Renée Sintenis (born March 20, 1888 in Glatz , district of Glatz ; † April 22, 1965 in Berlin ; born Renate Alice Sintenis ) was a German sculptor , medalist and graphic artist who worked in Berlin. She created mainly small-sized animal sculptures , female nude figures, portraits (drawings and sculptures) and sports statuettes .
Live and act
As the first of three children of the married couple Elisabeth Margarethe Sintenis, née Friedländer, and Franz Bernhard Sintenis, a lawyer, Renate Alice grew up in Neuruppin until 1905 . Her daily proximity to nature influenced her later artistic work.
Her family name is of Huguenot origin (Sintenis is derived from Saint-Denis ). She spent her childhood and youth in Neuruppin, where the family had moved in 1888. After a short stay in Stuttgart , the family moved to Berlin in 1905, where the father had received a job at the higher court .
Renate Sintenis received drawing lessons while she was still at school, followed in 1907 by studies in decorative sculpture at the teaching facility of the Museum of Applied Arts in Berlin with Wilhelm Haverkamp and Leo von König. In the fifth semester, she dropped out of studies to work as his father's secretary on the instructions of her father. She withdrew from this unwanted activity by breaking with her family, which caused severe problems ( depression ) for her for a long time .
When Renée Sintenis (as she called herself from then on) met Georg Kolbe in 1910 , she became his model. A life-size woman statue, no longer preserved, was created.
Inspired by this activity, she began to create female nudes, expressive heads like those of André Gide and Joachim Ringelnatz , athletes like the Finnish runner Paavo Nurmi and self-portraits in drawings, sculptures (in terracotta ) and as etchings.
After 1915 the concise animal figures emerged, which became her artistic life theme. Since she rejected the monumentality in sculpture, she mainly created small-format sculptures. These narrow works of art such as horses, deer, donkeys and dogs enjoyed great popularity with the public because they fit in every handbag, were suitable as gifts and could be found in small rooms.
From visiting Kolbe's studio, a long-term friendship developed, which he accompanied artistically. In the 1913 Berlin autumn exhibition, the first major exhibition of the Free Secession , Renée Sintenis took part (as in the following years) with small-format plaster sculptures. From 1913 onwards, she had her works cast in the Hermann Noack fine art foundry , which she received artistically for decades.
Because the Berlin Secession is in the immediate vicinity of the Romanisches Café and the studio of the society photographer Frieda Riess , Renée Sintenis got access to well-known personalities. The writers Rainer Maria Rilke and Joachim Ringelnatz belonged to her circle of friends . The artist often drove through the city in her open car with both friends, which made her famous. Ringelnatz wrote a number of loving and tongue-in-cheek poems. For him she designed the grave slab from shell limestone ; the tomb is in the Berlin forest cemetery on Heerstrasse .
In 1917 she married the type artist, book designer, painter and illustrator Emil Rudolf Weiß , whom she had met years before as her teacher and then as a fatherly friend. He supported her and introduced her to numerous other artists. Their collaboration was limited to a few joint projects, of which the edition 22 songs of the poems by Sapphos , for which Sintenis created the etchings and Weiß made the font designs, achieved particular fame.
Before Sintenis' works were exhibited by the gallery owner Alfred Flechtheim in Düsseldorf in 1920 , she was represented by the gallery owner Wolfgang Gurlitt in his gallery Fritz Gurlitt . She has exhibited her sculptures regularly since 1913 and was highly valued by her colleagues from the Free Secession, the most important Berlin artists' association. a. by Max Beckmann , Max Liebermann and Karl Schmidt-Rottluff . The opening of a gallery in Berlin in 1922 made her the most important protagonist of the well-known Flechtheim art circle in those years. The public interested in art was infatuated with their athletic figures, the portraits of friends and the small-format self-portraits.
During the Weimar Republic , Renée Sintenis became an internationally recognized artist with exhibitions in the Berlin National Gallery in Berlin , in Paris , the Tate Gallery London , in the Museum of Modern Art New York , Glasgow and Rotterdam , whose creations of small-format bronzes, young animals , Depictions of athletes (boxers, soccer players, runners) and portrait busts of their circle of friends were found in public and private collections worldwide.
In 1928 Sintenis won third prize in the sculpture section of the art competition for the Summer Olympics in Amsterdam . Renée Sintenis took part in the 1929 exhibition of the German Association of Artists in the Cologne State House with five small-format animal sculptures . In 1930 she met the sculptor Aristide Maillol in Berlin. In 1931 she was appointed as the first sculptress (and second woman after Käthe Kollwitz ) together with 13 other artists to the Berlin Academy of the Arts - Fine Arts section, although the National Socialists forced her to leave in 1934.
Due to her body size, her slim figure, her androgynous charisma, the self-confident, fashionable demeanor and her beauty, she was often asked to be portrayed, so that she was often portrayed by Emil Rudolf Weiß and Georg Kolbe , the photographs, etc. a. by Fritz Eschen and Frieda Riess have been published frequently. She embodied the 'new woman' type in an excellent way, even if she appeared rather reserved.
Emil Rudolf Weiß was dismissed from his university post on April 1, 1933 because of an angry statement against the Nazi regime and the law to reintroduce the civil service. Sintenis herself was excluded from the Akademie der Künste in 1934 because of her Jewish origins - her maternal grandmother was Jewish before her conversion ; Nevertheless, she was able to stay in the Reich Chamber of Culture , even if works by her were removed from public collections by the National Socialists.
During the dictatorship of the National Socialists Renée Sintenis and her husband Emil Rudolf Weiß lived with considerable restrictions and withdrawn. She continued to exhibit, although one of her self-portraits was shown in the Degenerate Art exhibition in Munich in 1934. Since she was not banned from exhibiting, she was represented in Düsseldorf by the art dealer Alex Vömel , Flechtheim's successor. In contrast to her time in the 1920s, she was not doing well financially, which was reinforced by the bronze casting ban of 1941.
Until the forced dissolution of the DKB in 1936, Renée Sintenis remained a member of the German Association of Artists. That she was sponsored by the NSDAP propagandist Hans Hinkel , as was later claimed, has not been proven and is highly unlikely.
“All power corrupts. The spiritual person must therefore always live in opposition. "
On November 7, 1942, Emil Rudolf Weiß died surprisingly in Meersburg on Lake Constance . His death plunged Renée Sintenis into a deep crisis. As a result, she took over his studio in the Künstlerhaus in Kurfürstenstrasse . There also worked Max Pechstein , whose family, the artist temporarily resumed when her atelier in 1945 by arson and several Allied bombing destroyed. Renée Sintenis lost almost all of her possessions; all papers and parts of her work were lost. While most of the cast models were preserved, the plaster frames of most of the portrait heads were also destroyed. In a self-portrait mask from 1944, the hardships of the war years are visible in their features.
After the war, Renée Sintenis and her partner Magdalena Goldmann moved into an apartment on Innsbrucker Strasse in 1945 , where they both lived until their deaths. In 1948 Renée Sintenis received the art prize of the city of Berlin and was appointed by Karl Hofer to the Berlin University of Fine Arts , where she was appointed full professor in 1955, although she gave up teaching in the same year. In the same year she was appointed to the newly founded Akademie der Künste Berlin (West).
In the 1950s it became very successful again. She stayed true to her artistic focus and motifs, which she called "making animals". A number of statuettes of young men were added. In 1957 Sintenis' statue of the Berlin Bear was erected as a life-size bronze sculpture on the median of what is now the 115 federal highway between Dreilinden and the Zehlendorf interchange . The then Governing Mayor of Berlin , Willy Brandt , inaugurated another copy on September 23, 1960 on Berliner Allee in Düsseldorf. On June 6, 1962, a bronze monument of the Berlin Bear was unveiled in the median of the Federal Highway 9 at the current junction Munich- Fröttmaning- South. A small sculpture of this work is awarded annually as a Silver Bear or Golden Bear to the winners of the International Film Festival (Berlinale).
- The house of her last apartment in Berlin-Schöneberg , Innsbrucker Straße 23a, bears a plaque.
- She was given a grave of honor in the forest cemetery in Berlin-Dahlem .
- In Berlin-Frohnau an elementary school was named after her.
- In Berlin-Friedenau , Renée-Sintenis-Platz has been a reminder of the artist since 1967.
- Strumpf Anziehende (1915/1918), bronze statuette, height 10.3 cm
- Millennium of the Rhineland (1925), face of the three and five Reichsmark coin of the Weimar Republic .
- Billy goat (1928), bronze statue, in Tierpark Berlin (not erected in the 21st century)
- Grazing foal (1929) on the place named after her in Berlin-Friedenau , also a copy in the Düsseldorf court garden on Seufzerallee along the Düssel
- Young Bear (1932), model for the Golden Bear , Berlin Film Festival Prize ; Redesigned as a Berlin Bear (1956) for an image campaign by the Federal Commissioner for the Promotion of Berlin's Economy, executed among other things as a bronze statue on the median at the Zehlendorf motorway junction on the city limits to Dreilinden , and a copy on Berliner Allee in Düsseldorf
- Daphne in the community gardens behind the Behnhaus in Lübeck
- Foals in front of the Renée Sintenis primary school in Berlin-Frohnau
- Large thoroughbred foal (1940) in front of the town hall in Herten
- Boy with a reed flute (1950), bronze statuette, height 25 cm. Exhibited at the first Künstlerbund exhibition in Berlin in 1951; together with shepherd boy and pony (both 1951)
- 1935: Show in the Munich Pinakothek (participation in exhibition)
- 2013/2014: Factory show for the 125th birthday in the Georg-Kolbe-Museum , Berlin
- 2014: Renée Sintenis. Sculptor , Kulturspeicher , Würzburg
- 2016: Berlin - City of Women, Ephraim-Palais , Berlin
- 2018: the first generation. Sculptors of Berlin Modernism (participation in an exhibition) in the Georg Kolbe Museum, Berlin
- 1928 bronze medal for the bronze created in 1926 The Runner Nurmi at the art competition of the Olympic Games in Amsterdam
- In 1948 she received the first art prize awarded by the city of Berlin .
- 1952 "Knight of the Peace Class" of the order Pour le Mérite
- 1953 Large Federal Cross of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
- Ursel Berger: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 24, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-428-11205-0 , p. 471 f. ( ). In:
- Sintenis, Renée . In: Hans Vollmer (Hrsg.): General lexicon of fine artists from antiquity to the present . Founded by Ulrich Thieme and Felix Becker . tape 31 : Siemering – Stephens . EA Seemann, Leipzig 1937, p. 93 .
- Author: Sintenis, Renée . In: Hans Vollmer (Hrsg.): General Lexicon of Fine Artists of the XX. Century. tape 4 : Q-U . EA Seemann, Leipzig 1958, p. 289 .
- Silke Kettelhake: Renée Sintenis: Berlin, Boheme and Ringelnatz . Osburg Verlag, Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-940731-51-7 .
- Felicitas Rink: Renée Sintenis. In: Britta Jürgs (ed.): Like a Nile bride thrown into the waves. Portraits of expressionist artists and writers . AvivA Verlag, Berlin 2002, ISBN 3-932338-04-9 , pp. 181-194.
- Barbara Stark: Reneé Sintenis as a book illustrator. In: Philobiblon , Vol. 42, Heft 4, 1998, ISBN 973-9354-37-8 , pp. 201-213.
- Paul Appel : Renee Sintenis. With contributions by Rudolf Hagelstange , Carl Georg Heise and Paul Appel. Construction Publishing House, Berlin 1947.
- Julia Wallner : Half boyish, half aristocratic, completely Berlin-style . In: Günter Ladwig, Julia Wallner (ed.): The first generation. Sculptors of Berlin Modernism . Berlin 2018, ISBN 978-3-9819776-0-8 , pp. 91-107.
- Alexandra Demberger (ed.): Between freedom and modernity. The sculptor Renée Sintenis , Berlin: edition Cantz 2019, ISBN 978-3-89188-138-5 .
- Literature by and about Renée Sintenis in the catalog of the German National Library
- Renée Sintenis. In: FemBio. Women's biography research (with references and citations).
- Renée Sintenis on kunstaspekte.de
- Renée Sintenis . In: East German Biography (Kulturportal West-Ost)
- Biography and works of Renée Sintenis
- Pronunciation in German ['zɪntɘnɪs], not French ( Der Große Duden, Aussprachewictionary , Mannheim 1962).
- Catalog of the Deutscher Künstlerbund Cologne 1929. May – September 1929 in the State House , M. DuMont Schauberg, Cologne 1929. (p. 31)
- Christian Schröder: One from the city of women . In: Der Tagesspiegel Online . March 22, 2016, ISSN 1865-2263 ( tagesspiegel.de [accessed March 31, 2018]).
- See: 1936 forbidden pictures , exhibition catalog for the 34th annual exhibition of the DKB in Bonn, Deutscher Künstlerbund, Berlin 1986. (List of members 1936, p. 99)
- Silke Kettelhake: Renée Sintenis. Berlin, Bohème and Ringelnatz , Berlin 2010, p. 293 f.
- Ursel Berger: Renée Sintenis… once goddess, once animal lover . In: Museumsjournal , April 2008, pp. 22–24
- Carmela Thiele: Strong and gentle like a liqueur. In: Calendar sheet (broadcast on DLF ). April 22, 2015, accessed April 22, 2015 .
- RENÉE - SINTENIS. German Society for Medal Art V., accessed December 1, 2015 .
- Catalog of the Deutscher Künstlerbund 1950. First exhibition in Berlin 1951, in the rooms of the Bild University. Arts, Hardenbergstr. 33 , complete production: Brüder Hartmann, Berlin 1951. (Cat.-No. 288, 289, 290. without page numbers)
- Renée Sintenis. Berlin sculptor (1888-1965) | Georg Kolbe Museum. Accessed March 31, 2018 .
- Federal Government | Article | Berlin and its power women. Accessed March 31, 2018 .
- Elke Linda Buchholz: by wind and waves . In: Der Tagesspiegel Online . March 11, 2018, ISSN 1865-2263 ( tagesspiegel.de [accessed March 31, 2018]).
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Sintenis, Renate Alice; White, Renée|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German sculptor and graphic artist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||March 20, 1888|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Bald|
|DATE OF DEATH||April 22, 1965|
|Place of death||Berlin|