The Last of the Mohicans (1965)
|German title||The last of the Mohicans|
|Original title||The last of the Mohicans / El último mohicano / La valle delle ombre rosse|
|Country of production||Federal Republic of Germany , Spain , Italy|
|original language||German , Spanish , Italian|
|Age rating||FSK 12|
J. Joachim Bartsch ,
José Antonio de la Loma ,
Giovanni Simonelli ,
Roberto Bianchi Montero
|production||International Germania Film, Cologne
Producciones Cinematograficas Balcazar, Madrid
Cineproduzioni Assiciate Sr1, Rome
( Alfons Carcasona )
Peter Thomas ,
Francesco De Masi
|camera||Ernst W. Kalinke|
Hermann Haller ,
The Last of the Mohicans is a western by director Harald Reinl from 1965 and one of several film adaptations of the novel of the same name (original title: The Last of the Mohicans ) by James Fenimore Cooper . The German-Spanish-Italian co-production was filmed from October 5 to December 18, 1964. The CCC-Atelier Berlin-Spandau served as a studio . The exterior shots were taken in Almería and the surrounding area. On April 16, 1965, the film recorded in Techniscope was premiered in the Theater am Rudolfplatz in Cologne .
With the help of the tribe of the Iroquois , under their chief Magua, white bandits attack the tribe of the Mohicans and cause a bloodbath. The badly wounded chief of the Mohicans, Chingachgook, struggles through to his son Unkas and his blood brother Falkenauge, a famous ranger. Unkas vows to avenge his father.
A money transport is attacked by the bandits and the Iroquois, but the soldiers manage to retreat to the nearby fortified Munroe farm. Colonel Munroe helps them defend them. However, he is concerned about his two daughters, Cora and Alice , who are on their way to the farm with Captain Hayward and some soldiers.
Magua pretends to be Munroe's messenger at Captain Hayward's, with the task of leading the entire command to the farm on safe routes. In the gorge of the "black vultures" the troop is attacked by the Iroquois, but Unkas and Hawk's Eye come to their aid. However, there is nothing they can do to prevent Magua from escaping with Cora hostage. Unkas pursues Magua and catches him. But to save Cora's life, he has to let Magua go and returns with her to the farm.
The attack by the Indians and bandits is escalating there. At the last minute, Hawkeye can come to the rescue with soldiers from Fort Westerhill . Magua succeeds once more in kidnapping Cora. But Unkas is on his heels again. This time Unkas defeats Magua, but he was mortally wounded in this fight. "The last of the Mohicans" dies with him.
“The Wild West and Indian romance of JF Cooper is shown once again in this new film adaptation. [...] Commendable director was Dr. Harald Reinl. "
“Reinl has a lot of ideas to make the bloody event as complex and varied as possible. He offers a true sample collection of Indian slaughter, bandit meanness and nobility. [...] Daniel Martín, the Mohican, is credible and harsher than Winnetou. A splendid show against a Spanish backdrop - almost too splendid. "
“With this magnificent and lavishly staged leather stocking film, director Reinl hit the bull's eye again after the 'Schatz im Silbersee' and 'Winnetou I'. Special praise to the cameraman Ernst Kalinke. [...] If you don't like this film, you can delete your youth, even if you should only be 18. "
“The plot of Cooper's novel has been moved from the 1850s to the 1960s and the setting from the east of the French and Indian War to a Spanish sand and rock west that could perhaps represent Arizona . The Iroquois and Mohicans don't quite fit in there, but this Cooper adaptation is actually another Karl May film anyway, and Falkenauge and Uncas, the role models of Shatterhand and Winnetou , are their successors. Director Harald Reinl took his entire Winnetou team with him on this affair, and like his Winnetou films, this is loving, competent work. "
“Bloody revenge is the order of the day, and Blacky Fuchsberger rides in front. (Rating: moderate) "
"Entertaining, exciting, with captivating landscape shots."
|Unkas||Daniel Martín||Thomas Eckelmann|
|Hawk Eye||Anthony Steffen||Horst Niendorf|
|Colonel Munroe||Carl Lange||Curt Ackermann|
|Alice Munroe||Paca Gabaldón||Marianne Lutz|
|Roger||Stelio Candelli||Rainer Brandt|
|Magua||Ricardo Rodríguez||Gerd Duwner|
- Immediately after the successful Karl May film " The Treasure in Silbersee ", the German film distributor Constantin Film planned the adaptation of the leather stocking novel "The Last of the Mohicans" by the American writer James Fenimore Cooper. In addition to the Karl May films, another German western film series was to be started from 1963. Since the intended director Harald Reinl was initially busy with other film projects (including the Karl May film “ Winnetou Part 1 ”), preparations for “The Last of the Mohicans” were delayed until October 1964. Constantin Film commissioned International Germania Film (IGF) with the production of the leather stocking film. The company of the Spanish film producer Alfons Carcasona had already made a number of successful films for distribution such as “ The Carpet of Horror ” (also directed by Harald Reinl) and “ The Secret of the Black Widow ”. In order for the actors in the film to be able to speak in their respective mother tongues, the script written by J. Joachim Bartsch , which differed greatly from the literary original, was translated into Spanish and Italian before shooting began.
- There are parallels to the Winneto films, in particular to “The Treasure in Silver Lake”. This affects, among other things, the voice actors. Unkas is dubbed by Thomas Eckelmann, who is known as the regular speaker of Pierre Brice and thus the voice of Winnetou. Horst Niendorf can also be heard as Old Shatterhand in the Winneto films, in “The Treasure in Silver Lake”. Thus the two main characters are based on the two main characters of the Winneto films, both in terms of their representation and their voices. Curt Ackermann, here the voice of Colonel Munroe, is the narrator of the Winnetou trilogy or can be heard as the governor. Rainer Brandt could also be heard at Winnetou.
- In various advance announcements, the actors Götz George , Loni von Friedl , Herbert Lom , Harald Juhnke , Günther Lüders , Jeffrey Hunter and Giorgia Moll were named for this film . Originally, Martin Böttcher provided as a composer of film music.
- The outdoor shots in Spain were taken at Tabernas in Andalusia , at Uña and in the Ciudad Encantada in Castile-La Mancha . The interior shots were shot in the CCC-Film studios in Berlin's Spandau district .
- Peter Thomas composed the score for the German version of the film. The music was released on an LP and is now available on CD. The music for the Italian version is by Francesco De Masi .
- The publications in Germany on DVD and Blu-ray Disc are based on heavily used cinema copies. The existence of better starting material is not known. The original negative is considered lost.
- According to advertising from the distributor Constantin Film, 1,450 riders and 1,600 horses were involved in this film.
- From 1963/64 the production of the Karl May films and other westerns from German film producers began. In addition, the 1965 film premiered with since 1964 successful and considerably harder staged had spaghetti westerns compete. Despite the good box office results, Constantin Film did not make any further Cooper films after “The Last of the Mohicans”.
- James Fenimore Cooper: The Last of the Mohicans (Original title: The Last of the Mohicans ). Complete edition (454 pages) in the editing of the translation by Carl Kolb u. a. by Rudolf Drescher. With illustrations by Felix Octavius Carr Darley and a comment by Peter Härtling . Insel-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main / Leipzig 1995, ISBN 3-458-33473-4
- Raimund Fritz: Director: Harald Reinl. Structures of West German commercial films after 1945 - presented using the oeuvre of Harald Reinl . Self-published, Vienna 2006.
- K. Pöschl, M. Trescher, R. Weber: Harald Reinl, the director who brought Winnetou, Edgar Wallace and the Nibelungen to the cinema - a bio and filmography . Specialized publisher for film literature, 2011, ISBN 978-3-9809390-9-6
- The Last of the Mohicans in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- The last of the Mohicans ( Memento from December 26, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) at deutscher-tonfilm.de
- The last of the Mohicans at filmportal.de
- Sound carrier with the film music
- Release certificate for The Last of the Mohicans . Voluntary self-regulation of the film industry , November 2007 (PDF; test number: 33 794 DVD).
- The last of the Mohicans . In: Hamburger Abendblatt . July 3, 1965, p. 11 ( abendblatt.de [PDF; 1.6 MB ]).
- The last of the Mohicans. In: Lexicon of International Films . Film service , accessed March 2, 2017 .