City of Riedstadt
|Height :||89 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||8.81 km²|
|Residents :||6595 (Dec. 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||749 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||July 1, 1973|
|Incorporated into:||Goddelau wolf throats|
|Postal code :||64560|
|Area code :||06158|
Georg Büchner's birthplace in Goddelau
To the north the local area borders on Wolfskehlen , to the west on Erfelden (both districts of Riedstadt). To the south of Goddelau is the Crumstadt district with the Philipp Hospital and to the east the city of Griesheim ( Darmstadt-Dieburg district ).
The oldest surviving mention of Goddelau comes from a document dating back to 834: Count Gundram donated his property to the Fulda Abbey "in Terminis Gotalohono" . In the historical documents, the place name of Goddelau can be found in the following centuries, among other things, in the spellings: Godelohen (1128), Godela (1314), Godelauwe (1426) and Godelauw (1615).
The lords of Wolfskehlen are first mentioned as landlords , before the Counts of Katzenelnbogen gradually took possession of the village from 1356 . In the administrative structure of the County of Katzenelnbogen, Erfelden belonged to the Dornberg office . 1457 married Anna von Katzenelnbogen, daughter of Philip the Elder, Landgrave Heinrich III. of Hessen. With Philip's death in 1479, the County of Katzenelnbogen fell to the Landgraviate of Hesse .
Early modern age
When the Landgraviate of Hesse was divided under the heirs of Philip I in 1567, Goddelau came to the Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt . Even its first regent, Georg I , caused the Landrecht collection of the Upper County of Katzenelnbogen , compiled by his Chancellor, Johann Kleinschmidt , to become legally binding there. She was in Goddelau as a particular law , subsidiary complemented by the Common Law , to the end of the 19th century. It was not until January 1, 1900, when the Civil Code , which was uniformly valid throughout the German Reich , that the old particular law was suspended.
Over the centuries, the place has been shaped by the activity of the population in agriculture and handicrafts . In 1588 it had about 180 inhabitants.
The statistical-topographical-historical description of the Grand Duchy of Hesse reports on Goddelau in 1829:
"Goddlau (L. Bez. Dornberg) Lutheran parish village; is 2 St. from Dornberg, and has 76 houses and 552 inhabitants, who are Lutheran except for 1 Catholic and 32 Jews. There are peat graves in the area. - The village was formerly called Gotalohano and Godelaha . The Lorsch Abbey had a gradient here and the Lords of Bickenbach had important goods here. A noble von Godela family had their seat here. Johann von Wolfskehlen received this village as a fief in 1401 from Count Eberhard von Katzenellenbogen. Landgrave Wilhelm II collected the goods and inclines that the Lords of Wolfskehlen had here in the Bavarian feud. The place had its own chapel with an altar and a special chaplain, whom the pastor at Hofheim ordered; but after Hofheim had been converted into a hospital, Goddlau received a special pastor and Erfelden as a branch. "
Official system before 1821
In the early modern period, the functions of administration and jurisdiction were combined in the " office " at the lowest level , including the Dornberg office, which existed until 1821.
In 1806 the Landgraviate of Hessen-Darmstadt became the Grand Duchy of Hessen . Here was Erfelden in the province of Starkenburg . In the course of the administrative reform of 1821, the old offices were dissolved, district councils were set up for administrative tasks on the lower level and district courts were set up for the first instance jurisdiction.
Administration after 1821
The Dornberg district administration was now responsible for the higher-level administration in Goddelau . In 1832 the administrative units in the Grand Duchy were further enlarged and districts were created. As a result, Goddelau came to the Groß-Gerau district. The provinces, the counties and the administrative districts of the Grand Duchy were abolished on July 31, 1848 and replaced by administrative districts, but this was reversed on May 12, 1852. As a result, Goddelau belonged to the Darmstadt administrative district between 1848 and 1852 before the Groß-Gerau district was again responsible for the higher-level administration. The place remained there until today through all further administrative reforms.
In 1927 the Philippshospital was incorporated into Goddelau.
On the occasion of the regional reform in Hesse , Goddelau voluntarily merged with the neighboring community of Wolfskehlen on July 1, 1973 to form the new Goddelau-Wolfskehlen community, before the merger with the neighboring communities of Crumstadt , Erfelden and Leeheim to form the new community of Riedstadt took place on January 1, 1977 by virtue of state laws . Since then Goddelau has been the largest district and the seat of the administration of Riedstadt. Riedstadt has had city rights since 2007.
In the Landgraviate of Hessen-Darmstadt, the judicial system of the two higher authorities was reorganized with an executive order of December 9, 1803. The offices remained the first instance of justice in civil matters . For the Principality of Starkenburg , the “Hofgericht Darmstadt” was set up as a court of second instance for civil matters. In the first instance it was also responsible for civil family law and criminal matters . The higher appeal court in Darmstadt was superordinate to it .
With the administrative reform of 1821, courts in the Grand Duchy of Hesse were also created at the lowest level, which were independent of the administration. The district court Großgerau was now locally responsible for Goddelau . With the reform of the Reich judiciary , which took effect on October 1, 1879, it was renamed " Groß-Gerau District Court ".
The following list gives an overview of the territories in which Goddelau was located and the administrative units to which it was subordinate:
- before 1356: Holy Roman Empire , rule Wolfskehlen
- from 1356: Holy Roman Empire, Wolfskehlen rule, Katzenelnbogen county
- before 1479: Holy Roman Empire , County Katzenelnbogen , Upper County Katzenelnbogen , Amt Dornberg
- from 1479: Holy Roman Empire, Landgraviate of Hesse , Upper County of Katzenelnbogen, Office of Dornberg
- from 1567: Holy Roman Empire, Landgraviate of Hessen-Darmstadt , Upper County of Katzenelnbogen, Amt Dornberg
- from 1803: Holy Roman Empire, Landgraviate Hessen-Darmstadt, Principality of Starkenburg , Dornberg Office
- from 1806: Grand Duchy of Hesse , Principality of Starkenburg, Dornberg Office
- from 1815: German Confederation , Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Starkenburg , Dornberg Office
- from 1821: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Starkenburg Province, Dornberg District District (separation between justice ( Groß-Gerau District Court ) and administration)
- from 1832: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Starkenburg, District of Groß-Gerau
- from 1848: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Darmstadt administrative district
- from 1852: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Starkenburg, District of Groß-Gerau
- from 1866: Grand Duchy of Hesse, Starkenburg Province, Groß-Gerau district
- from 1871: German Empire , Grand Duchy of Hesse, Starkenburg Province, Groß-Gerau district
- from 1918: German Empire, People's State of Hesse , Starkenburg Province, Groß-Gerau district
- from 1938: German Reich, People's State of Hesse, Groß-Gerau district (In the course of the regional reform in 1938 , the three Hessian provinces of Starkenburg, Rheinhessen and Upper Hesse were dissolved.)
- from 1945: American occupation zone , Greater Hesse , Darmstadt administrative district, Gross-Gerau district
- from 1949: Federal Republic of Germany , State of Hesse , Darmstadt district, Groß-Gerau district
- from 1973: Federal Republic of Germany, Hesse, Darmstadt district, Groß-Gerau district, Goddelau-Wolfskehlen
- from 1977: Federal Republic of Germany, Hesse, Darmstadt district, Groß-Gerau district, Riedstadt
|• 1629:||house seats61|
|• 1791:||603 residents (with Hofheim Hospital )|
|• 1800:||410 (Hospital Hofheim 189) residents|
|• 1806:||468 inhabitants, 70 houses|
|• 1829:||552 inhabitants, 76 houses|
|• 1867:||1172 inhabitants, 122 houses|
|Goddelau: Population from 1800 to 2018|
|Data source: Historical municipality register for Hesse: The population of the municipalities from 1834 to 1967. Wiesbaden: Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt, 1968. |
Further sources:; after 1970 (with Philippshospital): City of Riedstadt: (web archive);
|• 1829:||519 Lutheran (= 94.02%), 32 Jewish (= 5.80%) and one Catholic (= 0.18%) residents|
|• 1961:||2934 Protestant (= 65.92%), 1301 (= 29.23%) Roman Catholic residents|
badges and flags
coat of arms
Blazon : "In gold, a floating red patriarchal cross on a wide red base."
The coat of arms was approved for the community of Goddelau in the Groß-Gerau district in 1925.
In its current form it was designed by the heraldist Georg Massoth.
It goes back to old court seals of the church. It was probably also a district mark . The colors go back to the Counts of Katzenelnbogen.
The flag was approved by the Hessian Interior Minister on October 13, 1959 and is described as follows:
"In a flag field divided by red and white, the coat of arms of the community of Goddelau."
The Roman Catholic parish of St. Bonifatius, with the church of the same name, can refer to a history of over 1200 years. In 802 a church was first mentioned in the parish area.
The baroque Protestant church was built in 1607.
In 2004 the Aziz Mosque of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Jamaat was opened with a minaret in the Goddelau industrial park southwest (Römerstrasse). On December 17, 2012, the new Jamia building (Institute for Islamic Theology and Languages) was inaugurated on the neighboring property. The facility, which is also part of the Ahmadiyya, offers 120 places for training to become an imam .
- Georg Büchner School (primary school)
- Martin Niemöller School (Integrated Comprehensive School)
In 2016 Goddelau took part in the " The Circle Rolls " campaign , which takes place every two years . Many associations and institutions took part with stands and exhibitions.
Goddelau is connected to the rail traffic with the Riedstadt-Goddelau station on the Mannheim – Frankfurt am Main railway line ("Riedbahn"). It is served hourly by regional trains and is the terminus of line S7 of the Rhein-Main S-Bahn .
- Karl Georg Büchner (1813–1837), German writer, scientist and revolutionary
- Ludwig Bieberbach (1886–1982), mathematician
- Robert Barth (politician) (1900–1942), Lord Mayor of Mainz
- Werner Amend (* 1953), politician, Mayor of the city of Riedstadt from 2011 to 2017
- Roman (* 1999) and Heiko Lochmann ( Die Lochis )
- Goddelau on the website of the municipality of Riedstadt.
- Goddelau, Groß-Gerau district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Literature about Goddelau in the Hessian Bibliography
- Goddelau, Groß-Gerau district. Historical local dictionary for Hesse (as of October 16, 2018). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS). Hessian State Office for Historical Cultural Studies (HLGL), accessed in December 2018 .
- data / statistics. (No longer available online.) In: Website. City of Riedstadt, archived from the original ; accessed in April 2019 .
- Local history on the Riedstadt website ; accessed on March 21, 2020.
- Arthur Benno Schmidt : The historical foundations of civil law in the Grand Duchy of Hesse . Curt von Münchow, Giessen 1893, p. 108f. and enclosed card.
- Georg Wilhelm Justin Wagner : Statistical-topographical-historical description of the Grand Duchy of Hesse: Province of Starkenburg . tape 1 . Carl Wilhelm Leske, Darmstadt October 1829, OCLC 312528080 , p. 85 ( online at google books ).
- Ordinance on the division of the country into districts and district courts of July 14, 1821 . In: Hessisches Regierungsblatt, p. 404.
- Law on the reorganization of the district of Groß-Gerau (GVBl. II 314–32) of July 26, 1974 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1974 No. 22 , p. 314 , § 7 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 1.5 MB ]).
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 366 .
- Ordinance on the division of the country into districts and district courts of July 14, 1821 . In: Hessisches Regierungsblatt, p. 404.
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. State of Hesse. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Grand Ducal Central Office for State Statistics (ed.): Contributions to the statistics of the Grand Duchy of Hesse . tape 1 . Großherzoglicher Staatsverlag, Darmstadt 1862, DNB 013163434 , OCLC 894925483 , p. 43 ff . ( Online at google books ).
- List of offices, places, houses, population. (1806) HStAD inventory E 8 A No. 352/4. In: Archive Information System Hessen (Arcinsys Hessen), as of February 6, 1806.
- Hessen-Darmstadt state and address calendar 1791 . In the publishing house of the Invaliden-Anstalt, Darmstadt 1791, p. 121 ( online in the HathiTrust digital library ).
- Hessen-Darmstadt state and address calendar 1800 . In the publishing house of the Invaliden-Anstalt, Darmstadt 1800, p. 121 ( online in the HathiTrust digital library ).
- Ph. AF Walther : Alphabetical index of the residential places in the Grand Duchy of Hesse . G. Jonghaus, Darmstadt 1869, OCLC 162355422 , p. 30 ( online at google books ).
- Data / Statistics. (No longer available online.) In: Website. City of Riedstadt, archived from the original ; accessed in April 2019 .
- Selected data on population and households on May 9, 2011 in the Hessian municipalities and parts of the municipality. (PDF) In: 2011 Census . Hessian State Statistical Office
- Hessisches Staatsarchiv Darmstadt inventory R 6 C No. 81 / 1-2
- Heraldry of the world - Goddelau
- Approval of a flag of the community Goddelau in the district of Groß-Gerau, administrative district of Darmstadt from October 13, 1959 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1959 no. 43 , p. 1169 , point 1010 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 3,4 MB ]).
- History of the parish of Hofheim from 802 to 1535. ( Memento of February 10, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Retrieved on July 18, 2009
- Goddelau Evangelical Church. Deanery Riedstadt of the EKHN , accessed in December 2018 .
- Aziz Mosque on the Riedstadt website (accessed in Nov. 2012)
- Riedstadt: First Imam School opened in Germany , Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung on December 17, 2012
- Muslim community trains imams in southern Hesse , Die Welt on December 17, 2012
- Büchnerhaus. In: Portal for Groß-Gerau and Rhein-Main. Private website, accessed February 24, 2018 .
- Schools on the Riedstadt website (accessed in Nov. 2012)
- went car-free "Quer through Ried" - The third edition of "Der Kreis rolls" was a complete success. District Committee of the Groß-Gerau District , May 29, 2016, accessed on September 16, 2019 .
- District administrator and sports district present car-free Sunday - roll across the Ried . FNP , April 16, 2016, accessed December 4, 2018 .