Cristian (Sibiu)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Cristian (Sibiu) does not have a coat of arms
Cristian (Sibiu) (Romania)
Paris plan pointer b jms.svg
Basic data
State : RomaniaRomania Romania
Historical region : Transylvania
Circle : Sibiu
Coordinates : 45 ° 47 '  N , 24 ° 2'  E Coordinates: 45 ° 47 '0 "  N , 24 ° 1' 45"  E
Time zone : EET ( UTC +2)
Height : 444  m
Area : 71.16  km²
Residents : 3,665 (October 20, 2011)
Population density : 52 inhabitants per km²
Postal code : 557085
Telephone code : (+40) 02 69
License plate : SB
Structure and administration (as of 2016)
Community type : local community
Mayor : Ioan Seuchea ( PNL )
Postal address : Strada I, No. 1
loc. Cristian, jud. Sibiu, RO-557085
Website :

Cristian ( German  Großau or Grossau , Saxon Grīßau , Hungarian Kereszténysziget ) is a village in the Sibiu district in Transylvania , Romania .


Cristian is located on the Cibin ( Zibin ), about ten kilometers west of Hermannstadt ( Sibiu ). The village can be reached via the European roads E68 and E81 .


The place on the Königsboden was first mentioned in a document as Insula Christiani in 1223.

In addition to Apoldu de Sus ( Großpold ) and Turnișor ( Neppendorf , now part of Sibiu), Großau is one of the three Transylvanian communities in which Protestant peasants , expelled from the Salzkammergut and Carinthia , lived and live since the 18th century .


In 1850, 1,927 inhabitants lived in the area of ​​today's municipality. 1,281 of them were Germans , 457 were Romanians , 185 Roma and four were Magyars . In 1977 the largest population was determined with 4,573 - and at the same time that of the Romanians (1,943) and that of the Transylvanian Saxons (2,616). The highest number of Roma (450) was registered in 1956 and that of Hungarians (23) was registered in 1910. At the 2011 census there were 3,665 people living in the area that is now the municipality. Of these, 3,453 were Romanians, 44 were Romanian Germans, five were Hungarians and three were Roma. The rest did not provide any information about their ethnicity .


  • The fortified church was built in 1498 by the master builder Andreas Lapicida - a stone mason from Sibiu - on the river Zibin. A curtain wall was added in the 16th century as the Turks repeatedly devastated the country. The old gate tower was undermined by the adjacent river and later replaced by a new one. Due to its close proximity to the district capital, the Großau fortified church is a popular destination for visitors to Sibiu. The church is a listed building.
  • The Romanian Orthodox Church Buna Vestire ( Annunciation ), built in 1790, is a listed building.
  • Village museum


  • Andreas Wolf (1741–1812), physician and scholar in the Moldau


In Cristian there are no official street names in the classic sense. The streets are numbered with Roman numerals. In the Saxon dialect, however, the streets had names like Kirchgasse, Klättittengässchen (which means pancake alley ) etc.

See also

Web links

Commons : Cristian  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. 2011 census in Romania at
  2. Census, last updated November 4, 2008 (Hungarian; PDF; 596 kB)
  3. a b List of historical monuments of the Romanian Ministry of Culture, updated 2010 (PDF; 7.10 MB)
  4. ^ Carl Göllner: Enlightenment: Literature of the Transylvanian Saxons and Banat Swabians , Kriterion Verlag, 1974