Kiel school of scholars

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Kiel school of scholars
Main entrance to the Kiel School of Academics
type of school Old-language grammar school
founding 1320

Feldstrasse 19

place Kiel
country Schleswig-Holstein
Country Germany
Coordinates 54 ° 19 '54 "  N , 10 ° 8' 20"  E Coordinates: 54 ° 19 '54 "  N , 10 ° 8' 20"  E
carrier State capital Kiel
student about 520
Teachers 42
management Sinje Wishtukat

The Kieler Gelehreenschule ( KGS ) is an ancient language, humanistic grammar school in the city of Kiel in the Brunswik district . It is the second oldest school in the state of Schleswig-Holstein after the cathedral school in Schleswig .


On February 17, 1320, the Magister Henricus de Culmine was granted the privilege of establishing a school in Kiel by Count Johann II of Holstein-Kiel . In 1350 the school moved into a building at Nikolaikirchhof and was sponsored by the city of Kiel and the Bordesholm monastery . At that time the main pastor at the St. Nikolaikirche in Kiel was rector of the school and teacher of the first Latin class . After the Reformation , the school separated from the Bordesholmer monastery in 1534 and moved into a new building in the former Kiel monastery. Since then it has been supported as the Kiel city school by the clergy and the city of Kiel. The Bugenhagen church regulations were now decisive for them . In 1556 the school moved again to a building on Haßstrasse. At that time the school had about 80 students. Around 1600 ancient Greek lessons were introduced at the Kiel School for Scholars . The Thirty Years' War led to a steady decline of the school, which could not be stopped by the establishment of the university . In 1734 the Gottorp rulers tried in vain to renew the school system with new school regulations.

A thorough renovation of the city ​​school was not achieved until 1797 , which was achieved primarily through the division into a community school and a school for scholars . Only attending the scholarly school qualified for university studies. In 1803 the school moved to an aristocratic house on Küterstrasse. The number of students at that time was around 100.

In 1848, the Kiel School of Academics was nationalized, with only the sponsorship remaining with the city of Kiel. After Schleswig-Holstein became a province of the State of Prussia in 1867 , the school experienced an upswing. In 1868 she was able to move into an extremely representative new building on Dammstrasse on the Kleiner Kiel. The wall paintings in the auditorium were created by the painter Anton von Werner . With the growth of the city of Kiel, the number of pupils rose to 500. In 1891 the school was taken over by the state of Prussia. It was now called the Royal High School - Kiel School of Academics .

After the end of the First World War , the school was named Staatliches Gymnasium - Kieler Gelehreenschule . From 1924 girls were also allowed to attend the school for scholars, after they had previously only been able to take their Abitur as external students .

The school building was totally destroyed in an air raid on August 26, 1944. School lessons were outsourced until April 1945. In November 1945, lessons were resumed in the Humboldt School building . In 1953 the school was finally able to move into a new building on Feldstrasse, which was expanded extensively until 1963.

The Kiel School of Academics was the focus of the media during the school and student protests around 1968, as so many protests were started at the Kiel School for Academics than at almost any other German school. The protests became more frequent, according to the then headmaster Reußner after a study trip to Italy, where the head of the driving population with some of NS - jargon reminiscent foul language is said to have offended.

During this and subsequent years, more and more students were expelled from school, often for comparatively banal reasons. The protest leaders Thomas Weisbecker and Georg von Rauch , who were also expelled from the school, were also at the Kiel School of Academics . Those affected were banned from entering the Kiel School of Academics, which was only lifted in 2008 by the school principal.

The school of scholars had its highest number of students in 1982 with 967 students. One year later, after around 150 years, the city of Kiel took over the sponsorship again.


The Kiel School of Academics currently has around 520 students. As an offer school, it is open to students from all over Schleswig-Holstein.

In the 5th grade, in addition to the traditional variant of starting with the two foreign languages ​​Latin and English, the students now also have the option of attending an English branch in which the students in the 5th grade only focus on English and from the 6th grade onwards. Then learn Latin as a foreign language as well. Until 2015, it was always standard that the students, unlike all other high schools in the country, did not learn a new foreign language for two years. As a third foreign language, the pupils in the 9th grade can voluntarily choose Ancient Greek or French. If you don't want to learn a third foreign language, you can alternatively choose IT. In addition, you can learn Swedish as a working group, and Chinese can also be learned as part of the gifted education program. In the Obertertia the students complete a compulsory social internship and in the Unterprima an economic internship.

In 2011 a completely new building wing for the natural sciences was built and inaugurated.

Since 2003, the school has offered newly enrolled sextans the opportunity to acquire the Abitur after eight years of attending grammar school in a so-called G8 class . Scientific support for the pioneering G8 class was discontinued in 2005. The students in this class continue to use the G8 model. For the 2019/2020 school year, only the G9 model will be offered again.

The tradition of Saturday school, which was recently only to be found in Schleswig-Holstein at the Kiel School of Academics, has now been abolished here since the 2007/2008 school year. In 2008, the KGS was the only grammar school to receive the title of “reference school” in the field of open all-day schools from the Schleswig-Holstein Ministry of Education.

The school has a wide range of options for extracurricular musical activity in orchestras, choirs and theater groups. It has a school orchestra that is sometimes successful beyond the borders of Kiel. This was led for years by the music teacher Klaus Hasenjäger, who was awarded the Schleswig-Holstein Medal for his achievements in the field of music by Schleswig-Holstein's then Prime Minister Heide Simonis . The school also has a music workshop, headed by Thomas Nagel, who is progressively active in the field of music programming and also had an appearance at the Expo 2000 in Hanover. There are also several sporting working groups, one of which is the independent school rowing club KGRV Teifun for boys, founded in 1883 .

Since 2015, the Kiel School of Academics has also had the school newspaper "Papyrus", which focuses on both entertaining and more in-depth articles, e.g. B. on current topics such as the reception of refugees , and would like to address and involve the students of all grades if possible.

Student exchange programs take place with Madras College , St. Andrews (Scotland) , the Lycée Pré de Cordy in Sarlat-la-Canéda (France), the German School in Thessaloniki , the "Hangzhou Genshan High School" in Hangzhou (China) and formerly also with School No. 7 in Kaliningrad .




  • Marx Johannes Friedrich Lucht (1804-1891), classical philologist, Privy Councilor and Director of the Christianeum in Altona (Rector of the School of Academics 1836-1853)
  • Heinrich August Mau (1806–1850), Protestant theologian (substitute for sub-rector from 1832)
  • Friedrich Ernst Wolperding (1815–1888), landscape painter (drawing teacher until 1884)
  • Konrad Niemeyer (1829–1903), classical philologist and educator (director 1869–1890)
  • Sebald Schwarz (1866–1934), teacher and school reformer (trainee lawyer)
  • Friedrich Lammert (1890–1956), classical philologist and historian (senior teacher from 1932)
  • Erwin Assmann (1908–1984), historian (director from 1956 to 1959)
  • Oswald Hauser (1910–1987), historian, professor in Kiel and Aachen
  • Rudolf Wiggers (* 1902), classical philologist and racial ideologist (director from 1959 to 1966)
  • Hans Harder (1903–1990), music teacher and professor at the University of Education in Kiel (teacher from 1950 to 1958)
  • Sylvia Eisenberg (* 1948), CDU politician (teacher until 2000)


  • Andreas Detlefsen: The high school graduates of the Kiel School of Academics from Easter 1848 to Easter 1908 .
  • Herfried Ehlers: 675 years of the Kiel School of Academics: historical reading book . Kiel 1995.
  • Hartwig Martens: An ordinary student in an unusual time . Self-published, Altwittenbek 1998, ISBN 3-00-003282-7 .
  • Hartwig Martens: Teacher in a changing time . Self-published, Altwittenbek 2002, ISBN 3-00-010325-2 .

Web links

Commons : Kieler Gelehreenschule  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Pupils on hunger strike - Riots at the Kiel School of Academics - What did teacher Hempelmann say? In: The time. October 18, 1968, accessed February 19, 2010 .
  2. Portrait of the Kiel School of Academics. Retrieved February 13, 2012 .