High School (Hanau)
|High state school|
|High School Hanau|
|type of school||high school|
Old Rückinger Weg 53
|Coordinates||50 ° 8 '39 " N , 8 ° 55' 4" E|
|carrier||City of Hanau|
|management||Helge Messner (acting headmaster)|
The Hohe Landesschule (abbreviation: HOLA ) is a teaching institution founded in Hanau in 1607 and today a high school with around 1,440 students.
As a result of the plague in 1605-1607, the German school in Hanau was closed. Based on the example of the High School in Herborn , Count Philipp Ludwig II of Hanau-Münzenberg founded the High School in Hanau on July 18, 1607 as a grammar school illustrious . This meant that the teaching content in the upper classes approximated that of the university, i.e. included subjects such as law and theology. In terms of content, the school was shaped by the Reformed faith . From the 16th century to the first quarter of the 19th century, around half of the Reformed pastors for the County of Hanau-Münzenberg and the neighboring County of Isenburg were trained here.
In Hanau, too, it was not possible - as in Herborn or Danzig - to develop the institution into a university . It existed until the Napoleonic era as an illustrious grammar school. In the Grand Duchy of Frankfurt , the reformed High State School was merged with the Lutheran grammar school in 1812 . As a cross-denominational high school, it was intended to be a model school for the Grand Duchy. Johannes Schulze became the founding director of the merged “ Simultanschule ” .
Today the school exists as a high school in the city of Hanau.
First school building
The foundation stone for the first school building, which was designed by the builder Jacob Thomann from the Electoral Palatinate and builder Jacob Stupan, was laid on April 5, 1612. The construction was delayed by the untimely death of Philipp Ludwig II and later by the Thirty Years War , so that the building was not completed until February 21, 1665 under the government of Count Friedrich Casimir (1641 / 1642–1685) by master builder August Rumpff could be inaugurated. Since the establishment of the building dragged on until August 18, 1680, a second inauguration ceremony was held. It was located on today's Freiheitsplatz , roughly where the trade union building stands today.
The building was three-story and made of rubble stone . Each floor had a central aisle with five or six classrooms. There was an auditorium on the first floor . The building was accessed via two stairwells on the portal front of the building. The only decoration on the building was a Renaissance portal from 1664 with the alliance coat of arms of Count Friedrich Casimir and his wife, Countess Sibylle Christine von Anhalt-Dessau . The portal is still preserved today and set up on the site of today's Hola.
The roof structure of the building was first destroyed by fire on May 24, 1911 and replaced by a flat emergency roof. During the Second World War , the building was destroyed by the air raid on March 19, 1945, except for parts of the outer walls, which were later demolished.
Second school building
As a replacement, a building was erected on today's Julius-Leber-Straße based on a design by Albert Tuczek in 1923–1925, largely as a simple functional building with a few eclectic- neo-Egyptian- applications . After the damage from the Second World War was repaired, a wing was added at right angles in the 1950s, which also included the existing gym, and in the 1960s an extension with rooms for the natural science subjects was added in the north. Today the ensemble serves as the psychiatry of the Hanau City Clinics.
Third school building
The third location of the High State School was a new building on Alten Rückinger Weg . This was available in 1978. The entrance gate of the first building was preserved and was placed on the current school premises as a solitary structure.
Since the school year 2004/2005, the school time has been shortened to eight years (- Abitur after twelve years - G8 ), an all-day offer has been developed. From the 2013/2014 school year, the option between G8 and G9 has been reintroduced.
The school had 1,198 students in the 2005/2006 school year (52.5% male, 47.5% female). The proportion of foreigners was 9.2%.
The school has had its own cafeteria since March 2007 and an additional lower level extension since August. Renewed scientific rooms were completed in autumn 2010.
In the spring of 2017, the existing “green classroom” outdoors was supplemented by two more such classrooms. In addition, further campus renovations were implemented, including a. a Japanese garden and a new football and basketball field.
In addition to the curriculum, the school offers other opportunities to participate in school life. Elective courses are offered, such as the theater group, the Japan group and other working groups in the natural sciences, music and sport (e.g. basketball, soccer, rowing, chess). In 2017 the school received certification as a MINT school, and in 2019 as a digital school.
Authors' readings and writing workshops take place in the school at regular intervals. For this purpose the school v. a. the poet and bestselling author Safiye Can win over. Safiye Can has been a school poet at the High State School since 2013. Furthermore, the school regularly takes part in numerous competitions and projects in all departments. This includes B. MUN-SH , youth research or youth debates .
- Johann Philipp Pareus (1576–1648), theology and humanist
- Paul Tossanus (1572–1634), theologian and humanist
- Johann Heinrich Schweizer (1646–1705), theologian
- Anton Klingler (1649–1713), theologian and preacher
- Otto Philipp Zaunschliffer (1653–1729), lawyer
- Gottfried Jüngst (1665–1726), theologian
- Heinrich Jacob van Bashuysen (1679–1750), theologian and orientalist
- Theodor Hase (1682–1731), theologian
- Friedrich Peter de Spina (1688–1721), lawyer
- Ludwig Georg Mieg (1705–1761), Reformed theologian, professor of philology and church history
- Samuel Endemann (1727–1789), theologian
- Johann Balthasar Hundeshagen (1734–1800), lawyer and rector from 1761 to 1767
- Franz Ludwig Cancrin (1738–1816), engineer , mineralogist and architect , around 1773
- Albert Jacob Arnoldi (1750–1835), theologian and orientalist
- Carl Daub (1765–1836), theologian
- David Theodor August Suabedissen (1773–1835), theologian, educator and philosopher
- Johann Heinrich Kopp (1777–1858), physician and natural scientist
- Karl Christian Wolfart (1778–1832), physician
- Johannes Schulze (1786–1869), founding director of the grand-ducal grammar school (merger of the high state school with the Lutheran grammar school), 1812 to 1816
- Friedrich Rückert (1788–1866), poet, linguist and translator as well as one of the founders of German oriental studies . Rückert was appointed to the school as the “fourth full professor” in November 1812, but left Hanau at the end of January 1813 due to the political situation in the Grand Duchy of Frankfurt .
- Hermann Hupfeld (1796–1866), orientalist and theologian , from 1819 to 1822
- Georg Wilhelm Matthias (born December 30, 1809), theologian, director from Easter 1850 to September 1853
- Reinhard Suchier (1823–1907), classical philologist and historian
- Georg Wolff (1845–1929), archaeologist, from 1870 to 1889
- Philipp Braun (1844–1929), classical philologist, director from 1888 to 1919
- Daniel Wolfgang Dopff (born January 10, 1650 - † April 25, 1718), Vienna, October 17, 1685 raised to the imperial nobility as Daniel Wolff von Dopff . Fortress builder, general in the Dutch service, (military) governor of Maastricht. Student from March 18, 1660 to 1664, Autumnale exam.
- Friedrich Grimm (the elder) (1672–1748), great-grandfather of the Brothers Grimm and chief clergyman of the Reformed Church in the county of Hanau-Münzenberg
- Friedrich Grimm (the younger) (1707–1777), grandfather of the Brothers Grimm and pastor in Steinau an der Strasse
- Georg Joachim Zollikofer (1730–1788), theologian and church poet
- Philipp Wilhelm Grimm (1751–1796), father of the Brothers Grimm, city secretary of Hanau and land clerk of the office of Büchertal , from 1791 bailiff of Schlüchtern and Steinau
- Friedrich Maximilian von Günderrode (1753–1824), lawyer, administrative clerk and last city school of the Free Imperial City of Frankfurt am Main
- Karl Reinhard Müller (1774–1861), mathematician and honorary citizen of Marburg
- Johann Peter Krafft (1780–1856), genre, history and portrait painter
- Heinrich Kuhl , zoologist and naturalist (1797–1821)
- Carl Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig (1816–1895), an important physiologist and the inventor of the kymograph, attended school from 1825–1834
- Hermann Kopp (1817–1892), chemist
- Friedrich Hufnagel (1840–1916), theologian
- Gustav Adolf von Deines (1852-1914)
- Richard Küch (1860–1915), physicist and chemist, graduated from high school in 1878
- Wilhelm Koch (1863–1942), President of the Reich Insurance Company for Salaried Employees
- Georg Lucas (1865–1930), President of the Reich Economic Court
- Hermann Krause (1908–1988), Mayor of Hanau, member of the state parliament
- Peter Brang (1924-2019), Slavist
- Gerhard Bott (* 1927), art historian
- Horst Bingel (1933–2008), writer
- Peter Bannasch (* 1934), oncologist and pathologist, graduated from high school in 1954
- Martin Kohlhaussen (* 1935), 1991 to 2001 Chairman of the Board of Management of Commerzbank AG and from 1997 to 2000 President of the Association of German Banks
- Konrad Quillmann (1936–2002), artist (ceramics) and art teacher, graduated from high school in 1957
- Eckhard Meise (* 1940), classical philologist and historian
- Lothar Klemm (* 1949), Hessian minister and member of the state parliament
- Jürgen Osterhammel (* 1952), historian
- Felix Magath (* 1953), soccer coach, manager and player
- Thomas Gebauer (* 1955), co-founder of the International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL)
- Reinhard Dietrich (lawyer) (* 1957), lawyer and historian, graduated from high school in 1976
- Rolf Kanies (* 1957), actor, graduated from high school in 1977
- Bruno Preisendörfer (* 1957), writer, Abitur 1977
- Dominic Raacke (* 1958), Tatort actor, graduated from high school in 1977
- Thomas Berthold (* 1964), soccer world champion, Abitur 1983
- Michael Maaser (* 1964), German historian and archivist
- Andreas Hieke (* 1966), TV journalist, Abitur 1985
- Thomas Walter (* 1966), computer scientist
- Tobias Rathjen (1977–2020), rampage runner, Abitur 1996
- Barbara Bingel: We were students at the High State School. What they are, what they remember . Hanau 1989, ISBN 3-7684-0915-5 .
- Heinrich Bott : The fire of the old grammar school in Hanau (= supplement to the Hanauer Anzeiger ). August 14, 1925.
- Heinrich Bott: On the history of the high state school in Hanau . In: Hanauisches Magazin. Part 1: 16 (1937), pp. 71-75; Part 2: 17 (1938), pp. 62-64; Part 3: 18 (1939), pp. 33-40.
- Heinrich Bott: The professors of the High State School in Hanau 1665–1812. In: Communications of the Hessian Family History Association . 7, 3rd Darmstadt 1942.
- Philipp Braun: On the history of the Hanau high school. In: Königliches Gymnasium zu Hanau, previously the “Hohe Landes-Schule” commemorative publication to commemorate the 300th anniversary of the institution. Hanau 1907, pp. 1-33.
- Philipp Braun: Illustris Scholae Hanoviensis leges et album civium academicorum inde from anno 1665 usque ad annum 1812. Lechleder & Stroh, Hanau 1895/96 ULB Düsseldorf .
- Artur Griesbach u. a. (Ed.): Festschrift for the 350th anniversary of the High State School on July 18, 1957 . Frankfurt 1957.
- Helmut Winter u. a. (Ed.): Festschrift for the 375th anniversary of the High School Hanau (1607–1982). Hanau 1982.
- Artur Griesbach: Report on the anniversary celebration that the High State School Hanau held to commemorate its founding as a reformed pedagogy illustrious on July 18, 1607 in connection with the 300th anniversary of the former municipal high school, founded as a Lutheran grammar school in 1647, on August 18. July 1947.
- Carl Heiler: History of the state high school in Hanau (formerly "Hohe Landesschule") in the first decades of its existence from 1607 to 1665 with excerpts from the institution's files of the later period (= commemorative publication for the inauguration of the new building of the high state school in Hanau). 1925.
- Royal high school in Hanau, previously the "High State School". Festschrift for the commemoration of the 300th anniversary of the institution. Hanau 1907.
- Fried Lübbecke : Hanau. City and county. Cologne 1951.
- Eckhard Meise : Tolerance: Philipp Ludwig II. Count of Hanau-Munzenberg and the Jews. In: New magazine for Hanau history . 2007, pp. 3-57.
- Karl Wilhelm Piderit: [Festschrift for the bicentenary of the Hanau grammar school]. Hanau 1865 LHB Fulda .
- Karl Wilhelm Piderit: Speech to celebrate the bicentenary of the high school in Hanau . Hanau 1865 LHB Fulda .
- Karl Wilhelm Piderit: History of the inauguration celebration of the high school in Hanau on February 21, 1665 in memory of the anniversary celebration on February 21, 1865. Hanau 1865 LHB Fulda .
- Jürgen Osterhammel : Between the late Enlightenment and new humanism: The school reform of Grand Duke Karl Theodor von Dalberg and the renewal of the Hanau grammar school in 1812/13 in the context of German educational history. In: Hanauer Geschichtsblätter . 31 (1993), pp. 247-259.
- Otto Wackermann: Directory of the teachers and high school graduates of the Royal High School in Hanau from the years 1858 to 1907. In: Royal High School in Hanau, previously the "High State School". Festschrift for the commemoration of the 300th anniversary of the institution. Hanau 1907, pp. 1-28.
- Wilhelm Wibbeling: The Reformed High School in Hanau in its importance in church history. In: Yearbook of the Hessian Church History Association. 19 (1968), pp. 147-176.
- Ernst Julius Zimmermann: Hanau city and country. 3. Edition. Hanau 1919. (Reprint: 1978)
- ↑ Wibbeling.
- ^ Ralf Schumacher: The political integration of the Principality of Hanau into the Grand Duchy of Frankfurt. In: Hanauer Geschichtsverein 1844 e. V .: Hanau in the Napoleonic era (= Hanauer Geschichtsblätter. 47). Hanau approx. 2015, ISBN 978-3-935395-21-3 , p. 164.
- ^ Gerhard Bott : Palaces and public buildings in the county of Hanau-Lichtenberg in the 17th and 18th centuries. In: Hanauer Geschichtsverein 1844 : New magazine for Hanau history. 2015, p. 35ff. (here especially p. 38f.)
- ↑ On the history of construction cf. especially Lübbecke, p. 234ff.
- ↑ Lübbecke, p. 435; Gerhard Bott : "Modern building" in the city of Hanau 1918–1933. "Demolition crime" and reconstruction after 1945 . In: Hanauer Geschichtsverein (ed.): Gerhard Bott 90 . Cocon, Hanau 2017. ISBN 978-3-86314-361-9 , pp. 85-113 (87).
- ↑ Sign on the short-term residential building at Rosenstrasse / corner of Freiheitsplatz
- ^ Austrian State Archives, AVA Adel, RAA 86.24 .
- ↑ Hessisches Staatsarchiv Marburg , holdings 153/1 No. 1.
- ^ Hermann Krause: Hermann Krause. In: Bingel, pp. 19-23.
- ^ Peter Brang: Peter Brang. In: Bingel, pp. 31-35.
- ^ Gerhard Bott: Gerhard Bott. In: Bingel, pp. 27-29.
- ↑ Horst Bingel: Horst Bingel. In: Bingel, pp. 49-55.
- ↑ Peter Bannasch: Peter Bannasch. In: Bingel, pp. 39-47.
- ^ Martin Kohlhaussen: Martin Kohlhaussen. In: Bingel, pp. 71-73.
- ↑ Lothar Klemm: Lothar Klemm. In: Bingel, pp. 87-89.
- ^ Jürgen Osterhammel: Jürgen Osterhammel. In: Bingel, pp. 93-95.
- ^ Thomas Berthold: Thomas Berthold. In: Bingel, p. 99f.