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Coat of arms of Zeihen
State : SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland
Canton : Kanton AargauKanton Aargau Aargau (AG)
District : Laufenburgw
BFS no. : 4183i1 f3 f4
Postal code : 5079
Coordinates : 648624  /  258 547 coordinates: 47 ° 28 '33 "  N , 8 ° 5' 1"  O ; CH1903:  648624  /  two hundred fifty-eight thousand five hundred and forty-seven
Height : 441  m above sea level M.
Height range : 414–783 m above sea level M.
Area : 6.88  km²
Residents: 1176 (December 31, 2019)
Population density : 171 inhabitants per km²
Proportion of foreigners :
(residents without
citizenship )
17.5% (December 31, 2019)
Website: www.zeihen.ch
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Location of the municipality
Deutschland Kanton Basel-Landschaft Kanton Solothurn Bezirk Aarau Bezirk Baden Bezirk Brugg Bezirk Lenzburg Bezirk Rheinfelden Bezirk Zurzach Eiken Frick AG Gansingen Gipf-Oberfrick Herznach Hornussen AG Kaisten AG Laufenburg AG Mettauertal Münchwilen AG Oberhof AG Oeschgen Schwaderloch Sisseln Ueken Wittnau AG Wölflinswil ZeihenMap of draws
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Zeihen ( Swiss German : ˈtsæːiə ) is a municipality in the Swiss canton of Aargau . It belongs to the district of Laufenburg and is located in the southeast of the Fricktal region , exactly halfway between the cities of Basel and Zurich .


The municipality lies in the transition zone from the Table Jura to the Folded Jura and consists of several villages. The main settlement of Unterzeihen (historically known as Niederzeihen ), in which around two thirds of all residents live, is located on the Zeiherbach in a side valley of the Sissle . The steep flank of the Chapfbüel ( 548  m above sea level ) rises south-east of the village . This forms the westernmost part of the extensive Bözberg plateau, which separates the Zeiherbach valley from the Sissle valley further east. The southern border is formed by a chain of hills of the Folded Jura, consisting of the Zeiher Homberg ( 782  m above sea level , northernmost fold Jura elevation of the Aargau), the Dreierberg ( 758  m above sea level ) and the Zeihergutsch ( 757  m above sea level). ). About one kilometer south of Unterzeihen lies the village of Oberzeihen ( 470  m above sea level ) on the Zeiherbach . The hamlet of Eichwald ( 559  m above sea level ) is located on the Rütenen plateau, and the hamlet of Iberghof ( 551  m above sea level ) on the northwest slope of the Zeihergutsch near the source of the Sissle .

The area of ​​the municipality is 687 hectares , of which 282 hectares are forested and 61 hectares are built over. The highest point is on the summit of the Zeiher Homberg, the lowest at 420  m above sea level. M. am Zeiherbach. The municipality of Zeihen is part of the Aargau Jura Park, a “Regional Nature Park of National Importance”. Neighboring communities are Bözen and Effingen in the north, Bözberg in the northeast, Schinznach in the southeast, Thalheim in the south, Densbüren in the southwest, Herznach and Ueken in the west and Hornussen in the northwest.


The area around Zeihen was already settled by the Romans in spite of its remoteness ; excavations in 2002 revealed a commercial building from the 1st century AD. A grave of the Alemanni with various additions dates from the 7th century . Ze Eigen was first mentioned in a document in 1303/08 in the Habsburg land register . The place name comes from the Old High German ze Eigane and means "in one's own property". At that time, the municipality was largely owned by the women's monastery in Säckingen . Any earlier documents were probably destroyed in the monastery fire of 1272. The Effinger family , who lived in Wildegg Castle , also owned land.

The Habsburgs were the patrons and holders of high jurisdiction . From 1460 Zeihen was on the border with the Bernese Aargau after the city of Bern had taken possession of the neighboring villages to the south. After the Waldshut War of 1468, the Habsburgs pledged the entire Fricktal to Burgundy . When the Burgundians were defeated by the Confederates during the Burgundian Wars , Zeihen came under Austrian rule again in 1477. After the imperial reform of the Austrian Emperor Maximilian I in 1491, Zeihen belonged to Upper Austria and was in the Fricktal region, a subordinate administrative unit of the Rheinfelden cameraman (from 1752 in the Upper Office of Breisgau ).

In the 17th century there were hardly any longer times of peace. The Rappenkrieg , a peasant uprising, lasted from 1612 to 1614. The Thirty Years War , which also affected the Fricktal between 1633 and 1638, threw the village back in its economic development. Foreign troops also moved through the region during the War of the Palatinate Succession (1688–1697). In 1680 Austria pledged its sovereign rights over Niederzeihen, Hellikon , Hornussen , Stein and Zuzgen to the Säckingen monastery. It was not until 1740 that the pledge could be bought back at a price of 15,000 guilders . From the end of the 17th century to the middle of the 18th century, iron ore was mined in the Summerhalde area in the form of pebble ore , the mining sites are still visible today.

Historic aerial photo by Werner Friedli from 1953

In 1797 the Fricktal became a French protectorate after the Peace of Campo Formio . During the Second Coalition War , the front line between the armies of France and Austria ran here . The Canton of Fricktal was founded on February 20, 1802, and joined the Helvetic Republic in August . Niederzeihen formed a municipality in the Laufenburg district , while Oberzeihen belonged to the municipality of Herznach . From March 19, 1803 Nieder- and Oberzeihen were in the canton of Aargau. In 1853 Oberzeihen separated from Herznach and merged with Niederzeihen to form the municipality of Zeihen.

On August 2, 1875, Zeihen was connected to the railway network when the Bözberg line between Brugg and Basel was opened. But although the railway line runs right through the village, the station was far away in the direction of Effingen . Due to the discontinuation of the haulage services on Bözbergstrasse , numerous families lost their income and had to emigrate. For most of the 20th century, when agriculture was slowly being replaced by small businesses and service companies, the population stagnated. The station Effingen has been closed since 1,993th Since the opening of the nearby Bözberg motorway in 1996, construction activity has intensified and the number of residents has risen continuously.


In the village center
Catholic Church

coat of arms

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms reads: "A post with twelve places in green, black and yellow, and two yellow ears of wheat." The coat of arms was introduced in 1955. The post symbolizes the twelve administrative units (courtyards) of the Säckingen monastery, from which Zeihen developed. The colors black and yellow represent the rule of the Habsburgs, while the ears of corn symbolize the clearing community.


The population developed as follows:

year 1768 1850 1900 1930 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010
Residents 193 457 614 681 764 745 730 690 712 863 978

On December 31, 2019, 1,176 people lived in Zeihen, the proportion of foreigners was 17.5%. In the 2015 census, 45.2% described themselves as Roman Catholic and 19.0% as Reformed ; 35.8% were non-denominational or of other faiths. In the 2000 census, 92.6% had German as their main language, 4.6% Albanian and 0.8% Serbo-Croatian .

Politics and law

The assembly of those entitled to vote, the municipal assembly , exercises legislative power. The executing authority is the five-member municipal council . He is elected by the people in the majority procedure, his term of office is four years. The parish council leads and represents the parish. To this end, it implements the resolutions of the municipal assembly and the tasks assigned to it by the canton. The District Court of Laufenburg is the first instance responsible for legal disputes . Zeihen belongs to the Friedensrichterkreis X (Mettau).

Municipal council Official title
Christian Probst Mayor
Patrik Meier Vice-Captain
Daniel Banholzer Municipal council
Michel Dietiker Municipal council
Pascal Freiermuth Municipal council


According to the corporate structure statistics (STATENT) collected in 2015, there are around 270 jobs, 37% of them in agriculture, 26% in industry and 37% in the service sector. Most of the employed are commuters and work in the larger communities of the Fricktal and in the Brugg region .


The village is away from through traffic. Well-developed side roads lead to Effingen , Herznach and Hornussen . There is a junction to the A3 motorway on Kantonsstrasse 480 to Effingen , which can only be used from or in the direction of Zurich . The next full connection is at Frick . The connection to the public transport network is provided by the Effingen – Zeihen – Herznach post bus line , with connections to Frick, Aarau and Brugg . On weekends, a night bus runs from Frick via Zeihen to Densbüren . The Effingen train station on the Bözberg line , around one and a half kilometers east of the village, has been closed since 1993. The Oberfricktaler Eisenweg leads through Zeihen .


The community has a kindergarten and a school house where primary school is taught. All upper levels ( district school , secondary school , secondary school ) can be attended in Frick . The closest grammar schools are the Alte Kantonsschule and the Neue Kantonsschule , both in Aarau .


Web links

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Individual evidence

  1. Cantonal population statistics 2019. Department of Finance and Resources, Statistics Aargau, March 30, 2020, accessed on April 2, 2019 .
  2. Cantonal population statistics 2019. Department of Finance and Resources, Statistics Aargau, March 30, 2020, accessed on April 2, 2019 .
  3. a b Beat Zehnder: The community names of the canton of Aargau . In: Historical Society of the Canton of Aargau (Ed.): Argovia . tape 100 . Verlag Sauerländer, Aarau 1991, ISBN 3-7941-3122-3 , p. 194-196 .
  4. ^ National map of Switzerland, sheet 1069, Swisstopo.
  5. Standard area statistics - municipalities according to 4 main areas. Federal Statistical Office , November 26, 2018, accessed on May 11, 2019 .
  6. ^ Joseph Galliker, Marcel Giger: Municipal coat of arms of the Canton of Aargau . Lehrmittelverlag des Kantons Aargau, book 2004, ISBN 3-906738-07-8 , p. 324 .
  7. Population development in the municipalities of the Canton of Aargau since 1850. (Excel) In: Eidg. Volkszählung 2000. Statistics Aargau, 2001, archived from the original on October 8, 2018 ; accessed on May 8, 2019 .
  8. Resident population by religious affiliation, 2015. (Excel) In: Population and Households, Community Tables 2015. Statistics Aargau, accessed on May 11, 2019 .
  9. Swiss Federal Census 2000: Economic resident population by main language as well as by districts and municipalities. (Excel) Statistics Aargau, archived from the original on August 10, 2018 ; accessed on May 8, 2019 .
  10. ↑ circles of justice of the peace. Canton of Aargau, accessed on June 19, 2019 .
  11. Statistics of the corporate structure (STATENT). (Excel, 157 kB) Statistics Aargau, 2016, accessed on May 8, 2019 .