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Coat of arms of Eiken
State : SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland
Canton : Kanton AargauKanton Aargau Aargau (AG)
District : Laufenburgw
BFS no. : 4161i1 f3 f4
Postal code : 5074
Coordinates : 641 478  /  264 721 coordinates: 47 ° 31 '55 "  N , 7 ° 59' 22"  O ; CH1903:  641478  /  two hundred and sixty-four thousand seven hundred twenty-one
Height : 331  m above sea level M.
Height range : 289–497 m above sea level M.
Area : 7.08  km²
Residents: 2301 (December 31, 2019)
Population density : 325 inhabitants per km²
Proportion of foreigners :
(residents without
citizenship )
21.9% (December 31, 2019)
Website: www.eiken.ch


Location of the municipality
Deutschland Kanton Basel-Landschaft Kanton Solothurn Bezirk Aarau Bezirk Baden Bezirk Brugg Bezirk Lenzburg Bezirk Rheinfelden Bezirk Zurzach Eiken Frick AG Gansingen Gipf-Oberfrick Herznach Hornussen AG Kaisten AG Laufenburg AG Mettauertal Münchwilen AG Oberhof AG Oeschgen Schwaderloch Sisseln Ueken Wittnau AG Wölflinswil ZeihenMap of Eiken
About this picture

Eiken ( Swiss German : ˈæikχə ) is a municipality in the Swiss canton of Aargau . It belongs to the Laufenburg district and is located in the center of the Fricktal region , a little more than two kilometers south of the border with Germany .


The almost two kilometer long street village is located on the western side of the Sissle , on the edge of the several hundred meters wide valley floor. To the north of the village, the river reaches the vast plain of the High Rhine . Immediately to the south of the village center, the steep flanks of two hills of the Table Jura rise up , which in the upper area merge into extensive, agriculturally used plateaus. These are the Seckenberg ( 458  m above sea level ) in the southeast and the Schupfarterberg ( 472  m above sea level ) in the southwest. A deeply cut side valley separates the two hills. To the north-east of the village, the 443 meter high Chinz separates the Sissle valley from the high Rhine plain.

The area of ​​the municipality is 708 hectares , of which 215 hectares are forested and 172 hectares are built over. The highest point is at 472  m above sea level. M. on the plateau of the Schupfarterberg, the deepest at 300  m above sea level. M. on the Sissle. Neighboring communities are Sisseln in the northeast, Kaisten in the east, Oeschgen in the southeast, Frick in the south, Schupfart in the southwest and Münchwilen in the west.


Individual finds testify to a settlement during the Alemannic and Frankish times. Eitchon was first mentioned in a document in 1160 in the Acta Murensia , a list of properties of the Muri monastery . The name comes from the Old High German Eitinghofun and means "at the courts of the Eito clan". After the Counts of Homberg-Tierstein died out, sovereignty passed to the Habsburgs in 1232 . After the Waldshut War of 1468, they pledged the entire Fricktal to Burgundy . When the Burgundians were defeated by the Confederates during the Burgundian Wars , Eiken came under Austrian rule again in 1477.

After the imperial reform of the Austrian Emperor Maximilian I in 1491, Eiken belonged to Upper Austria and was the seat of an upper bailiff in the Fricktal region, a subordinate administrative unit of the Rheinfelden cameramen (from 1752 in the Breisgau Upper Office ). In the 17th century there were hardly any longer times of peace. The Rappenkrieg , a peasant uprising, lasted from 1612 to 1614. The Thirty Years War , which also affected the Fricktal between 1633 and 1638, threw the village back in its economic development. Foreign troops also moved through the region during the War of the Palatinate Succession (1688–1697).

Historical aerial photo from 400 m by Walter Mittelholzer from 1925

In 1797 the Fricktal became a French protectorate after the Peace of Campo Formio . During the Second Coalition War , the front line between the armies of France and Austria ran here . On February 20, 1802, Eiken became a municipality in the Frick district of the Fricktal canton , which joined the Helvetic Republic in August . Karl Fahrländer , the brother of governor Sebastian Fahrländer , wrote the constitution of this short-lived canton in December 1801 in the rectory of Eiken. The municipality has belonged to the canton of Aargau since February 19, 1803.

In 1806, Sisseln , which only emerged in the second half of the 18th century, separated from Eiken and has since formed an independent municipality. On August 2, 1875, Eiken received a station on the Bözberg line . Nevertheless, the population declined as many residents became impoverished and had to emigrate to North America . From the beginning of the 1970s, the Basel chemical industry built extensive production facilities on the Sisslerfeld, and Eiken transformed into an industrial community on the edge of the agglomeration of the city of Basel . Since the beginning of the 1980s, the population has increased by over two thirds.

coat of arms

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms reads: "In red and yellow stake, covered with a black bailiff and separated by two yellow ears of wheat that are slanted towards the outside." The coat of arms was only introduced in 1949. The bailiff was chosen because Eiken had been the seat of a subordinate who also administered the villages of Münchwilen, Obermumpf and Schupfart. The four communities are symbolized by the ears of wheat, which also contain a reference to agriculture. The colors red and yellow indicate that this lower bailiff belonged to the former Upper Austrian cameraman Rheinfelden.

View from the Kreuzweg (Eiken) towards Bad Säckingen


The population developed as follows:

year 1768 1800 1850 1900 1930 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010
Residents 451 567 837 795 760 892 962 1195 1117 1449 1750 2004
Lourdes grotto, Eiken

On December 31, 2019, 2301 people lived in Eiken, the proportion of foreigners was 21.9%. In the 2015 census, 44.4% described themselves as Roman Catholic and 18.5% as Reformed ; 37.1% were non-denominational or of another faith. 91.7% said German as their main language in the 2000 census , 2.3% Albanian , 1.4% Italian and 1.0% Serbo-Croatian .


As in other communities in the Catholic Fricktal, a Lourdes grotto has also been built in Eiken . As in Lourdes , a statue of the Virgin Mary stands a little higher above the meeting place equipped with benches. In 1938 limestone rocks from the Chinzhalde were started to be transported with horse-drawn vehicles to the Räbacherli and the grotto was built there, which was completed and inaugurated in 1939. It can be reached by following a steep path of the cross from the cemetery. From here you have a view towards the Black Forest .

Politics and law

The assembly of those entitled to vote, the municipal assembly , exercises legislative power. The executing authority is the five-member municipal council . He is elected by the people in the majority procedure, his term of office is four years. The parish council leads and represents the parish. To this end, it implements the resolutions of the municipal assembly and the tasks assigned to it by the canton. The District Court of Laufenburg is the first instance responsible for legal disputes . Eiken belongs to the Friedensrichterkreis X (Mettau).

The partner municipalities of Eikens are Eicken-Bruche (Lower Saxony, Germany), Eke (Nazareth municipality, Belgium) and Eecke (Nord Département, France).

Municipal council Official title
Stefan Grunder Mayor
Markus Zwahlen Vice-Captain
Ingo Anders Municipal council
Sandra Adamek Councilor
Adrian Herzog Municipal council


According to the company structure statistics (STATENT) collected in 2015, there are around 1,350 jobs in Eiken, of which 2% are in agriculture, 50% in industry and 48% in the service sector. In the extensive industrial zone on the municipal boundary of Sisseln there are large production facilities of the Dutch pharmaceutical company DSM , whose chimney is the highest in Switzerland at 140 meters. The timber construction company Häring & Co. is based in Eiken. There are numerous small commercial and service companies in the village itself. On the northern edge of the village there is a gravel pit owned by the LafargeHolcim cement company . Many of the employed people commute and work in other agglomeration communities in the city of Basel .


Hauptstrasse 7 runs between Basel and Winterthur about a kilometer north of the village . Main road 3 to Zurich runs through the village itself . A junction of the A3 motorway is on the northern edge of the village. Eiken has a train station on the Bözberg line . Trains of the S-Bahn Basel stop here (line S1 between Frick and Basel SBB train station ). A post bus line runs between the train stations in Frick and Stein-Säckingen . On weekends there is a night S-Bahn from Basel through the Fricktal to Brugg and a night bus from Frick via Laufenburg to Eiken.


The community has a kindergarten and a primary school . The Realschule and the secondary school are run jointly with the neighboring community of Stein , the district school can be attended in Frick . The closest grammar schools are in Aarau ( old canton school and new canton school ); Due to an intercantonal agreement, young people from parts of the Fricktal can also complete the grammar school in Muttenz ( Canton Basel-Landschaft ) or in Basel . Eiken has been the location of the civil protection training center of the Canton of Aargau since 1980 .



Web links

Commons : Eiken  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Cantonal population statistics 2019. Department of Finance and Resources, Statistics Aargau, March 30, 2020, accessed on April 2, 2019 .
  2. Cantonal population statistics 2019. Department of Finance and Resources, Statistics Aargau, March 30, 2020, accessed on April 2, 2019 .
  3. a b Beat Zehnder: The community names of the canton of Aargau . In: Historical Society of the Canton of Aargau (Ed.): Argovia . tape 100 . Verlag Sauerländer, Aarau 1991, ISBN 3-7941-3122-3 , p. 140-141 .
  4. ^ National map of Switzerland, sheet 1069, Swisstopo.
  5. Standard area statistics - municipalities according to 4 main areas. Federal Statistical Office , November 26, 2018, accessed on May 11, 2019 .
  6. ^ Joseph Galliker, Marcel Giger: Municipal coat of arms of the Canton of Aargau . Lehrmittelverlag des Kantons Aargau, book 2004, ISBN 3-906738-07-8 , p. 148 .
  7. Population development in the municipalities of the Canton of Aargau since 1850. (Excel) In: Eidg. Volkszählung 2000. Statistics Aargau, 2001, archived from the original on October 8, 2018 ; accessed on May 8, 2019 .
  8. Resident population by religious affiliation, 2015. (Excel) In: Population and Households, Community Tables 2015. Statistics Aargau, accessed on May 11, 2019 .
  9. Swiss Federal Census 2000: Economic resident population by main language as well as by districts and municipalities. (Excel) Statistics Aargau, archived from the original on August 10, 2018 ; accessed on May 8, 2019 .
  10. The Lourdes grotto Eiken. Eiken Roman Catholic Parish, accessed on May 9, 2019 .
  11. ↑ circles of justice of the peace. Canton of Aargau, accessed on June 19, 2019 .
  12. Marc Fischer: In the sign of the oaks: What is behind the partnership of the "oak villages". Aargauer Zeitung , July 13, 2018, accessed on May 9, 2019 .
  13. Statistics of the corporate structure (STATENT). (Excel, 157 kB) Statistics Aargau, 2016, accessed on May 8, 2019 .
  14. Nadine Böni: One step closer to the wood-fired thermal power station in Sisslerfeld. Aargauer Zeitung , June 25, 2015, accessed on March 22, 2019 .
  15. ^ The cantonal civil protection training center. Department of Health and Social Affairs, accessed on May 9, 2019 .