Kameke (noble family)
Kameke (also Kamecke , Kamke , Kamike or Kamnick ) is the name of an old Pomeranian noble family . The lords of Kameke belong to the ancient nobility in Western Pomerania and in the Duchy of Pomerania-Wolgast . The no longer existing place Camik on the island of Usedom is considered to be their headquarters .
The sex is related to the von Bonin family , who also have the same coat of arms . A person referred to in older literature descent from the Counts of Capri ( Capri ) in Italy is genealogically undetectable.
Camik, the ancestral seat of the family, is equated with Kamminke on Usedom , especially in older genealogical and regional historical literature , although the place has been localized west of Pudagla by various historians since the middle of the 19th century .
The first known ancestor of the family is Michael von Kameke , who is mentioned in a document from 1263. Branches of the family still exist today. In 1298 the knight Peter de Kamik is mentioned in a document. The lead name Peter was still often given to members of the family up to the 17th century. His descendant of the same name, Peter Kameke, was the councilor of Duke Johann Friedrich von Pommern (Duke of Pomerania-Stettin from 1569 to 1600). Another Peter Kameke († 1615) was in the service of various Pomeranian dukes for 42 years, among other things as a privy councilor , court marshal and castle captain.
Members of the family also came to Kurbrandenburg and held high state, court and military positions in the service of the Brandenburg electors. Ernst Bogislav von Kameke (1674–1726) from the Friedrichfelde family, lord of Cordeshagen and Hohenfelde , was appointed royal Prussian chamberlain , chief marshal, postmaster general and chief domain director in 1709 . Under his leadership, the royal offices and estates were converted into temporary leases. Through this reform, the state influence and the income of the crown domains could be significantly strengthened.
Paul Anton von Kameke from the House of Strachmin (1674-1717) was in high favor with King Friedrich I of Prussia . At the age of 22 he appointed him company commander and later colonel of the royal bodyguard . In 1715 he fought as a major general in the Pomeranian campaign against the Swedes and took part in the siege and conquest of Stralsund with distinction . But he was released from military service in 1716 and died in Strachmin in 1717 at the age of 43. His son Friedrich Paul von Kameke (1711–1769) had the Palais Kameke (since 1798 Palais Redern ) built on Pariser Platz in Berlin from 1729 to 1736 by the master builder Johann Friedrich Grael .
A line was located in Brüssow in the Greifswald district, where they were members of the district council. In 1929 Wrangelsburg Castle came into the possession of Karz von Kameke through inheritance, who was expropriated in 1945. Also by inheritance from the von Homeyer family, Ranzin came into the family in 1937 and was expropriated in 1945.
In 1922 Kartz von Kameke founded the Moorgut Kartzfehn named after him in Bösel near Oldenburg , which has become one of the largest turkey breeding companies in Europe since 1957.
Friedrich Paul von Kameke (1711–1769), Rittmeister in the Prussian Gensdarmes regiment and castle captain , was elevated to the Prussian count status by Frederick the Great on July 28, 1740. However, the count's line already died out in 1841, almost 100 years later.
coat of arms
The family coat of arms shows a silver ibex head and neck turned to the right in red . On the helmet there are three fallen silver skewers ( boar feathers or gag skewers). The helmet covers are red-silver.
Known family members
- Albert von Kameke (1795–1860), district administrator of the Schlawe district
- Alexander von Kameke (Finance Councilor) (1743–1806), Prussian regional finance, war and domain council
- Alexander von Kameke (general) (1825-1892), Prussian lieutenant general
- Alexander von Kameke (lawyer) (1887–1944), German lawyer and landowner
- Albrecht von Kameke (1831–1897), General Landscape Director of Pomerania, member of the Prussian House of Representatives
- August Adolph von Kamecke (1724–1779), Prussian major and commander of the grenadier battalion alt-Kameke
- Carl Sigismund von Kameke (1730–1795), Prussian major general and commander of Küstrin, knight of the order Pour le Mérite
- Christoph Henning von Kameke (1737–1812), Prussian major general
- Egon von Kameke (1881–1955), painter
- Ernst Bogislav von Kameke (1674–1726), German politician
- Ernst-Ulrich von Kameke (1926–2019), German church musician, organist and composer
- Friedrich Wilhelm von Kameke (1718–1770), District Administrator of the Fürstenthum district from 1763 to 1767
- Georg von Kameke (General, 1770) (1770–1837), Prussian Lieutenant General
- Georg von Kameke (General, 1817) (1817–1893), Prussian infantry general, Minister of War
- Henning Georg von Kameke (1683–1737), Prussian officer, knight of the order De la Générosité
- Hermann von Kameke (General, 1819) (1819–1889), Prussian general of the infantry
- Hermann von Kameke (General, 1822) (1822–1900), Prussian major general
- Karl von Kameke (1763–1842), Prussian lieutenant general, commander of Danzig, knight of the order Pour le Mérite
- Karl Otto von Kameke (1889–1959), retired ministerial director. D., President of the German Evangelical Station Mission, owner of the Villa Metz in Potsdam
- Kartz von Kameke-Streckenthin (1866–1942), potato grower
- Kuno von Kameke (1847–1913), Prussian major general
- Leopold Georg von Kameke (1725–1781), Prussian major and commander of the grenadier battalion "Jung-Kameke"
- Otto Felix Friedrich von Kameke (1709–1775), landowner and district administrator of the Schlawe district
- Otto von Kameke (1826–1899), German painter
- Paul Anton von Kameke (1674–1717), Prussian major general, Grand maitre de la Maison Royale, Knight of the Black Eagle Order
- Peter Paul von Kameke (1861–1927), Prussian major general
- Peter von Kameke (1541–1615), ducal Pomeranian court marshal and privy councilor
- Sophie von Kameke , b. von Brünnow (1675–1749), chief stewardess of the Prussian Queen Sophie Dorothea
- Brief news about the gender of Kameke. In: Heinrich Berghaus : Land book of the Duchy of Pomerania and the Principality of Rügen. Volume 1, Anklam 1867, pp. 572-576 .
- Fritz von Kameke-Cratzig: Contributions to the history of the von Kameke family. Hendeß, Cöslin 1892. Digitized
- Deutsche Adelsgenossenschaft (Hrsg.): Yearbook of the German nobility . Volume 2, 1898, published by WT Bruer, p. 166. Digitized .
- Otto Hupp : Munich calendar 1913. Book a. Art Print AG, Munich / Regensburg 1913.
- Genealogical manual of the nobility . Nobility Lexicon. Volume VI, Volume 91 of the complete series, CA Starke Verlag, Limburg (Lahn) 1987, .
- Peter Baumgart : In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 11, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1977, ISBN 3-428-00192-3 , p. 79 ( ).
- Leopold von Zedlitz-Neukirch : New Prussian Nobility Lexicon . Volume 3: I-O. Leipzig 1837, pp. 64-67.
- Genealogical paperback of the knights and Noble families. 1878. Third volume, pp. 333f.
- Gothaisches genealogical pocket book of noble houses 1901. First volume, p. 472ff.
- Gothaisches genealogical pocket book of noble houses 1903. Fourth year, p. 413ff.
- Kameke. in: New general German nobility lexicon .
- Kameke. in: New Prussian nobility lexicon .
- Kameke . In: Heinrich August Pierer , Julius Löbe (Hrsg.): Universal Lexicon of the Present and the Past . 4th edition. tape 9 . Altenburg 1860, p. 259-260 ( zeno.org ).
- see e.g. E.g. Genealogical Imperial and State Manual for the year 1805 . Part 1, Frankfurt am Main 1805, p. 633.
- Zietlow: The Premonstratensian monastery on the island of Usedom. P. 105 ( Google Books ).
- Heinrich Berghaus (ed.): Land book of the Duchy of Pomerania and the Principality of Rügen . III. Part, Volume 1, Anklam 1867, pp. 572-576 .
- Hermann Hoogeweg : The founders and monasteries of the province of Pomerania. Volume 2, Stettin 1925, p. 278.
- Adalbert Holtz: Bishop Otto von Bamberg in Warp. The ramparts Garz on Usedom and Neuwarp old town . In: Society for Pomeranian History and Archeology (Hrsg): Baltic studies . New episode vol. 45, von der Ropp, Hamburg 1958, p. 29 ( digitized version ).
- Pommersches Urkundenbuch Volume 1, p. 191
- site Moorgut Kartzfehn of Kameke GmbH & Co. KG