Piecki (Powiat Mrągowski)
|Geographic location :|
|Postal code :||11-710|
|Telephone code :||(+48) 89|
|License plate :||NMR|
|Economy and Transport|
|Street :||DK59 : Giżycko - Ryn - Mrągowo ↔ Rozogi|
|DW610 : Ruciane-Nida - Ukta → Piecki|
|Rail route :||no rail connection|
|Next international airport :||Danzig|
Piecki [ ˈpjɛt͡ski ] ( German whip village) is a village in the powiat Mrągowski of the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship in Poland . It is the seat of the rural community of the same name with 7581 inhabitants (as of June 30, 2019).
Piecki is located in the Masurian Lake District south of Lake Wągiel (Great Wongel Lake) , about 56 kilometers east of the city of Olsztyn (Allenstein) . Near the village of River rises Dajna (your) .
The place Peitschendorf was founded in 1401 by Ulrich von Jungingen .
On April 8, 1874, it became an official village and thus gave its name to an administrative district that existed until 1945 and belonged to the Sensburg district in the Gumbinnen district (from 1905 Allenstein district ) in the Prussian province of East Prussia .
Due to the provisions of the Versailles Treaty , the population in the Allenstein voting area , to which Peitschendorf belonged, voted on July 11, 1920 on whether they would continue to belong to East Prussia (and thus to Germany) or join Poland. In Peitschendorf, 720 residents voted to remain with East Prussia, while Poland received no votes.
Towards the end of the Second World War , the Red Army occupied the region in the spring of 1945 . Soon after, Peitschendorf was placed under Polish administration together with the southern half of East Prussia . Unless the inhabitants had fled, they were subsequently expelled and replaced by Poles. Peitschendorf received the Polish form of the name Piecki .
From 1975 to 1998 the village was part of the Olsztyn Voivodeship . On June 26, 1996, a new municipal coat of arms was introduced.
In 1401 the Grand Master of the Teutonic Order Ulrich von Jungingen assigned 45 Hufen Land to the Petzym von Muschkake for the construction of a settlement. The name of the village developed from Petzym , which was still called Petzendorf in the 15th century and Pieczken before 1785 , then Peitschendorf until 1945 and since then Piecki .
District Peitschendorf (1874–1945)
Originally seven places belonged to the district of Peitschendorf; in the end there were five due to structural changes:
|Brödienen , village||Brejdyny|
|Brödienen, good||1928 incorporated into the rural community of Brödienen|
|Krummenort||Krzywy Róg||1928 incorporated into Glashütte|
On January 1, 1945, the places Brödienen, Glashütte, Guttenwalde, Kleinort and Peitschendorf formed the district.
The parish of Aweyden ( Nawiady in Polish ), in which whip village was parish, existed since about 1437 . At the turn of the 19th / 20th In the twentieth century, the region had grown in terms of population so that church work in the parish could no longer be managed. Peitschendorf itself had grown to 1,039 inhabitants in 1905, of which 1,008 were Protestant. Special auxiliary preachers were used for Peitschendorf, but they remained subordinate to the parish in Aweyden. The services and events took place in the town hall.
In 1934, a specially built church in Peitschendorf was consecrated and at the same time an independent parish was established, which, however, remained parochial connected with Aweyden. A similar project for the parish of Langendorf ( Dłużec in Polish ) could not be realized until 1945.
Due to the flight and expulsion of the local population , after 1945 the church life of the Protestant community in the whip village, now known as “Piecki”, came to a standstill. The living here today evangelical church members now belong to the parish church of St. Trinity Mrągowo in the diocese Mazury the Evangelical Augsburg Church in Poland , which in Nawiady a filial community maintains.
The parish of Peitschendorf was assigned as parish locations until 1945:
|Surname||Polish name||Surname||Polish name|
The pastors in Peitschendorf officiated as auxiliary preachers:
The few Catholics in Peitschendorf (1905 of the 1,039 inhabitants 31 of the Catholic denomination) were incorporated into the St. Adalbert Church in Sensburg (Polish: Mrągowo ) in what was then the Diocese of Warmia until 1945 . After 1945 many new Polish citizens settled here, almost all of whom belonged to the Catholic Church. On July 6, 1946, they used the previously evangelical church. In the following years it was restored and adapted to the liturgical changes. Today it is a parish church called Kościół Matki Bożej Różańcowej (“Church of Our Lady of the Rosary”). The parish is assigned to the deanery Mrągowo I in the current Archdiocese of Warmia .
The rural community (gmina wiejska) Piecki with an area of 314.6 km² includes the village itself and 23 other villages with school administration offices (sołectwa). On June 26, 1996, a new municipal coat of arms was introduced in Piecki.
Culture and sights
- Museum of Ethnology and Folk Art
Economy and Infrastructure
Around 1740 Peitschendorf received a school.
The village Piecki is located on the national road 59 , which runs in a north-south direction from Giżycko (Lötzen) to Rozogi (Friedrichshof) . In Piecki of ending Ruciane-Nida (Rudczanny / Niedersee - Nieden) about Ukta (Alt Ukta) coming provincial road 610 . Between 1898 and 1945 Peitschendorf was a train station on the Sensburg – Rudczanny / Niedersee railway line , which was closed due to the war.
Native of the place
- Michael Kurella (* 1722 in Peitschendorf), Protestant pastor, scientist and bee researcher († 1787)
- Karl-Heinz Tiemann (born June 28, 1940 in Peitschendorf), biologist and agricultural scientist, head of the fruit growing research institute Jork and the fruit growing research group of the old country
Connected to the place
- Max Bialluch (1896–?), Masurian folk teller , lived in Peitschendorf (his house is still standing today), his best-known book is entitled The Laughing Village. Masurian stories (Königsberg i. Pr. 1942).
- Biuletyn Informacji Publicznej Gimina Piecki (Polish)
- District of Peitschendorf
- Parish of Peitschendorf
- new pictures from the Peitschendorf area
- Polish Postal Code Directory 2013, p. 916
- Dietrich Lange: Geographical Register of Places East Prussia (2005): Peitschendorf
- Peitschendorf (district Sensburg) at GenWiki
- Rolf Jehke: District Peitschendorf
- Herbert Marzian , Csaba Kenez : self-determination for East Germany. Documentation on the 50th anniversary of the East and West Prussian referendum on July 11, 1920. Editor: Göttinger Arbeitskreis , 1970, p. 114
- Dz.U. 1975 no 17 poz. 92 (Polish) (PDF file; 783 kB)
- Wieś Piecki w liczbach
- Walther Hubatsch : History of the Protestant Church in East Prussia , Volume 3 documents. Göttingen 1968, p. 500.
- Piecki - Peitschendorf at ostpreussen.net
- Friedwald Moeller: Old Prussian Protestant Pastor Book from the Reformation to the Expulsion in 1945. Hamburg 1968, p. 109.
- Walther Hubatsch: History of the Protestant Church in East Prussia , Volume 1. Göttingen 1968, p. 451.
- Parafia Piecki