European elections in Austria 2019
The European elections in Austria 2019 for the election of the Austrian members of the European Parliament took place as part of the European elections 2019 on May 26, 2019. Of the total of 751 mandates to be awarded in the 28 member states of the European Union , which remained unchanged on election day , 18 were in Austria. Since the UK's exit from the European Union was initially postponed to October 31, 2019 by the European Council , the country still had to take part in the election. With the so-called “ Brexit ” on January 31, 2020, the number of mandates assigned to each member country changed and the number of Austrian seats increased to 19 places. The Greens received the additional mandate.
European elections 2014
In the 2014 European elections , five parties from Austria entered the European Parliament. Despite losses, the conservative ÖVP became the strongest party, just ahead of the social democratic SPÖ - both coalition parties in the federal government at the time. The right-wing populist FPÖ was able to win and double its mandates from two to four. The Greens easily gained votes and a mandate, the liberal NEOS entered parliament for the first time. EUSTOP (2.76%), Europa Anders (2.14%), REKOS (1.18%) and BZÖ - List Mag. Wertmann (0.47%) did not manage to move in.
Formation of parliamentary groups in the FPÖ
Before the 2014 election, the FPÖ had formed an alliance with the French Front National , the Italian Lega Nord and the Dutch PVV , among others . The aim of the alliance was to form a parliamentary group in the European Parliament. The parliamentary group did not come into being after the election because the parliamentary group did not have MEPs from seven member countries, as was necessary. It was not until June 15, 2017 that the Europe of Nations and Freedom Group was founded with the help of a former UKIP MP .
National Council election 2017
In the early National Council elections in 2017 , the ÖVP, under the name of Liste Sebastian Kurz - The New People's Party , became the strongest party. As a result, a turquoise-blue coalition was formed with Sebastian Kurz as Chancellor, which replaced the previous grand coalition .
Government crisis May 2019
Shortly before the election date, a secretly recorded video was made public that shows Heinz-Christian Strache and the FPÖ club chairman Johann Gudenus in talks with a supposed Russian oligarch's niece and both politicians are heavily burdened. The video was published on May 17, 2019 at 6 p.m. by the German media Spiegel and SZ . The affair led to national and international outrage, the resignation of both of them from all functions, the break of the turquoise-blue coalition at the federal level and the announcement of new elections .
In the European elections in Austria, all persons who have Austrian citizenship and have their main residence in Austria, Austrian citizens without a residence in Austria (Austrians abroad) and other Union citizens if they have their main residence in Austria are eligible to vote . In addition, those eligible to vote must be 16 years of age at the latest on election day and be entered in the voter register / European voter register of an Austrian municipality on the key date (that was March 12, 2019). In the European elections, all those persons who are entitled to vote themselves and who have reached the age of 18 on election day have the right to stand for election.
The final number of people eligible to vote in the European elections was 6,416,202, an increase of 5,600 compared to the 2014 election. 44,718 Austrians abroad and 38,668 EU citizens with their main residence in Austria were included. The final number of eligible voters was published on May 6, 2019 after an appeal phase.
For the election, 686,249 voting cards were requested, the highest number in an Austrian EU election. Compared to the 2014 election, for which 444,057 voting cards were issued, the number rose by 55%. The strongest increase was in Tyrol with 89%, the lowest in Vienna with 38%.
In Austria, as with the National Council election, there is an explicit threshold clause of four percent. However, due to the seat allocation used according to the D'Hondt procedure , the implicit threshold clause can be higher; from a vote share of 5.27%, a mandate win is certain.
Electoral parties and candidates
Lists to choose from
In order to stand for election, electoral parties had to submit the supporting signature of a member of the European Parliament, three members of the National Council or 2,600 eligible voters. Collecting the signatures was possible from March 12 to April 12, 2019.
The parties that stood for election (according to the ranking on the ballot) and their top candidates:
- The ÖVP led a preferential vote election campaign, the previous head of the delegation, Othmar Karas, was elected as the top candidate by the ÖVP federal party executive.
- The SPÖ entered the race with ex- club chairman Andreas Schieder .
- Harald Vilimsky ran again for the FPÖ .
- For the Greens , their national spokesman Werner Kogler went into the election.
- For NEOS joined Claudia Gamon as a list first.
- The Greek Katerina Anastasiou, who lives in Vienna, ran for the alliance of the KPÖ and the European Left , which had chosen the KPÖ Plus - European Left, open list .
- The former Green MEP Johannes Voggenhuber stood as the lead candidate of the Alliance Initiative 1 Europe with the Now - List Pilz as a formally independent electoral party EUROPA Now - Initiative Johannes Voggenhuber .
The following electoral parties competed in the European elections:
|list||Electoral party||Order code
in the EP
EU election 2014 1)
EU election 2019 2)
|1||Austrian People's Party||ÖVP||Othmar Karas||EPP||EPP||5||7th|
|2||Social Democratic Party of Austria||SPÖ||Andreas Schieder||SPE||S&D||5||5|
|3||Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ) - The Freedom Party||FPÖ||Harald Vilimsky||MENL||ENF||4th||3|
|4th||The Greens - Green Alternative 3)||GREEN||Werner Kogler||EGP||Greens / EFA||3||2 3)|
|5||NEOS - The New Europe||NEOS||Claudia Gamon||ALDE||ALDE||1||1|
|6th||KPÖ Plus - European Left , open list 4)||KPÖ||Katerina Anastasiou||Tbsp||-||- 4)||0|
|7th||EUROPA Now - Initiative Johannes Voggenhuber 5)||EUROPE||Johannes Voggenhuber||-||5)||-||0|
More party lists
The following other groups collected support signatures, but did not make it to the start:
- Christian Party of Austria (CPÖ; European Christian Political Movement (ECPM), top candidate: Daniel Dragomir)
- Democratic alternative (top candidate: Gerhard Kuchta)
- EU exit party (EUAUS, top candidate: Robert Marschall )
- Leaving the EU, stopping immigration, direct democracy, neutrality (EU-NO), joint list of Bündnis Neutrales Free Austria (NFÖ) and “Initiative Heimat und Umwelt” (top candidates: Inge Rauscher, Rudolf Pomaroli). The list had submitted declarations of support in due time on April 12, but 242 were missing from the 2600 required. In contrast to the election of the Federal President, there is no grace period. Therefore, on May 15th, Rauscher announced an election contestation (legally possible from June 12th) and also criticized "legal, official and democratic deficiencies".
- List Öxit - The Voice (top candidate: Markus Ripfl)
- Volt Austria (top candidate: Benjamin Wolf)
Prominent career changers
Like Ursula Stenzel (at that time ÖVP) or Eugen Freund (SPÖ), previously a presenter of the Austrian Broadcasting Corporation , Austrian celebrities are also running for this European elections as lateral entrants . The ÖVP was able to win the former ORF presenter Wolfram Pirchner for its sixth place on the list, who will not get a seat in the EU Parliament due to the preferential voting campaign conducted by the ÖVP . For the Greens (two seats in the election), the TV cook, farmer and entrepreneur Sarah Wiener successfully ran for second place on the list.
|Institute||date||ÖVP||SPÖ||FPÖ||GREEN||NEOS||EUROPE NOW||KPÖ PLUS / Others|
|Research Affairs||May 16, 2019||29%||27%||23%||8th %||9%||2%||2%|
|Unique research||05/09/2019||30%||27%||23%||10%||8th %||1 %||1 %|
|Research Affairs||April 17, 2019||29%||27%||22%||7%||10%||2%||3%|
|Market||April 15, 2019||30%||28%||20%||8th %||9%||2%||3%|
|Research Affairs||04/03/2019||29%||26%||22%||8th %||9%||3%||3%|
|Research Affairs||March 20, 2019||28%||26%||23%||8th %||8th %||3%||4%|
|Research Affairs||01/23/2019||27%||26%||22%||8th %||9%||3%||5%|
|Research Affairs||09/01/2019||27%||26%||23%||8th %||9%||2%||5%|
|Research Affairs||11/28/2018||27%||26%||24%||7%||8th %||3%||5%|
|Research Affairs||11/14/2018||27%||26%||24%||7%||8th %||3%||5%|
|Research Affairs||October 17, 2018||27%||26%||24%||6%||9%||3%||5%|
|Research Affairs||09/20/2018||28%||28%||24%||5%||9%||1 %||5%|
|European elections 2014||05/25/2014||27.0%||24.1%||19.7%||14.5%||8.1%||-||6.6%|
|Institute||date||SPÖ||ÖVP||FPÖ||GREEN||NEOS||EUROPE NOW||KPÖ PLUS / Others|
|Public Opinion Strategies||04/29/2019||33%||34%||20%||8th %||3%||1 %||1 %|
|European elections 2014||05/25/2014||33.5%||31.0%||17.8%||8.0%||4.9%||-||4.8%|
|Institute||date||ÖVP||SPÖ||FPÖ||GREEN||NEOS||EUROPE NOW||KPÖ PLUS / Others|
|European elections 2014||05/25/2014||28.0%||24.4%||20.5%||13.4%||7.3%||-||6.4%|
|Institute||date||ÖVP||GREEN||FPÖ||SPÖ||NEOS||EUROPE NOW||KPÖ PLUS / Others|
|European elections 2014||05/25/2014||32.4%||17.5%||17.4%||16.7%||9.7%||-||6.3%|
|Institute||date||ÖVP||GREEN||FPÖ||NEOS||SPÖ||EUROPE NOW||KPÖ PLUS / Others|
|SORA||March 24, 2019||43%||12%||20%||14%||10%||1 %||0%|
|European elections 2014||05/25/2014||28.2%||23.3%||17.1%||14.9%||10.6%||-||5.9%|
Official final results including postal votes for Austria as a whole and the federal states:
In brackets: change in mandates after Brexit .
Turnout: 59.77% (+ 14.38%)
|Political party||be right||proportion of||Changes
|Seats||Changes||Group (2014-2019)||Group 2019|
|GREEN||532.194||14.08%||−0.44%||2 (3)||−1 (± 0)||G / EFA|
|NEOS||319.024||8.44%||+ 0.30%||1||± 0||ALDE||RE|
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