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flag coat of arms
coat of arms
Federal district Volga
Oblast Nizhny Novgorod
Urban district Arsamas
mayor Tatiana Yuryevna Parusova
Founded 1578
City since 1719
surface 32  km²
population 106,362 inhabitants
(as of Oct. 14, 2010)
Population density 3324 inhabitants / km²
Height of the center 150  m
Official language russian , russian
Time zone UTC + 3
Telephone code (+7) 83147
Post Code 607220-607233
License Plate 52, 152
OKATO 22 403
Geographical location
Coordinates 55 ° 24 '  N , 43 ° 49'  E Coordinates: 55 ° 24 '0 "  N , 43 ° 49' 0"  E
Arsamas (European Russia)
Red pog.svg
Location in the western part of Russia
Arzamas (Nizhny Novgorod Oblast)
Red pog.svg
Location in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast
List of cities in Russia

Arsamas ( Russian Арзама́с ) is a Russian city ​​in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast . With 106,362 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010) it is the third largest city in the oblast.

Arsamas is located on the Tjoscha , a right tributary of the Oka , 112 km south of the metropolis of Nizhny Novgorod . The closest town is Perewos , which is 51 km northeast of Arsamas.


Resurrection Cathedral

The city was first mentioned as a fortress in the second half of the 16th century. In the 17th century, the place developed the fastest economically because it was near important trade routes. In 1719 Arsamas received city rights and in 1779 became a county seat.

In the 18th and 19th centuries, a number of church buildings were erected in Arsamas, not a few of which have been preserved to this day. For this reason, the downtown area of ​​Arzamas is considered to be one of the most magnificent among Russian cities of comparable size. Among other things, there is the Church of the Nativity of Christ ( Церковь Рождества Христова ) built in 1845 by the famous architect Konstantin Thon in the city .

On June 4, 1988, Arzamas hit the headlines when a train laden with explosives exploded in the city. The Arsamas railway accident claimed 91 lives.

Population development

year Residents
1897 10,592
1939 25,784
1959 41,518
1970 67,459
1979 93,251
1989 108,951
2002 109,432
2010 106,362

Note: census data


Mainly handicrafts, leather and weaving industries, manufacture of spare parts for the automobile industry and manufacture of medical products are operated. Today, Arsamas is one of the leading industrial cities in the area.

The Russian vehicle manufacturer GAZ operates a plant in Arsamas.

Further educational institutions


Individual evidence

  1. a b Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)

Web links

Commons : Arsamas  - collection of images, videos and audio files