Sai Yok National Park

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Sai Yok National Park
Houseboats in Sai Yok
Houseboats in Sai Yok
Sai Yok National Park (Thailand)
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Coordinates: 14 ° 27 '15.3 "  N , 98 ° 51' 15.9"  E
Location: Kanchanaburi , Thailand
Next city: Sai Yok Noi
Surface: 98 km²
Founding: October 27, 1980
Waterfall in Sai Yok
Waterfall in Sai Yok
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The Sai Yok National Park ( Thai : อุทยานแห่งชาติ ไทรโยค ) is a National Park in Kanchanaburi province in central Thailand .


King Chulalongkorn (Rama V) visited this area very often and enjoyed its secluded and quiet location. Sai Yok National Park was established on October 27, 1980 and was the eleventh national park in the country at the time.

Location and topography


Sai Yok National Park is located on the Burmese - Thai state border in the districts ( Amphoe ) Thong Pha Phum and Sai Yok , the park administration is 98 kilometers away from Kanchanaburi . The park is about 500 km².

Sai Yok National Park, Mu 7, Tambon Sai Yok Sub-district, Amphoe Sai Yok, Kanchanaburi 71150


The terrain of the Sai Yok National Park is hilly to mountainous, mostly covered with sandstone . The mountain ranges are arranged in a north-south direction. The height difference of the park is between 100 and 1327 meters.


The climate is tropical - monsoonal . Due to the altitude, the temperatures are slightly lower than in the other parts of the country. They are between 15 ° C and 30 ° C.

Flora and fauna

The Sai Yok National Park is home to tropical rainforests (including dipterocarp forests ) and mixed monsoon forests . It is the habitat of many different plant and animal species.


The proportion of mixed forests is approx. 84%, these are at an altitude of 100 to 600 meters. The most important plants are u. A. Homalium tomentosum from the willow family , the dry dipterocarp forests make up only 2.5%, and thrive at an altitude of up to 400 meters. Here you can find u. A. Shorea obtusa . The tropical jungle can be found at heights from sea level up to approx. 600 meters, this has a share of almost 3%.


The fauna includes, for example, tigers , the Asiatic black bear , the sambar deer of the subspecies Rusa unicolor cambojensis , wood partridges of the genus Arborophila chloropus , bear macaque ( Macaca arctoides ), Chinese serau ( Capricornis milneedwardsii ), bengal cat and many species of birds and reptiles . Particularly interesting is the species of swine- nosed bat ( Craseonycteris thonglongya ) discovered here by Kitti Thonglongya in 1973 ; With a length of 3 centimeters and a body weight of 1.5 to 2 grams, it is the smallest mammal species in the world; the adult specimens have a wingspan of around 10 centimeters.


The Sai Yok Waterfall ( น้ำตกไทรโยค) plunges directly into the Mae Nam Khwae Noi (Khwae Noi River) and is not far from the park administration. There are also caves to see, such as the Dao Dueng Cave ( ถ้ำ ดาวดึงส์ ) with eight chambers and very beautiful stalactites .


  • Vasa Sutthipibul (et al., Ed.): National parks in Thailand . National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok 2006, ISBN 974-286-087-4

Individual evidence

  1. a b c Vasa Sutthipibul (et al., Ed.): National parks in Thailand . National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok 2006, ISBN 974-286-087-4

Web links

Commons : Sai Yok National Park  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files