Friedrich Wilhelm Schilling
life and work
Friedrich Wilhelm Schilling came from the Apolda (Thuringia) resident bell foundry family Schilling (see also Bell foundry Apolda ), he was a grandson of Franz Schilling. At the age of twelve he already cast the first bell in Apolda. He completed his training at the H. Rüetschi company in Aarau and completed it in the Egger bell foundry in Staad in 1933.
After the Second World War he was the custodian of the Hamburg bell collection camp and, like his uncle Franz, worked in Apolda to return the bells. He ensured the return home of more than 13,000 bells that were stored in the Hamburg free port and had been spared from melting down.
In 1949 he moved to the Bergheim district of Heidelberg in order to set up his own business, as the Apoldaer bell foundry was still run by his father Otto Schilling and his uncle Franz Schilling.
There he began with just a single-storey stone building, two barns and a shed filled with scrap, and in just a few years created a company with a worldwide reputation. Since it was a completely new beginning in Heidelberg, and also with workers who had previously neither worked in a molding shop nor in a foundry, the difficulties appeared enormous at first. But Friedrich Wilhelm Schilling overcame this time quickly, and the eleven-part chime of St. Lorenz in Nuremberg , cast in 1953, was already showing his mastery. Starting from the bell ribs of his father's foundry in Apolda, he soon developed his own line, which later differed in sound from the one in Apolda (the so-called Schilling rib.) He preferred heavy and extremely heavy bell ribs. Like the Thuringian company, he was supported by his older brother, the mathematician Otto Schilling .
Schilling had chilled cast iron bells manufactured in another company, at JF Weule in Bockenem am Harz - the company that had produced a large number of chilled cast iron bells as Ulrich & Weule at the time. They were cast according to Friedrich Wilhelm Schilling's bell ribs and then fitted with bell fittings in the Heidelberg factory . In this way he was able to obtain the necessary capital for the development, expansion and maintenance of his company.
Almost 8,000 bells went from the Heidelberg foundry all over the world. The company supplied the bells for the Providence Church , the Jesuit Church and St. Bonifatius in Heidelberg, as well as for numerous other churches throughout Germany and beyond. A bell by Friedrich Wilhelm Schilling for the Marktkirche in Hanover is one of the largest in Germany with a weight of over 10 tons. They even exported to overseas, for example to the Philippines, Ghana and the USA. Schilling earned a special reputation for his carillons , among others in Bonn, Hanover, Kassel, Frankfurt am Main and in the Heidelberg town hall and his carillon in the old town hall of Mannheim and in the Frankfurt "Römer" , because they have a particularly precise tuning of the bells required.
After Schilling's death, the foundry was continued as the Heidelberg bell foundry against his declared wish . After the company merged with the Bachert bell foundry from Karlsruhe in 1982 to form the Karlsruhe bell and art foundry , production in Heidelberg was discontinued and relocated to Karlsruhe. After the hiring, the company premises lay fallow for many years. From 1991 to 1999 there was an autonomous center on the site . In the early 2000s, new apartments were built on it. As a reminder of the earlier use, a last bell was cast on site in 2001, the quarter was given the name “Old Bell Foundry” and symbolic blue-bell trees were planted in the inner courtyards of the quarters .
List of bells
- St. Dionysius Church (Adensen) , two bells 1977 (f 1 , as 1 )
- Amelungsborn Abbey , three bells, 1960s
- St. John the Baptist (Amöneburg) , two bells 1957 (h 0 and h 1 )
- St. Nikolai ( Altenau ), two bells 1961 (cis 3 ), 1962 (h 1 )
- St. Sebastian (Schlatt) ( Bad Krozingen-Schlatt ), a bell 1961 (e 1 )
- St. Bernhard (Baden-Baden) , four bells 1953 (b 0 , des 1 , es 1 , as 1 )
- St. Stephan (Bamberg) , nine bells, 1961 (cis 1 , fis 1 , g # 1 , ais 1 , cis 2 , dis 2 , F # 2 , g # 2 , ais 2 )
- Bechtolsheim bell tower , three bells
- St. Walburga (Beilngries) , three bells 1958
- St. Antonius Church (Bispingen) , three bells 1966 (f 1 , g 1 , b 1 )
- St. Marien ( Donaueschingen ), six bells
- Dobbertin monastery church , two bells 1957
- St. Servatius (Duderstadt) , four bells, one clock bell (since 1975 as the fifth bell with the peal)
- St. Gallus and Otmar (Eringen) , three bells 1957
- St. Mauritius Monastery Church ( Ebstorf ), a bell 1956 (d 2 )
- All Saints Church (Elsdorf) , a bell 1949 (gis 1 )
- St. Josef Church (Eschelbronn)
- St. Maria Immaculata (Essen) , three bells 1958 (no longer preserved)
- St. Wendel (Frankfurt am Main)
- St. Blasii and Marien (Fredelsloh) , a bell 1958 (fis 1 )
- Freiburg cathedral fifteen bells 1959 (g 0 , b 0 , c 1 , d 1 , f 1 , g 1 , a 1 , b 1 , c 2 , d 2 , f 2 , g 2 , a 2 , c 3 , d 3 ),
- Dreifaltigkeitskirche (Freiburg im Breisgau) , two bells in 1958, three bells in 1962
- Fulda Cathedral three bells 1953 (gis 0 , dis 1 , e 1 )
- St. Cyriak (Furtwangen) , five bells
- St. Michael (Grenzach) , four bells 1957
- Main church Sankt Katharinen (Hamburg) , four bells 1957
- Main church St. Nikolai (Hamburg-Harvestehude) , five bells
- Heilsbronn, Münster , three bells 1952
- Resurrection Church (Hannover) , four bells 1963
- Gnadenkirche zum Heiligen Kreuz , Hanover, seven bells, 1962
- Henriettenstiftung , Hanover, 49 bells (carillon) 1960
- Marktkirche St. Georgii et Jacobi (Hanover) , five bells 1951 (h 0 , d 1 , f sharp 1 , a 1 , c sharp 2 ), two bells 1959 (e 1 , h 1 ), one bell 1960 (e 0 ), largest cast bell by Friedrich Wilhelm Schilling. *
- St. Vitus and St. Georg in Heidelberg-Handschuhsheim, three bells in 1951, one bell in 1964
- Bell museum in the collegiate church in Herrenberg , angelus bell ( nominal : c 2 +5, Ø 77 cm, 310 kg), 1962
- Collegiate Church St. Johannis (Fischbeck) ( Hessisch Oldendorf-Fischbeck ), three bells 1955 (as 1 , b 1 , es 2 ), one bell 1959 (f 2 )
- St. Peter ( Hettenleidelheim ), six bells
- Hildesheim Cathedral , five bells 1960 (f 0 , b 0 , c 1 , es 1 , f 1 )
- St. Michael (Hildesheim) , three bells 1950 (a 1 c 2 , e 2 ), three bells 1952 (d 2 , f 2 , g 2 ), two bells 1965 (g 1 , h 1 ), one bell 1971 (e 1 ). The latter bell was probably the last he cast before his death.
- Christ Epheta ( Homberg (Efze) ), four bells 1961 (f 1 , g 1 , b 1 , c 2 )
- St. Andreas , Homburg , four bells
- Herz Jesu ( Ingolstadt ), five bells 1965
- St. Martini (Jühnde) , three bells: f sharp 1 , h 1 , c sharp 2
- St. Cyprian and Justina , Kappel am Rhein, five bells
- St. Stephan (Karlsruhe)
- Karlskirche (Kassel)
- St. Vinzenz (Kitzingen)
- St. Nikolaus (ev.) ( Kohlberg ), three bells (g 1 , b 1 , d 2 ), 1953
- Constance Minster , sound sample Marienglocke
- St. Martin (Lorch) , three bells (b 0 , f 1 , g 2 ), 1960 (4182 kg)
- St. Fridolin (Loerrach)
- Marienkirche (Lübeck) , pulse bell 1951 (first large bell by Friedrich Wilhelm Schilling)
- St. Georg (Lübeck) , three bells 1951
- Mainz Cathedral → List of bells in Mainz Cathedral
- St. Johannes Evangelist (Mainz) , four bells 1980
- Jesuit Church (Mannheim) , sound sample
- St. Sebastian (Mannheim) , carillon
- Castle Church (Mannheim) , bells on Sunday
- St. Bonifatius Church (Mannheim-Friedrichsfeld)
- St. Bonifatius Church (Mannheim-Wohlhotels)
- Liebfrauenkirche ( Moringen ), three bells 1959 (d 1 , a 1 , c 1 )
- St. Matthew (Munich)
- Church of the Resurrection (Munich)
- St. Peter and Jakobus maior (Nendingen)
- St. Franziskus (Neuendettelsau) , four bells (a 1 , h 1 , d 2 , e 2 )
- St. Adalbert ( Neukirchen (Knüll) ), two bells 1962 (g 1 and a 1 )
- St. Michael ( Neunkirchen am Brand ), two bells (as 1 -4, 650 kg / b 1 -4, 430 kg), 1954
- Holy grave chapel ( Neunkirchen am Brand ), a bell (g 2 , 102 kg), 1961
- Resurrection of Christ ( Pirk ), five bells (d 1 , f 1 , g 1 , a 1 , c 1 ), 1962
- St. Zeno (Stahringen) , Radolfzell , four bells 1954 (g 1 , b 1 , c 2 , es 2 )
- St. Urban (Rheinfelden-Herten)
- Christ the Redeemer ( Rotenburg an der Fulda ), four bells 1965 (es 1 , ges 1 , as 1 , b 1 )
- St. Georg (Sassenreuth) , two bells (b 1 , des 2 ), 1963
- Holy Cross Church , Schambach , two bells
- Herz-Jesu-Kirche (Schifferstadt) , five bells
- St. Clemens and St. Urban (Schwörstadt) four bells 1952
- Speyer Cathedral , five bells 1963 (as 1 , b 1 , des 2 , es 2 , f 2 )
- St. Otto (Speyer), three bells 1967, (g 1 , b 1 , c 2 ). Addition, a bell 1980, (es 1 ), Heidelberg bell foundry
- St. Blasien Cathedral , ten bells
- St. Albertus Magnus, Stein (Middle Franconia) , two bells 1981
- Assumption of Mary (Tiengen) , 1962/63
- Ev.-luth. Uetze-Eltze church , a bell 1949 (from the first casting in Heidelberg, ais 1 )
- St. Marien (Veerßen) (Uelzen-Veerßen) , a bell 1963 (des 2 )
- Holy Spirit Church (Ulm), five bells 1959 (d 1 , f 1 , g 1 , a 1 , c 2 )
- St. Victor Church (Victorbur) , two bells 1973
- Brother Klaus Church (Villingen) Villingen-Schwenningen , five bells 1964
- St. Margarethen ( Waldkirch ), three bells 1956
- St. Markus ( Weiden in the Upper Palatinate ), three bells (g 1 a 1 c 2 )
- Forest cemetery chapel ( pastures in the Upper Palatinate ), two bells (f sharp 2 g sharp 2 )
- St. Michael (Wiesenbach)
- Reconciliation Church (Wolfenbüttel)
- St. Maria ( Wolfhagen ), four bells 1965 (d 1 , f 1 , g 1 , a 1 )
- Würzburg Cathedral , eleven bells 1965 (g 0 , b 0 , c 1 , d 1 , f 1 , g 1 , a 1 , b 1 , c 2 , d 2 , f 2 )
- St. Sebastian ( Zuzenhausen )
- St. Gertrud (Leimersheim) , 1962
- St. Laurentius ( Usingen ), four bells 1964 (g 1 , b 1 , c 2 , es 2 )
- Dieter Schmidt: Friedrich Wilhelm Schilling. Life and work . Schmidt, Nuremberg 1992, ISBN 3-928512-01-3 .
- Literature by and about Friedrich Wilhelm Schilling in the catalog of the German National Library
- Bell foundry Heidelberg. Retrieved October 27, 2018 .
- Autonomous and homeless . ruprecht, Heidelberg student newspaper. No. 88, February 3, 2004; P. 7.
- Video recording of the peal (3:48 minutes) on YouTube.Published on May 12, 2013
- Full peal, 15 bells (15 min) on YouTube .
- Prelim and plenary session (8 min) on YouTube .
- NDR.de, St. Katharinen in Hamburg , accessed on April 12, 2015
- Angelus bell | Bell Museum. Retrieved May 13, 2017 .
- Bell concert (4 min) on YouTube .
- Sound test
- Kohlberg, ev. Nikolauskirche. Retrieved December 24, 2018 .
- Hubert Foersch: Limburger bells Book - bells and chimes in the diocese Limburg. Verlag des Bischöflichen Ordinariates, Limburg 1997
- Ringing the b 0 St. Nicholas bell
- Ring the video on YouTube .
- 14 min video on YouTube .
- Full bells video on YouTube .
- Bells of the Brother Klaus church Villingen on Glockensuche.de
|SURNAME||Schilling, Friedrich Wilhelm|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Schilling, Friedrich Wilhelm Hans Kurt (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German bell founder|
|DATE OF BIRTH||September 2, 1914|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Apolda|
|DATE OF DEATH||June 6, 1971|
|Place of death||Heidelberg|