Diede zum Fürstenstein

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Coat of arms (1780)

The Diede zum Fürstenstein , until 1596 just Diede , were a Hessian ministerial and noble family that died out in 1807 in the noble male line.


Fürstenstein Castle

Towards the end of the 13th century, Dido (Dietrich) von Ubach is mentioned as Vogt von Sontra ; his son Dedonis was councilor of the Hessian landgrave Heinrich I. They became the ancestors of the Diede zum Fürstenstein. Their ancestral seat was probably not the eponymous desert Ubach in the valley of the Sontra between Sontra and Wichmannshausen , where no signs of a castle can be seen, but the residential tower in Wellingerode two kilometers further south.

From 1344 the Diede , originally probably Burgmannen on the Boyneburg and according to their coat of arms, were tribal related to the Lords of Boyneburg , at the Fürstenstein Castle near Albungen an der Werra , which has been owned by the Landgrave of Hesse since 1301 , but has been pledged in many cases . In 1389 they were first referred to as Dethen zum Forstinsteyn , but in 1416 they were only called Diethen . In 1430 they were Landgraf I. Ludwig of Hesse with Prince Stone invested . From 1479 they called themselves more and more often Diede zum Fürstenstein . From 1596 and until they died out in the aristocratic male line in 1807, they were the sole masters of the Fürstenstein castle and dominion.

1425 Landgraf was Ludwig I of Hesse his ministerials and Burgmann Herman Diede to Prince Stone and his sons Hermann and Louis as a fief the village Wellingerode with the bower , the village Mitterode , a free yard in the town of Sontra and three hooves from this city with all Equipment. Wellingerode Castle also remained in their possession until 1807.

In addition, in the course of time they acquired further allodial and fiefdoms, including a .: a Burglehn in Eschwege , Niddawitzhausen (a Hersfeldian Stiftslehen with the lower jurisdiction ) as well as the desert areas of Bechsdorf, Begenthal, Bettelsdorf and Ubach and local woods; also the Immichenhain monastery, which was abolished after the Reformation , with the village of Immichenhain in the Neukirchen district . In addition, from 1600 they were also Ganerbe zu Frielingen with the Lords of Meysenbug .

Individual family members

  • Konrad (Kurt) Diede was chamberlain and privy councilor of the Hessian Landgrave Philip I in 1538 belehnte Landgrave Philipp him with half of the former older farm Immichenhain in Schwalm-Eder-Kreis and accessories, d. H. the farms of Volkershof and Niederberf . The other half was used to finance court and state administration and parish costs. This fiefdom was renewed and expanded in 1544: it now comprised the monastery property including the building yard, the village of Immichenhain with the local Weinzapf, the Volkershof as well as income from Leimbach , Neukirchen , Riebelsdorf , Holzburg and the tithe to Niederberf. The family remained in possession of the estate and village of Immichenhain until the death of Wilhelm Christoph Diede zum Fürstenstein in December 1807. In the former monastery church, today's Protestant parish church of Immichenhain, there are five grave slabs or epitaphs of Diede zum Fürstenstein.
In 1540, Landgrave Philipp Konrad Diede enfeoffed with formerly Haina'i income to Holzburg . In 1549 Konrad Diede was one of Landgrave Wilhelm IV's envoys , whom he sent to the Saxon princes in the matter of the release of his father Philip I , and in 1552 he was one of the Hessian envoys, Landgrave Philip after the end of his captivity to Hesse escorted back. Most recently he was Landgrave Philipps Marshal.
Konrad Diede had been married since 1540 to an heir daughter of Jost von Drachsdorf († 1529), the Landgrave-Hessian chief magistrate of the Lower County of Katzenelnbogen . After the death of his father-in-law and his last son Anton, he acquired the fief of Ziegenberg Castle in Wetterau and its accessories in 1557 - partly as an inheritance from his wife, partly by paying 4,000 Reichstalers to her two brothers-in-law . His descendants therefore called themselves hereditary court lords zu Fürstenstein, Ziegenberg, Immichenhain, Wellingerode etc. Hans Eitel Diede zum Fürstenstein , from 1745 to 1748 burgrave of Friedberg Castle , had the medieval castle converted into a baroque palace around 1747 .
  • A Melchior Diedo zum Fürstenstein was named in 1656 as an Electoral Saxon Chamberlain.
  • Hans Eitel (born October 16, 1624 in Wellingerode, † February 12, 1685 at Friedberg Castle), son of Christoph Wilhelm Dieden , was imperial councilor, burgrave of Friedberg and captain of the Rhenish knighthood. In1716his son Georg Ludwig was royal British and electoral Braunschweig Privy Councilor. His son Johann Wilhelm Dietrich, Baron von Dieden , royal British secret state and war council, was envoy to Regensburg in 1730and to Vienna in 1731, where he received the imperial fiefs over Bremen and Verden for the House of Hanover in 1733. A special imperial privilege was required for the Europe-wide recognition of university degrees, the Emperor Charles VI. on January 13, 1733 in Vienna to the Hanoverian ambassador Johann Diede zum Fürstenstein for the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen .

The End

The baronial male line of Diede went out to the prince stone on December 1, 1807 William Christopher, Royal Danish Minister of State and Komitialgesandter the Duchy of Holstein-Glückstadt for Perpetual Reichstag in Regensburg , he alongside his widow Louise , born Countess Margaretha Constantia Louise Callenberg to Muskau († 1803), left only two daughters. Thereupon Jerome Bonaparte , king of Westphalia by his brother's grace , unconcerned about a still living descendant of the (non-aristocratic) line of Niederhone , confiscated the property as a fallen fief and then gave up the castle and rule of Fürstenstein and the rule of Immichenhain on the 24th. December 1807 as a hereditary fiefdom to his favorite Pierre Alexandre le Camus , with the title of Count von Fürstenstein. When the Kingdom of Westphalia was dissolved, this property reverted to the Electorate of Hesse-Kassel .

The family archive is kept in the Hessian State Archive in Marburg .


Dietemann , the symbolic figure of the district town of Eschwege , recalls the family of Diede zum Fürstenstein, who guarded the salt road between Bad Sooden-Allendorf and Eschwege from Fürstenstein Castle and whose men sometimes lived in Eschwege.

coat of arms

Coat of arms 12m Diede.jpg

The family coat of arms is a coat of arms embroidered in silver and black . The crest is a black, tall hat with a silver cuff, on top with a silver button, which is covered with black cock feathers. The helmet covers are black and silver.

Name bearer

  • Christoph Wilhelm Diede zum Fürstenstein († 1643), Imperial Councilor
  • Georg Ludwig Diede zum Fürstenstein (* 1654; † 1720), English Privy Councilor and Colonel
  • Johann Wilhelm Dietrich Diede zum Fürstenstein (* 1692; † 1736 or 1737 in Hanover), English secret state and war council
  • Hans Eitel Diede zum Fürstenstein (* February 7, 1697; † September 20, 1748), Burgrave of Friedberg (1745–1748), Hesse-Kassel Privy Councilor and Senior Administrator of the Principality of Hersfeld
  • Wilhelm Christoph Diede zum Fürstenstein, Lord of Ziegenberg and Langenhayn (* 1732 - December 1, 1807), Royal Danish Privy Councilor, ⚭ January 10, 1772 Countess Ursula Margaretha Constantia Louisa von Callenberg zu Muskau (* August 25, 1752, † August 29, 1803)


  • Georg Diede zum Fürstenstein: Good and well-founded answer, my Georg Ditten zum Fürstenstein, the united Stende in Francken, former fire chief, Auf Wilhelmen, who is from Grumbach, honorable, easily finished, slim and vice, so he ... vnuerschembter knows , vnnd against the evidently warheyt, went out to me, and had announced days. Nuremberg 1554. (VD16 D 1423) (digitized)

Web links

Commons : Diede zum Fürstenstein (family)  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. In Niederhone near Eschwege sat a branch of the family descended from Quirin Diede, a son of Ernst Diede zum Fürstenstein and Gela Wonberges, who was neither involved in the Fürstenstein fiefdom nor held the noble title. This branch survived the other, but went out on May 16, 1840 with Dr. Philipp Wilhelm Diede in Kassel. ( http://familie-reuffurth-und-verwandte.de/Familie%20Reuffurth%20und%20Verwandte/ab2626.htm )
  2. a b "Ubach, Werra-Meißner district". Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of March 15, 2016). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
  3. ^ "Wellingerode, Werra-Meißner-Kreis". Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of February 8, 2016). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
  4. Gerhard Köbler : Historical Lexicon of the German Lands: The German Territories from the Middle Ages to the Present. CH Beck, Munich, 7th edition. 2007 (p. 205)
  5. Landgrave Regest online No. 3177. Regest of the Landgrave of Hesse. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
  6. "Bechsdorf (desert), in the Bilstein court". Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of February 17, 2014). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
  7. ^ "Bettelsdorf (desert), Werra-Meißner district". Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of February 17, 2014). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
  8. Today Berfhof and Berfmühle near Hattendorf.
  9. ^ "Leimbach (desert), Schwalm-Eder district". Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of February 17, 2014). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
  10. ^ ND Diede zum Fürstenstein 1565, Immichenhain. Grave monuments in Hesse until 1650. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS). Hessian State Office for Historical Cultural Studies (HLGL), accessed on June 15, 2012 .
  11. ^ "Holzburg, Schwalm-Eder-Kreis". Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of April 8, 2014). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
  12. Johannes Herrman (Ed.): Political correspondence of the Duke and Elector Moritz von Sachsen. Fourth volume, Treatises of the Saxon Academy of Sciences in Leipzig, Philological-Historical Class, Volume 72, Akademieverlag, Berlin 1992, ISBN 3-05-000748-6 , pp. 543-545.
  13. Johannes Herrman (Ed.): Political correspondence of the Duke and Elector Moritz von Sachsen. Sixth volume, Akademieverlag, Berlin 2006, ISBN 3-05-004166-8 , p. 358.
  14. Johannes Herrman (Ed.): Political correspondence of the Duke and Elector Moritz von Sachsen. Sixth volume, Akademieverlag, Berlin 2006, ISBN 3-05-004166-8 , p. 337.
  15. Wikisource: Topographia Hassiae : Ziegenberg
  16. The elder, Charlotte, was royal with Count Christian Detlev Karl von Rantzau . Danish Chamberlain, Lord President of Kiel and Curator of the University of Kiel , married. ( General Encyclopedia of Sciences and Arts. Brockhaus, Leipzig 1837, p. 168).
  17. ^ Dietrich Christoph von Rommel: History of Hessen. Volume 5, Kassel 1835, pp. 391-392.
  18. HStAM 340 Diede zum Fürstenstein: family archive of Diede zum Fürstenstein
  19. Portrait: Diede zum Fürstenstein, Hans Eitel on digital portrait index
  20. Ursula Diede zum Fürstenstein geb. Countess of Callenberg (1752-1803). on: Klassika.info