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The city was first mentioned as a fortress in the second half of the 16th century. In the 17th century, the place developed the fastest economically because it was near important trade routes. In 1719 Arsamas received city rights and in 1779 became a county seat.
In the 18th and 19th centuries, a number of church buildings were erected in Arsamas, not a few of which have been preserved to this day. For this reason, the downtown area of Arzamas is considered to be one of the most magnificent among Russian cities of comparable size. Among other things, there is the Church of the Nativity of Christ ( Церковь Рождества Христова ) built in 1845 by the famous architect Konstantin Thon in the city .
On June 4, 1988, Arzamas hit the headlines when a train laden with explosives exploded in the city. The Arsamas railway accident claimed 91 lives.
Note: census data
Mainly handicrafts, leather and weaving industries, manufacture of spare parts for the automobile industry and manufacture of medical products are operated. Today, Arsamas is one of the leading industrial cities in the area.
The Russian vehicle manufacturer GAZ operates a plant in Arsamas.
Further educational institutions
- Branch of the Lobachevsky University in Nizhny Novgorod
- Branch of the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology
- Arsamas Polytechnic Institute (Branch of Nizhny Novgorod State Technical University)
- Branch of the Russian State Fern Agricultural University
- Michail Rajewski (1811–1884), Russian Orthodox archpriest and head of the embassy church in Vienna, was born in Arsamas
- Vasily Perow (1834–1882), painter and one of the founding members of the Peredwischniki , studied at Alexander Stupin's art school in Arsamas
- Sergius I (1867–1944), 12th Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia, was born in Arsamas
- Leonid Obolensky (1902–1991), cameraman, film director and actor, was born in Arsamas
- Arkadi Gaidar (1904–1941), youth writer, grew up in Arsamas
- Marina Orlowa (* 1980), philologist, was born in Arsamas
- Alexander Serebryakov (* 1987), road cyclist
- Yekaterina Poistogowa (* 1991), middle-distance runner, was born in Arsamas
- Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)
- Arsamas on mojgorod.ru (Russian)