List of Latin Phrases / M

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Initial M.


Magister alius casus.
"Another teacher is chance."
Incorrectly quoted from Pliny the Elder , Naturalis historia 17.24, where it says:
"Casus magister alius et paene numerosior." ("Chance is a different and almost more frequent teacher," meant: ... than nature).
Magister artium liberalium (M.A.)
“Teacher of the liberal arts” - In the Middle Ages, the master’s degree and doctorate were still of equal rank and only differed according to the disciplines. The liberal arts (“Septem artes liberales”) are a canon of seven subjects that arose in antiquity and which, according to Roman ideas, represented the education befitting “a free man”. In medieval teaching, they were considered a prerequisite for the higher academic subjects of theology, law and medicine.
Magister Legum Europae
“Teacher of European Law” - A European master’s degree that takes account of the increasing impact of European integration on law.
Sundial in Liguria with the inscription: Magister est prioris posterior dies.
Magister est prioris posterior dies.
“The following day is the teacher of the previous one.” - saying on a sundial in Liguria .
In Publilius Syrus (Sentences D 1), however, the saying goes : “Discipulus est prioris posterior dies” (“The following day is the disciple of the previous one”).


Magistra vitae philosophia.
"The teacher of life is philosophy."


Magistrum memet ipsum habeno.
"I have myself as a teacher."


Copy of the Magna Charta
Freedom Column in Rapperswil
Magna Charta Libertatum
"Great charter " - The document, usually only briefly referred to as Magna Charta , is an agreement signed by Johann Ohneland zu Runnymede in England on June 15, 1215 with the revolting English nobility. It is considered the most important English constitutional source of law.
Magna cum laude
“With great praise” - Corresponds to the second-highest rating for the doctoral thesis: “very good”.
Magna est veritas
"Big is the truth" - motto of the University of Miami .
Magna est veritas et praevalebit.
"The truth is great and it will prevail."
Allegedly mentioned for the first time by Thomas Brooks (1662).
Magna ingenia conspirant.
"Great minds agree."
Magna res libertas.
“Freedom is a big thing” or “Something great is freedom.” - Inscription on the Polish Freedom Column at the Poland Museum in Rapperswil
Magna Mater
"Great Mother" - "Magna deum mater Idaea" (Great Mother of the Gods from Mount Ida) was a goddess who lived in 204 BC. In Rome and corresponded to the goddess Cybele , who originally came from Phrygia .


Magni constant regum amicis bona consilia.
"Good advice to the friends of kings comes to be dearly." - Quote from the works of the philosopher Seneca .
Magni fures parvum ducunt.
"Big thieves lead away a little (thief)." - Diogenes Laertius , Vitae philosophorum 6,45 (here translated from Greek into Latin) in the biography of the Cynic Diogenes : The latter uttered the sentence when he saw the thief a golden bowl.
Aulus Gellius narrates in his Noctes Atticae (11,18,18) a similar saying from the Roman Cato . In his speech “On the distribution of booty to the soldiers” (de praeda militibus dividunda), he said: “Fures privatorum furtorum in nervo atque in compedibus aetatem agunt, fures publici in auro atque in purpura” (“The thieves of private property spend their days hand and foot shackled, the thieves of state property in gold and purple ”).
Magni nominis umbra
"The shadow of a great name" - Lucan , Pharsalia 1,134.
The poet says of Pompey: "Stat, magni nominis umbra, / qualis frugifero quercus sublimis in agro" - "He stands there, the shadow of a great name, like a tall oak on fertile ground" with loose roots and bare branches without leaves, swaying , a victim of the next storm.


Magno cum gaudio
"With great joy"


Magnum opus
“Great work” - masterpiece
Magnum timoris remedium clementia est.
“A great cure for fear is mildness.” - [Pseudo-] Seneca , Octavia , 440.
In this tragedy attributed to Seneca, this sentence is uttered by Seneca in person to Nero , who replies: "Extinguere hostem maxima est virtus ducis" ("Destroying the enemy is the greatest achievement of a prince").


Magnus inter opes inops
“A great man is poor in the midst of wealth” - Also in the form “Magnas inter opes inops (poor in the midst of great wealth)”.


Maiorem hac dilectionem
"A love greater than this" (Gospel according to John)
The full sentence reads: "No one has a greater love than this, that he dedicates his life to his friends."
This phrase can be found on many war memorials . Its first three words are the beginning of a motu proprio from Pope Francis .


"(Prognosis) bad" - medical term; see also prognosis .
Mala fide
“Evil Faith” - Knowingly doing or possessing wrongly wrong; with bad faith.
Mala mali malo mala contulit omnia mundo.
“The jaw of evil brought all evil to the world with the apple.” - This hexameter as a Latin play on words can be found on the portal of the Protestant St. Laurentius Church in Altdorf near Nuremberg .
The play on words is based on the fact that the three words māla 'jaws' , mālum 'apple' , and mălus 'bad, angry' are very similar and in some cases only differ by the length of the vowel. The hexameter for a better understanding with marking of the lengths and shortening:
Mālă mălī mālō mălă cōntŭlĭt ŏmnĭă mŭndō.
Mala malus mala mala.
"A bad apple tree bears bad apples." - Corresponds to our saying "The apple does not fall far from the trunk."
A play on words based on the similarity of mālum 'apple' , mālus 'apple tree' ( feminine !), And mălus 'bad' , which in some cases only differ by the length of the vowel. The saying for a better understanding with marking of the lengths and shortening:
Mălă mālŭs mălă mālă.


Male secum agit aeger, qui medicum heredem facit.
"The patient serves himself badly when he appoints the doctor as heir." Publilius Syrus , Sententiae M 24.
Male parta male dilabuntur
“Badly acquired things come to an end badly” - Roman proverb


Maledictus piscis in tertia aqua.
"Damn [be] the fish in the third water!": First swim, then cook, but then don't drink water as well.


Mali corvi malum ovum
"Bad Raven's bad egg"
Mali's avibus
"With bad birds" - With bad omen from a bird's eye view .


The Judgment of Paris by Rubens shows how Paris the bone of contention presented.
Malum discordiae
“Apple of discord” - This means the apple of contention that the goddess of discord with the inscription “The Most Beautiful” (Greek: Καλλίστῃ ) threw among the assembled gods and which ultimately triggered the Trojan War .
Malum in se
"Evil in itself" - Evil regardless of the circumstances and legal requirements; Contrast: "Malum prohibitum".
Malum prohibitum
"Forbidden Evil" - Something that is bad only by the current consensus of society or current laws, but not by its own nature; Contrast: "Malum in se".


Title page of the “Malleus maleficarum”, Lyon 1669
Malleus maleficarum
" Hexenhammer ": Book that the Dominican Heinrich Kramer published in Speyer in 1486 and that was decisive for the witch hunt .
Malleus manubrio sapientior.
"The hammer wants to be smarter than the handle.": According to Plautus .


Mantua me genuit, Calabri rapuere, tenet nunc
Parthenope. cecini pascua, rura, duces.
“Mantua gave birth to me, took Calabria away. Now Naples is holding me.
I sang about pastures, fields and heroes. "
Grave inscription of the Roman poet Virgil , who came from the city of Mantua .
The epigram also describes the themes of Virgil's works:
  • pascua (willows): the shepherd poems Bucolica ,
  • rura (fields): the books of agriculture Georgica ,
  • duces (heroes): the epic Aeneid .


manu propria
Manu propria (m. P.)
"With your own hand" - by hand. This was especially important when there were no technical copying processes and documents were copied by hand in order to distinguish the signature from a copyist from the handwritten signature. The handwritten signature replaced the seal at the beginning of the Renaissance. In documents from the 16th and 17th centuries, the "mp" abbreviation was often appended to the signature in the form of calligraphic loops, and in the 18th century as a grid-like ornament.
Manu scriptum
“Written by hand” - hence the word manuscript .


Manum de tabula.
"The hand from the board!" - Proverbial idiom, e.g. B. in the Satyrikon (76,9) of Petronius : "After I started to own more than my whole hometown has - manum de tabula!"
Also in Cicero (ad familiares 7,25,1) one reads the saying: “Hey, do! Manum de tabula! Magister adest citius quam putaramus. "(" Heda you! The hand from the blackboard! The teacher is there faster than we thought. ")
Originally neither the abacus nor the writing board was meant, but the painter's wooden tablet. Because the proverb goes back to an anecdote that Pliny the Elder (Naturalis Historia 35, 80) tells about Apelles : The painter described his colleague Protogenes as being on par, but claimed the advantage over him that he himself shook his hand in good time Know how to take the plate because it is often a shame to be too thorough. ("... quod manum de tabula sciret tollere ...")
Manum in pallio habere
"Keep your hand in your coat." - Clench your fists and watch inactive.
Manum tendere
"Offer your hand."


Manus manum lavat
“One hand washes the other.” Petronius , Satyricon 45:13
Manus mortua
" Dead hand " - inalienable church property or property of civic foundations that were invulnerable to secular violence, the state - dead, as it were.


Mare apertum
"The open sea"
Mare caelo miscere
"To mix the sea with the sky" - to excite violent storms according to Virgil , Aeneid 5,790 f. There it says in a request from Venus to Neptune: "maria omnia caelo miscuit" ("she [sc. Juno] mixed up the seas and skies.")
Mare clausum
"Closed Sea" - Doctrine developed by John Selden , according to which the sea was divided into spheres of interest of different states to the exclusion of third countries.
Mare ditat, pink decorat.
“The sea enriches, the rose adorns.” - the motto of the Scottish port city of Montrose
Mare, ignis, mulier tria sunt mala.
“The sea, fire and women are the three evils.” - Misogynes proverb according to the Greek Θάλασσα καὶ πῦρ καὶ γυνή, κακὰ τρία. ( Thalassa kai pyr kai gynē, kaka tria. )
There is also the variant "Ignis, mare, mulier tria sunt mala."
The Roman Empire borders the Mediterranean
Mare internum
"Inner Sea" - Roman name for the Mediterranean Sea , which was also called "Mare intestinum" (also "Inner Sea"). It was subdivided as follows:
  • “Mare inferum” (“lower sea”) : the part west of Italy, the Tyrrhenian Sea
  • “Mare superum” (“Upper Sea”) : the part east of Italy, the Adriatic Sea
  • “Mare ibericum” (“Iberian Sea”) : Area between Gibraltar and the Balearic Islands
  • "Mare balearicum" ("Balearic Sea") : from the Balearic Islands to Spain (including the Gulf of Valencia)
  • “Mare (h) adriaticum” (“Adriatic Sea”) : Adriatic Sea
  • “Mare aegaeum” (“Aegean Sea”) : Aegean Sea
  • “Mare tyrrhenum”: Tyrrhenian Sea
  • "Mare Myrtoum": Myrtoic Sea (between Peloponnese and Cyclades )
Another common name was mare nostrum .
Mare liberum
“Free Sea” - the idea of ​​the law of the sea first represented by Hugo Grotius in 1609 : Access for all. With Livy (Ab urbe condita 25.11.11) the open sea outside the coastal waters.
Mare mediterraneum
"Sea between the countries" - name for the Mediterranean Sea at Isidore of Seville , Origines 13,16. (7th century). The modern designation of the sea is derived from this in many languages.
In the Roman Empire, Mare internum and Mare nostrum were the common names for a long time.
Mare nostrum
“Our Sea” - Roman name for the Mediterranean , because the Roman Empire (“Imperium Romanum”) temporarily enclosed the entire Mediterranean . In the narrower sense, the Mediterranean around Italy.
Another common name was Mare internum .
Mare Tranquillitatis
Mare Tranquillitatis
"Sea of ​​Silence" - lunar sea on the earth's moon , in which in 1969 people set foot on the moon for the first time
Mare verborum gutta rerum
"A sea of ​​words, a drop of deeds"


Margaritas ante porcos
“Throwing pearls before swine” 7.6 VUL


Maria montesque polliceri
“Seas and mountains promise” - quote from the works of the historian Sallust

Mas occasionatus

Femina est mas occasionatus.
“The woman is a failed male.” - Thomas Aquinas reports on Aristotle ( Summa theologica Ia 92,1) and agrees: “The philosopher says in the pamphlet de generatione animalium that the woman is a failed man. But with the first institution in the world, there could be nothing unsuccessful or deficient. So the woman could not be created in that first institution in the world. "


Mater certa, pater incertus est.
“The mother is safe, the father is not.” - The Latin legal proverb “ Mater semper certa est(“the mother is always safe”) referred to the mother in the legal sense. The mother of the child was the woman who had given birth to it, the father, on the other hand, had to formally recognize the child as his own.


Materia peccans
"Disease-causing substance" - cause of a disease or disorder


Mathesis universalis
“Universal science” - Leibniz's propagated idea of ​​a universal science that should be based on the methods of logic and mathematics .


Maximum remedium irae dilatio est.
"The most effective remedy for anger / anger is deferment." - Seneca , de ira 3,12,4.
The sentence reads in full: “Maximum remedium irae dilatio est, ut primus eius fervor relanguescat et caligo, quae premit mentem, aut residat aut minus densa sit” (“The most effective remedy against anger is deferment, so that the flare-up first subsides and the darkness that lies on the mind, settles or clears ”).


Me resonante pia populi memor esto Maria.
When I sound pious, remember your people, Maria.
Me transmitte sursum, Caledoni!
"Beam me up, Scotty" - famous quote from the TV series " Raumschiff Enterprise " (originally " Beam me up, Scotty! "), Jokingly translated into Latin in the cartoon series " South Park ". This lettering is above the entrance to the local planetarium.


Mea (maxima) culpa
"(Through) my (excessive) guilt" - Used in Christian prayers and confessions :
"Confiteor [...] quia peccavi nimis cogitatione, verbo et opere: mea culpa, mea culpa, mea maxima culpa."
"I confess that I have sinned in thought, word and deed: through my guilt, through my guilt, through my greatest guilt."

Media / Medias

Media vita in morte sumus
“In the middle of life we ​​are in death” - the beginning of a Gregorian chant , which is ascribed to Notker I , but which was probably written in France around the year 750.
Processed by Rainer Maria Rilke in the famous short poem "Schlußstück", often used as a funeral motto:
"Death is great [...] When we think of ourselves in the middle of life / he dares to cry / in the middle of us."
Compare Nascentes morimur finisque ab origine pendet.
Medias in res
Variant of In medias res .

Medice / Medicus

Medice, cura te ipsum.
“Doctor, heal yourself!” - Request from the Gospel according to Luke , where it says in the original Greek text Ἰατρέ, θεράπευσον σεαυτόν · .
Medicus curat, natura sanat.
"The doctor treats, nature heals."


Medio flumine quaerere aquam
“Looking for the water in the middle of the river” - description for something superfluous.
Rubens : The fall of Phaethon
Medio tutissimus ibis.
"You will be safest in the middle."
From the Metamorphoses (2.137) of Ovid . The sun god Helios allows his son Phaeton to drive the sun chariot and with these words advises him not to drive too high or too low. However, this does not adhere to it and crashes. The consequences are catastrophic and are described by Ovid as follows: “The earth goes up in flames, the highest peaks first, deep cracks open, and all moisture dries up. The meadows burn to white ash; the trees and their leaves are scorched, and the ripe grain itself nourishes the flame that consumes it ... Great cities go down with their walls, and the immense conflagration turns whole peoples to ashes. "


Allegory of Mortality
Memento homo, quia pulvis es et in powder reverteris.
“Remember, man, that you are dust and will return to the dust!” - saying when the ash cross is donated on Ash Wednesday in the Catholic liturgy
Memento mori
"Remember that you are mortal!"
Memento moriendum eat.
"Remember that you have to die!"
Memento te hominem esse.
"Remember that you are human!"
Memento vivere.
"Remember to live!"


Mens agitat molem
“Spirit moves matter!”: Virgil, Aeneis 6, 727. Motto of many universities and similar institutions.
(Orandum est, ut sit) Mens sana in corpore sano
"(Pray for it to be) a healthy mind in a healthy body": From a satire (10.356) by Juvenal ; it is about the real needs of people. Makes no connection between physical and mental health.
Variant: " Anima sana in corpore sano " .


Meum est propositum in taberna mori!
“It is predetermined for me to die in the tavern!” - the saying of the medieval vagabond poet Archipoeta , vagabond confession (12.1). The so-called vagante confession can also be found in the setting of Carmina Burana by Carl Orff .


Mihi et meae
“For me and mine” - motto of Anne Boleyn , Queen of England (1533–1536) and second of the six wives of Henry VIII , King of England , Ireland and France and mother of the future Queen Elizabeth I.


Miles gloriosus
“Glorious Soldier” - title of a play by the Roman poet Plautus , which goes back to a lost Greek play. "Miles gloriosus" still stands for a boor.


Militat omnis amans et habet sua castra Cupido.
“Every lover does military service, and the god of love has his own war camp.” - Ovid , Amores 1,9,1.


Militem aut monachum facit desperatio.
"Soldier or monk makes despair.": One becomes a soldier or monk out of desperation.


Minima non curat praetor
“The praetor doesn't care about little things.” - The praetor was one of the higher officials of the Roman official career and also had judicial tasks to perform. In today's legal usage, this means that the court does not care about small things, known as the de minimis principle .
See also De minimis non curat praetor .


Minimum eripit fortuna, cui minimum dedit.
“Fate takes the least of those who have given it the least.” - Publilius Syrus , Sententiae M 44.


Minister omnium.
"Servant of all (people)."


Mirabile dictu
“Wonderful to tell” - hard to believe. Counterpart to horribile dictu .
The rare verb form dictu is in the supinum II .


Miro modo


Miror, quod non ridet haruspex, haruspicem qui videt.
"I am amazed that a victim interpreter doesn't have to laugh when he sees a victim interpreter."
This sentence, here converted into direct speech, is passed down by Cicero as a well-known bon mot Catos in indirect speech: "..., qui mirari se aiebat, quod non rideret haruspex , haruspicem cum vidisset" ("... who used to say he was amazed about it that a victim interpreter does not have to laugh at the sight of a victim interpreter ”). Because, according to Cicero, how many predictions have come true? And if it does happen, nobody can prove that it did not happen by chance.

This proverbial laugh of the augurs denotes the knowing laugh of the initiated, who knows the questionability of these predictions.

A preserved evidence of this oracle practice is the bronze liver from Piacenza , which was probably used for teaching purposes. The areas marked on it are assigned to different gods.


Misera contribuens plebs
“The poor people who pay taxes” - This expression is metric the second half of a hexameter and is often attributed to the poet Horace ; but it cannot be proven either with him or with any other ancient author who wrote in Latin.


Coat of arms of Pope Francis
Miserando atque eligendo
"With mercy and elect" - Pope Francis ' motto , which he adopted from a time as archbishop. The saying comes from a sermon by Beda Venerabilis about the calling of Matthew .


Mitis papyrus omnia suffert
"The gentle paper can take anything" - paper is patient.


Pope Leo XIII. and Otto von Bismarck - Modus vivendi
Modus barbara
"Barbara mode" - A logical conclusion, also called a chain link: A → B and B → C, also A → C. The name "Barbara" comes from the Latin word for this syllogism .
Modus Operandi (M. O.)
"Type of Procedure" - Usually a term used to describe a criminal's method
Modus procedendi
"Type of procedure" - procedure, manner of procedure
Modus ponens
“Mode of positing” - In propositional logic the derivation “If P , then Q ; P = yes, so Q “ .
Mode maddening
“Mode of Removal” - In propositional logic the derivation “If P , then Q ; Q = no, so not P “ .
Modus vivendi
"Way of life" - an agreement between contending parties that allows each side to go on living even though the dispute has not been resolved.


Monstrum horrendum, informe, ingens, cui lumen ademptum
“A terrible, misshapen, huge monster whose eyesight was stolen” - description of the Cyclops Polyphemus after he was blinded by Odysseus .


State seal of the US state West Virginia
Montani semper liberi.
"The mountaineers are always free." - saying the state seal of the US state of West Virginia , whose nickname is The Mountain State ( the Mountain State 's).


Mora rei fideiussori quoque nocet.
“Default by the main debtor also harms the surety.” - Corpus Iuris Civilis, Digesta 45. 1.88


Gallic disease
"The French disease" - The word syphilis is first found in 1530 in the title of a poem by the Veronese doctor Girolamo Fracastoro, with the name "Syphilis, sive Morbus Gallicus" ("Syphilis, or the French disease") . It tells the story of the shepherd Syphilus, who was punished for blasphemy with a new disease, syphilis.
Sacer's disease
"The Holy Disease" - People affected by epilepsy were considered saints in some ancient cultures because the transition into trance states was so easy for them. For the Greeks, epilepsy was “an obsession with divine power”.


More geometrico
"According to the geometric type" - A representation that is arranged like Euclidean geometry, that is, as a deductive system with principles, axioms and derived theorems ( Spinoza ).
More maiorum
"According to the kind of ancestors" - See Mos maiorum .
More patrio
"According to paternal custom"
More Veneto
"According to the custom of Venice" - This means that in the Republic of Venice until the end of 1797, the usual adherence to March 1st is called the beginning of the year ( Capodanno ).


Mori vinci est.
“To die is to allow oneself to be defeated.” - Seneca , Epistulae morales ad Lucilium 58,36
Mori necesse est, sed non quotiens volueris.
“You have to die - but not as often as you wish.” - Publilius Syrus , Sententiae M 11.


Morituri te salutant.
“Those who are going to die, greet you.” - Shortening of “ Ave Caesar, morituri te salutant(“Ave Caesar, the doomed greet you”) in Suetonius , vita divi Claudi 21.6. Commonly regarded as the greeting of the gladiators in the Roman Empire.


Leipzig town hall clock: MORS CERTA HORA INCERTA
Mors certa hora incerta
"Death is certain, the hour uncertain" - Freier translated: The only thing that is certain is that one day we will face death, but we do not know when. Sometimes it is jokingly translated as "The clock is sure to go wrong" .
Mors est quies viatoris. Finis est omnis laboris.
“Death is the wanderer's rest. It is the end of all hardship. "
Mors est ianua vitae.
"Death is the gateway to life."
Mors in olla
" Death in the Pot " - An inedible dish mentioned in the Bible .
Mors in tabula
"Death on the table" - Means death on the operating table during a medical operation (variant: Exitus in tabula ).
Detail of the Transi of Johann III. from Trazegnies. Mors omnia _ solvit can be seen to the left and right of the skull and Mors [ultim] a linea rer above
. On the side in the foreground, the beginnings of Ortus cuncta suos can be seen.
Mors omnia solvit. Nascentes morimur, Mors ultima linea rerum. Ortus cuncta suos repetunt matremque requirunt, Et redit ad nihilum quod fuit ante nihil.
“Death dissolves (cancels) everything. In being born we (already) die. Death is the ultimate goal of all things. Everything strives back to its origin and seeks the mother, and it returns to nothing that was nothing before. "
Inscription on the Transi above the sarcophagus of John III. from Trazegnies (16th century). Nascentes morimur is a quote from Manilius , Mors ultima linea rerum one from Horace . The degree from Ortus cuncta suos repetunt comes from Maximianus .
Mors porta vitae aeternae.
"Death is the gate to eternal life." - Grave inscription and occasional words of comfort seen on obituaries
Mors sola
"Death alone" - what is meant is: death alone can separate us.
Mors ultima linea rerum est.
“Death stands at the end of all things.” - Horace , Epistulae 1,16,79
See also Mors omnia solvit ...


Morti natus es.
“You were born to die.” - Seneca , De tranquillitate animi 1,14


Mortua manus
"Dead hand" - variant of Manus mortua .


Mortui resurgent incorrupti.
“The dead rise forever.” - Quotation from 1 Corinthians (15:52). In Gregorii Turonensis historiæ it says:
"Canit enim tuba, et mortui resurgunt incorrupti, et nos inmutabimur."
Inscription on the Melkendorf singing memorial
Mortui vivimus.
“(Also) we live as dead.” - Inscription on the Melkendorf singing memorial, a memorial for those who fell in the Franconian Singing Association in the two world wars
Mortui vivos docent.
"The dead teach the living." - the motto of pathologists and forensic doctors


Mos maiorum
“Customs of the ancestors” - In ancient Rome the term for traditional behavior and customs that were considered the basis of the unparalleled success story of Rome's rise to world power and that were to be observed and adhered to as faithfully as possible by all those who aspired to public office.


Motu proprio
“On his own initiative” - A letter from the Pope of the Catholic Church that was sent without a formal request from others and sent by the Pope personally and not by one of his cardinals, official bodies or other advisers.


Mox fuge, longe recede, tarde redi.
“Flee soon, stay away for a long time, come back slowly!” - Rule of behavior in the event of the outbreak of the plague in one place from the relations of Venetian ambassadors over Germany and Austria
Mox nox.
“It will soon be night” - a saying on sundials
Mox tamen ardentis accingar ducere pugnas.
"But then I will soon prepare to sing the hot battles" - hint of Virgil in the Georgica (III 46-48 ) to write an epic (the Aeneid ):

Mox tamen ardentis accingar ducere pugnas
Caesaris et nomen fama tot ferre per annos
Tithoni prima quot abest from origine Caesar.

But then I will soon prepare myself to sing the hot battles of
Caesar, so that his name will resonate for as many years as it counts
from Tithonus down to Caesar.


Mulier amicta sole
“A woman clothed (only) with the sun” - passage in the Revelation of John (12: 1).
Mulier taceat in ecclesia.
“Let the woman be silent in the congregation.” - From Paul's first letter to the Corinthians (14, 34). Also quoted as "Mulieres in ecclesia taceant." ("Women should be silent in the church.") The Greek original is Αἱ γυναῖκες ἐν ταῖς ἐκκλησίαις σιγάτωσαν.


Multa docet fames.
"Hunger teaches a lot."
Multa fidem promissa levant.
"Many promises reduce the credibility." - Horace , Epistulae 2,2,10 f.
The continuation reads: "..., ubi plenius aequo / laudat, venalis qui volt extrudere merces" ("... as soon as the seller is too verbose about the goods he wants to sell.")
Eduard Douwes Dekker alias Multatuli
Multa tulit fecitque puer, sudavit et alsit.
“As a boy he suffered and done a lot, sweated and froze.” - Horace , Ars poetica 413.
Based on this quote, the Dutch poet Eduard Douwes Dekker chose the pseudonym "Multatuli" ("I endured a lot") . Under this pseudonym he published books that dealt critically with colonial policy. He used this code name because he feared reprisals as a result of his very critical descriptions of the conditions in the Dutch colonies.


Multae sunt causae bibendi.
"There are many reasons to drink."


Multi adorantur in ara, qui cremantur in igne.
“Many who burn in the fire are worshiped on the altar.” - From the writings of the Doctor of the Church Augustine
Multi sunt vocati, pauci electi.
“Many are called, few are chosen.” - Matthew


Multitudo errantium non parit errori patrocinium.
“A lot of erring do not justify the error.” - Compare the sarcastic request “Eat shit! A million flies can't be wrong. "


Multum in parvo
“Much in little” - Latin idioms often contain “multum in parvo” because they express a lot in a few words.
Multum, non multa.
"A lot, not a lot."
Pliny the Younger , Epistulae 7,9,15. There the full wording of the sentence:
"Aiunt multum legendum esse, non multa." ("They say you should read a lot, not a lot.")


Mundus titulis titillatur.
"The world is tickled with titles."
Mundus vult decipi, ergo decipiatur.
"The world wants to be cheated, so be cheated." - The saying is an application of the Roman legal principle Qui vult decipi, decipiatur. ( If you want to be cheated, you can be cheated. )
The Latin version without the suffix - "Mundus vult decipi" - is a translation of the German saying from Sebastian Brant's "Ship of Fools". According to Sebastian Franck , often: “Mundus vult decipi, that's why I'm here”.


Musis et mulis
"The Muses and the Mules" - Berlin joke: imaginary inscription as a dedication for the Marstall Unter den Linden , which housed the Prussian Academy of Arts as well as stables .


Mutatio rerum
"Change of Things" - popular phrase made famous by the student song O old lad glory, in which it appears in the chorus:

O old ladyship ,
where have you disappeared to, you will
never return to golden times,
so happy and unbound!
I look around in vain,
I can no longer find your trail.
O jerum, o quae mutatio rerum!


Mutatis mutandis
"After changing what is to be changed" - With the appropriate / necessary changes. Example from the legal system:
"The rules of interpretation of ... are only to be applied mutatis mutandis."


Mutato nomine de te fabula narratur.
"The fable tells about you with a changed name." - "We're talking about you."
Horace , Sermones 1,1,69 f.


Mutuum muli scabunt.
“The mules rub against each other.” - Latin proverb (e.g. in Ausonius ) about mutual praise and compliments.

Individual evidence

  1. Jo 15:13.
  2. ^ Karl Ernst Georges : Comprehensive Latin-German concise dictionary . 8th, improved and increased edition. Hahnsche Buchhandlung, Hannover 1918 ( [accessed December 2, 2018]).
  3. ^ Final section in Wikisource
  4. The stanzas 12,13, 15,17 and 16 of the Vagantenbeichte have been included as student song Meum est propositum in taberna mori in the Allgemeine Deutsche Kommersbuch , p. 381 (information based on the 152nd edition, Lahr 1956).
  5. de divinatione 2.5
  6. ^ Diocese of Augsburg, March 19, 2013: Explanation of the coat of arms and the motto "Miserando atque eligendo" by Pope Francis ; Original Latin text in Google Book search
  7. ^ Translation by Johann Heinrich Voss