|Height :||224 (200–337) m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||7.79 km²|
|Residents :||1877 (Jun. 30, 2016)|
|Population density :||241 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||1st October 1970|
|Postal code :||35466|
|Area code :||06407|
Londorf is the largest district of the municipality of Rabenau in the central Hessian district of Gießen and has around 1900 inhabitants. The place is the seat of the municipal administration of Rabenau and the seat of the mayor .
The name Londorf is derived from the Lumda river flowing through it . Their traditional dialect name "Lom" can still be recognized today: Londorf (village on the Lumda). Londorf was first mentioned under the names Lundorf and Luntdorfe around the year 760 in the Codex Eberhardi , the document book of the Fulda monastery .
The statistical-topographical-historical description of the Grand Duchy of Hesse reports on Londorf in 1830:
"Londorf (L. Bez. Grünberg) evangel. Parish village; is on the Lumda, 2 1 / 4 St. von Grünberg, and the baronial family heard of Nordeck to Rabenau. There are 120 houses and 844 inhabitants, who, apart from 103 Jews, are Protestant. 57 farmers and 23 artisans are among the inhabitants who are very active in spinning and linen weaving. The place has 1 church, 1 schoolhouse, 1 town hall, 3 grinding and oil mills and nearby is Rabenau Castle. 3 markets are held annually. - Already in good health. Lull's times, i.e. before 786, is this place where the Hersfeld monastery was wealthy. Later documents use the name of the Londorfer Mark. to which Altendorfe (Allendorf) and Burchbach, which the latter no longer exists, will be relocated. The places that belonged to this mark in the 15th century are: Odenhausen, Weitershain, Appenborn, Climbach, Geilshausen, Rüdingshausen, Kesselbach, Allendorf and the outgoing Nordernahe, Steinboile, Ardreff, Molenbach and Elhartshusen. In 1822 the Baron von Nordeck zur Rabenau family ceded the patrimonial police force to the state. "
The municipalities of Londorf and Kesselbach merged voluntarily on October 1, 1970 as part of the regional reform in Hesse to form the municipality of Rabenau. On December 31, 1971, the communities Allertshausen, Geilshausen, Odenhausen and Rüddingshausen were incorporated.
In June 2008 Londorf celebrated its 1250th anniversary. It was the seat of the barons of Nordeck zur Rabenau until the 20th century . Their successors, the Counts of Schwerin and the Barons of Roeder zu Diersburg, still live in what is known as the lower castle today.
see also Burgstall Londorf
Historical forms of names
In documents that have survived, Londorf was mentioned under the following place names (the year of mention in brackets):
- Lundorf (750/779) [XII century Codex Eberhardi 1 I p. 263f. = Document book of the Fulda Monastery 1, No. 108, 113]
- Luntdorfe, in (750/779) [XII century Codex Eberhardi 1 I p. 263f. = Document book of the Fulda Monastery 1, No. 108, 113]
- Lantorfere marca (780/802) [XII century Codex Eberhardi 1 I p. 269 = document book of the monastery Fulda 1, no. 441]
- Lundorf, ... in alia vero villa, Inferiore scilicet Lundorf, in (802/817) [XII century Codex Eberhardi 1 I, p. 239 = Dronke, Traditiones Capitulum 6 No. 91]
- Lundorp, de (1306) [Baur, Hessian documents 1 (Starkenburg and Upper Hesse), no. 448]
- Londorf, von (1368) [Document book of the Arnsburg monastery 3, no. 970]
Territorial history and administration
The following list gives an overview of the territories in which Londorf was located or the administrative units to which it was subordinate:
- 750/779: Lahngau
- 775/779: Hessengau
- 1237: County of Rucheslo
- before 1567 Holy Roman Empire , Landgraviate Hessen , Court of Londorf
- from 1567: Holy Roman Empire, Landgraviate Hessen-Marburg , Allendorf / Lumda office , Londorf court of the Barons Nordeck zur Rabenau
- 1604–1648: Holy Roman Empire, disputed between Landgraviate Hessen-Darmstadt and Landgraviate Hessen-Kassel ( Hessian War )
- from 1604: Holy Roman Empire, Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt, Upper Duchy of Hesse , Allendorf / Lumda office, Londorf court
- from 1806: Grand Duchy of Hesse , Upper Duchy of Hesse , Allendorf / Lumda Office, Londorf Court
- from 1815: German Confederation , Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse , Allendorf / Lumda Office, Londorf Court
- from 1821: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, district of Grünberg (separation between justice ( district court Grünberg ; in 1822 the patrimonial jurisdiction of the Barons Nordeck zur Rabenau was transferred to the district court) and administration)
- from 1832: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, Grünberg district
- from 1848: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Gießen district
- from 1852: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, Grünberg district
- from 1867: North German Confederation , Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, District of Grünberg
- from 1871: German Empire , Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, District of Grünberg
- from 1874: German Empire, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, District of Gießen
- from 1918: German Empire, People's State of Hesse , Province of Upper Hesse, District of Gießen
- from 1945: American zone of occupation , Greater Hesse , Darmstadt administrative district, Gießen district
- from 1949: Federal Republic of Germany , State of Hesse , Darmstadt administrative district, Gießen district
- on October 1, 1970 merger with Kesselbach to form the municipality of Rabenau.
- from 1977: Federal Republic of Germany, State of Hesse, Darmstadt administrative district, Lahn-Dill district
- from 1979: Federal Republic of Germany, State of Hesse, Darmstadt district, Gießen district
- from 1981: Federal Republic of Germany, State of Hesse, Gießen district, Gießen district
Courts since 1803
In the Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt , the judicial system was reorganized in an executive order of December 9, 1803. The “Hofgericht Gießen” was set up as a court of second instance for the province of Upper Hesse . The jurisdiction of the first instance was carried out by the offices or registry lords and thus the "Patrimonial Court of the Barons Nordeck zur Rabenau " in Londorf was responsible for Londorf. The court court was the second instance court for normal civil disputes, and the first instance for civil family law cases and criminal cases. The superior court of appeal in Darmstadt was superordinate .
With the establishment of the Grand Duchy of Hesse in 1806, this function was retained, while the tasks of the first instance were transferred to the newly created regional and city courts in 1821 as part of the separation of jurisdiction and administration. In 1822, the barons of Nordeck zur Rabenau ceded their rights at the Londorf court to the Grand Duchy of Hesse. " Landgericht Grünberg " was therefore from 1822 to 1879 the name of the court of first instance that was responsible for Londorf.
On the occasion of the introduction of the Courts Constitution Act with effect from October 1, 1879, as a result of which the previous grand-ducal Hessian regional courts were replaced by local courts in the same place, while the newly created regional courts now functioned as higher courts, the name was changed to "Amtsgericht Grünberg" and assigned to the district of the regional court of Giessen . On July 1, 1968, the Grünberg District Court was dissolved, and Londorf was added to the Gießen District Court . Between January 1, 1977 and August 1, 1979, the court was called "District Court Lahn-Gießen", which was renamed "District Court Gießen" when the city of Lahn was dissolved. In the Federal Republic of Germany, the superordinate instances are the Regional Court of Giessen , the Higher Regional Court of Frankfurt am Main and the Federal Court of Justice as the last instance.
|• 1577:||house seats (with Junker apartments)48|
|• 1669:||328 souls|
|• 1742:||inmates / Jews4 clergymen / officials, 70 subjects, 28 young men, 20|
|• 1800:||647 inhabitants|
|• 1806:||802 inhabitants, 123 houses|
|• 1829:||844 inhabitants, 120 houses|
|• 1867:||828 inhabitants, 150 houses|
|Londorf: Population from 1800 to 2015|
|Data source: Historical municipality register for Hesse: The population of the municipalities from 1834 to 1967. Wiesbaden: Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt, 1968. |
Further sources:; 2011 census
Source: Historical local dictionary
|• 1830:||741 Protestant residents, 103 Jewish residents|
|• 1961:||1342 Protestant, 222 Roman Catholic inhabitants|
Source: Historical local dictionary
|• 1961:||Labor force: 134 agriculture and forestry, 316 manufacturing, 130 trade, transport and communication, 112 services and other.|
Sights and culture
The local name for the Londorfer population is Ohmbachschesser .
A remarkable building is the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Londorf , known as the Rabenau Cathedral , with a Gothic tower from the 13th century. It is the largest church in the wider area up to Marburg. It was built as a fortified church in the shape of a cross by the Grand Ducal builder Dr. Carl Wilhelm Chr. Dieffenbach from Friedberg built. As a result of the dilapidation , the church was demolished in 1857/58 and built from 1861 to 1864 in neo-Gothic style; only the tower remained.
The building consists of a central nave and two side aisles , which are separated from each other by four strong stone pillars on each side. When you enter the church through the tower entrance, the first thing you see is the Lungstein altar , to which three steps lead up. In the central nave, to the left of the central aisle, is the twelve-sided baptismal font carved from lung stone . The romantic organ , made by the Link brothers from Gingen an der Brenz, has two manuals , 1400 pipes, 22 registers and is over 100 years old.
The Rabenau Cathedral is the mother church of all churches in the Lumdatal. The entire church was restored in 2005/2006.
Since 1955 there has also been a Catholic church in the village.
In the middle of the town center is the Burggarten, a 15382 m² large green area. It is surrounded by a wall made of Lungstein , a rare basalt , which was mined in Londorf . The park was originally planned and laid out as a mansion garden between 1820 and 1830 by Baron Georg von Nordeck zur Rabenau and his rent master Engel. An expansion took place ten years later. In 1842 the pavilion, designed in the classical style, was completed. The poet Rainer Maria Rilke later lived and worked here, among other places.
The municipality of Rabenau has leased the area since the mid-1950s . Since then, the population has been able to use the area for local recreation. When the Rabenau tourist office was founded in 1962, organized, active use began. On a section of 1600 m² near the main gate there has been a mini golf course since 1964 , which was renovated in 1999, as well as the only boules area in the area , which has been open since 1992 . A restaurant with a beer garden adjoins the site.
Since 1998, the facility has been used for a festival of lights every two years in summer.
Every year in August the car-free Sunday takes place in the Lumdatal. The Burggarten, with the supporting program organized there, has emerged as a popular station for cyclists and roller skaters, hikers and walkers.
Since only the rails of the railway were destroyed by bombs in the Second World War , the old town center with its half-timbered houses and 2 bakery houses around the village church is well preserved. One bakery is still used regularly, the other is now used as storage space. The estate next to the Burggarten has been managed by the Roswag family for many years. The Klingelborn can be found on the site of the lower castle, near the Mühlgraben. Here children used to throw pieces of sugar into the water to ask the stork for a sibling.
Every year in September the Michaelismarkt takes place. This is used by some exhibitions such as B. the art forum, in which only artists with a connection to the Rabenau take part.
The state road L 3146 connects the central places in the Lumdatal. Rabenau has a motorway connection to the A 5 in the east. To the west, in Staufenberg, there is a connection to the Gießener Ring and the motorway-like B 3 a. Today the bus line 520 of the Rhein-Main-Verkehrsverbund (RMV) serves the connections to Giessen. Londorf, along with all other Rabenau districts, has the honeycomb number 1434. The closest train stations are in Lollar or Grünberg.
Londorf train station
Londorf has a station on the Lumdatalbahn , which ran from Lollar station to Grünberg. However, since 1981 there has been no more passenger traffic. In 1991 freight traffic also ended. However, there have been plans to reactivate local rail transport for a number of years.
Personalities, born in Londorf
- Carl Engel von der Rabenau (1817–1870), German painter
- Georg Nordeck zur Rabenau (1777–1858), officer and member of the state parliament
- Ebo Rothschild (1902–1977), lawyer in Darmstadt, banned from practicing as a Jew in 1933, emigrated via Spain and France to Chile, 1955 immigrated to Israel
- Districts on the website of the municipality of Rabenau.
- Londorf, district of Giessen. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Literature on Londorf in the Hessian Bibliography
- Londorf, district of Giessen. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of May 24, 2018). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Population. (No longer available online.) In: Internet presence. Rabenau community, archived from the original ; accessed in June 2018 . (Data from web archive)
- Georg Wilhelm Justin Wagner : Statistical-topographical-historical description of the Grand Duchy of Hesse: Province of Upper Hesse . tape 3 . Carl Wilhelm Leske, Darmstadt August 1830, OCLC 312528126 , p. 166 f . ( Online at google books ).
- Merger of the communities of Kesselbach and Londorf in the district of Gießen to form the community of "Rabenau" on October 5, 1970 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1970 No. 42 , p. 2016 , point 1850 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 5.2 MB ]).
- Karl-Heinz Meier barley, Karl Reinhard Hinkel: Hesse. Municipalities and counties after the regional reform. A documentation . Ed .: Hessian Minister of the Interior. Bernecker, Melsungen 1977, DNB 770396321 , OCLC 180532844 , p. 307 .
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. State of Hesse. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Grand Ducal Central Office for State Statistics (ed.): Contributions to the statistics of the Grand Duchy of Hesse . tape 13 . G. Jonghause's Hofbuchhandlung, Darmstadt 1872, DNB 013163434 , OCLC 162730471 , p. 12 ff . ( Online at google books ).
- Document book of the Fulda Monastery 1 No. 108
- Document book of the monastery Fulda 1 No. 113
- The affiliation of the Allendorf an der Lumda office based on maps from the Historical Atlas of Hessen : Hessen-Marburg 1567–1604 . , Hessen-Kassel and Hessen-Darmstadt 1604–1638 . and Hessen-Darmstadt 1567–1866 .
- Hessen-Darmstadt state and address calendar 1791 . In the publishing house of the Invaliden-Anstalt, Darmstadt 1791, p. 174 ( online in the HathiTrust digital library ).
- Hessen-Darmstadt state and address calendar 1806 . In the publishing house of the Invaliden-Anstalt, Darmstadt 1806, p. 223 ( online in the HathiTrust digital library ).
- Wilhelm von der Nahmer: Handbuch des Rheinischen Particular-Rechts: Development of the territorial and constitutional relations of the German states on both banks of the Rhine: from the first beginning of the French Revolution up to the most recent times . tape 3 . Sauerländer, Frankfurt am Main 1832, OCLC 165696316 , p. 6 ( online at google books ).
- Latest countries and ethnology. A geographical reader for all stands. Kur-Hessen, Hessen-Darmstadt and the free cities. tape 22 . Weimar 1821, p. 413 ( online at Google Books ).
- The assignment of the patrimonial court name of the Barons von Nordeck zur Rabenau in the Lohndorfer Grund, for the exercise by the state, dated March 4, 1822 . In: Grand Ducal Ministry of the Interior and Justice (Ed.): Grand Ducal Hessian Government Gazette. 1822 no. 15 , p. 179 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 36.0 MB ]).
- Ordinance on the implementation of the German Courts Act and the Introductory Act to the Courts Constitution Act of May 14, 1879 . In: Grand Duke of Hesse and the Rhine (ed.): Grand Ducal Hessian Government Gazette. 1879 no. 15 , p. 197–211 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 17.8 MB ]).
- Second law amending the Court Organization Act (Amends GVBl. II 210–16) of February 12, 1968 . In: The Hessian Minister of Justice (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1968 No. 4 , p. 41–44 , Article 1, Paragraph 2 a) and Article 2, Paragraph 4 d) ( online at the information system of the Hessian State Parliament [PDF; 298 kB ]).
- Hessen-Darmstadt state and address calendar 1800 . In the publishing house of the Invaliden-Anstalt, Darmstadt 1800, p. 183 ( online in the HathiTrust digital library ).
- Ph. AF Walther : Alphabetical index of the residential places in the Grand Duchy of Hesse . G. Jonghaus, Darmstadt 1869, OCLC 162355422 , p. 54 ( online at google books ).
- Selected data on population and households on May 9, 2011 in the Hessian municipalities and parts of the municipality. (PDF; 1 MB) In: 2011 Census . Hessian State Statistical Office