque amicitia!” (German: “For fatherland and friendship!”), The coat of arms slogan “Semper superiores!” (German: “Always the superior!”).


Members of the Corps Bavaria in the Würzburg university dungeon around 1828

The Corps Bavaria was founded on March 1st, 1815 by students at the University of Würzburg. After just a few semesters, Bavaria developed a fraternity tendency and dissolved on June 27, 1818. Many of its former members also participated in the founding of the Würzburg fraternity Germania, which shortly afterwards by the Corps of Würzburg Senior Convents with disrepute was occupied. The increasing suppression of the fraternity movement as a result of the Karlovy Vary resolutions of August 1819 finally led to the dissolution of Germania and on December 16, 1819 to the reconstitution of Bavaria, which some of the old Bavarians rejoined. On February 23, 1820 Bavaria was again accepted as a full member of the Würzburger SC.

Since 1827 student associations in Bavaria have been officially tolerated after submitting their statutes and lists of members. While the Corps Moenania and Franconia made use of this possibility early on, Bavaria did not submit a corresponding application until 1833 and received official approval with a letter from the Ministry of the Interior on February 9, 1836. Bavaria has been a member of the Kösener Seniors Convents Association (KSCV) since November 7, 1860 . Due to the structure of its relationships with other corps, the Corps Bavaria is counted as part of the " black circle " within the KSCV.

After the Corps refused to accept Bruno Stern, the son of the Jewish lawyer and Bavaria member Otto Stern, following the example of the Salia association founded in 1884 - Jewish students established their own associations in Würzburg from around 1896.

During the "Third Reich", the Corps Bavaria continued to exist temporarily underground after its dissolution on February 15, 1936 . For example, from 1943 to 1944, scales were fought illegally, and in the summer of 1944 an attempt was made to re-establish the Kösener Seniors' Convent Association , which was dissolved on August 28, 1935 , together with other corps . In January 1950 Bavaria was one of the 22 corps that formed the "Interest Group" and prepared the reconstitution of the KSCV.

The "Rector Max Meyer Prize", which has been awarded since 2013, is named after an old man of the Corps Bavaria, the former rector of the Max Meyer University . This prize is awarded every two years to outstanding dissertations at the University of Würzburg. The prize is donated by various corps student bodies and private individuals. The Corps Bavaria Würzburg is also involved.

In June 2015, the association celebrated its 200th foundation festival; The keynote speaker was the TB historian Guido Knopp . Other speakers at the celebrations were the former Federal Post Minister Wolfgang Bötsch and the State Secretary in the Bavarian Ministry of the Interior, Gerhard Eck .

Corp houses

In 1900 the Philistine Association acquired a classicist villa at Veitshöchheimer Strasse 8 with a 4500 square meter, park-like garden and had it converted for the purposes of the Corps. On the ground floor, in addition to the pub furnished in "old German" style and the convention room with library and archive, the furnishings included a garden salon, which the former governor of Cameroon, Eugen von Zimmerer , furnished with parts of his ethnological and zoological collection. On the upper floor there was a representation room in the Empire style with high pillar mirrors and Pompeian wall paintings, as well as the dining room, a music room, a small English salon and a dance hall, which took up the entire rear of the house. On the occasion of the 85th Federal Festival (Whitsun 1900) the property was handed over to the Corps for use.

In 1953 the student union acquired an old professor's villa on Rottendorfer Strasse in Würzburg-Frauenland, which today serves as a corp house. The building is listed under number D-6-63-000-484 in the Bavarian List of Monuments .

Well-known corps members

Various royal Bavarian State Ministers and other important politicians emerged from the Corps Bavaria. These include the Royal Bavarian Finance Ministers Josef Aschenbrenner , Georg von Berr and Benno von Pfeufer , the Royal Bavarian Justice Minister Eduard von Bomhard and the Bavarian State Minister of the Interior Friedrich von Brettreich . Rudolph von Roman , the long-time district president of Upper Franconia and honorary citizen of Bayreuth, was also a Bavarian from Würzburg, and Romanstrasse in Munich is still named after him. Eugen von Zimmerer became internationally known as envoy and authorized minister (1907), imperial commissioner for Togo (1888) and governor of Cameroon (1891). The Lindwurmstraße in Munich after the famous physician Joseph of dragon named, who was also the Corps Bavaria Würzburg. The physician Eugen Rosshirt was the first consenior of the corps.

Philipp Stöhr the Elder as inactive in the Corps in the summer semester of 1872
Wilhelm Daughtermann (1932)
Heinz Viebach, old man of the Corps Bavaria Würzburg and the Corps Hassia-Gießen in Mainz , headed the regular Kösener Congress (oKC) in 1955 as the local spokesman for the KSCV

Holder of the Klinggräff Medal

The Klinggräff Medal of the Stifterverein Alter Corpsstudenten was awarded to:

  • Wolfgang Stegmann (1989)


  • Karl Lotz: History of the Corps Bavaria 1815-1905 . o. O. 1905
  • Hans Stumm: The Würzburg Bavaria. The life path of the Corps Bavaria 1815 to 1975 , Munich 1976
  • Rolf-Joachim Baum: The Würzburg Bavaria part 2. Corps history in pictures , Munich 1985
  • Rolf-Joachim Baum: Seven letters on the history of the Würzburger Urburschenschaft and the Corps Bavaria July 1818-July 1819. In: Einst und Jetzt, Volume 27 (1982) pp. 211–228.
  • Rolf-Joachim Baum: The cresses near Bavaria Würzburg. In: Einst und Jetzt, Volume 27 (1982) pp. 243-249.
  • Rolf-Joachim Baum et al. (Ed.): Student Union and Corporations at the University of Würzburg 1582–1982. , Würzburg 1982, pp. 227-229.

Web links

Commons : Corps Bavaria Würzburg  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Ernst Hans Eberhard : Handbook of the student liaison system. Leipzig, 1924/25, p. 114.
  2. Meyers Konversationslexikon . 5th edition, Leipzig 1896, supplement to the article student associations .
  3. ^ Rolf-Joachim Baum: Seven letters on the history of the Würzburger Urburschenschaft and the Corps Bavaria July 1818 - July 1819 . In: then and now. Yearbook of the Association for Corporate Student History Research 27 (1982), pp. 211-228.
  4. ^ Georg Meyer-Erlach : The guarantee of the Würzburg student societies . In: Archive for Student and University History, Issue 1 (March 1933), p. 3.
  5. Ursula Gehring-Münzel: The Würzburg Jews from 1803 to the end of the First World War. In: Ulrich Wagner (Hrsg.): History of the city of Würzburg. Volume III / 1–2: From the transition to Bavaria to the 21st century. 2007, pp. 499-528 and 1306-1308, here: pp. 524 f.
  6. ^ Editing South: Rector Max Meyer Prize for Young Scientists . In: of December 10, 2013
  7. University of Würzburg: When low water stops planes . In: einBLICK from December 3, 2013 ( Memento from April 3, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
  8. Gideon Zoryiku: Würzburg. Open-mindedness and love of home . In: of June 21, 2015
  9. 85th Federal Festival of Bavaria in Würzburg and inauguration of the Corphaus . In: Academische Monatshefte 17 (1900/1901), pp. 157-162.
  10. ^ Wolfgang Görl: Münchner Strasse: Romanstrasse. In: (Süddeutsche Zeitung). May 17, 2010, accessed August 24, 2019 .