|Automobile world championship|
|First start:||Monaco Grand Prix 1950|
|Last start:||1956 Italian Grand Prix|
|1950–1953 Equipe Gordini · 1954 Ecurie Rosier · 1955–1956 Equipe Gordini|
|World Cup balance:||WM-6. ( 1952 )|
|World Cup points :||16|
|Leadership laps :||-|
Robert Manzon (born April 12, 1917 in Marseille ; † January 19, 2015 there ) was a French racing driver . He was active in Formula 1 from 1950 to 1956 and was the last living driver to take part in the first Formula 1 season in 1950 .
Manzon was a little younger than many of his fellow countrymen who took an interest in racing after World War II , but did not drive his first race until he was 29.
In 1946 he took part in the Coupe des Alpes on a Simca 8 Cabriolet. In the following year he tried his hand at the wheel of a Cisitalia at the Grand Prix du Comminges in the class up to 1100 cm³ and finished second.
Since he also left drivers like Tazio Nuvolari , Luigi Villoresi and Achille Varzi behind at the circuit race in Angoulême , Amédée Gordini , the founder of the French sports car brand Gordini , noticed him and hired him as a works driver. The Gordini cars, with their many progressive detailed solutions, had been known for their susceptibility to defects since the late 1940s, which Manzon then got to know at the Italian Grand Prix in Turin .
Qualified with difficulty, his car went on strike on the first lap of the race. In hill climbs, however, Manzon held himself harmless in those years when he twice won the CC du Mont Ventoux on a Simca - Gordini 1500. Today the Mont Ventoux is almost only known from the stage arrival of the annual Tour de France . The course was to be Manzon's "home track", where he won every time until 1952.
In the 1950 Formula 1 season , Manzon achieved another success with fourth place at the French Grand Prix . At the race in Périgueux , which was not part of the world championship, he won ahead of his teammates André Simon and Stirling Moss .
To compensate for this competitive disadvantage, a new six-cylinder engine was designed. With this engine, Manzon was able to take third place at the Belgian Grand Prix behind Alberto Ascari and Giuseppe Farina , fourth place in France and fifth place during the 1952 Formula 1 season , which was contested according to the Formula 2 regulations enter the Netherlands , so that he finished sixth in the world championship with nine points.
Since there was no regular world championship race in Monte Carlo this year either, Robert Manzon took part in the Monaco Grand Prix with the old Simca-Gordini 1500 . At the 24 Hours of Le Mans , it was almost enough for Jean Behra to take the overall victory, but braking problems forced the team to give up.
After promising beginnings, 1953 was again not a successful year for Gordini. At the Argentine Grand Prix in Buenos Aires , Manzon was suddenly in the lead for a long time despite poor training performance and surprisingly set himself apart from the field. After a tire change, Alberto Ascari was back in the lead ten laps before the end of the race . Manzon caught up and was almost within striking distance when, a few kilometers from the finish, he lost a wheel of his car and had to give up.
In the face of this disappointment, Manzon signed for the 1954 Formula 1 season with the Rosier team , which used a Ferrari 625 . At the French Grand Prix , he took third place behind Juan Manuel Fangio and Karl Kling , both in a Mercedes-Benz .
In the following two years Manzon competed again in all world championship races in a car of his old sponsor Gordini. Since bad luck or defects always prevented respectable results, Manzon declared his retirement from active racing in 1956, but still took part in a few selected sports car races and won the Mille Miglia in the small GT-1100 class on a DB Panhard .
Since the death of the Argentine José Froilán González in 2013, Manzon was the last living driver to take part in the inaugural Formula 1 season in 1950. He died in January 2015 at the age of 97.
Statistics in the automobile world championship
|1950||Equipe Simca Gordini||Simca-Gordini T15||Simca-Gordini 1.5 L4s||3||-||-||-||-||-||3||14th|
|1951||Equipe Simca Gordini||Simca-Gordini T15||Gordini 1.5 L4s||4th||-||-||-||-||-||-||NC|
|1952||Gordini||Gordini T16||Gordini 2.0 L6||7th||-||-||1||-||-||9||6th|
|1953||Equipe Gordini||Gordini T16||Gordini 2.0 L6||1||-||-||-||-||-||-||NC|
|1954||Rosier team||Ferrari 625F1||Ferrari 2.5 L4||5||-||-||1||-||-||4th||15th|
|1955||Equipe Gordini||Gordini T16||Gordini 2.5 L6||3||-||-||-||-||-||-||NC|
|1956||Equipe Gordini||Gordini T16||Gordini 2.5 L6||1||-||-||-||-||-||-||NC|
|Gordini T32||Gordini 2.5 L8||4th||-||-||-||-||-|
|green||-||Placement in the points|
|blue||-||Classified outside the point ranks|
|violet||DNF||Race not finished (did not finish)|
|red||DNQ||did not qualify|
|DNPQ||failed in pre-qualification (did not pre-qualify)|
|White||DNS||not at the start (did not start)|
|Light Blue||PO||only participated in the training (practiced only)|
|TD||Friday test driver|
|without||DNP||did not participate in the training (did not practice)|
|INJ||injured or sick|
|DNA||did not arrive|
|no participation in the World Cup|
|other||P / bold||Pole position|
|SR / italic||Fastest race lap|
|*||not at the finish,
but counted due to the distance covered
|underlined||Leader in the overall standings|
Le Mans results
|1950||Automobiles Gordini||Simca-Gordini T15S||Maurice Trintignant||failure||Water loss|
|1951||Equipe Gordini||Simca-Gordini T15S||André Simon||failure||Ignition distributor|
|1952||Automobiles Gordini||Gordini T15S||Jean Behra||failure||Brake defect|
|1953||Scuderia Lancia||Lancia D.20 Compressor||Louis Chiron||failure||Engine failure|
|1954||Scuderia Ferrari||Ferrari 375 Plus||Louis Rosier||failure||Power transmission|
|1956||Automobiles Gordini||Gordini T15S||Jean Guichet||failure||no oil pressure|
|1954||Scuderia Lancia||Lancia D24||Piero Taruffi||Disqualified|
|1955||Directed by Renault Co.||Renault 1063||Louis Pons||Jean Hébert||failure||Engine failure|
Individual results in the sports car world championship
Ferrari 375 Plus
Ferrari 860 Monza
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||French racing car driver|
|DATE OF BIRTH||April 12, 1917|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Marseille , France|
|DATE OF DEATH||19th January 2015|
|Place of death||Marseille , France|