Karl-Dietrich Roth (born April 21, 1930 in Hanover ; † June 5, 1998 in Basel ) was a Swiss poet, graphic artist and intermedial action and object artist . He is considered a representative of Concrete Poetry . As an artist, he temporarily signed as Diter Rot , with other freely invented names and simply as Dieter Roth .
During the 1960s, Roth took part in happenings and flux events. He created art objects from organic material that were subject to a process of gradual change and decay, including airtight spice, mold and z. B. Chocolate objects that have been eaten by cocoa moths. Together with Daniel Spoerri and André Thomkins he made works of the Eat-Art . In the 1970s he designed a large number of book objects in terms of content and graphics that are close to the Dadaist work of Kurt Schwitters .
The eventful life story of the Swiss Abroad, who was born in Hanover in 1930, first moved from Nazi Germany to Zurich and later to Bern . From 1947 to 1951 he was apprenticed to the graphic artist Friedrich Wüthrich. In 1955 he designed patterns for textiles in Copenhagen , followed by positions in Iceland , America and Germany . From then on, Roth commuted his life between Iceland, where he founded the publishing house Forlag Editions together with the Icelandic poet Einar Bragi, which published some of Roth's works, as well as Germany and Switzerland. In 1958 he went to the USA in Philadelphia at the School of Art with a one-way ticket on a vague job offer . When he didn't get the job he had hoped for, he tried to gain a foothold in New York City . The Swiss Herbert Matter, who was interested in Roth's constructivist work at the time and gave him a teaching position at Yale University , and later a position in the advertising department of the Geigy research laboratories in Yonkers near New York, helped him out of financial hardship . While he often drowned his wages out of frustration with his situation, Roth laboriously saved up money for a flight back to Iceland. In 1967 he met Dorothy Iannone , who became his partner, and for whom he took on the role of a "male muse ". Roth wrote numerous poems for Iannone, she painted him many times a. a. in the artistic processing of the common everyday life (series Dialogues , 1968/69)
During later stays in New York he got to know the Fluxus artists, composed with them, but criticized their morals: " I just don't believe that asceticism is good for anyone, except that it represents a triumph for those who practice it " . In the 1960s he accelerated his artistic production, he sometimes created 100 pictures a day. With “literary sausages” and “mold pictures” he broke from the two dimensions of graphics into space.
Richard Hamilton became aware of Roth through the literary sausages and proposed him for the Copley Prize. A long-term friendship began with Hamilton, in the course of which pictures and interviews were taken together. Working together was torture for Hamilton, as Roth worked much faster and Hamilton's demands on the finished work were higher: " ... if he had carefully started somewhere, I said: It's already finished, that's good ".
In 2006, based on a concept by the artist and musician Wolfgang Müller, a compilation was published in collaboration with Bayerischer Rundfunk , on which interpreters such as Mouse on Mars , Andreas Dorau or Stereo Total set texts by Roth to music.
In 2013 his play Murmel Murmel from 1974 premiered at the Volksbühne Berlin under the direction of Herbert Fritsch . On 176 printed pages it consists solely of the permanent repetition of the word marble .
Roth was twice a Documenta participant: 1968 at the 4th documenta and 1977 at the Documenta 6 . It was also exhibited posthumously at Documenta 11 in 2002 . In 1982 he designed the Swiss Pavilion at the Venice Biennale .
Major works (selection)
- Garden sculpture (1968, Berlin)
- 6 Piccadillies (1969-1970)
- Karnickelköttelkarnickel (1969/1975, rabbit dung and straw, 18 × 19 cm, Dieter Roth Foundation, Hamburg)
- Georg Hegel: Works in 20 volumes (1974, art object, books shredded into snippets and filled into 20 sausage casings)
- Tischruine (1970–1998, room installation made up of texts, art, scrap and rubbish), illustration of the installation at documenta 2007
- Strandkasernen (1983–1987, collage of objects made from Roth's “daily life” with painting utensils, pieces of wood, groceries, cardboard, wire, string, oil, varnish, acrylic paint, watercolor and glue on wood, 176.5 × 247 × 26.5 cm ), Place of exhibition: The Städel Museum - Kunstmuseum Frankfurt
- Solo Scenes (1997/98, Berlin - installation with 128 monitors and 131 video tapes)
- Sculpture with chocolate bunnies , fat, chocolate, plastic.
The collected interviews, published posthumously in 2002, give the impression that Roth regards the interview as an art form in its own right, to which he attaches great importance. During his lifetime he commissioned Barbara Wien to research tape recordings and to publish all conversations he had had with artists, friends and journalists. He insisted on not deleting anything so that the "nonsense" would not get lost. This "nonsense" includes the recordings and secondary conditions that cannot be used by journalists , for example the "German-tinged" Swiss German that Roth spoke shortly before his death in a thirteen-hour interview with Patrik Frey, as well as interruptions caused by sluggish tapes or tangled cables.
In the 36 interviews, Roth portrays himself as a person eaten away by ambition who is constantly working on role models that he sees as opponents. He recognized the advantages of failing because of his own demands early on: “ Because I remembered: I cannot acquire this security. Maintaining security is much more difficult than living in uncertainty. In the uncertainty you can do anything you want, smear, piss, chat and also do kitsch ... I can get into the restlessness and the uncertainty and there I actually feel safe because I realize that I can make a living from it ".
Roth's openness in the talks is striking. He uses interviews as common "light music", in which he recites material from life and work. With Dieter Schwarz, who dealt with Roth's literary work early on in his dissertation in Zurich, the artist conducts a continuation interview, eleven parts of which appeared in “Tell”. The journalist Irmelin Lebeer-Hossmann conducted the most extensive interview in the volume on several days in 1976 and 1979 with the artist about the work he had created to date. Roth emphasizes to her that his paintings serve to finance books. It is not as important as “ writing… or let's say: thinking. And making sentences ”.
Roth was a restless diary writer, two or three of whom he kept in parallel. From them he drew ideas for example for the “shit poems”, which he published in eleven books, or for the “handicraft novels”. In them, the typography is the real hero. Roth speaks of words as "cheap pictures" and indicates that he has no new word art in mind. Rather, he drives criticism of everything that threatens his consciousness. At the age of sixty-seven, Roth corrected Dirk Dobke's dissertation in this sense. He makes a fine note when “typical gallery catalog words” such as “assemblage” and “mixed media” obscure the view of his work. Roth is especially critical of language when he feels hurt. He transforms this injury into abstract considerations, which are then short-circuited with his own feelings: “ When someone thinks about something, it's really just like trying to gain vocabulary. Like a mine that must be exploited ... My life gives me vocabulary with which I can fight other people successfully ”.
- Ideograms , 1959
- Mundunculum , 1967
- the blue tide , 1967
- 246 little clouds
- Journal for everything (10 issues No. 1 No. 10B, 1975–1987)
- Collected interviews. Posthumously published by Barbara Wien . With an afterword by Barbara Wien and a text by Tomas Schmit . Edition Hansjörg Mayer, London / Berlin 2002.
- Dieter Roth in America , London 2004
- Dieter Roth in Greenland , Amsterdam 2005
- In there in front of the eye. Poetry and prose , ed. by Jan Voss , Beat Keusch, Johannes Ullmaier, Björn Roth, Frankfurt 2005.
- Collected works in 20 volumes (1971–79, edition - later expanded to 40 volumes)
- With co-authors
- Daniel Spoerri : Anecdotes on a Topography of Chance. Nautilus, Hamburg 1998. [The volume is based on the German first edition (Luchterhand, Neuwied 1968) and takes into account material from the “ultimate topography” published by Atlas Press in London in 1995.]
- Dieter Roth: Early writings and typical shit. Selected and with a bunch of partially digested things by Oswald Wiener . 1200 exx the one under no. 125 first edition published in the Luchterhand collection in 1973, saved from crushing in 1975 and published in an additional cover by edition Hansjörg Mayer, Stuttgart / London / Reykjavík
- CE Shannon , John McCarthy (Ed.): Studies on the theory of automata (Automata Studies). Extended edition and translation by Franz Kaltenbeck and Peter Weibel . With drawings by Dieter Roth. Rogner and Bernhard, Munich 1974 (EA: Princeton 1956)
- 1984: From here - two months of new German art in Düsseldorf
- 1989: Galerie Littmann , Basel
- 2001: Dieter Roth. The skin of the world + some other things . Museu d'Art Contemporani de Barcelona , Barcelona
- 2003: Roth-Zeit - A Dieter Roth retrospective . Schaulager , Basel
- 2004: As before, Museum Ludwig , Cologne
- 2005: Train, Reykjavík Art Museum
- 2006: Martin Kippenberger / Dieter Roth. Hauser & Wirth , London
- 2007/2008: Arnulf Rainer / Dieter Roth: Mixed and Separate Art. Joint works and individual works, 1968–2005 . Deichtorhallen , Hamburg
- 2009/2010: Dieter Roth - Original Multiples Objects . Anton Meier, Geneva
- 2010: Dieter Roth - The Sea of Tears . Lucerne Art Gallery
- 2010/2011: Multiples, works by Joseph Beuys and Dieter Roth . Gottorf Castle
- 2011: Dieter Roth - Selbste . Aargauer Kunsthaus , Aarau
- 2012: As before, Museum der Moderne Salzburg
- 2013/2014: Dieter Roth, Paffrath and the seventies . Municipal gallery Villa Zanders , Bergisch Gladbach
- 2014: Dieter Roth. Balle Balle Knalle , Stuttgart Art Museum
- 2016: Dieter Roth: Nice shit. Dilettante masterpieces . Museum Ostwall in Dortmunder U , Dortmund
Works in collections (selection)
- Belgium : Stedelijk Museum voor Actuele Kunst , Ghent
- Denmark : Museet for Samtidskunst , Roskilde
- Weserburg Museum for Modern Art , Bremen
- Museum Ostwall , Dortmund
- Karl Ernst Osthaus Museum , Hagen
- Hamburger Kunsthalle
- Sprengel Museum Hannover
- Center for Art and Media Technology (ZKM), Karlsruhe
- Kunsthalle zu Kiel of the Christian Albrechts University
- Museum Abteiberg , Mönchengladbach
- Stuttgart Art Museum
- State Gallery Stuttgart
- Frac Bretagne , Châteaugiron
- MAC - galeries contemporaines des Musées de Marseille , Marseille
- Cartier Foundation pour l'art contemporain , Paris
- Center Pompidou - Musée National d'Art Moderne, Paris
- Iceland : Nýlistasafnið - The Living Art Museum, Reykjavík
- Austria :
- Spain : Museu d'Art Contemporani de Barcelona
- UNITED STATES:
- United Kingdom :
Literature / catalogs
- Ralf Beil: Artistic kitchen: food as art material from Schiele to Jason Rhoades. DuMont, Cologne 2002.
- Kees Broos: Dieter Roth. Catalog à l'occasion de l'exposition "Dieter Roth", from May 16 to June 26, 1987 at Center Régional d'Art Contemporain Midi-Pyrénes. Editions Arpap.
- Ina Conzen (curator): Dieter Roth - The skin of the world. Verlag der Buchhandlung Walther König, Cologne 2000.
- Dirk Dobke : Dieter Roth 1960–1975. Vol. 1: Melancholy knick-knacks supplemented and commented on by Dieter Roth. Vol. 2: Catalog raisonné of the early objects and material pictures 1960–1975 supplemented and commented by Dieter Roth. Verlag der Buchhandlung Walther, Cologne 2002.
- Dirk Dobke (editor): Dieter Roth. Originals. With an introduction by Laszlo Glozer. Hamburg and London 2002 (with CD-ROM).
- Johannes Gachnang (curator): Dieter Roth - The library. Federal Office for Culture , Bern 2003.
- Harald Lemke : The art of eating: an aesthetic of culinary taste. Transcript, Bielefeld 2007.
- Benjamin Meyer-Krahmer: Dieter Roth - Self -observation as an artistic creative process. Silke Schreiber Verlag, Munich 2007.
- Matthias Oberli: Roth, Dieter. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Flurina and Gianni Paravicini-Tönz (eds.): Dieter Roth: Ur-Tränenmeer. Edizioni Periferia , Lucerne 2010.
- Peter Prange: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 22, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2005, ISBN 3-428-11203-2 , pp. 110-112 ( version ). In:
- Nils Röller : Ahab's tax. Navigations between art and science. Merve, Berlin 2004.
- Felicitas Thun (curator): Dieter Roth - Printed, pressed, bound 1949–1979. Exhibition of the same name, Graphic Collection Albertina Vienna, May 7 to July 7, 1998. Octagon, Cologne 1998.
- Theodora Vischer and Bernadette Walter (curators): Roth time. A Dieter Roth retrospective. Texts by Dirk Dobke and Bernadette Walter. Schaulager, Basel 2003.
- Nicole Grothe, Daniela Ihrig: Dieter Roth: Nice shit. Dilettante masterpieces. Museum Ostwall , Dortmund 2016.
- Nils Röller, Roth the Great . Klever, Vienna 2013. 
- The Dieter Roth Orchestra plays little clouds, typical shit and never heard music . Radio play for Bayerischer Rundfunk. Edited and compiled by Wolfgang Müller and Barbara Schäfer. Poems by Dieter Roth from “Typical Shit” set to music by pop musicians: Andreas Dorau, Stereo Total, Mutter , Namosh , Khan , Ghostigital, Trabant , Mouse on Mars and Wolfgang Müller. Munich 2006.
- The Radio Sonata, 45 minutes Dieter Roth live on the piano at SDR in the early seventies. Released in 2007 by Seedy Cds / Dieter Roth Estate / Boekie Woekie.
Radio and television (cross section)
- January 23, 1974: Richard Hamilton: The Little World of Dieter Roth. (Radio interview, BBC Radio 3, UK)
- November 26, 1974: Rundschau in the evening: Statements and excerpts. (NDR, Germany)
- February 1977: Look Stop Lists: Nigel Finch / Richard Hamilton / Dieter Roth. (Tape recordings, BBC Radio London / UK)
- October 1, 1984: "Dieter Roth / Walter Schmerling" (WDR, Germany)
- January 7, 1986: Discussion in the "Club" (Switzerland) At that time he was under the influence of alcohol (SF DRS, Switzerland)
- 1988 - Doblhofer, Hannes: The one inside of me. (Audio picture of the painter, draftsman, writer and art machinist Dieter Roth. ORF Kunstradio, Austria)
- 1995: Hannes Doblhofer: "Conversation in Vienna 1995" (ORF, Austria)
- June 16, 2006: Wolfgang Müller and Barbara Schäfer: The Dieter Roth Orchestra plays little clouds, typical shit and music never heard before. (Radio homage to Dieter Roth, Bayerischer Rundfunk)
- December 11, 2007: Florian Neuner (New Music): Seldom heard music - amateurism as a provocation: Dieter Roth. (Deutschlandradio Kultur)
- Publications by and about Dieter Roth in the Helveticat catalog of the Swiss National Library
- Literature by and about Dieter Roth in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works by and about Dieter Roth in the German Digital Library
- Materials by and about Dieter Roth in the documenta archive
- Dieter Roth in the catalog of the Art Library in Cologne
- Dieter Roth Foundation and Museum in Hamburg
- Dieter Roth Academy (documents, links, etc.)
- Dieter Roth at kunstaspekte.de
- Some music recordings on Ubu.com
- Michael Baumgartner: Roth, Dieter. In: Sikart
- Archived copy ( memento of the original dated August 2, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Art | Piece - Dieter Roth: Strandkasernen. In: Dieter Roth: Beach barracks. Museumsfernsehen & Städel Museum, March 4, 2016, accessed on November 25, 2016 (German).
- http://www.br.de/radio/bayern2/sendung/kulturjournal/vergaengliche-kunst100~_image-6_-e6eafdd02d017f47d2a63b6fede3a4cac227b7eb.html ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Train - Dieter Roth, Reykjavík Art Museum , accessed July 25, 2015
- Städtische Galerie Villa Zanders Current exhibitions: Dieter Roth ( Memento of the original from January 9, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed January 9, 2014
- voegelekultur.ch (June 18, 2020)
- Link text or link text
- Bayern 2 ( Memento from June 18, 2006 in the Internet Archive )
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Roth, Karl-Dietrich; Red, diter|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Swiss poet, graphic artist and action and object artist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||April 21, 1930|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Hanover|
|DATE OF DEATH||June 5, 1998|
|Place of death||Basel|